中国式英语完全纠正手册: 词霸纠正不了的英语 9787517600305

在电脑普及、网络发达的今天,外企上班族平时办公也好,学生提交英语作业也好,都离不开翻译软件。可是,翻译软件有时却很“坑爹”,尤其是遇到中国式英语,常常翻译得不知所谓。你是否需要一本简易的参考书来解决英语使用中的常见难题呢? 该书作者累积

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中国式英语完全纠正手册: 词霸纠正不了的英语
 9787517600305

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光全纠正手册 陈瑞 @ 华 编著

Petite tite

Explored and Explained

“4

错 学习 英语多 年也 未 必 注 意 到 的 “Chinglish” 捕捉 最 常用、最 易 、 ee eM ete ae2 4 参考 译文和贴心 注释,更方便 学习

aes ave 9 311) ea ee

这 看 本 就 够了!

作者简介 陈 玉 华 先生 早年 于加 拿 大攻读 英 国文 及 学 哲学 , 之 后 中 侍 国香港 任教 于著名 英文 中 27 学 年,并 任 中 国 香港 考评 局 英语 者评痢 员8 年。 著有 《 知 能 错 改一 一香港 学生 常 犯英语 错误 释疑 》《 名 师 指 :点 一 次 学好 英文 写作 》《 名 师 指 : 点 A+ 英 语 好 易学》《 从 头 学 英语》《 流 行 英语 新 主义 》 等 。

Digitized by the Internet Archive in 2020 with funding from Kahle/Austin Foundation

httos://archive.org/details/zhongguoshiyingyOOO0Ounse

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中 国 式 英语 完全纠正 手册 Bada Se©4a



商务 印 书馆 国际有 限公司

图 书 在 版 编目 ( CIP ) 数据

中 国 式 英 语完全 纠正 手册 / 陈 瑞 华 编著.一 北京 : 商务 书馆 印 国际 有 限 公 司 ,2013.7 ISBN 978-7-5176-0030-5 I.O#F-

0.0K:

亚 . 心 英语 一自学参考 资料 WV.OHI

中国 版 本 图 书馆CIP 数 据 核字 (2013) 第134879号

本 中 书 文简体字 版由 香港 万 里 机构 出 版有限公司 授权 于 中 国 大陆地 区 出 版 发行。 (PMG

Sid Ss

AW:

01-2013-7339

中 国 式 英语 完全纠正 手册 顷 MAP 责任 编辑 ”化 红英 出 版 发行 ” 商务 书馆 印

国际 有 限公 司

(地 址 北京 东城 市 史家 区 胡同 甲24 号 邮编 100010 ) (总 编 电话 室 010-65592876 市 场 营 销 电话 部 010-65598498 )



销 ”北京 时代 联 合 图 书有 限公 司

经 销 热线 ”010-65512133 65523381



“ 刷 。 环球 印刷 (北京 )有 限公司

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BM 160TF ”次 2013 年8 月 1第 版 第1次印刷 号 ISBN 978-7-5176-0030-5

版 书 x 26s st_—

«25.0070

版 权有 所 “ 侵权 必究 如 有 印刷质量 问题 ,请 与 我公司联系 调换。

To my father

who taught me the real meaning of noblesse oblige

\ ‘



\

)

mM. first book, “Common

Mistakes, Corrected”

came out in 2005 and was favourably received by

students and teachers alike. Gratifyingly, it was recommended by the Central Public Library to students as a good vehicle

to improve their English. As well, it was on the reading list of several local universities and quite a number of secondary schools. A second printing soon followed. The need for books like this continues to grow to this day, not only for students but also for the general public. Secondary

and university students need to score better than they are currently doing in their open exams; civil servants need to announce and explain policies and programmes more clearly and convincingly; company executives require effective communication skills in English when proposing projects and

negotiating deals.

This book seeks to serve this wider population. Readers will find it more user-friendly than my previous books, with more Chinese explanations where appropriate, and no bothersome grammar. This version reaches out to a larger readership, in the hope

that these readers will come to share my view that English (or any other language, for that matter) cannot be translated

mechanically or word-by-word into Chinese. One needs

only to witness the absurd results we get when a “body check” might come out mistakenly as a medical (physical) examination rather than the ice-hockey manoeuver it Is. Or “pedestrian” (someone who is on foot on a sidewalk, as opposed to a cyclist or a car on the road) might easily be mistranslated as “street walker” — which is actually slang for a prostitute! In the world of business, sport and entertainment where English is a key, sometimes the dominant, international

language, Chinese will not be able to compete with pride and effectiveness if their English skills are not up to standard. There is no need to embarrass ourselves by providing the world with more examples of laughable mistranslations in “Chinglish”, or by making errors like the HK legislator who

promised, on being elected, to “try my breast” at doing his job. This politician may have become, unknowingly, a good spokesman for Kentucky Fried Chicken, but he might do far better at his job if he tries to learn a thing or two from this

book and others like it.

ARAM,

ASE

AKRBGRBELA,

CREB SE

的 法则或常规 , 学 生 在 学 习外 语 的 初期 , 不 得 不 记忆 赁 牢记 语

法, 但 要 只 求 他 们死记 硬 什么 背 语法、 词 性、 时 态 等 艰 涩 概念, 相信 难以达到 理想

的 学 习效 。 果 因 ,此 学

生往往 因不能学 以到

用 对 而 学 习 英 语产生 抗拒。 然 , 而 要 对 学 生 在 语言上 常 犯 错误 的 如 根究, 底 又 不 能避谈语法 。

这本 书 的主要目的 指出 是 生 学 在英语 习 学 中 常 犯 的 错误, 并 尝试 探讨 其 犯错 原因。 中 文 是 国学 我 生的母语 , 他 们 中 文 的讲、 写 能 力 是 “与 生俱 来" 的,是他们生活

的 一部 , 分 因 此他 们 在 学校

学 中 习 文必 然 半 事功 。 倍 英 则 语 通常 要 从 零 学 起。 在 观念上 , 一 般 学 生对 牢记 "语法 规范 ” 提 不 兴趣 起 ,如

果 要 依从 一套准

则才能 学好外 语, 学 生往往 会望而却步 ,这 也 母语 语言 的 为:外 台 是

确 的法

不 难 理解 。 因 此 ,

习惯”或多 或 少 会 对 学 习外 语 构 成 障碍 。 中 心 基文 竹潜概 态上上的差别中 举例 轴 说 中 文 语法

Hay 4 il” eR BRN BREA, Pl: —R YW” 两 RA” Tel Ze el7 5 BOC “oll” BAH. 第二 或 第 三人 称, 也 没有 表达 “时 态 "概念 的 需要, 因 此 ,, 爱 ( love ) 这 个 作 字 为 动词 ,在任何环境下 都同样 以“ 爱” 字 表达 , 不 像 英语作 单 数 第 一人 称 动 词 时须 加 词尾 “S"( loves ), 作

过去

式 时 需加 词尾 “ed”"( 1oved )以显示 时 态 之别。 因此 ,学 运用 生 中 文 的 “习惯 "往往 使他们把英文 各 词类 如 名 词、

动词 、形 容 词、 副 词 通通 等 混为一谈 。 请参阅 下 四 列 个英文 句子: “They succeeded in passing the exam.”( 动词 ) “His success in the research has brought him fame."( 名 词)

“It was a Successfu1 operation. (形容词 ) “The spacecraft successfully landed on the moon.”( #44] )

如 果 要 把 以上 句子 翻译 都 为 中 文,名 中 斜体 词语 不 论 是动 词、名 词、 形 容 词 或 副词 , 都 译 可 为 “成 功”二 字, 因 此 生 学 在 英语 写作 中错误 地 以 “success” 或 “Successed” 涵盖 所有 不 同词 HEBY Bl F BGUL A a RASA AS PER” RE a. FRA RHA 套"独特 ”的 词汇 , 老 要他 们 以 英语表达 , 时 往 往直 译了 事, “中 国 "英语 式 便应运 而 生。 以下 不 伦 类 不 的英文 词语 你 也许 4 4 FH GR: body check ( # 4 ), Chinese doctor ( # E ),

funny pictures (#8), ghost house ( #%/ ), red pocket ( 42 4d, ). Silent Night (-#Z%), space time ( 2 /A Hla] ), career disease ( 职业 病)、your holysacred vote ( 神圣 的 一 )、wild 票 camp (野外 露营)、appreciate the moon ( 赏 月)、music cel1]1 ( 音 乐 细胞 )、Sspiritual food ( 精神 食粮 )、many street walkers ( 街

上 行人 众多 ) 等,数 之 不 尽。 对 完全 不 中 谱 文 的 外 国人 而 言,这 些 词组真是 读 来莫名 其 妙! 本 书除了 就 类似 铅 子加 以论述 之 , 外 也 会 尝试 解杰及 纠正 类 似 的 坏 词 病名, 并 提供 语法、 语 都 意 正确的例子 , 让 学 生 了 解 犯 错 的 原因。 本 文 指出 在 错 处 时难免 触及 语法 规则, 同 学们 请 耐心 一 些, 既 然 学 习语法 是 好 学 英语 的 基础 , 同 学 们 老 能付

出 耐性和时 ,间 日 后必 能取得理想 成绩。

JJ 人色

Vhs

Preface

appointment with my girl

BULA

friend

21

appreciate the moon

22

A a fastest a old man examination was abolished talking above accidentally / luckily to meet somebody according to action addicts drug somebody’s advantage no affect afford somebody do not afraid to ... after everybody against it ageless parents air out all ready altogether alone the alphabet “‘r’” also... although..., but... any any way aparted

arrest someone to the police station 22 as like as 25

—> Wo WO —

assure attend / notice someone audiences did not aware

24 24 25 26

B

Sn ey SS SI) Ne. a

baseline

之7

the dog beat Somebody

28

beat down the other team

28

because the rain Before 22s begin / become cold besides

29 30 31 a2

my illness has become better 33 his body became black 33 black eyes / hair 34 black society 34 bodies 3D body check 36 healthy body 36 to book a magazine ah book a hotel a7 bore a baby 38 both... not... a2

breadfast build up / set our tent burn the fuse busy hours buy things

40 40 4] 4] 42

C called your calling wild camp care career disease careless carry...to artistic cell no charge the goods are cheap Chinese doctor citizen cloth your coming commit / offend the law compare / contrast complaint condensed traffic congratulate each other contact contempt him I am very convenient cook food corrupt cover / uncover my gift crash crime get criticized

43 44 44 45 46 46 47 48 48 49 50 50 51 51 52 52 53 53 54 54 55 56 57 57 59 59 60 61

crowdy cured by a doctor

62 63

D you are dangerous deadly fish declare a typhoon our eyesight will be destroyed the doctor diagnose me different / indifferent difficult to... difficultly divide the letters do exercises do not do wrong double-floor look at ... doubtly dress driving fast car

64 64 65 66 66 67 67 68 68 69 69 70 VW 7 Ja Tee

E easy to cry economic economic source electrical supply did not employ somebody end of illness enjoy to... was enjoyed voters must enrol entertainment electrical equipment error

i (和: 74 75 75 76 76 dq wl 78 78 ie

escaping lesson evener. everybodies... every day an example of the food I was very excited exercise _ is existed SXIStence.-. eal

ui 80 81 82 82 83 83 84 84 sistas



glorious go (away) go (to home) go ( to a place ) go with good-looking good to eat : H

100 100 101 102 102 103 103

typhoon signal is hung up happen accidents

104 104

hardly

105 106 106 107 108 109 110 110 111

was fallen down false leather famous name famous people fashion shop favour favourable felt asleep fight

80 87 88 89 89 90 90 9 a

hatred have better have something healthy foods historical many homeworks I was hopeless how to do

find something

ay

I

tears flew from her eyes

94

imaginative

112

flower car cookalot of food Cantonese, French, etc. food

a4 7° 96

improve (problem) the nurse injects me racident

Lay 113 114

frighten fulled of/ fill with

>0 oe

indoor/ indoors enderea nite

114 TMS

77

instead (of)

115

98

intolerable invite us to a dinner

[ey 118

funny funny film

G get the dream ghost house

give out

its

22 99

100

119

J

jealoused by classmates

120

joint hands join the sports meet jointed the club joke jumped up to a pavement

12] 1 122 但6 124

many machineries many population keep the marks marry with master of the dinner master

K keep in class keep thin a kind father

aS 125 126

L was lack late later launch lead us to a picnic learn knowledge learn lessen the problem lesson of this story let to like my father list out litter live look down people lose losted interest he is loving a girl loving lucky day

ee 128 128 129 ro 130 iA ied 132 [32 IS 133 134 bas 135 136 137 138 138 139

M made

master of a corporation master of a program at midnight mid-night meal mind to more better murmur

140 14] 141 142 143 143 144 144 145 145 146 147 147

N naughty students I am necessary... a news ninety percent discount recognize his noise

148 148 149 150 150

O officer official official hour one of the boy open the light oppositely, ... others matters out of air outlook outside activity

iby 152 [33 154 154 gs [55 rag 157 158

P 140

my wound is paining

TD?

apale face park at the pier pasted a church time passes my father pays me crowded with peoples system is not perfect place police to swim 10 pools popular disease have a possibility possible pour some wine no power to lift preventing thing principle not printed anymore program promise start propaganda protest somebody proudful push down people put on seatbelt

160 161 161 162 163 163 164 165 166 _ 166 167 168 168 169 169 170 170 7 A E72 is 174 PS 176 176

R raw steak read receive his advice

recognize many friends record film recover illness his face turned to red

red pocket

178 178 io 180 180 181 181 182

182 remain 183 184 remember remember(people & event) 1S) 186 a respectable student 186 response to rise 188 the house had been robbed 189 regret

S sacred / holy vote save money in the bank save fire saveguards saw her cried the scenes are beautiful send letters sensible serious winter set down / take down sexy / yellow topics very shameful take a ship shouting/ sayings words show out ask for signature silent night sing song situate skin colour sky is raining small thing social with sociable national song space time

[7 191 192 iS 193 194 5 195 196 17 198 198 Oo 200 200 201 202 202 203 203 204 204 205 205 206 206

speak for the truth speech spiritual support sports spirit step into society stop the habit Stop to

stopping effect street walkers successed in landing before somebody success suicided

207 207 208 209 209 210 21 DA: 22 23 214 215

temptate

working tension tent (n)

terrific testbook that

there are somebody wait... there have thin body think I can’t think this / these this day morning thorough will touch somebody tour group

transport tools

230

U unbalanced I feel uncomfortable Undoubtly, ... It is uneasy to solve... I am very unforgettable union dinner the air is untidy updated

Zo 2m Doe oe 233 234 234 a5

V

T talk about talk love chocolate taste tasteful

traveling places

210 210 JAG 217 218 aie 219 220 220 221 oe2 223 224 224 225 226 22] oe 228 Zoo 2

I very love ... very sad that vocabularies voice out

236 236 237 257

Ww waste money

watch the TV waves are high the most welcomed singer welfares win some body he is so wise I wish I will ... a work worsen your memory worship our ancestors this car worths ... write letters my wrong wrong way

239 239 240 241 241 242 243 244 245 245 246 247 248 248 249

a fastest Pa EE AAO

|

aart):“a

A AA EAD



DAR A ALA AAR

A EDDA AD AAA AAA CA A A DER

A PAPA PAE ACT ADT

EAT AAA DEA:

不 定 冠 词, 没 有特别指定 的人 或事物 。

X He is © fastest runner in the class.

V He is the fastest runner in the class.

他 是 班上跑 得 最 快 的赛跑 手。 => I am going to see « movie tonight (i.e. any movie) .

我 今 晚 将 会 去 看 电影( 即 指 任何 一 部 电影 )。 = He is a Radio Television Hong Kong reporter.

他 香港 是

电台 的 一 名记者 。

a old man |

|

AAAAC

EDELLDDDE DEC DETER

LEED

CCAR RD ED ERE ALLEL LACED ECE DLE

DELLE ADEE AR ERLE LER RENTER EDN

DTTC TEEN

元 首a e io.uU 之 要 前 用 an, 唯一理由 是 方便上发音 。 “读者 请 试读a old man, a orange, a uncle, 会 觉得 不 畅顺。 但 将a 改 为an, 便 可 以 连 读 成an old man, an orange, an Uncle , 流 畅 得多 了 。

“如 果 元 音 读 法 与 利 规 不 , 同 便 要恢复 用a, 倒 如 : Europe, unit 等 发 音 就 y从 开 , 始 读 为yeurope, yunit,

One-way 读 法 是wone-wWay. | Hour honour 因为 hn不 | 此, 受用 an.

发, 音 就 变

成our 和 onour,



X In the park, there is a old man reading.

“/ In the park, there is an old man reading. 公园 里,有位 老人在阅读 。 X Ihave a uncle, who is a engineer.

V/ Ihave an uncle, who is an engineer.

RAT SUM,

{thLIM

= He is a Radio Television Hong Kong reporter.

他 香港 是 电台 的 一 名记者 。 > Beneath the Lion Rock is an RTHK production.

《狮子 山下 ;是 香港电台 的 作品 。 => I’ve got to buy anMTR (Mass Transit Railway) ticket.

我要买 一 张 港铁( 即香港地 铁 ) 车 票。 = There is a Mass Transit Railway entrance a block away.

XA SRI

A

RA

=> To gain admission into this college, you must pass an SAT. VR —5E ETE SAT (Scholastic Assessment Test,

能 力 评 佑 考试) 里 及 , 格 才能

3¢[E]327%

考这 进 所 学 院。

=> An MP (Member of Parliament) was attacked when he was making a speech.

一名 国会 议员 发 言 爱 时 择击。 => A Member of Parliament was expelled from the House because of misconduct.

一名 国会 议员 因为 行为 不检出 被 逐 出议

iSS le examination was abolished

X The examination was abolished on account of the bad weather.

\/ The examination was postponed on account of the bad weather.

因为天 气 恶劣 ,考 试要延期举行 。

talking above =

X Ihave no idea what you are talking above. / I have no idea what you are talking about.

EAA AA VEDUT © = I have made 250u! a thousand dollars in the races.

我 赛马 在 会中启 到 大 约 一 干元。 = He is about 6 feet tall.

他 的 吴 高 大约 六 是 英 矿( 约 合1.83米 )。 = In the business district of Hong Kong, people are always rushing about.

TEEN eM,

AUT aT

=> | think I lost the key somewhere 200! (around) here.

我 想 我 附近 在 丢失了 钥匙 。 = The book is about traveling.

这 本 书 关于 是 旅游 的。 => The people who live 2d0ve my room always make a lot of noise.

TETEAR PEEAS AZ isHEIR oR = When you climb two more storeys 200Ve this one, you will be able to see the sea.

WERE EVER SA BITE. => Assoonas the sun rose 0ve the horizon, the clouds disappeared.

太阳

一地 从 平 线上 升 起 来,云 就 消散了 。

= In this hospital, the position of a consultant is above that of a specialist.

在这 家 医院 , 顾 问医生 的职位 比专科 医生 高 。

accidentally / luckily to meet somebody

3

X Last night, coming out of the theatre, I accidentally / luckily met my teacher. V/ Last night, coming out of the theatre, I happened to meet / run into / bump into my teacher.

全 仙人 正好 遇 到 老师。( 这 个 相遇显 PRIEST TK.) = When I was performing an experiment in the laboratory, I accidentally caused an explosion. Luckily, no one was hurt.

我 实验 在 室做实验 时, 意 外 地 引起 爆炸 ,幸好 无人受伤 。

according to

安 双 污 th

2A 1 think

X According to me, this law is unjust.

“/ | think this law is unjust. =» According to the latest polls, the ruling party is going to lose.

根据 最 新 民意 的 调查, 执政党 将 会 落败。 =

| think the ruling party is going to lose.

我认为执政 党 将 会 洛败。 => [n my opinion, the ruling party is going to lose.

我 个人认为 执政党将 会沙 败。

action yo ‘ “ 行 ; 3 oe



|

| action ( nr TBD

inouehtful(



:

活动

adj ): 体贴 、ao

| gesture (n) : BE, EH

|

2

|

a % aM

|

Se

|

X During her stay at the hospital, herstudents brought her some flowers. It was a very kind action. ‘/ During her stay at the hospital, her students brought her some flowers. It was a very thoughtful gesture.

她住院 期 , 间 她 的生 学 市 着鲜花 来 探望 她。 这 真是 个 贴心

的 举动。



addicts drug

X He addicts drugs. V He is addicted to drugs (gambling / smoking, etc).

fasiin(WER APD LE SW. = A drug addict, he needs heroin every day.

他 是 一 吸毒 个 者, 每 天 都要 吸食 海洛因 。 = His addiction to gambling has ruined him.

ABAD

ES TT

somebody’s advantage

! “HR AAM sR at,应 使用 “stren th” Ka i 描 述 一 个 人 不 足 的 地 方时, 应 使 用 weakness” (AER) 我们 也可 以肝 ,,)crt: NEE

RRLLeute

NEU OREN

GNOME

RUC

URAC

UUN

形容 计划、 建 议 , 时 应 使 用 "flaws (n儿 缺陷 ) | & “drawbacks” (n)( 4&.& ), “advantage(s )”( 4 4b )X& | “disadvantage( s )”( 坏处 )

或 计划 个 关于 一 建议

的 正面和 负面 作用, 可

以用

“pros and cons’( #'] #€ ).

当 事 物对人 带 (n)( A # )o ee

——

CCC

时 可 良好 影响 , 来

SC ”CS“CEr CE

ES

以 用 “beneficial”

Sr

lle

X His chief advantage is that he is a helpful person, but his disadvantage 1s that he is lazy.

V His sirength is that he is a helpful person, but his weakness is that he is lazy.

他 的 长 处 是乐于 助人, 短 处 是 懒惰。 = His strength lays in his confidence but his weakness is that he never admits he can be wrong.

他 的 长 处 是有 自信 =

心,短 处 是 从 认错 不 。

He isa person of many good qualities, such as his honesty, diligence and generosity.

他 具有 很 多优点 , 例 如 诚实、 勤 芳和慷慨 。 => This plan seems perfect on paper, but it has its ‘laws (or drawbacks) once it is put into practice.

这 计划 个 写 起 来 看 似 完 美 ,可 一 实行 旦 就 暴露 会 缺陷。 => We must weigh the pros and cons of this plan.

FATT

ZU eeIePTT SG IA

> Regular jogging in the morning is benelicial to our health.

于 上 坚持慢跑对 我们 的 健康有 益 。

no affect

X I think his drinking is a!'ect his good judgement.

V/ I think his drinking is a!/ecting his good judgement.

我认为他 的 酌 酒 影响了 他 的判断 力 。 =» The great amount of alcohol intake had no ©! ect on him.

FCB AES teOPAt TU = The downturn of the U.S economy will have a negative effect on the Asian market.

Fe BA ZF RAG Sh

Ti So HE TE 2A

afford somebody

X When I was studying in university, my father a!forded me.

W When I was studying in university, my father paid (for the tuition.

FIL KENY , RRS

BE

= | want to buy a new house, but I can’t afford it.

RAS Sritatf, (ARATE. = One month before the examination, I don’t think you can altord the time to go travelling.

距离 考试 有 只一 个 月了 , 我认为 你 没有 时 间 去 旅洲 。 = I can’t afford to make my boss unhappy ifI hope to be promoted.

如果 我 想 升 职, 我 承担 不 起 使 老板 不 开心 的 代价。

do not afraid to ... “不 害怕 ”

afraid (adi):te 由 afraid” 之 前要有 动词 tobe.

|

eA 其 他近aoe fear we14 : 人

of

X Ido not afraid to walk in the dark. \W Iamnot afraid to walk in the dark.

我不人 在 黑暗 中行走。 X When swimming in the sea, I always atraid that a shark may appear.

10

may attack.

FeTeEFAPTKIY , EET ELDA ee Ze E X The cat was atraided that the dog might bite it.

V/ The cat was frightened of the dog. BBR fata ABA a AE = | do not {car to walk in the dark.

我 不怕 在 黑暗 中行走 。

after

X Yesterday, we spent several hours shopping in Mongkok. After/After all, we had dinner and went home. V/V Yesterday, we spent several hours shopping in Mongkok. We had dinner and went home afterward.

昨天, 我 们花了 几 个 小 时 香港 在 旺角 购物 , 吃 过晚饭 nA ZR. =» A(icr the dinner party, we went to bed.

晚宴 之 , 后 我 们上 床 睡党。

11

=

A licr swimming (ger), we took a shower.

游 完泳, 后 我 们 洗 误。 哆

Alierthe movie, we went home.

看 完 电影 , 后 我 们回 家 。 =

A licr the trial, everybody learned the truth.

HAVE, Pra AaB Ale 7 EA = I will see you after you have finished your work.

你 做完功读, 后 我 会 来 见你。 = | will see you afterward.

我 稍 后 再 见你。 = He did not get 5 distinctions alter al! (unsaid: he had been expected to).

他 最 终 未 能考取 五 门 优秀 。(暗指出 乎 意料 ) =» How could you treat him like that? After all, he is your father.

你怎么 这 能 样 对待他? 他 毕竟 是你的 父杀。 = You can’t expect so much of him. Afier all, he is so young.

PRA HEXT BOR Kies, APE xkASFA

everybody against it

Sowa isin

against( prep): 反对、 coe

il

X I made a proposal, but everybody avainsied it. V/ I made a proposal, but everybody was against it.

FBS

TITRE, ALATA A PBT

= This is against the law.

XE LIA AY 0 = Everybody opposed (v) it. / Everybody was opposed to it.

所有人 都反对 这件 事。

ageless parents

X Every year, Mary takes her avc'ess parents to travel to Europe. “/ Every year, Mary takes her avec parents to travel to Europe.

玛丽 每 年 都 带 她 年 老 的 父母到 欧洲 游玩。 =» She is over sixty and yet she is still active and energetic; she seems ageless.

她 年六 过 十, 仍 然 充 满 活 , 力 看 似 青 春 不老。

13

air out

X I am dissatisfied with the arrangement and I must air out my unhappiness in the committee. / I am dissatisfied with the arrangement and I must air my unhappiness in the committee.

FORAPRA,

ZI] Ze TPAD ANI

=> IfI feel my cause is just, I am not afraid to air my views in public.

(BCBN BAAyHeAY 的 意见。

a TE,

EKANTETB]ZSBRACRE

all ready

a a nenai) a

,

;

X When he walked out of the prison, he had 4!! ready served 6 years.

14

VV When he walked out of the prison, he had already served come |6 years. ate

WECM

LMA,

=> Are we all ready (i.e. eve everybody is ready)? The coach has already arrived.

我 们都准备 好 吗? 旅游 车已 经 到了。 => When we were a/! ready, we said goodbye and left.

当大 家 都 准备 好 后, 我 们道别 离开。 => When we were a!! ready , we picked up our bags and boarded the bus.

当大 家 者准备 就 绪, 我 们拿 起 行 赛上 车。 => When we entered the cinema , the movie had already started.

当 我们 进入电影 院 , 时 电 影 已 经 开始放映 了 。 = When we reached home, it was already dark.

RINHAM,

ROARS.

altogether — /

a i ne: pe

NA KO( Aes wate SCI abe CT ma

be |,

adv) RES

X When the train arrived, we altogether rushed in. “/ When the train arrived, we a!! together rushed in.

KABA,

KAR ibe EE 15

=» We have visited altogether 10 stalls in this toy fair.

在这 个 玩具 展览 中 我 们共 参 观了 10 个 摊位 。 = [am not altogether satisfied with your explanation.

我 对你 解释 的 不太 满 意。

alone

X After his wife left him, he felt very alone. 大

ie YY

-

Se UNS

i

_V After his wife left him, he felt very !oncly.

他 太太 的 离开 , 后 他 感到 非常寂寞。 =

She is alone but she feels happy.

她孤身 一人 , 但 觉得 快乐。 => After the guests had left, she stayed «onc to clean up.

客人 离 去 , 后 她 独 目 留下 来 打扫 。

the alphabet “r”

| cphubel (n) ARTA ABBE RAE, TH as

a

Bo

aaah asain

16

X Some students find it hard to pronounce the alphabet “r”. VV Some students find it hard to pronounce the letter “r”.

有 些 学生觉得字母 "r" 很 难读 。

X There are 26 alphabets in the English language. V The alphabet of the English language consists of 26 letters.

英文 包含26 个 字母。 =

“A” is the first \ctter of the English alphabet.

SAY FE FEES

A ART SS — BY FRE

also...

X Although it was raining, they also kept on playing.

W Despite the rain, they stil! (adv) kept on playing.

IAP TEFE PRD, fA

PR AAC

X They have been warned by the teacher many times, they also behaved badly.

\/ Despite the warning of the teacher, they sii!) behaved badly.

尽管 老师多 次 警告 ,他 们 仍然表现 很差。

Ae

X My brother doesn’t like music, I don’t like also. “/ My brother doesn’t like music, and I don’t either.

我哥哥 喜欢 不 音乐 ,我 他 跟 一 样。 =» My brother likes music, and I a!so like music.

我和哥哥 同样喜欢

音乐 。

= My brother doesn’t like music, neither do I.

FN EAT NE TR, FUER

X Although I am hungry, but I don’t want to eat.

V Although Lam hungry, I don’t want to eat.

V/ Lam hungry, ui I don’t want to eat.

HEIR FRR, {AER ANAL

Pee |

18

some; 一 些, ATH RA

a

ye

X Could you lend me any money? Sorry, I don’t have some. VV Could you lend me some money? I don’t have any.

你 能 否 倩 一 些 钱 给我? 我 一 点 儿 钱 都 没有 。 = Don’t you have any shame?

你 没有一丝 羞耻 吗? => I haven’t got any bread left.

我 一 点面包 都 没有 剩 下。

\\ MeN WANA AANA

AEE AKENA rn aie rth et ra set Re LESCAUT TENN ae

ee Renee Risa NS SENN NaS moe ENS nan ar oa ee ee ee

ee

Ee

e

X What is the point of asking me? Any way, you don’t listen to others. V/ What is the point of asking me? Anyway, you don’t listen to others.

为 什么要 问 我?你 无 如 论 何 都 听取 不 别人 的 意见。 => Let us agree to disagree. Anyway, it is not important now.

请大 家 消除 分 歧 。吧 无 论 如 , 何 现 在 已 经 不 重要 了 。 19

= Please try to save the situation in any way you can.

请 你 用任何 可能 方法 的 去 解决 问题。

adv) ad | ce |

Shed

os

oe

|

hae 离开 某人 或 某地

X After she aparted, he wrote her every day.

V/ After she left, he wrote her every day.

与 她 离别 后, 他 每 天 都 写信 给 她。 => The two churches are far apart.

Da aeBCetHHPiaAIR AZ => The positions of the negotiators are still far apart.

谈判 双方 立场 的 仍然相距 甚远。 => The ship departed from Hong Kong this morning.

船只 在 今 早 驶 离 香港。 => After living in Hong Kong for so long, she found it hard to leave her friends.

在香港 居住了 多 年,要 离开朋友 , 她 感 党 难受。

20

appointment with my girl friend

oa (a): ONT ET

em, 例如 医生 、 攻

Co: 相约 见面

|

Gael, ee 与 异性 约会

|

X Ihave an appointment with my girl friend tonight.

X Lappointed my girl friend tonight. V/ Ihave a date (n) with my girl friend tonight.

SURRAM ABA PAE = I am dating a beautiful girl (not actually at the time of speaking, but for sometime).

我现在 正 与 一 位美女 交往 。 =» Since school started, John has been dating some beautiful girls.

自开 学 以 来,约 翰 直 一与 多 很 美女

交往。

=> John and Mary are finally getting married; they have been going out for three years.

约翰 与 玛丽终于 结婚了 , 他 们 已 交往 经 了三 年。 = I am seeing (meeting) a friend tonight.

RSW NW —THA = | am having dinner with a friend tonight.

我 今晚 跟 一 个朋友 吃饭。

Zl

appreciate the moon Boe

:

“mA”

| spite) wh, 体会

nsguisnsoaammmantasianmsinitinnnasnnninnnoiin EM

X On the night of the Mid-Autumn Festival, we always appreciate the moon in open space with our family. V/V On the night of the Mid-Autumn Festival, there is a Chinese custom (or tradition) for family members to view | (or look at) themoon in open space.

中 节 秋 晚上 ,全 家 到户外 赏 月 是 中 国 传统 习俗。 =» We celebrate the festival with lanterns and eat “mooncakes”’

in the moonlight

在 色 月 的 映照 ,下 我 们在 灯 下 党 品尝

月, 饼 共度 佳 节。

arrest someone to the police station

X The detectives arrested him to the police station.

22

Pee

RN

V The detectives arrested (v) him and took him to the police station.

{LR POT BE FE (is Bl BS Jy = When the police had gathered enough evidence, they made the arrest (n).

SRT RA EMSA,

ATS SALE GRE A.

as like as

like (prep): 相似 、 像 ec inalipdttiubraosHteiGhiEHHHGHIE 世人

X Your car is as like as mine.

\W Your car is like mine.

你 汽车 的 跟 我 的 一 样。 \W Your car is similar to mine.

你 汽车 的 跟 我 的相似 。 X My brother is as like as me for we both like music.

/ Like me, my brother also likes music.

fsAERA FEB UTR

©

= My brother is like me.

SB ERIK AER

23

assure

X I made a will to assure that if I died before my time, my children would not fight over my wealth.

V I made a will to ensure that if I died before my time, my

children would not fight over my wealth.

我 下 立 遗嘱 以 确保 如有末 我早逝 儿女 们不 会争家 产。 > | canassurd you that I will help you if you need me.

如 果 你有需要 , 我 保证 帮助 会 你。

attend / notice Someone

span AR

|

nsec ca eo

NT eR A A

attend (v ): ake notice(v,n): #36

A

SR

a

SC

A

A A A OESAAT

|

| payattention: RPEEA OO

oaenentiAs ANIMA



X While the teacher was teaching, the students did not attend/ notice him.

24

V While the teacher was teaching, the students didn’t pay attention to him.

MEME ZEDGE

, TART

AER OTE.

=> Before you start writing, pay attention to the invigilator’s instruction.

在动笔 前,请 你 注意监考 官 的指令 。 => When I saw him Ls morning, I didn’t notice anything unusual.

今天 早上 我 见 到 他 时 , 没有 察觉 到 任何 异样。 = When I came in, I noticed she was crying.

SESE,

ACEULMIE FESSIZ

= I took no notice (n) of the sign because it is so small.

我 没有 注意 到这 个 标志, 因 为 它 太 了 小 。

audiences POLED ONES AEC BCD ERENCE LEER A

|

DEEL AER EERE LOA

a

LECCE AEN EN NEA

ALLEN NN TNT RR ERTRNA NITE STSTE

a

ANT

;

|

|

|

aidiences ( collective noun 通常 不 Dt 为 单数 使 用 , 若涉及 不 同 群 组 的 观众, yA BK

spectator: A#, ZR,

AREF 外 地 方 看 活动的

上 观众 , 例如 : 球赛 、 游 行。 as em

|

|

|

,

;

| J

X When she was singing on the stage, an audience rushed up and gave her a bouquet of flowers.

Zo

W When she was singing on the stage, amember ofthe audience gave her a bouquet of flowers.

她 在台上 歌唱 , 时 一 观众 位 为 她 献上 一 束 鲜花 。 =» Several members of the audience sent her flowers.

几名 观众 问她 献花。 = The pop singer was warmly received by audiences in Tokyo, Sydney, and Hong Kong.

这 位 流行歌手 在

东京、悉 尼 和 香港 大受观众欢迎 。

= The winning team were loudly cheered by the enthusiastic spectators.

胜利 队伍 的 得 到 观众 的 热烈 欢呼 。 = The injured man was surrounded by onlookers but no one called the police.

受伤 的人被 围观 者 包围 ,却 没有 人 报警 。

did not aware

X I did not aware he was in danger.

V Iwas not aware of the fact that he was in danger.

我 没有察觉 到 他 正身

处险

=> I did not realize (that) he was ineee

我 没有 意识 到 他 正 号 处 险境。 26

baselinex ADA



SDD ADAPRIS REE PAAR LTGP

ESS DER DDD LRRRR AECLEOD

AL DAAR EAD EAA

LRT ALAR LACAR AR ABI

DDL

LRA

DDR RECALL

ARAL

诡 线”

“baseline ”是 “底线

”的 错误

译文 , 又

会 被 误作 用 表

示 最 后 或最要 低 求 条 的 件。 bottom line : 最 终或 最低 限度 的 条件

|

句子中 的意思 是“最 终 的 考虑、最主要 的考虑因素 "”。 I



AH

X I let my wife decide how to furnish the new house. The baseline is that she should not spend more than one million dollars. “/ I let my wife decide how to furnish the new house. The bottom line is that she should not spend more than one million dollars.

RIL AAR EERE SE, 站 万关70 =

费 用 撒 线 是可 不 超过

In the proposed deal, our bottom lime ls that we will not accept anything less than 40%.

关于这 项 拟 议 交易 的 , 我们 的底线 是 不 能 少 四 于 成。 =

In spite of all the charity work, big corporations’ bottom line is still profit.

尽管 大 财团 是 要 僵 利。

参与多 种 慈善 活动 ,但 它们 的底线

仍然

2/

| bit(v) 9%, “bite” HAR | beat(v): Reha.

tHE

X The dog beat the child when he walked past it.

V/ The dog bit the child when he walked past it.

FRAT,

7a TFftkR—

=> Beating a drum causes a lot of noise.

DL SePE =

RTT

It takes a lot of effort to beat this problem.

克服这 一难题 需要 付出 多 很 努力 。

beat down-the other team

| “打击 对手” beat(v): Hk,

“down” 2 4A4

beat down : Fl Aaya. "sc imsthan

I

entree anecrsiniieansnivmninninimnianiainbauminengianiinatdiguinnnmimuninusacimrEn/sAnehtihiniciatmiesakibibiesibitalanaADUaNo-iOciongLGrONsOACNSHEAG ISA ChesheACOhE SNA aoe evenatrertiia 世人 全 Snt nn

etn

een

X Our team beat down the other team in a soccer match.

28

Sent

V/V Our team beat the other team in a soccer match.

我们 的队伍 足球 在 比赛中打败对 方 。 = The police beat down the door and rushed into the house to arrest the robbers.

警方 破门 而 入 神 进屋内 拘捕 劫 匪。 Of

because the rain a

66

因为 sj

*

53

|

pecause ( conj ) : 因为 “because ”把 两 独立 个

句 连 成 一句 。

“because of “后 面 的 一 定 是 名词 或 动 名 词 。 a

X We had to stop the game because the rain. VV We had to stop the game because of the rain.

BIA RR, FRAT ee EWP RK X lLhad to stay home because ofI want to study.

V/V [had to stay home because I wanted to study.

我 要留 在 家 ,中 因 为 我 想学 =» Because of the rain (n), we left at once.

ALA PR, FeRP. =

Because of my coughing (ger), I left the concert at once.

EAA,

FRG EI SNA

ZO

i |

66

Bl

59



before(adv prep, conj ) : 从 前 “before ”不 能 单独运用 。

before(prep ) : 在 某 些 情况前 Saag

Ls

esses

a

eisai

rap

z= aaa gp AAA

X Before, he was a good student, but now he has changed. V/V He used to be a good student, but now he has changed.

以 他 前 是 个 好 学 ,生 可 现在 是 他 已 经变了 。 => I pray before I go to bed.

我 在 临 睡 前 祈祷。 =

Before you leave the house, turn off the lights.

你 出 门前请关 灯。 = Spring comes before summer.

春天 早于和夏天来 临。 =» Before I became a teacher, I had to attend a course.

OMA BON Z A, BHP

30

开始 变冷" “begin” ( v, began, begun ) & @ W HL a4 ia Fe “infinitive”( #44] ), #)4e : to feel, to get. to tun,

表示 替

开始有 某 些 动作 。 “begin” 有 时 可 以 用 "become” (vv became, become ) 代

,“become 之

后 出 现 的 只 可以 :(1)anadjective;(2) 是

anoun ; (3 )participle( present or past )。

X When the sun went down, we began cold.

My,wife gave birth to a baby this morning. Now, I have bdécomea father (n).

我 的 妻子 今早 生了宝宝 , 现 在 我 已 经 成 为 一 名 父 杀。

31

=

Before you become a fireman (n), you have to undergo intensive training.

在 成 为 一 名消防 员之 前, 你 需要 经 历 强度 高 的训练 。 =» The soccer match is becoming exciting (pres part).

球赛 开始 变得 激动 人 心。 =

I have become disappointed (past part) with you.

我 对你 感到失望 。

besides

beside (prep): #732. besides( adv ): 而 、且 冰 外

X There is a church besides our school.

V/ There is a church beside our school.

FAA BESS ILA — EE =

| cannot come to your dinner party because I have a class; besides, I am on a diet.

FRAN FGLAE PR 食 呢。

SE, ALA FRE EGR,

mMARIE FE

=> besides the bad editing, this movie is not even funny.

BRS OYHR

32

EWS, THLE

BRNIE.

~ 一

1 }

my illness has become better “病情 好转”

不 疾病 是 好, 转 而 是 患 滴 者 情况 的 好转。

|

X I took some medicine this morning so that my illness has become better now. / I took some medicine this morning and now I am feeling better / I have become better.

我 今天 早上吃过 药, 现 在 感觉 好多 了 。

his body became black 和

“Ay SB”?

tan(v): 皮肤 在阳光下晒 成

褐色 Sescevacasianases irate

Taoism nines mtsinn me

aiandunrIN (rents

eESNenS

cM ican

eee

eet suinaiemnnto nineae sonsiseEalsnueie nisi LLL ANNAN Sate

X After spending a day at the beach, all his body became Diack. V/V After a day at the beach, he was quite tanned,

TEV HEE TAS SA,

BAY BCAA SARE

39

“黑( 眼睛 /头发 ) 描写 眼睛 及头发 时 , 通 常 运用 dark。 “black eyes 是 被打 或 被撞 得眼圈 发 青。 SE

NO

NO

OEE

OOOO

X His eyes are black, so is his hair. V/ His eyes are dark, so is his hair.

他 的 眼睛和 头发 都是黑色 的。 => He had a fight with his brother and he got a black eye.

hiker ATA,

BIT GIR

AE

black society SN if

|

|\

66

at

:aeAN

X He is a member of the black society. “/ He is a member of the triad society.

他 是 三 合 会 成员 。 =

He joined the triads when he was young.

他 年 轻时 就 参加 了 三 合会。

34

i

bodles

“身体



“body 指 整 导体 个 , 也 指 一 群 。人 例 如 : 学生 团 , “Etsy PAL Kee &. 把“body ”当 作 活着 的人 运用 , 时 常 见 的 用语 是 “busy body”, 意思 是 好 管 闲 事 的人 。 ss

AN SAAB

a

sa AEN

i

etcaA

TENN snesCao ann

Ne

esee

enaaa 所 机

iD

se

ecamcensealaNSNE

X There are many bodies waiting for you. V/ There are many people waiting for you.

很 多人 正在 等 你。 = After spending a night in the jungle, his body was covered with mosquito bites.

在丛林 中 度 过 了 一 夜 , 后 他 整个身体 都 布 满 被 蚊虫 叮 BON) HI = Student bodies on campus must register with the administration.

学生 团体 一 定要在学 校 行政 的 部 门 进行注册 。 = A bocy was found at the scene of the murder. TEAUSEM IAAI

[BLP

KK.

= There is a body of evidence to support the theory that there is life on Mars.

有 大 量 证 据 文 持 火 星上 有 生命 的 推测。

So

body check

“身体 检查 ” | medical check-up /physical Qn ) : 体检 BE harem AN A

NS

SIAS

LEEIDE

DEDEDE ODEN DDE DE DALED DIODE DLL

EEE LE DEDEDEEIT” PEED

ED

X I had not been feeling well lately, so I went to the hospital and had a body check. “V/V [had not been feeling well lately, so I went to the hospital and had a medical check-up.

我 近 最 感 有 到些 不, 适 所 以到 医院检查 吴体。 => Everybody should have an annual medical check-up / check up / physical.

KRAASAF ABE TAM

healthy body oC EEEONEO OEER

EEE

COCR

EC

ATCC

AEE

IEEE EE ESEES

ERD COD DE BO CELPED ERDEDEDE ALDDE DDS

if

身体健康

提 及健康 , 时 当 然 会 理解 到是关于 “body"( 身体) 的。 EDL _ TEETER, LER PLLC 天 inibvcionorotwniinitan- Neither of them was right.

他 们两 个 都 不 对 。

og

breadfast EEDA

SADDER ADDED

CREP: LLLP

ELD

DEAD

ADE

DDD

ODDO

i



“面包 早餐 ” |

犯错

的 原因 是 我 们 常常 把 “bread”( 面包 ) 作 为 早餐。

X Before I go to school every day, I always eat breadfast. “/ Before I go to school every day, I always eat breakfast.

BAKES,

Asie 4g.

build up / set our tent “FS RCS” piich(v): Ke, build up : 逐渐

SRG

RIS

增加

X We built up our tent in front of the fire.

X We sect our tent in front of the fire.

V We pitched (v) our tent in front of the fire.

我 们在 营 火 前 搭 起 帐篷。 =

Traffic is now building up at the entrance of the tunnel.

隧道 入口 的交通流量正在 逐渐 增加 。 =

Tension is building up between the two nations.

APY 40

AR AYR ARIES A GK

(2S

SESS SSeS ee Sere ee rire

estnenieneinennenemnanene

ina-andecenieniniateininiaeaapannteneseainneemceenid

burn the fuse 和

“ 烧”

to blow a fuse : 烧 保险 断 丝 Sia an ia

ais Gees eases osname

earpiece asaction



X If we use too many electrical appliances at the same time, we may overload the circuit and burn the fuse.

VV If we use too many electrical appliances at the same time, we may overload the circuit and the fuse may be blown.

UNAS BRTTPe RY{SE FEW aber ZZ .

eH aie, PDFS CHE BE

ay,

= A luse has blown and our house is in total darkness.

Per ZZETS, EIR — RR i

busy hours niente '

“高 峰 间 时 ”

|

rush hour : 繁忙 OC Nth

K

A EAA

时、 间 高 峰期 AKoAlS MASSA

|

\eNsidy NAA iko\niabiaunnsbashieinanipnbnianiisiptebisemisano NoM/bWbnsieee esigusmnBinlnNsiaualsainnbbShiNnvasMsiANuANieNnihiia

X During the busy hours, it is hard to get a taxi in Central. / During the rush hours, it is hard to get a taxi in Central.

fe WET TA], ZEP RE AeBNHhFAAE

41

= During rush hour, thousands of workers take the subway to go to work.

在 高 峰 时 ,间 成 千上 万 的“上 班 族" 乘地 铁上 班。

buy things :和

“购物



shop (v ),goshopping (ger ) : 购物 CC

X Every Saturday morning, my mother goes to the market to buy things. “/ My mother does her shopping in the market every Saturday

morning.

AE SHDN

|

E, easly.

X My sister’s only hobby is to go to department stores to buy things. “/ My sister’s only hobby is shopping / to go shopping.

IR ME — Ae OFa a => My mother goes to the market to buy groceries (which include food and household goods, etc).

TSS FNTTA SKARGe ( LTR. Behe Ain ).

42

X My mother called me to go to the market with her. (unless it means my mother phoned me)

“/ My mother asked me to go to the market with her.

妈妈

叫 我 跟 她 一 起 去 市 场。( 除非 是 妈 指 妈 电话 打 给我)

X My mother called me to keep quiet.

“/ My mother told me to keep quiet.

妈妈 让 我保持安静 。 X Our teacher called us to study hard. “VV Our teacher told us to study hard.

ANTM MTR TA

BEB

=> The teacher called upon each student to do his best for the school’s honour.

FENN

ABEE EAE ISTI A PERE

IE

43

your calling

X Thank you for your calling. V/ Thank you for your call.

多 谢 你 的 来电。 = | don’t think being a doctor means only having a good job, I regard it as a calling.

我认为 成 为医生 并 不代表 得到 一 份好 职业 , 我 觉得 这

是 一 种 使命。

wild camp NR

|

oe ee RARER 流 的营地 住宿 ,这 跟 青年 在 旅舍 住宿 或 在 别人 家 寄宿 不

宿营 )这个词汇。 , 同 ,英 语没有“wild camp”( SeorecporesuaiiannseaopmanthtpevahoeipuohiyuaaanbtahnedaneourotaheanvacihuinuyaBidp phonentstatt inaihnvpuauaiuaiaaiaserrpoepughuehhnuenaodavauvas

44

X Every Easter holiday, our school organizes a wild-camp for us at the countryside.

V Every Easter holiday, our school organizes a camping trip for us.

BERR, ERAS AR MAS fh TE = | intend to spend my holidays in Lamma Island. I am going to rent an apartment (or lodge) facing the beach.

我打算 在南了 岛 租 间 一 对 着沙滩 公寓 的 度假。 => Our scout team will have a two-day camping trip next week. We will stay in a youth hotel.

下 星期 ,RNWAPFERSEDAMMAKW BE, 2 时 们 我 会 住 青年 在 旅舍 。

|

“照顾



|

| |

tele

|

|

care (v&n ) : FARR.) KS >

a

° 二

»

X I must take (v) care (n) my mother. / I must take (v) care (n) of my mother.

FE BEAR JERK ABER => I must take care of my business before I leave.

出 门, 前 我必须打 理好 我 生意 的 。 =» I care very much about your future.

我 关心 很 你的将 来。

45

career disease |

|| i

Ne

X High blood pressure is a career disease of modern day business executives. / High blood pressure is an occupational hazard of modern day business executives.

高血压 是现代业务主管 的职业 病 。 = Government officials often suffer from the occupational hazard of not listening to the citizens.

政府 官员 的 职业 病 就 是 听取 不 民意 。 = The occupational hazard of coal miners is usually an early death.

煤矿 工人 的 职业 病 通 常 是 寿命 短。

careless

|

|

TOON ool.

|

| carefree (adj): HRA AM, KER

| ||

X Childhood is the happiest time in one’s life because children are careless.

46

VV Childhood is the happiest time in one’s life because children are carefree.

童年岁月 是人 们 一 中 生 最 快乐 的 时 ,光 因 为 孩子们 都 征 无 忧 无虑 的 。 = Careless driving causes accidents.

ELLs 25,BRSePB \

The wounded boxer was carried off the ring.

SOW

FBR STE

=> I must carry my passport whenI travel.

旅游 时, 我必须携带护照 。 =» Last Sunday, my parents took us to the New Territories.

EER, SER TSITA FF 47

artistic =

-iS | co “cell” ne, | :



通过上 下 文

表达 近似

ig inclined( 而) iin

下 过 本甸有, 这 个用 的意 , 意 忌 ,oO :



~~

oe

R 个 |

-

g

~ g

|

oe

|

X I never listen to classical music or go to art galleries. I just don’t have the artistic cells. / I never listen to classical music or go to art galleries, because I am not musically (or artistically) inclined.

LOAN

Th es REM,

ARB

RAI

X The president has offended his friends, his political opponents, and the press. I don’t think he has any political cell.

V/ The behaviour of the president shows that he lacks political common sense (or finesse).

总 统的 行为显示 他缺乏 政治 智意/手腕。

X Dr. Friedman is going to give a lecture on world economy next month. There will be no charge.

48

W Dr Friedman is going to give a lecture on world economy next month. Admission is free.

SsFA SERS SeCER A a a RAS OF Ud ea 8 7 讲, 人 们 可 免费 人 场。

the goods are

eee

| basta: APB, 品质 关z, 、 Ce Le 是

特价 商品 ,

\z

SS a

a

SsNSSSNa Se rm

SEN

EN

a ie

se reac

aus

sales eons OSG

X I always shop at this store because the goods are cheap. / I always shop at this store because the goods sold here are inexpensive.

我 经 党 到这 商店 购物 , 因 为 它 货品 的 售价便宜 。 X Five hundred dollars for a computer? It is very cheap.

/ Five hundred dollars for a computer? What a bargain!

五 百元到 买 一台电 脑”非常便宜 ! 啊 =» The price of this computer is low.

这 电脑 合 的价钱 真 低。 =» This computer is very inexpensive.

1X HL POMEL => Treating your new girlfriend to a hamburger after the movies? I think it is rather cheap.

你 跟 新 女友 看 电 完 影 后 请 她汉 吃 堡? 我 党 得 这 样有 点

Pyit 49

Chinese doctor

:“Chinesedoctor seat

X Yesterday, I took my grandmother to see a Chinese doctor because she doesn’t believe in Western medicine.

V/ Yesterday, I took my grandmother to see a Chinese medicine practitioner because she doesn’t believe in Western medicine.

WEAR

A PR, A

NA

PS

citizen

| tee

a

Pes ae

Re

(warE

X The citizen of Hong Kong is reaching almost to 7 million. V/ The population of Hong Kong is reaching almost to 7 million.

香港 的人 口 接近 七 百万。 = To keep the city clean, every citizen should playa part.

保持城市 清洁 是 每 个 民 市 的 责任 。

50

X For summer cot), I usually prefer light clothes. V/ For summer clothes, I usually prefer light clothes

在 夏天, 我 通常衣着 轻便 。 => Before we went up the mountain, we were warmly clothed

在 登山 之 , 前 我 们 EE

ARR RR

AIAN

X Thank you for your coming

“/ Thank you for coming

多 谢 你 光临 的 。 => The coming of the computer has helped scientific research tremendously.

电脑 (时 代 ) 的 到 来 科学 对 研究有 巨大 的 玫 助。 51

commit / offend the law

X If we comm it / offend the law we may be arrested and charged in Cou rt >

V If we break the law , we may be arrested and charged 1in court.

如采 我 们 触犯 法 律,

yy

7.

YY

2 STATS TE

compare / contrast

X The latest polls compare sharply w 1th the previous ones.

V The latest polls contrast sharply w 1th the prev ious

IK

Wei 碍跟上 次 相 比 有 Ss work w 1 > If you compare AS

better.



3

thB

很大 差别 ?

S ait

>

ones.

O

S obv 10US that A’ S 1S

| have this cold that refuses to go away and my nose is very eee

FUIESCRA AG,

SALSAZE To 53

congratulate each other

X During the first day of the Lunar New Year, friends and relatives congratulate each other. V During the first day of the Lunar New Year, friends and relatives greet each other with congratulatory words (or auspicious sayings).

FEAT

AAPA,

RAC

A

Ta EAL

X At the wedding banquet, the guests congratulated the bride and groom with wine. / At the wedding banquet, the guests toasted the bride and groom and wish them happiness.

FEMS EF ATR

2

contact Lor

eect

“接触 ”

ae

SRE

3

ERE

REET

AEE

BSR RA

A

CS

I

RASA

EA

:

\

X Being a social worker, I contact (touch) many people every day.

54

V/ Being a social worker, Icome into contact ct (n) with many people every day.

作为 一名社会 工作 者, 我 每 天 都 接触 到 很 多人。 = | have lost contact (n) with her for a long time.

我 跟 失去 她 联络 很信了 。 = I will contact (v) you as soon as I have some news.

我 一 收 到 消,电 就会区 用 Ko 你

contempt him

a”

, Y RN in RE

adj ) pono

adj ) : ei, a

这 两 个 词语没有作为 动词 的 用 法 。

| despicable (adj ) : J HEw) despise(v) :部 视 \

|

X [contempt him for the way he treats his parents. / I am contemptuous (adj) of him for the way he treats his parents.

ABP RT SOBER ELTa ALA = The way he treats his parents is despicable.

他 对 待父母 的方式 真是 可于。 => | despise people who feel that money is the most important thing in the world.

Fe LASHED HYaeBes FUN A

99

=> | have nothing but contempt (n) for him.

Be eZ Ob, RT DOE = His conduct filled me with contempt (n).

AULA

AI FR ft Fe Ta AL

=» His conduct is contemptible (adj).

他 的 行为 可 是 可 的。

| am very convenient

X [am very convenient (adj) in where I live because there is a bus which brings me directly to school. V/ It is very convenient for me in where I live because there is a bus which brings me directly to school.

FRJa FE A)St XT ROR

tT TE, AA A 2830FeEK

=» It is very convenient for me because there is a bus station nearby.

附近 有公交 车 站, 所 以对 我 来 说 很 方便 。 哨 ltls convenlentto use the bus because lt ls faster.

乘 搭公交 丰 更 方便 快捷。

56

X My father is reading and my mother is cooking ‘ood in the kitchen. My father is reading and my mother is cooking in the kitchen.

爸爸正在 阅读, 妈

妈 正 在 厨房 做饭。

X Iliketoeat but Ido not know how to cook food.

\W I like to eat but I do not know how to cook .

Role, (AR Mat AE.

A \\ AWA

A A \

\ NN a \

A a iw

ov

X He was sacked from the police force because he corrupted.

“/ He was sacked from the police force because he accepted bribes / was involved in corrupted.

他因为 受贿而被 警队开 除了。 =

Some of the government officials are very corrupt.

一 政府 些 官员非常 腐败 。 = He deals in drugs, cheats in gambling and engages in prostitution. He is a totally corrupt person.

他 作 奸 犯 ,科 是 一 个 折 不 不扣 的腐败 分子。 =» The policeman was arrested for corruption. ) (A corrupted policeman, of course, has taken bribe.)

3 SRA

TT BE.



(— 7% EU BE BZA I.) = Before the Commission was established, corruption (n) was common in all walks of life in Hong Kong.

在 廉政公署 成 立 之 前, 香 港 的 贪污 现象 十分普遍 。 = He bribed the policeman with $1 million to escape prosecution.

他 以 一 百 万 元 贿赂 警察 , 以 求 逃脱 指控 。 = To speed up my application, I bribed the official.

为了 加 快 受 理 我 的 申请, 我 贿赂 了 官员 。 = The policeman was accused of accepting bribes.

EE BTA TESH « = Both the policeman and the businessman were accused of bribery (n).

这名 警察 和 商人 孝 指控 被 为 贿赂 徘。

58

cover/ uncover my gift WYN)

Nw}

Ra

X I covered my gift for my girlfriend with coloured paper before I gave it to her. V I wrapped my gift for my girlfriend with coloured paper before I gave it to her.

FA ARTE AL) BR I

AEEKK

X Luncovered the paper and found a beautiful gift.

VV Tunwrapped the paper and found a beautiful gift.

我 拆包 开 装 纸 就 看 到一 精美 份 的 礼物 。 => After a week of investigation, the police have uncovered a plot to blow up the prime minister’s mansion.

经过 一 星期 个 的侦查 ,和警方 揭露了 一 个 炸 毁 首相 府的 SALE

crash

59

X The uprising was crashed by the army. V/ The uprising was crushed by the army.

IXISABIAL RE GA = The plane crash (n) was caused by lightning.

这 次飞机 坠毁 雷电 是 寻 致 的。 = During the storm, the plane crashed (Vv) into the mountain.

ROLES RUBS He FdLLFk = The box was too big to put into the litter bin, so I had to crush it.

盒 于 太大 了

,我 只有压 局它 才能放 进垃圾 桶里。

“犯罪 ”

|

inieta) 半生 |

| commit crime : 483%

| s | offence(n): 违反 法 律 “crime” 和 “sin ”同样表示 “ 罪 ”, 但 “crime” 是 指 所犯 的 罪 违反社会法 律, 而 “sin” 指 所 犯 的 界 违 背 道 德 标准 。

X He was put in prison because he crimed

sinned.

V/V He was put in prison because he committed crimes.

他因为 犯罪 而 入 狱。 X The judge let me off with a warning only because it was my first crime.

60

ni SS VV The judge let me off with a warning only because it was my first offence.

法 警 官 告 我 后 就让 我 离开了,因为 这 是 我 初次 触犯 法 律。 = Ifyou commit crimes, you may be arrested.

如 果你 犯罪 ,就 会 逮捕 被 。 => Shoplifting is a crime,

在商店 行窃 是一种犯罪行为。

= (me prevention is just as important as crime detection.

预防 犯罪 侦查 与 案件同样 重要 。 => Itisasintotella lie.

说 谋 是违 育 道德 标准 的 。

get criticized \

blame

n):ya

责备

ee

=

a.

|

Hermmwrowwom Tri A\\\ \\ AN NY \\\\ A

X When my younger brother does something wrong, I always get criticized.

\W When my younger brother does something wrong, I always

be, get blamed.

当 弟弟 我 做 错 事 ,时 我 总 是受到 责 X Don’t criticize me for the theft. I was not even in town.

61

\W Don’t blame me for the theft. I was not even in town.

KF (6TH

BABE

FR,

AERA ASS EE

= Why is the economy so poor? The blame (n) lies with the Government.

PITZER? SeTEMA PBF

|

Kame

'

| 。

past part= adj) ne

, 特别 指 ARE "crowd (v) 挤 迫

Dee



-

A

X On Sundays, the streets are always crowdy. V/V On Sundays, the streets are always very crowded.

星期 ,天 街 道上 总 是 挤 满人 。 => During recess times, students crowd the tuck shops to buy snacks and soft drinks.

课间 体 息 , 时 学生 们 挤 满 零食 店 买 零食和 人 饮料。 = If we crowd the corridors all at once, nobody will be able to leave.

如 于 我们 同一 间 时 挤 在 走廊上 , 没有 人 能 够 离开。 => | hate to go out on Sundays because of the crowds.

FEMA SH TE AY (FRA) SAGE = The air in this crowded room ts very foul.

这 个 挤 满人 的 房间 里 空气 污浊 。

62

=> It is New Year eve so the streets are very crowded

今天 是 除夕 ,因 此 街道 十 分 拥挤。 cured by a doctor

X You look terrible. You should be cured by a doctor. VV You look terrible. You should be treated by a doctor. (or, simply, “you should see a doctor.”)

你 脸色 的 差 极了 , 你 应 该 去 看 医生。 = Anew drug has been found which can cure AIDS.

最 新 发明了 一 种 新 药物, 能 人 治愈 够 艾滋 病。 > There is no cure (n) for cancer.

现在 没有治愈 瘤症的方法 。

63

you are dangerous “AR weTeBarA 4D” ae CE

dangerous adj): fake

|

非 对 别人 或社会 会 来 形容人 , 除 他 “dangerous ”不 用

|

X You are very dangerous if you drive so fast.

/ It is very dangerous to drive so fast.

ees

超速驾驶 是 非常危险 的。 =

er

Itis very dangerous to eat unclean food.

食用 不 清净 的食物 是危险 的。 => This criminal should be locked up because he is a danger (n) to society. ats

这 名 徘 犯 应 该 被监禁 起 来,因 为他 会危害 社会。 字 TIhe minute he steps Into waten he ls in danger (n) of being attacked by sharks.

{ET A AK—

Zl), WA BC 18 22 oYfa be.

deadly fish

(

OR

|



eee

eee

eile

eee mm

’ |

死 鱼”

|

|

| dead(adj): BARA

|

| deadly (adj): Barn

|

|

| deathly(adj ) : 像 死亡 一般

64

| csstrrrrreeiaararmvaeerormeoore 放near

一 一 一一 一

人 Alotofdeadly fish was found in the polluted water.

V A lot of (cad fish was found in the polluted water.

在污浊 的 水 里 发现了 许多 死 鱼。 =

AIDS isa dead'y disease.

艾滋 病 是 致命 的 疾病。 => There was accain'y silence in the dentist’s waiting room.

牙医候诊 室 里 一 片 死寂。

declare a typhoon “发布 台 风 信息 ”

|

“declare ”是 指 官方 宣布 ,例 如 “~…a curfew ”( 宵禁 入 “一 awar (宣战 和 “~national emergency( 紧急 事件 等。

|

Fe BOSS SAEED CDSS EAS ESE S LED LELL EDEDDAED SOLES EASED BEDE SEALANT SEES DLE NSO

DE

DON

DEE EcD ERNST

Disaeeneew

X The Observatory declared a typhoon was coming.

V/V The Observatory announced that a typhoon was coming.

AX HAT GERUE EME => The government has announced that there will be a tax increase soon.

政府宣布 将 会增加 税额 。

65

our eyesight will be destroyed | “视力 受 损 | destroy (v): 推 毁、 毁 坏 |

inipair4v) : 损坏

X If we are in the habit of reading under dim light, our eyesight will be destroyed. VV Our eyesight will be impaired if we are in the habit of reading under dim light.

假如 我们经党 在 微弱 的灯光 下 阅读, 视 力 就 会 受损 。

the doctor diagnose me

“医生 诊断 我 | E | Sheba

diagnosed (v): BET

发 烧不有 是重大 疾病, 不 用使 用 这样 矫 饰 的 词语。 eae

sn oth

eer

hin

smn Era

Ohtnt NBSSSNS

I

le

St

in

a

rece

X The doctor diagnosed me and told me that I had only a slight fever.

V The doctor examined me and told me that I had only a slight fever.

医生 为 诊断 我 , 后 表 示 我 只 是 轻微 发 伐。

66

different / indifferent

different (adj): #89

idillerent (adj): BAASCH, i

RRA

EO

I

OE“

X I don’t like this pattem, could you please show me a indilierent one?

‘VV I don’t like this pattern, could you please show me a (i {/eren' one?

我 喜欢 不 这 种 图和 案 ,你 可 以 给 我 看 看 他 其 不 同 的 图 案吗? = Whether you choose to stay or go,

1am inci ierent,

我 对你 的 去 漠不关心 留 。

difficult to...

处 境。 t” 用 来形容 cul (围 难 “diffi “a difficult person”指 相处 难

|

的人 。 例 如 : difficult

| boss (刁难 老板 的 入 “difficult child”( 难 哄 的 小孩) PAOD

COMO

COTO TOMI

SS RO

SUP RSAS arin SNiRAN Al oeciiNsmaMn\omiohwuasHarSHstNmnmsdlsksenbhnisisionsmialuniistibinLls eee iN

Zee

X Lam ci! cult to lend you the money since I am short of cash myself. V/ It is di‘)icult for me to lend you any money since I am short of cash myself.

我对 借 钱 给 你 感到有 困难 , 因 为 我自己都 缺 钱。 67

difficultly RBA

EE

AP DDD

AP

BV

AAD

PADD DDH

PDD

DDD

DDD DDD DIDI

Si

“困难

地”

“difficult” 不

可 当作 副词 使用。

CT

X He finished his examination difficultly.

V/ He finished his examination with great difficulty (n).

这 次孝他 试 过 到 了 极 大的 困难 。

divide the letters

“oy wets fe" divide( vy): 37

| sort(v):分 类 X The first thing a postman does is to divide the letters into different groups.

VV The postman must sort the letters and tie them in different bundles.

邮差 要 把信件分 类, 然 后 包 一 包 分 装 起来。

68

do exercises a

—————

Ce

AR

IC

A

ECA

CCR EN LENCE

SS

ig





£6

5

1

运动

|

SF

通常 用法 流行 或 用 语 是“wotkout (n&v )(经 常 锻炼)。 入 SS NNN

NN

IE

EEN

IE

EEE Ae

X To qualify for the tournament, he must (do exercises in the gym every day.

/ To qualify for the tournament, he must work out at the gym every day.

ALS FE AZIM RIS ENTOTA, =

DAE EE

BOR

For three months, the boxer worked out every day at the gym.

过 去的三 个 , 月 拳 击 手 每 天 都 到健身 房锻炼 。 => To keep fit, I work out at the gym every day.

FLIRAE A,

RPE ABE EY DBR

do not EEE

'

| | LC

EDI

“个



“talk” (v )£1 424]48 7 , 224%)8 “not to /to”. 人

OCIS

COOL

A

a

EAN NNANANNA bal Ane

69

A

—D>

nyt

->

ie

AS

X My teacher told us don’t be lazy. “/ Direct speech ( 45

|i): My teacher said, “Don’t be lazy.”

老师 说 :“ 你 们 不 要懒惰 ! “ ‘VV Indirect speech ( [i]#2245 |i&) : My teacher told us not to be lazy.

EMT

UREA AN Ee

|

X My teacher told us don’t talk in class. \/ Direct speech: My teacher said, “Don’t talk in class.”

ENN : AER EASA!” V Indirect speech: My teacher told us not to talk in class.

老师 叫 我们不要 在 读 上 符 讲话 。 Hla Cort \ SN

/

do wrong gh

ERE

ER AEA EAE

“做

RE ATO

TCE

EAS

TN ISA DL

SEI EA

AAA EAE TAR EES

AA AAA

ATE AE AS DAS aDPD DPE AAAI AAA PDDRE APATITE

错事”

ee

X When I do wrong, I always apologize. V/V When I have done sage

wrong, I always apologize.

我 做 错 事 ,时 总 会 菊 道。 => When he does something wrong, the first thing he does is to deny it. =

| have not done anything wrong, have I?

我有 做 什么 错 事吗?

70

double-floor GEE ze

AA

LE

DADA TRIAS VE DER ENDL

LEED

CD

IECER LAE DEER NEED ELE ELIE

EDD ECE REVLON DIALEERE CENA LEDERETE

“We

X A double-floor bus can carry more passengers. V/ A double-decker bus can carry more passengers.

双 巴士 层 可运载 更多 乘客 。

look at ... doubtly pA

DEA

AB

REAR EAE

SADDER ASEAN ESCEDAR EER AE RADARSAT AE ERR NR ENTIAL DRARE GEARS ESE

AEE

“UNS teBB a” doubtful Cadj ), doubtfilly

(adv ) : 元 满 疑问

doubtless Cadj ), doubtlessly (adv ) : 毫 无 疑问 i

ee

X The policeman looked at the suspect doubtly for the suspect had lied many times. / The policeman looked at the suspect doubtfully for the suspect had lied many times.

TeBS oetaiSa Fe]beBs UE i EA, 人 多 曾 次 说诉。

Ae 4 JU a

=» It is doubtless (1.e. certain) that he is guilty.

无可 置疑 ,他 是有徘 的。 =

Doubtlessly, he is guilty.

他 至 无疑问 是有 徘 的。

71

My

|

“ A穿 Bi( RAR )

|

to dress(v): FR wear(y ): FR

X The weather is turning cold when we must (ress more clothes. / We must be warmly-dressed because of the cold weather. \W We must put on more clothes because of the cold weather.

KARE,

BATE EB

AAR

=> Inthe tournament, each team \cars their respective uniforms.

在 比赛 , 中 队 员们 穿着各 目的 队 服。 =

In the winter time, besides our blue jacket, we must wear a tie.

AR,

RS RPR EER,

RADAR EME.

driving fast car pee |

||

|

| TCG

EER

ike

|||

:

|

speeding( ger); ig Bt as

SO

ANNA Poassees ANU

| SS SS USS

SS

ea

X The motorist was arrested for driving fast car. \/ The motorist was arrested for speeding.

这 个 司机因 超 速 驾 驶 被捕。

12

pase Z oe

|

easy to cry

V It is very easy for her to cry.

WIRE aR = She cries easily.

HAR ER LOK

economic

?

\\\ A

A

a



AY

7), i

【IN 人 N \

a \a |

/, So

3

X The economics of Hong Kong is very bright. V/ The economy of Hong Kong is very good.

香港 的 经 济 非常好。 X I always have my lunch in this restaurant because the price is economic.

V/V Lalways have my caein this restaurant because the price is economical. -e

TREES TETRA TNS5 午饭 , 因为价钱 实惠。 = It is more economical to bulld a bridge than a tunnel.

建 一座桥比修一 条 隧道 更 节约 。

economic source

X His father is the main economic source of the family.

V His father is the main income carner of the family.

他父亲 是 家 主要 中 赚钱 养家 的人 。

74

X Last night, the electricity supply suddenly stopped which plunged the whole city into darkness. V/ Last night, a power failure (an outage) plunged the whole city into total darkness.

WEAR ISIRACHEASEH, ERE

TTBe A

RE

did not employ somebody

X After I had made many mistakes, the manager did not employ me anymore. After I had made many mistakes, the manager dismissed (fired, sacked) me from the company.

我屡次 犯错, 绪采 被 经 理解雇。

19

end of illness

:

., j ANY

S 1IIness and 1s not expected to |ive long.

X He is at the end of

/ He

1S

termina lly ill and is not expected to Iiive long

他 已经 > H

RAF ME. the termi ina | stage.

1S Cancer is at

他 的 ; 钙 已 经到了 晚期 。 ro AA iy

enjo

LG oe)

X Ie ny oy to swim very much.

njoy swimm ing Galon 人 Fi]

/le

=e

ae

very muc h

>

oO

=> I enjoy helping (ger) people.

KS AGHA.

76

= I enjoyed my holiday (n) last year.

我 去 年 假期 的 非常 享受。

was enjoye

X I was enjoyed the dinner with my parents. V/ I enjoyed the dinner with my parents.

我 跟 父母 享用了 晚餐 。

voters must enrol

X Voters must enrol before they are allowed to cast their votes.

V/ Voters must regisicr first before they are allowed to vote.

投票 者必须先 登记成为 选民 才能

投票。 Gi

entertainment

X Cycl ing

iS ano

ther popular enterta

inmen

t for young people

in Hong Kong VCC! ing is ano ther popular act 1V 1ty for young people Hong Kong.

Tat AA Ae

EA

ET

.

in

IZ

electrical equipment

X If we use too many electr ica ~

we may overload the c ircu 1

55

t=

烧 断 你 险丝。

78

eS

N

Yo

Dy.

8sgeee es .8oOoO N

oO

jon cad

a&2 oO Hat, PY BE SC 8 ESfi ay, ~

we may overload the c ircu i

EA A

wy

85

V/ If we use too many electr ica

WORF

—& aosetes OF aa

eeeae oe a

c

= Every family in China probably possesses the following electrical appliances, such as a refrigerator, a washing machine, a rice cooker, etc.

Pl a Take aA WP ASA ae i, 洗衣 机、电饭煲 等。

EN,

OKA

X Iam sorry. I have caused this unhappy incident. It is my error. / I am sorry. I have caused this unhappy incident. It is entirely my fault.

FORTS |I OOM aTPAR ACE,

SEEK IK

escaping lesson

7.9

X He is very disobedient and finds every opportunity to escape lesson during school hours. V/ He is very disobedient and finds every opportunity to play truant during school hours.

他 经篆反 违 规 ,则 总 是 在上 学 时 机 找 会 逃学。 = His poor performance at the examination is a direct result of his having played truant so often.

(75K Mr FeTE EA

ZS WA

= He always skips class during music lessons.

RVR LEED 诛。 => He plays truant at every opportunity.

{tha DLa wb =» The truancy (n) rate of this school is a worrying problem.

DETAR

|

1 甚至

RS EE

AI Tt el

3

even (adv): BE f i

'

|

iy

i

\

|\

“even 用 于

不 常见 的 事物, 下 面 错误 例句 的 意思 并 非

“BY #”, PrVAA BR FA “even”.

\

|

; SELES

eS

ee

cet

AO

AA

KK

OCA

LLC

nA

SK

KS

oa

X We had a wonderful meal last night. The menu included chicken, duck, fish and even vegetables.

80

VV We had a wonderful meal last night. The menu included chicken, duck, fish and vegetables.

昨天 我 们 吃了 一 顿 美 味 的 晚餐, 菜 包 式 括 、 鸡 鸭、 鱼 => She cursed me for having betrayed her. She said she hated me, my parents, my friends, and even my dog.

FoF SE Fuh, Pee. FRANC RE. HAZ, 甚至 我 的 小独 。 => We had a most unusual meal last night. Besides the usual dishes such as chicken, duck, etc, we even had monkey’s brain.

我们 昨天 吃了 一 独特 顿 的上 晚饭, 除了 常见 的 菜肴如 鸡 、 机 等, 我们 甚至 还吃了 猴 脑。

everybodies... LLL

DE DDDLBBDEDERE LADLE

“每

EEDA ILSLER

ERED

个 人 ”

“everybody” ( pron) — € }] 4% #2, nobody, someone, anybody” 也,一样 。

“somebody, |

X When the bell rang, everybodies rushed out of the classroom.

V/V When the bell rang, everybody rushed out of the classroom.

SP Miele, Pa AIS HH C38 =

|veryone loves her because she 1s a good Chinese teacher.

大 家 都喜爱 她,因 为 她 是 一 优秀 位 的 中 文 老师。

81

X With the almost-complete breakdown of law and order, gunfights among triad members have become an every cay occurrence. / With the almost-complete breakdown of law and order,

gunfights among triad members have become an everyday occurrence.

Rea RAT, NIE ZEKE MA AN ER 以 为 常 的 事情。 = Every day, I go to school by bus.

BE FEE ee Ee

an example of the food

X An example of the food was being analyzed to check for toxic substance.

82

NE WAsample ofthe food was being analyzed to check for toxic substance.

食物 的样品正在进行 分 , 析 检 查 是 否 含有毒物 质。 => He is a model professional and an example men.

of the young

他 是 模范 个 的专业人 士,是 年 轻人 的 榜样 。

| was very excited

X Before I entered the examination center, I was very excited

‘VV Before I entered the examination center, I was very nervous

EES AR, FARA GK.

exercise

83

X Our team lost because we did not exercise before the match.

VV Our team lost because we had not trained/practiced before the match.

我 们 队 失败 了 ,

为 在 赛 前 训练 不 足。

is existed

X We have not proven that life is existed on Mars.

\/ We have not proven that life exists on Mars.

们 尚未 实在 证 火星 上存在 生命 。 X Dinosaurs were existed on earth millions of years ago. / Dinosaurs existed on earth millions of years ago.

BUA APH E iSFeak Eh

existence...

84

X The existence of this system of examination must be abolished. / This system must be abolished. “/ Examinations must be abolished.

这 考试 个 制度一定要 废除。

extravagant



X He has an extravagant apartment. It has a dining room with wall-to-wall carpet, an expensive set of sound equipment, and a giant TV, etc.

V/ He has a luxurious apartment. It has a dining room with wall-to-wall carpet, an expensive set of sound equipment, and a giant TV, etc.

thaA—-BRPW AE, HE, JPA EY oe 的 音 啊 设备、 大 屏幕 电视 等。 = He has a luxurious car.

{A eeP= = He has an extravagant lifestyle.

他生活 奢华。

85

Was fallen down

“被

跌 下 ?”

to fall Cv, fell, fallen): 8 . # “fall” WA JA ERR HX,

AR

“trip on (or over )”

〈 绊 着 )石 头 , 时 才 会 跌倒 。 trip(v) : 绊 倒

X Ona small path, I was fallen down by a rock.

V Ona small path, I tripped over a rock and fell.

FE/) BRE, BAKE => I fel! onto my bed after having studied for 5 hours.

KREIS EVA,

SEBERE.

=> I fell from my bicycle when I hit a tree.

当 行车 自 撞上 一 棵 树 , 后 我从 自行 车上 摔 了 下 来。 = The Consumer Price Index has been falling since January.

W\— Fit BTR 2 OM

i

OB

=> AsI was walking, I tripped over a rock and fell.

FRAP ATATOA SR EA => Inthe darkened room, I tripped over a chair and fell.

在黑暗 的房间 , 里 我 被 一 张 椅 子 绊倒。

86

Nes

false leather _g ¢E

RE EAA LEA

ATE AECACASA A AEEEEE EDEL ARE RAAT ALR CATES EESCR TABATA

ER EEE

EESEREEAD RS EIT GAEARPIECE EDRCST

RCE

REET

i

“仿制 皮革 的 false(adj ) : 假 的

在下 面各 个

例句 情况 的 , 中 应 使 用“imitation( 模

a

| NE

OE

DE

AE TED

ASE ED

DDOSSD TOA OE A

HDB E DD OOO DEDDT EOD

X This leather is made of false leather, so it can’t be expensive. “/ This leather is made of imitation leather, so it can’t be expenSive.

这 皮革 个 制品 是 由仿制皮 制 成的,因 此 不 可能 昂 贯。 X To protect the lives of endangered animals, many women nowadays wear false mink. “/ To protect the lives of endangered animals, many women nowadays wear imitation mink.

为了 保护 濒临绝种 的 动物 , 现 在 多 很 女士 会穿春仿制 BE HE X The price of a Rolex watch is over $10,000; a false Rolex is much lower. “V/V The price ofa Rolex watch is over $10,000; a imitation Rolex is much lower.

劳力 士手表的售价 在1 万 美元 以上 , 仿制品 的 价钱 则 低 很多。 = The rumour has been proved to be false.

谣言 已证实是虚假不 实的。

87

=> When we were having our lesson, we were told there was a fire in the lab but it proved to be a false alarm.

上 课时, 我 们 接 到实验 室发 生火灾 的 通知, 但 后 来证 实 这 只 是 一 场 虚惊。 = The illegal immigrant got into U.S witha false LD. card.

非法 入境者 利用 伪造 的 证 件 来 到 美国 。

famous name

名牌 (货品 ) brand name goods: 4} 8 ue enter

Ee

AN

AAA

SS

AA

AA

RN

RBA

EEEEOE EE AE

OEE

BO

X In my youth, we wore what was handed down from our elder brothers. Nowadays, young people only wear famous brand things, such as Nike sports shoes, Calvin Klein T-shirts, etc.

/ In my youth, we wore what was handed down from our elder brothers. Nowadays, young people only wear brand name goods, such as Nike sports shoes, Calvin Klein T-shirts, etc.

我 年 轻的 那个 年 代, 我 们 穿着兄长 旧 的衣 。 物 现 在, 年 轻人只 会 Klein 运动

88

穿 名牌

装等。

商品 , 例

,Nike 如 运

动 鞋 、Calvin

famous people

X Last night, many famous people attended the charity dinner.

V/ Last night, many celebrities attended the charity dinner.

WEN, (RA¢h ee TL SPARE

fashion shop CT

ATE DET,

|

| “时 装店" X There is a fashion shop in our neighbourhood where my sister buys her clothes. V/ There is a boutique in our neighbourhood where my sister buys her clothes.

FRAC UE A ARI

en, WHA PES LW SRA

89

favour

|

66 大 la bes

favourUn) : 味道、

特色

favour(n): 帮忙 、 移 成、 同 意 Co

ea cieiatectsnition

i

he RN

A Se

Ce

ER EE

SSEEEESS SESESSEEE

SEEOE

EES

X There are many favour of ice-cream, of which I like chocolate best. / There are many flavours of ice-cream, of which I like

chocolate best.

BORA BAO,

Tie KI ETI AY.

= Could you do me a favour, please?

PERF

ILS?

=> [am in /avour of lowering the voting age to 16.

EGE MIE

FR BE B16 岁 。

favourable |

| favourite( adj ) : 特别喜爱 的

| favourable( adj ) : 有 帮助 的、 适

合 的、 有 利 的

X Among school subjects, my {ayvourable is Maths

\/ Among school subjects, my {ayourite is Maths.

在各 种 学 科 ,中 我 最 喜爱 数学。

90

|

=

The latest measures taken by the government are favourable to the economy.

政府 最 新 推行 措施 的 对经 有 济 利。

felt asleep ez

em Hy

“BA SS )” fool (felt felt). 感到 fall (fell fallen SR.): RHA 去 分 词 令人 容易

个 这 两 词语 的 去 式和 过 过

混消 。

X Soon after the concert started, I ‘cli asleep. VV Soon after the concert started, I {c!i sleepy and quickly ‘1! asleep.

eM a, FOSUREIA HE, ARREARS



NiA

a A

“fight" 需 附着 要 介词“with”, 即 跟 某人 做 某 些 事情。 “fight" 后 面 没有介词 的 话,意思 是对 抗、 与 某人 打架 。 RECREATE ER EERE PRORD EP TOTT RPSL EER LOCO

DASAT ADA

TTS

SMA

MoIM Raine

SNAMDANANA

Ooi

MAOUNibiAbiinsnnedbandNnAils robin

ANISM

aNMA NAA AAA NeW AAAS Se

91

X Sometimes when I quarrel with my neighbours and get angry, I fight them. “~/ Sometimes when I quarrel with my neighbours and get angry, I fight with them.

AFR ERB

MS ACR AY, SERRA TTR.

=» The police and citizens should cooperate to fight crime.

警察和 民 市 应合力 打击 犯罪。 => I must {ichi my sleepiness because I have two more chapters to finish before the examination.

我要 克服 睡意 , 因 为 我 考试 在 要 前 复习 完 两 内 草 容。 scuffle(v &n):

242

示威 者 在 街上 游行 抗争 ,有 时 会和平 进行 ,有 时 会 |

使 暴力 用 歼警,但 也有 介

于 两者间 之 的 行为 。例 如 推撞、

| ”拒捕 等,这 种 行为 被称作“纠 纺"。 if 4 \i‘ ‘Ss nemesis

=

a

NA SS

A

ANC

A

SN

RB

Demonstrators scultled with the police yesterday in Central.

He A HET TE PI Sj PT ZY SEDO => A scuttle broke out between the two groups of demonstrators at the rally yesterday.

WEA A UU

At TESS ECE TEAK

find something

“寻找 (某 物) 92



|

X a: What are you finding? b: Iam finding my watch.

#4 | tofi;nd

|



地 找寻物品 ) eg ne :了 寻找 ( 指 内从 有 目标

|

“/ a: What are you looking for? b: Iam looking for my watch.

你 在 找 什么”? FRIETERR IKAIR = [am !ooking for ajob which suits my ability.

FOIE TERK — nk BK LAE => When I was walking in the remote part of Sai Kung peninsula, I found a deserted village.

FRLEPaoeAE a 的 村庄。

i ET PT,

ACBL

PTFE

= He led an expedition to Africa to ook for a lost tribe.

他 带领 控险队 在 非洲寻找 一 迷失 个 的 部落。 = The police searched the wooded area and ‘ound a drug manufacturing center.

警方 在丛林 中 搜索 ,寻 找到 一 个 制 中 毒 心。

93

tears flew from her eyes 了

“泪 渭 而 出 fly, flew, flown( 飞 ) flow, flowed, flowed( i )

以 下容易 发生混 消 : fly, flew, flown(

飞)

throw, threw, thrown( v )( 4 )

X Tears {lew from her eyes as soon as she found her child.

/ Tears flowed from her eyes as soon as she found her child.

SERENA HAY, PUENTE TMT X He was so angry that he {lew a stone at her.

/ He was so angry that he threw a stone at her.

{tb FS He Tey SF

RAK

flower car

|

“花车



float(n) : #44 ncaa cs

ACRE

DAS BASN EASA NN EAN

ere nr eS

X In the parade, there were bands playing music, dancers and many flower cars

94

‘VV In the parade, there were bands playing music, dancers and many floats. |

PETE FA IRS OB DBs,

LAIR

EE AEE

=> There were many |loats highlighting various aspects of life in Hong Kong.

香港 有 众多 的 花车, 展 了 现 不 同 生活 的 面貌。

cook a lot of food “BUR &TSE” 下 面 错 误 的负 例 中语法 正确, 但 意思 表达

不 准确 ,

除非 儿子 的女友 是 食量 个 大 的人人, 事实 上 母亲 准备 的是 4k % “dishes” ( ##RA). “dishes" 除了 表示 一 瘟 食 物之 |

外, 还表示 为 饭 准备 餐 的 不 同 种 菜肴。

X The son brought his girl friend home to meet his mother. She was very pleased and to be hospitable, she cooked a lot of food for the girl. VV The son brought his girl friend home to meet his mother. She was very pleased and to be hospitable, she prepared many dishes for the girl.

SUF AC Me CEES, BEAR POP FULF WARMER SIRE RA =

SE BT FF

| like curry, so I like Indian dishes .

FR ACW, PSC EC EN EERE

Jo

SE 全



iE



“不 地 同 区 或国家 的 菜式" cuisine (n): #H,

a i Ke

X Cantonese cookie always involves a lot of spices. V/V Cantonese cuisine always involves alot of spices.

DAR SEED AAR VAY = This restaurant is famous for its Chiu Chow cuisine.

XA

EA

IN

US ©

frighten GCP ORDER

DOS LAR ELE DEDEDE LEREDLC E

LEP RE ROD DEEL LED DEP PERE LR LEDER DEREDELE READ DEP

APEOTE

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Lo | frighten(v): "FR, #e

X He is a very severe teacher and I very frighten him. / He isa very severe teacher and I am very ‘tightened of him .

他 是 一 严厉 个 的 老师, 我 很人 他 。 => I put ona mask to ‘righicn my younger brother.

Fa ETA LBW ERoS 5

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fulled of / fill with yyx

“充满



| |

fl(adj ): 满 的

oll Cy, filled, filled): #4 这 两 个 词语 都 表示 可 “hungry (饥饿 ) 的相反 人

EE

意思 。

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X Lam ‘ulled of hope for the future.

V/V lam ful! of hope for the future.

我对 未 来 充满 希望。 守

Iamiiled with joy /admiration.

我充满 欢乐/次 茶。 => Thank you very much. I simply can’t have another piece

because I am ful! (adj) / I have had my ['!! (n).

谢谢 你, 我 能 不 再 吃了 , 因 为 我 已 经 很饱了。

funny |

rtnpeyoimereocoiraoroiooronToeererovronn

| funny(adj): 有趣 的、滑移可笑 的

| |

oir

X We had a great time at the picnic yesterday. We danced, sang and swam. It was very funny. \/ We had a great time at the picnic yesterday. We danced, sang and swam. We had lots of fun.

我们在 昨天 的 郊游中度 过了 美好 的 时 ,光 我们 跳舞 、

唱歌 和游泳 ,玩 得 十 分 欢乐。 => I heard a funny story yesterday.

昨天 我 听 到了 一 个有 趣 的 故事。 史 ?Hellsafunny person and those around him always enjoy his company.

{h7e— PARANA,

a AaB ARFER BAC TE

=> We had a lot of ‘un at the bazaar yesterday.

WEASEL , FETE SeEIR WR = There is no ‘un playing bridge with a champion.

跟 一 桥牌 个 冠苗过 , 招 真 没意思 是 。 => I go fishing just for ‘un ; I don’t even eat fish.

RA

Are

ek, FARA ANIC

funny film X When I watch TV, I only watch funny films

VV When I watch TV, I only watch comedy 我 电视 看 时只 看喜剧 。 _a

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| comedy (n, plu: comedies ) : 喜剧 \

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NaC

UnSoChMECEneaoLibie Nn cents nemebcm nncemmmeblbie mmeaotib ini mieatine

ic inioinnees ict anamesisinectsiesiesncicsniieiniei™ 2enti cnmeinietibiiie ismmss

et the dream

X Lhope he gets his dream. V/ Thope he realizes (v) his dream.

我 布 望 他能 实现 梦想 。 = I hope his dream comes true.

我 希望 他梦想 成 真。

host house

X People in this village seldom go near that area because there is a ghost house there.

V/ People in this village seldom go near that area because there is a haunted house there.

村 民 极 少 走 近 那 个 地 区,因 为 那里 有一间鬼 屋。 = Nobody dares to live in that house for it is claimed to be haunted

Be ACE ABTA osFUE EE, Ade eas HEI]A 93

Nuclear energy can give out a large amount of electricity. Nuclear energy can generate a large amount of electricity.

核能 可以产生大 量电力 。

glorious

It is glorious to represent Hong Kong in the Asian Games.

It is an honour to be able to represent Hong Kong in the Asian Games.

能 代表 够 中 香港 国 参加 亚运 会 是 一 种 薪 誉。

NAN

RN

100

X After a violent quarrel with his girl friend, he went (went away).

V He lett his girl friend after their quarrel.

Wola, that SZ. = Every morning at 7;1 \cave home to go to school.

每 天 早上 七 点 钟 出 门上 学 。 = [ | tried jiard to be tolerant.

PKRie 2 itFE.

105

hatred “民 恨”

hatred(n) : TRIR. |

lk

hated 是 hate HiT AH,

X When I was young, I always hatred to get up in the morning to go to school. \W When I was young, I always hated to get up in the morning to go to school.

年 轻 ,时 我 很 讨厌要 一早起 床上 学

have better

|

had better: mat

an

| i

|

|

“had better"不 跟从一 般 动词 的 用法 规则,不 管 时 、 间 |

人 称 ,“had better ”中 一 SSS

(Vv). BWV)

SS

律 用 "had。

ae

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X He has better study hard now that the examination is coming. V He had better study hard now that the examination is coming.

考试 快 到,了 他 最 好 努力 习 学。 => I had better listen to my teacher.

我 最 好听 老 师 的话。 106

=> He iad better leave to catch the last train home.

他 好 最 马上 动身 去 赶 未班车 回家 。 =

We iad better not waste time.

我 们 最 好 不 要浪费 时 间 。

have Something 可

“TAA RD” bave(v): Sl 5 AS) (Baa, FOR WS); oS 麻烦 ) ; 体验 、 感 受

=

(AE,

| avec acar and an apartment.

我有 一 辆 汽车 和 一 公 座 寓 。 =

| :ac a dog when I was young.

年 轻 时 我有一 条狗 。 => He has acar(...etc ).

他 有 一 辆车。 =

He hada dog... etc ).

他 曾经 有 一条 狗。 =

| havea lot of presents every year on my birthday.

我 每 年 生日 都 收 到 很 多 礼物 。 =

| hada letter from Japan yesterday.

昨天 我收到一封 来 目 日 本的 信 。 => How many English lessons does he have a week? I have three.

(hE

EE be DR?

我要上 三 万。 107

=

Would you like to have a cup of coffee?

你 想 喝 杯 咖 啡 吗? = He has his breakfast every morning at 6.

{thEACLE TS HI A = | have a bath before going to bed.

我 每 晚 临 睡 前 都 洗澡。 = | had a lot of trouble filling the application form.

我 在表 填 时 遇到了 很 困难 多 。 = | had some difficulty making him understand my position.

BEATA FRAYAbe SEEA

PAE

= I had a wonderful time in Europe last summer.

去 年夏天 我 欧洲 在 度过了 一 段 快 乐 时 的光。 =

| have had (suffered) enough of your insults. I am resigning at once.

ARSE HS FRA, DUCE EHA, 17BIAERIC.

healthy foods rN te

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食物”

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食物 本 身 不 会”healthy (健康 ), 而 是 这 吃 种 食物 会 使人 健康 , 因 此 “healthy 通常 用于人 体。 wholesome (adj): A We a

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X Beans, vegetables, fresh fruit are considered healthy foods by dieticians.

108

/ Beans, vegetables, fresh fruit are considered health foods

by dieticians.

FIZR Be 食品 。

ABT KR Be

FEI ZA

OT

Aa

X I don’t think singing in a karaoke lounge is a healthy hobby.

V/ I don’t think singing in a karaoke lounge is a wholesome hobby.

我认为 到卡拉 OK 唱歌 并非 是有 益 身 心 的嗜好。 => A wholesome breakfast for a young person should include milk, eggs, bread, and some juice.

一 份对 青少年 健康有 益 早餐 的 应 包含 该 牛奶、 鸡 和蛋 、 面包 和采 计。 =

Singing in the church choir is a wholesome activity.

ZEMAN iDE A i AD AAD

historical 一

“历史 性 historic( adj): 历史 性 的

| historical adj): 4 #49

|

X The landing on the moon in 1969 was a historical event. V/V The landing on the moon in 1969 was a historic event.

人 类在1969 年 登陆 月 球 是 一 次历史 性 的 壮举。 =» Egyptian scholars have been trying to find some historical links between their civilizations and those of other nearby nations.

埃及 学 多 者年 来直 一 在寻找 埃及 文明 与 邻近 国家 的 联系。 109

many homeworks 2



“很 多家 庭作业 ” “homework (n )是 可 不 数 ig 二 和

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X Ihave many homeworks to do every day. V/ Thave a lot of homework to do every day.

我 每 天 都有 很多 家 诗作 业 。

| was hopeless

“我 很 绝望 一

般 来说,人 们 “feel ”hopeless ( 感到 绝望 )。

“hopeless” (adj )用 来 形容人 时 ,表示 无能或 无可 救 药。 “hopeful” 可 以 用 来 形容人

X After I failed the second time, I was hopeless / After I failed the second time, I felt hopeless

失败 了 两次 后, 我 感到 很 绝望。 =

Iam hopeless in Mathematics.

TaN FE— 55 AN =

| have given up trying to help him; he is hopeless

REARS DS

110

,

ETCH Beh

CA => After I failed the second time, I was still hopefu! that I may pass on the third time.

我失败 了 两 次 , 后 仍 然 期 望 第 三 次 会 成功。 = [am by nature a hopeful person.

我 生 天 满 怀 布望。

how to do 5

“4

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“how to” ii % 5AKRAKX.

X When my car broke down in the pouring rain, I did not know how to do, Faced with such an unusual situation, I did not know what to do

面 对 如 困境 此 , 我 不 如何 知 是好。 =

I do not know how to solve (v) this problem.

我 知道 不 怎样 该 解决这个 难题。 =

You must learn how to relax before you can fall asleep.

Ai — FE EAEEO ATE A HE = I do not know how to fix the TV.

我 知道 不 怎样修理这 合电视 机 。

111

imaginative

X Movies such as “Star Wars” are purely imaginative science fiction.

“\/ Movies such as “Star Wars” are purely imaginary science fiction.

《星球 大 战》这类电影 纯粹 是科幻故 事。 = Children who have high IQs are more imaginative than ordinary ones.

智商 高 的孩子 普通 比 的 孩子 更 想象 富 力。

improve (problem)

ke : 让 ia) 。 我 们应7 one the © prob

决 问题) 而不 是“improve



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X The government should improve the problem of littering in the city.

Ae

VV The government should solve the problem of littering in the city.

政府 应 解决 该 城市 中 乱 丢废弃 物 的 问题 。 => These vitamin pills could improve your health.

维生素 药丸 会 让你 健康 的 状况 得 到改善 。 > The extra lessons could improve your English.

额外 补诛能 够提升 你 的 英语 水平。

the nurse injects me

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X The doctor said that I had a fever and he told the nurse to inject me. “/ The doctor said that I had a fever and he told the nurse to

BEER Ae, FRUITET = The doctor gave me an injection (n) after examining me.

医生 为 我检查 后 就 给 我打针 。 = I did not need an injection because I did not have a fever.

KA

ITT, AAA RE

113

incident

X ‘ncident frequently happen in this super highway. “/ Accidents frequently happen in this super highway.

在这 条 高 速公 路上 经 常 生意 发 外事故 。 = In yesterday’s Freedom March, there were no incidents among the participants.

在 昨天 争取民主 的 游行 中 没有 发生事端 。

indoor/ indoors

X Badminton is an indoors sport.

VV Badminton is an indoor sport.

羽毛 球 室内 是 运动 。 > Come indoors and get out of the storm.

PRGZE 8 HEaE— a 8 XU 114

tt insert a knife

X The robber insericd a knife into the man he had robbed. V/V The robber stabbed a knife into the man he had robbed.

盗贼 抢劫时用 刀 刺 回 受 害者。 = The robber siadbec the victim with a knife.

强盗 用刀刺 伤受害 人。 instead (of)

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instead ( adv)隐语 的是 名ia RAIA,

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发 现 语法 使 用完 全

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replace (V , 取代

115

X We did not have ice-cream, so we insteaded it with jelly. V/V We did not have ice-cream, so we served jelly instead.

FTCA OE,

ITLARRR A

X Our teacher is on leave for a month. We have a new one to instead him. \W Our teacher is on leave for a month, so we have hired a new teacher to take his place.

老师 将休假一个 月, 所 以 我们 要聘请 一 位 新 老师代替 他 。 => The beer was warm, so I had a coke instead.

这 啤酒 暖 , 卫 所 以 我 改 哆 可乐。 =

insicad of going (ger) home, I went to a movie.

我 没有 回 ,家 而 是 去看了 电影 。 => The substitute teacher handles the students well.

PRUE MERE TPA IREE => Some people cannot take sugar. So they take substitute sugar.

ALE NATE RABE. PDA BEFA PRA ACE = Because salmon is expensive, we often substitute it with a cheaper kind of fish to make sushi.

因为 三 文 鱼 昂贵, Belial ayAPP OTS a

ER BA a.

=> Our music teacher had fallen ill this morning. I had to substitute for him, but instead of teaching music (which I know nothing about), I taught Maths.

音乐 老师今天 早上 突然病了, 我 要代替 他 去上 课, 但 我 不 教育 旦 ( 乐 我对音乐 一 无 所知), 而 是 教 数学。

116

=> Our music teacher had fallen ill this morning. I had to substitute for him. But I know nothing about music, so I taught Maths instead.

音乐老师 今天 早上 突然 了 病 , 我要 去代替 他上 课, 但 我对 音乐 一 无 所 , 知 所 以 在 课堂上 我 教 的 是 数学。 => Our music teacher had fallen ill, so I had to {i!! in for him.

音乐 老师 了 病 , 我 要接 奉他 。 => Computers are gradually replacing typewriters.

电脑 正逐 渐取代打字 机。 => The prime minister, who had lost the election, was replaced as party leader by his deputy.

AAEM,

SORA ith IPB

intolerable

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sw adj): KER. 不 宽起(例如 : 不 协 雪 的人)

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X Our teacher is harsh and intolerable of misbehaviour in class. “/ Our teacher is harsh and intolerant of misbehaviour in class.

FIER

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= When he found the working condition intolerable, he resigned and looked for another job.

4 ft A TL EIA BEDS BE 28SZ, te A AES

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invite us to a dinner

| vonn):ik,BRA 长aL AHEM SHUR KF eR ARR AN ee iia

X After the picnic, our form master invited us to a dinner. VV After the picnic, our form master treated us to a dinner.

郊游 结束 后, 班 主任 请 我们吃 晚饭 。 X Let’s go out for dinner. I invite. V/ Let’s go out for dinner. I’ll treat (v). V/ Let’s go out for dinner. It’s my treat (n).

我们 出 去 晚餐 吃 吧 , 我 请客 ! => My friend is getting married next week and he has invited me to his wedding banquet.

我 朋友 的 下星期 结婚, 他 已 经 邀请 我参加 他的婚宴 。 => We planned to invite the bishop to give a speech at our graduation ceremony.

我们 打算 邀请主教 在毕业 典礼上 致词 。

118

=> After winning the championship, our coach treated (v) us to a dinner.

钊 标 赛夺 冠 后, 教 练 款 竺 我 们 吃 晚餐 。 => When this project is finished, I shall treat (v) myself to a long holiday.

这 个 项 目 完成 后, 我要享受 一 个 长 长 的 假期。

=> My father took me to Ocean Park to celebrate my birthday. It was a real treat (n).

Ear EEE PelDORE A, REE SE

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X ‘ts a beautiful day to take a walk in the countryside. VV |i’s a beautiful day to take a walk in the countryside.

今天 真是 好 个 日 子, 我 们 到 郊外 走 走吧 。 => |i's been decided that he will be the chairman.

他 被委任为主席 已 成 定局。 = The house is beautiful but iis roof leaks.

xis PiRiase, =

(Ae Wek T

The dog wags its tail when it is happy.

小 独 开心 时会 播 尾巴。

tg

jealoused by classmates

“HRA” jealous( adj ) : 妒忌 (之 前 要 加 上 系 动词be, 而 随后要 用 vot

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=

envious ( adj ) of(a noun,

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X The top student was jcaloused by his classmates. / The top student’s classmates are jealous of him.

同学们都 很 妨 这 忌 个 优等和

X He got all the prizes. I jealous him. V He got all the prizes. Iam jealous of him (n).

(harsh ARI,

RAR USE.

> He is jealous of my success (n).

他 妒忌 我 的 成功。 > I cnvy his wealth and good looks.

RATA WU ehPSEA => [am envious of his wealth and good looks.

FOS AI esASA

120

joint hands

|

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关节

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joint(adj): RAH.

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X Now is the time to joint hands (together) to build a great society.

\/ Now is the time to join hands (together) to build a great society.

现在 大 是 家 携手创造 美好 社会 的 时代 。

join the sports meet |

||

“参加运动

会”

join(v): #4#. 2}

AMMA BIG AA RAL RD, FA “join”; Ash | "3S. ZiKN, JA “attend / go to, be present | -a

|

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; 人 们 参加 比赛 ( 例如 奥运会)、游 行 、 示 威 ,时 用

ee : ee

Ne NESE aA Ns a aA COSA tC OANA

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ti itttttttIitItIt tiuCKTK

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X He had no time to |0in the sports meet.

121

V/ He had no time to participate in the sports meet.

他 没有 时 间 参 加运动 会。 X My principal asked me to join the lecture with my students.

/ My principal asked me to attend the lecture with my students.

校长 要 我 跟 生 学 一 听讲 起 座。 > This bridge joins the mainland with the island.

IX ARTE A BeliAV) fyJE REL > He joined the Labour Party when he was young.

他 年 轻 时 加入了 工党 。 => We are going to Europe in the summer, care to join us?

我们 准备夏天 去欧洲 旅 , 洲 你愿意 跟 们 我 一 起 去吗? jointed the club ee

ee

ee

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“jointed” 不 是 “join” 的 过 去 , 式 应 使 用 “joined”。 EEA SAID ARENA ON NNNINRNR

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X I jointed the Conservancy Club because it is a cause to protect the environment.

V I joined the Conservancy Club because it is a cause to protect the environment.

我 加入了 自然 上 资源 保护 协会 , 目 的 要 是 保护 环境。

22

Se

re

“开玩笑



jake(vn) : 使人发 笑(“jokes 后 需要 不 写 出 对) 象 X He told me he had just won the lottery. I thought he was joking me.

VV He told me he had just won the lottery. I thought he was joking.

他 告诉 我 他的 彩票 中了 奖, 我 他 猜 是 在 跟 我 开 玩突。 X Students usually joke the youngest classmate. V/ Students usually play a joke on the youngest student.

ETE SEY

IPR

=> I do not joke (v) about serious matters.

我 不 会 拿 严 肃 的 事情 来开玩 突。 > Sometimes, I do think you are joking (Vv).

有 时 , 候 我 真 觉得 你 在 开 玩突。 > They like to play a prank on the youngest student.

他 们爱作 弄 最 年 轻的 生 学 。

123

Iumped up to a pavement a

satan

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“上 冲 人 行道" |

Mount = WE,

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X The heavy lorry crashed into a car and jumped up to a pavement. / The heavy lorry crashed into a car and mounted.a pavement.

He oe 4 fiene]—

124

aE

ATi

keep in class

\\

a

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3> : X I behaved badly during the lesson and my teacher kop! me in class, ‘/ I behaved badly during the lesson and my teacher punished me by giving me two hours of detention.

我 在 课堂 上表现顽 劣,老师 昼 我 留 符 两 小时。 > | was dciaincc in my office because of my busy workload.

由 于 工作 繁重 , 我要 在 公 办 室多 耽搁 一 会儿 。 keep thin RN

\

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X Iam keeping thin, Besides giving up sugar, I have to do daily exercise.

125

V lam dicting. Besides giving up sugar, I have to do daily CXC LCISc:

我正在 节食 减肥,除了 不 甜食 吃 外, 我 要 还 每 天做 运动。 > [am dieting (v) to qualify for the tournament.

为了 符合 参赛 资格, 我正在 进行节食 。 > [am ona dict (n) and the first thing I have to give up 1s sugar.

我正在 控制 饮食, 要 做 的 第 一 件 事 就 是 不 吃 甜食。 => I plan to go on a diet (n) before the trip.

我 打算 在 出 发 旅行前节食 减肥 。 a kind father

下 而 错误全 的 语法 正确, ma. ee

A

X [have a very kind father.

V Ihave a very loving father. He is a kind man.

KA TIC BEDA IR, ETRE A.

126

lack(v): RY.



RE

个 动词从 不

用 于被 动式。

X He was lacked exercise, so he failed the physical test.

V He lacked exercise, so he failed the physical test.

他 缺乏 运动 ,因 此 在体能 测验 中不合格 。 X I was lacked of money so I could not buy the house.

V/ I lacked money so I could not buy the house.

我 缺, 钱 所 以能 不 这 买 座 房子。 > I know whyIfailed the test. It is because I !ack regular EXercise.

FAI FEMA GEA,

ABER GRS FBR.

> He lacks the patience to engage in negotiation with the opposing party.

他缺乏 耐性 对 跟 方 谈判。 > People do not like him because he !acks manners.

RAD EOE,

PAA TEL

> There is a !ack(n) of trust between the two opposing parties.

双方 之间 缺乏信 任。 > The university cannot go on with the research project because of the lack(n) of funds.

KFA

aR SE ie

PIS GEA et

— jately (adv): we late( adj ) ,迟到 AR

X [have not been feeling well !aic.

VV Ihave not been feeling well !atcly.

最近 我 觉得 不 舒服 。 > The train was ‘atc by an hour.

KAM

TPT

=> We should not be ate for school.

我 们上 学 不 应 该 迟到 。 => There has been some rain |2ic!y.

不 久 前下了 几 场雨。

:

f

|

latter (adj): 28%

| later , 后 炒( 是 late MRA, | latter (pro):

ZAR Ze

Hee)

4a 人

X Penicillin was discovered at the jater half ofthe 20th century.

125

V/ Penicillin was discovered at the jatter half ofthe 20th century.

Fife ee TE20 HE KAY > We went to the movie yesterday. Later, we went shopping.

昨天 我们 去 看了 电影 , 后 来 又 去 逛 商店。 => Of the two plans, the latter is better. ,

PATS E,Jar BORE. launch

“酒吧



jaunch(n ) . 游艇

Iounge(n ) .

酒吧

X After work, I like to go to a !aunch to have a beer with my friends to relax. V/V After work, I like to go to a !ounge to have a beer with my friends to relax.

FRA,

Fee AMAA AC EE eG , BORA — F

lead us to a picnic Siac cede ul cicemeeiceadiaeeedameieaiameuamieeeniaaenaiaiaeiiimis oe | | Ry #

|

|\

“ 带 我们郊游 lead(v): 市 领、 领 、导 手 致 "Seas LLL”

129

X Our form master led us to a picnic last summer. / Our form master took us ona picnic last summer.

Z4EBR,

DEER MARGE.

X Every morning, my mother !eads my younger brother to school. “/ Every morning, my mother takes my younger brother to school.

US PEK A eK RB

EF

> He is the only person who can /ead us out of this thick jungle.

tb re ME BIEAY hyA ATTE HHak A

REA

=> During the Second World War, Britain was |ed by a great prime minister.

UAE AAA],

FE

aeACY FS

> His lies have led me to believe that he is guilty.

他 的 说话 使 我确信 他 是有 徘的。 learn knowledge

“学 知识 ” 上 学 当然 是 学习有 用 的 事物 , 即 “knowledge"(知识 )。 |

acquire (v): BR,

\ 所 heerootooonbshteaeotipnpatpntutnliyihahtrarrgotphgih

ERAMRA

guithiiiiNtpiangesRWNNSEaeenhginntahhhtDMas chatNbDieartprnhvEMLDLaoaanraadohNLadetphavehiglietsbluell rearprttiyipaitea daniohrpaMiuhtp_euy -pocouaiueiip ait co

X I go to school to learn knowledge.

V | go to school to learn. > | go to school to acquire knowledge.

FLEAR 130

ac

learn a

x

a9

learm(v): 学 会 study(v)}: #4.

2B

X He learned very hard and in the end he came first in the class. V/ He studied very hard and in the end he came first in the class.

(BASRA, HA TEBER PSS

«

=> He studied very hard before the examination.

75ANAS 0itt-J > If you keep bad company, you may |carn (or pick up) bad habits.

如 条你结交 亚 ,友 可 能 会 染上 坏 习 惯。

lessen the problem LEE

ANE

Z

|

|

iia

\

1



||

“减轻 问题

\

|

a1 “lessen’(v)( mae) Bm.

| “solve"(v)( 解 ) 决 问 题。

mae.

Mi,

2

|

x ify we five ne course, we ail fests n ae aie / If we take this course, we will solve the problem.

WHF MBE TREE, EA fie]

164

lesson of this story 1

a

em

| “< 寓意” if

|

moral (n



lesson(n): ER,

2H

X The lesson of this story is that we must not be greedy. —The mora! of this story is that we must not be greedy.

PF AY

BETES TA EERE

> | will teach him a lesson by defeating him.

我 会 击败 ,他 给 他 一 个 教训 。 > This failure let him learn his lesson.

经过 这 次 失败, 他 吸取 了 教训 。

—=

fo a

| | N

ley 26

NI

X Let us to go home.

V/ Let us go home.

我 们 回 家吧 。

132

io ee

So

No We

> (us not be fooled.

大家 不 要 受骗。 > etus prepare for the transltion.

我 们 准备 过 渡吧。

like my father

‘exee” | '

|

一 般米 , 说 我 们 loye 【过 ) KHER,

| i |

Kr “like”

(8x),

;



;



a a BB

LL

LDEB

OBIE DEE DEED DELLS ELS DIS

DSSS AES

SN BEI EB

EEBS

I

NBN

nr eS rN

tS

X I like my father very much but I don’t like his friends.. V/ I love my father but I don’t like his friends.

我 爱 我 父亲, 但 我 不 喜欢 他 的朋友 。 => | love my brother but I don’t like his taste in fashion.

FR

a, (ARAB BA in12

list out

SIIB” | bac) he

| list(v)+ 列 明

|

133

X Before the camping trip, we must |isi out the thing we are to bring. V/V Before the camping trip, we must make alist of things we are to bring.

出 发露营 , 前 我 们 必须 列 要 出 携 物品 市 的清单 。 > Before the camping trip, we must |isi the things we are to bring.

出 发 露营 , 前 我 们 必须 列 要 明 携 市 什么 东西。 litter

sé 瓦砾



lvier(v): HARSLEAH,

HERR

debris(n)- 瓦砾 ee

X After the fire, the streets were full of litter (or garbage).

“V/V After the fire, the streets were full of debris.

火灾 过 , 后 街 道上 布 满了 瓦砾 。 => After the celebration, the public park was littered with garbage.

Keim oie, Zabel Aa THR.

134

ls

(D

“定居



live(v) ; 后 住(一 般 指永久 居住 ) stavy(v): 运 (留 指 短 居 暂 住) BEE Desks SscesESEsEbnins sac ae SE DEDEDE Siacases ceases

emia

Sa aaa

ease

X Whenever I visit England, I always live at the Hilton.

/ Whenever I visit England, I always stay at the Hilton.

PEKKA,

Ake Ppa

> After a minor operation, I stayed at the hospital for a week.

BSC)FANS,

EBB

STEM.

> | have lived in the Western district for a long time.

我 在 西区 住了 很 长 一 段 时间 。 => When I was 5, I lived in Beying.

ALY ITE FEAL

look down people II

-=SS

EECA

CN

DAREEAA EEDA

EET NN OA SATE

A EE A

TAN OR

I RAT ET CC TN

A

ONC

A

ATA

Ae ATL

CER,

“鄙视 look down on / desplse : 部 视 CMON

OCOD

OOOO

ANA

SNS Slam

MNN NANAK NANDA NAAR AMEN NMA ANIAN SSNs yi



S35

X I look down people who do not work and depend on the Government for handouts.

V/ I look down on / despise people who do not work and depend on the Government for handouts.

Fen LAB EEAN 7 BEARTT ORB BH A

In any competition, I hate to lose.

我 在 任何 比赛 中 都 不 愿意 失败 。 > If you lose this card, you can apply for a new one.

如 果你丢失 这 张 , 卡 可以 领取一 张新 的。

136

losted interest |

| |

| i

lose Cv, lost, lost): AA.

|

loss(n): MA.

MAL

HA

3





AM



;

&

4

“Risicctouhe aecient cmnrcemrnimenmieniinsie iments ent

ee

X I soon \osied interest after the game started. VV I soon lost interest after the game started.

比赛开始 后 不入, 我 就失去 了兴趣



宁 The fog was so thick that [ soon 1ost my way.

浓 筋 使 我 很 快 迷路 就 了。 宁 He jost in the debate because he had not prepared well.

他 在 辩论中 落 败, 因 为 他 没有 好 好准备 。 > I reported the loss of my watch to my form-master.

我 癌 班 主任 报告 我遗失 了 手表 。 = The death of the teacher is great !oss to the school.

这 位 老师 的离世 实在 是 学 校 的巨大 损失 。

ov

he is loving a girl GEE

eee

ee

ee

“TEER EER” |

|

A. A RARE (Rie) Hae, MHRA 们 永远 不 会 说: “Iam hating him (我正在 异恨 他) 这

县 心情 ,不涉及 动作 。 en

X He is loving a girl. No wonder he is so inattentive during lessons. V He is in love with a girl. No wonder he is so inattentive during lessons.

他 爱上 了 一 个 女孩 ,难 上 怪 课时 这 样 不 专心。 > He loves his girlfriend deeply.

{BTR

ZK

=> He loves music more than sports.

比 起 运动 ,他更喜欢音乐 。 =

He has fallen in love.

他 险入爱河 了。

|

lovely(adj): "2.

loving(adj): BAW.

138

Hm.

BA

TAH

S.

enna



X He can play loving music. V/ He can play lovely music.

他 能演奏 出 动人的 音乐。 => Besides a loving wife, he has three equally loving children.

除了 有 贰 恨 的 妻子 , 外 他 有 还 三 个 可 爱 的 小孩。 lucky day EAA

=

DDEDDD DAD

CDEP ED

IODC

EEL

LRTDL

LL DPDPREDIC

LDL EROCDE AEA LEDDDEDCOAL

R EREDDLL APLCPAL DAD PLD ACNE RDA

A x9

auspicious(adj ) : 吉利 Sn

I

RN

的、 吉 和祥 的 NN

二 抽e

机向

X Before they decided on their wedding day, their parents will look up the almanac and choose a lucky day. “/ Before they decided on their wedding day, their parents chose an auspicious day for their wedding ceremony.

BUG SLATES biel a abe TS

A” LEIS ATL

> The rain stopped and the sun came out at the opening of the Games. It seemed an auspicious beginning.

赛事 刚 开始, 雨 停了 , 太 阳 出 来了 。 看 来这是个 言 祥 HIP itt

189



yy)

\ '

)

oe

a:

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,d |

:



\

a.

ee

i

Ly





y AN

\\

— ). : Wy ye ‘

eo 7让

3

fe

a 33 =

eee

tik

2 y e B = a

e eae

so ooh

出 = @

ae ©三

So

>

5





2

oe

S

eo

$s

eeOo S3

5 民



三|

ot

3 .ee2e

aS

oS os

eee

>

9

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=

& &i a Cm Figs ee 2 g

gagaeeeeeese

ES = 4oe

f

s e s e s e S

Many people live in Hong Kong.

很 多人 在香港 居住 。 => Hong Kong is densely (adv) populated.

香港 人口 稠密。 > The population of Hong Kong is about 7 millions.

FHEKAAR CAAA.

keep the marks

X The umpire who kept the marks in our championship game was very unfair.

141

V/V The umpire who kept scores in our championship game was very unfair.

在 这 场 锦 标 赛 负责 中 计 分 的裁判 非常 公正 不 。 marry with

X I married with a girl of wealth when I was young. V/ I married a girl of wealth when I was young.

我 年 轻要 时 了 一 个富有 的 女子。 > When are you going to marry your long-time girlfriend?

你 什么时 候要 你 那 交往 位 多 年 的女友 ? > I will not get married until I am 30.

我30罗 之 前 不 会 结婚。 => She got married last year.

她 去 年 结婚了 。 = Iam married to(... etc).

Sle cae )结 婚。 = She is married to(... etc ).



142

) 结 婚。

> She was married to a rich man but they divorced after a year.

她 以 前 嫁给了 一 个有 钱人 , 但 一 年 后 他们 就 离婚了 。 master of the dinner

X The master of the dinner party told his guests to enjoy themselves.

V/ The host of the dinner party told his guests to enjoy themselves.

WS ER

SB ER ©

master

X He is a wise person and | regard him as my-master. V/V He is a wise person and I regard him as my mentor.

{he —“a,

FE AN

143

master of a corporation

X The master of this corporation declared no bonus is to be distributed.

V/ The owner / proprietor of this corporation declared that no bonus is to be distributed.

这 公司 家 老板 的 宣布 不 会 派发红包 。

master of a program

4 a

ats 二 “ML Cc ff

A

ManetAi

-

X The master of a TV program needs skill, tact and intelligence.

144

beedinniannneiurensinininiuninimniquniniginig

RE

vv V The presenter of a TV program needs skill, tact and intelligence.

电视节目

的 主持 人 需要技巧 、机 智和 智慧 。

> The Fund Raising Show was emceed by a famous actor.

这 次 筋 捐 晚会 由一位 著名 演员 担任 主持人 。 at midnight

X Sometimes at midnight, I wake up and cry. VV Sometimes, in the middle of the night (or in the small hours), I wake up and cry.

AINE PRIN aD, FSH» mid-night meal

145

X Last night, after a nine o’clock show, I had a mid-night meal before I returned home. V/ Last night, after a nine o’clock show, I had a night snack/ snack before I returned home.

昨 晚 看 完 九 点 钟 表演 的 后, 我 过 吃 夜宵 才 回 家。 mind to

X Do you mind to close the window? V/ Do you mind my closing (ger) the window?

你 介意 我关上 窗户 吗? => Do you mind the noise (n)?

你 介意这 噪音 吗? > Do you mind if I smoke?

你 介意 我抽烟 吗?

146

more better

i

|

\\ \\ )

NK

X Of the two plans I like th is one 2

more bette 1

/ Of the two plans I like th is one bette ie ?

|

oO

murmur

X The serv ice was so bad but we d 1d not murmur, “/ The serv ice was so bad but we d id not grumble

服务 差极了



但 我I BA AE!

eR

O

147

| naughtyCadj): ARW, FHRBALA, HARK 的 蛋 ; 若用 来形容 成 年人, 指 不 合 礼仪 行为 或 不当, 仙

| | ”如 说猥琐 的 笑话。 nooner

| disobedient ;不服从 不端

misbehaved : 行为

|

“naughty student” 4 *J 2% “problem student”( 1] 2&5 = )

X The teacher sent the naughty students out of the classroom. “/ The teacher sent the disobedient/misbehaved students out

of the classroom.

老师 把 不 等纪 人 律 的常生 赶 出了 教室 。 | am necessary...

“necessary” 不 |

| |

|

\ MM

148

会 用 来 描述人人, 只 能

用 描述 来

ANA OU

事件

| |

最简单 准确 的 词 可使 用 “must "(一定 、 必 须 ) 。 C

2

“ It is necessary to bring an umbrella in this poor weather.

在这 样 恶 劣 天 的 气 中 外 出 必须 市 雨伞。 > It is necessary for me/her/them (etc.) to save (v) money.

FG /Ut / MATA i BAX > | must bring an umbrella in this poor weather.

在 这样 恶劣 的 天 气 下 外 出 我 一 要 定带 雨 伴。 > I must save money if I want to buy a new watch.

WERE —RFD MR a news LL

IDI

IIE

EDDIE IDLAELIA SEALER PB

AB

ER

A

RET

“一 则新 闻 i人

'

|



news (nj 是 不 可数 名 词, 要 转化 本数 成 用 “a news article, a news item’( 一 则 新 闻 ) 。

名 词, 就

RAR

X There is a news in the papers about the accident in our village. V/ There is a news article in the papers about the accident in our village.

报纸 上 有 一 篇 新 闻提 及 我们 村 发 生的 事件 。

149

TEA

至各FLT

39

下 文中 错误 例句 的 看 似 是 惊人 的 减 价, 但 大 概 不会 发 生。 中 文

的“ 九 折”在英文

中 是“10% discount” “人 折 ”

ze “20% discount” .

X This plaza is holding an annual sale. All goods are sold at 90% discount.

V/ This plaza is holding an annual sale. All goods are sold at 10% discount.

这 家 百货公司正在 举行 一 年 一 度 的 大 减价, 所 有 货品 均 以 九折 销售 。

recognize his noise RRR

AE

PERERA RES

se

saa

SS

GSN

A SS ABS TI ISAA

ASAPSA

RE

AAA eae ADDI

“出 听 他的声音” noise(n): 2

voice(n): Axe sound(n): rtiiiaheshairslaavasnanbiniaiheds

#ee

NannadiemansemicsinllpihberbeoamsrnsnimibiblsialuaicsinkDANNNS Lae Serenata Mb esaiaNaNNsicSM hihi sie UCN SnceecaaAntns

ee

X As I was approaching his house, I realized he was in, for I recognized his noise.

150

os slat ss

RN

N

eae

ee

V/ As I was approaching his house, I realized he was in, for I recognized his voice.

我 近 走屋 时 子 知道 他 在 屋内, 因 为 我听 出他 的 声音。 > The noise of a market place; The noise of the heavy traffic, etc.

TBA MAR, FAC

AUR, SESE

> The sound of the storm is very fearsome.

Wisi Be bore] tA.

次ie Ps

~— AS

he Ph

KL Mo" vi Vy &. 7

151

officer

Le

etofficer 法 医、 polieea officer Re

| ofcela): Aa

X When the typhoon signal goes up, many of!icers at Central rush to get home. Factory-workers at Tsuen Wan or San Po Kong, where many factories are located, will certainly do the same. \W When the typhoon signal is up, office-workers at Central rush to get home. Factory-workers at Tsuen Wan or San Po Kong, where many factories are located, will certainly do the same.

台风 临近, 很多 中 环 “上 的 班 族 "赶忙 回 。家 荃 湾和 新 注 图有 很多工厂 , 工 广 的工人 们 也同样 赶回家 去。 Official (aq)

a

政府 官

official (adj): “official 表示

152

,

oe

ee CF 不 是 私人 访问

|

|

LTR) 。

:

a

|

|

> An ollicial from the government office came out to meet the protesters.

一 政府 位 官员 出 接见 来 抗议 者。 宁 The official powers (duties) ofa mayor are to run the city.

一名 市 长 的职权 就 是管理 城市。 > We will write an official letter to congratulate the winner.

我 们将 会给优胜者 发 一 封 正式贺信 宁 The Prime Minister will pay an ofiicial visit to Beijing next month.

Xi

ER

ORS A BE dT ESTA]

official hour LLLLLLLLLL_L_L_E

|

LR eR SA

“办 公 时间”

i

各-

=

Aas

EN

LE

ER

RE Se

RR

RN

g

CCT ET

MR

AT

eT

a

PEA

ae

:

|

2

X The bank is now closed. I will come again during 01 icia! hours. VW The bank is now closed. I will come again during office hours.

银行 已 经 关门了 , 我 会 明天 在 的 公 办 时间 上再来 一趟 。 > Business hours in most countries are a period from 9 a.m. to 5 p.m., which is known as office hours.

大多 数国家 的 办 时 公 间 表 是 九 晚五。

158

one of the boy

a



ANA

X One of the boy isa thief.

V/ One of the boys isa thief.

其中 二 个 为 孩 是 小丛。 open the light AN

| | ie '\

oe \

oe NAN

\

\\ N\\ K\

A \\ \| \ 由

i

X lI opened the light to see better. V/ I turned on the light to see better.

FPN REA tt i 28

154

oppositely, ...

X He thinks teaching very interesting.

is a boring job; oppositely, I think it is

X He thinks teaching is a boring job; on the other hand, I think it is very interesting.

VV He thinks teaching is a boring job; on the contrary, I think it is very interesting.

他认为教书 是 一 份 沉闷 的 工作, 相 ,反 我认为 这非常 有趣。 宁 Teaching may be boring; on the other hand, lt is well-paid.

教书 也 许有些沉 闷, 但 另 方面 一 来, 说 它 收入丰厚 。 others matters

MW] BEEEEEEEEEE Z

155

ne sA, “other,another,others”A

X lam trying to finish this first. Others matters can wait. V/ Lam trying to finish this first. Other matters can wait.

我 会先努力完 成这 项 工作, 其 他 事情可 延缓 处理。 X When I finished interviewing this student, I will see the another student.

V/V When Ifinished interviewing this student, I will see the other student.

会 见 完这 个 学生 后, 我 再 去 见 另 一 个 学生 。 > This student is qualified, but the other student is not.

个 生 学 合格 , 另 一 个 学生不合格 。 > | have other things on my mind besides passing the exam.

BRS He Sih,

Bob

Ae a ASE

> This student comes from China. The other students come from India.

这 个 生来 学 目中 , 国 其他 的 都 来 目 印度。 > If you don’t like this plan, I have another (i.e an other, means one additional) plan ready.

MAMRKARB MGT, FES StF. => You have many bad qualities: you are lazy, dishonest, impunctual; another quality, the worst one, is that you lie.

你 有 很 多坏 毛病 : 懒惰 、 不 诚实、 不 守时 ; 还 有 一 个 最 粳 糕, 就 是 你 说说。

156

> | like this wall-paper, but I don’t like the other (wall-paper).

我喜欢这 种 墙纸, 但 我 喜欢 不 另 一种(墙纸 )。 > You have had several drinks. Care for another (drink)?

WO ZM SILI, JER —IMIS 2 > Your first suggestion is quite good, but the others (suggestions) are bad.

URE

TSE

A BS , TERY (EDM) BLATT To

> You must not eat the whole cake. Save some for others

(other people).

UKANBNC IRE CEE, AA —AE. out of air

X After jogging for half an hour, he was completely out 0} air. V/ After jogging for half an hour, he was completely out of _breath / winded.

经过 半 个 时 小 的慢跑 , 后 他喘 过 不 气 来。 outlook

| onuook(n):(1) 个人对事物 的 观点;(2)展 ,前景 望

|

herpoewioeosprreniniunsninaisptouruwsuaaanamwuovaaworesseaiahotneciuvmuomawintavavanaanauanennahansgooacaranpnuneatnoamanhsnieseshtsavaosuomaanwhnencantnaamaneoautnnauaNnnouncaicabnanenvamasannananaaoa

457

X He has a very pleasant outlook because he looks like a movie star. V He is very good looking because he looks like a movie star.

他 电影 像 明星 那样 英俊。 = He has avery pleasant appearance.

他 有 和 平易近人 的外 表。 = His good looks have helped him in his career in the movies.

他俊明

的表 外 对他 的影视 事业 很有 帮助 。

> The economic outlook of Hong Kong is bright.

香港 的 经 济 前 景 非 常光明 。 => He has an optimistic outlook on life.

他 以 乐观 的态度生活 。

outside activity

X In autumn, when the weather is bright and cool, the best outside activity is cycling. \W In autumn, when the weather is bright and cool, the best

outdoor activity is cycling.

秋 高 气 更 时 最 佳 的户外 活动 是骑上自行 车。

158

my wound Is palning sR DELLE OSREEL TNAR TIRE BER EEOC CNN

NTA TEE EERE DERE RCRA DRE ECR NCEE

“(5 EIR” painful (adj): A489

“painful” J JA # literally ( 4X ) 4 figuratively ( rb 喻) 的情况 , 中 如 痛心。 pain 通常 会 用作 ”“in pain 。

X My wound is paining after the operation. \/ My wound is painful after the operation.

手术 后 我的伤口 很 痛。 X After the operation, my wound pained a long time. \/ After the operation, my wound is painful for a long time.

FA,

KOI

IRA.

> Donating blood is very painiul.

献血 令人 感到 很 痛。 > Itis paintu! for me to criticize you as you are my best friend.

你 是 我 的 好 朋友, 批 评 你 使 我感到 很 痛否。 = This incident is a painiu!l topic and I don’t want to say any more.

PFS FRE,

FRANTo

=> | am in (great) pain and I need to see a doctor at once.

我 感到 疼痛 至 , 极 要 立刻 看医生 。

SS

> Usually, when you have a cold, you will be feverish and have a sore (adj) (NOT painful) throat.

RAL,

UE DTS AGE

ARETE

> When you have played tennis for several hours, your arm is sore (adj) (NOT painful).

你 打了 几 个 小时 的 网 球 后, 双 臂 肌 肉 就 会 发痛 。 a pale face DDRII

£6 mSAa”

Dals(adj): 苍白 (形容 人的 脸色, 一 般 因为 是 感到 害怕 或 过 经 一 场 大病 ) complexion(n): KE ( “fair” 8 RAAB AIRE ) ee

er

eg

gw

ae

X She is a very beautiful girl, with big eyes, dark hair, and a pale face. V/ She is a very beautiful girl, with big eyes, dark hair, and a

fair (adj) complexion (n).

ih — ORR. mA eK q

ASR,

REA,

=> She turned paic when I told her the bad news.

FGLIMEA Ea AME,

160

GA AoA.

2

Tate

“on any

|

park (v): 4218 —4UL,

Blae- 停车

perh(v ) : 把 船 停靠 在 码头 moor(v).: SpLs zs oD

EMA

|

AOA Abt VE A 起 来 eA

BDI

ENOTES

Sit DEDODDEDE DESDE Cee

SONNE

PDAS DI DECC



X The ferry reached its destination and parked at the pier. “/ The ferry reached its destination and berihed at the pier.

PEF STA AH,

BAYATERSL.

> When I finished using my car, I parkecc it in my garage.

Re SCA,

JE RAAT

> We deriicc the boat at the pier and went ashore.

FEA A ENS,

Pa EF

> We moored along side the pier.

FANE2 TAG pasted a church JP

i

Sc

et

CA

RI AT SON NN

| |

\

“路过 教堂 ”

| pass (Cv, passed, oes : mA,

|

rararairnveravaseair oe

Ait

”past( prep, adj, n ): 经 、 过 过去

| \

161

X When I was on my way home, I pasted a church.

V I passed a church on my way home.

我 回 家时 过 路 一 座 教 等。 X I pasted my examination and promoted to an upper form. V/ I passed the examination and promoted to an upper form.

Rides ©, WAH eS > I walk past (prep) a church every day.

每天 我 都 过 路 一 座 教 等。 > It was past midnight when we arrived.

我 们 到 达时 已 经过了 午夜 。 > In past (adj) centuries, Europe was very backward.

feet JL Miao, BONE TEA AY. > We will never improve if we live in the past (n).

假如 我们只 留恋 过去, 便 永远 不 会 进步。 time passes

“时 光 流 逝

X When I looked at my old photographs, I realized time passes like an arrow. / Every time I look at some old photographs, I realize how time flies / quickly time passes.

每 次 我 看到 目 己 的 老 照 请 , 时 都 感到 光阴 飞逝

162

my father pays me FILIP EIDE DDE TDD

EE

DAT DEAE

BS EOEEDDA ES EW EAD EAE TI EA

ED DEEL EADIE EDS ERS SAE SAEDRE AREA SARC BEA

AIRE TAR

ENTE

E

TER,

“S BARKSAK” oy Cy, paid, paid ) : 付 钱 给某人 ( 作为 服务 费用 SA

OE

EE

EE

a

ee

a

) eee

sa

X My father pays me $500 a month for my personal expenses. V/V My father vives me a monthly allowance / pocket money (n) of $500.

爸爸 每 个 月 给 我500 美 元零用 钱 。 > Since you are not working for your father, he has no reason to pay you.

UA AVR SCAR LAE, (ees BL R28 4 crowded with peoples (IP

DDD

DDE EDEL

BD

LDPE LPL ER BER EAL

LLL EBLE ERE IEPER LEBEL ELLER LAER RESELLER EREDDELL LRER RES SR ACERT ERE

“Sti A” people : RE ZA CA) ADL, RAR MA,

GMA “people”, “people” di — +B RADAR MA, Bl oe

|

Chinese people ? HE]A, young people +444, “people 生意 人 。

“Taipei aiestainracit ie asinine ida nieaniawinannneahisenasinmenveshaecnhdabusnliecrencien nila nian anhstiinwaliesinlndeeenmisnikevia

| ,

business

julien asemainisnianinalsinbNhi\soniyeenanen nih\\hiniiii iil anlyonaieabeassnn a\lthinaii

Ns

\

X On weekends, the streets are crowded with peoples (persons).

163

V/V On weekends, the streets are crowded with people.

每 周末 逢 , 街 道上 都 挤 A > Ifyou wore that funny hat in public, people would laugh at you.

假如 你 在公众 场所 戴这顶 证 怪 的 帽子 ,人 们 会取突 你的。 > Why should I care what (other) people think?

我 为要 何 在 乎 其他人 的 想法? 他 Generally Speaking, Hong Kong people are very kindhearted.

BHR DL, AE AGEIR AED HY. = You are the very person I want to see.

你 正 是 想见 我 的人。 => You are theea

most qualified for the job.

你 是 适合 最 这 份工作 的人 。 > The ae of the two warring nations finally became friends after two centuries.

经 过 两 世纪 个 的 交战 ,两 国人 民 终于友好

相处。

system is not perfect “REA ct” 对 了 不 解 中 国语 言环境 的人, 看 到 第 一 错误 个 的例 多 子

界上有 什么 制度 完美 无 瑕 的? 多 是 时 会 不要 发 笑, 世 够 。 语 法 正确, 但 想 达表 的意思 不 清楚 rabies nts

164

mena eee sent heer

lt MEA renyrroeorerareraranp eaceraAA

EO

必 ee

X The education system of Hong Kong is not periect (or complete).

V/V The education system of Hong Kong is inadequate to meet the needs of an expanding population.

香港 的 教育制度难以 满足 日 益增 长 的人 口 需求。 X The solution is not complete. VW The solution {ai!s to solve our basic problem.

这 方案 个 不能解决 我们 的 根本 问题 。 place TREE

ZA

“场地

ei

a



venue(n): 场地、

音乐 会、会 议 等。

聚会

地 的 方, 特

别 运动 指

比赛 、

|

X World class artists have not been booked to perform in Hong Kong because there are no suitable paces to accommodate a large audience. / World class artists have not been booked to perform in Hong Kong because there are no suitable vcnuc to accommodate a large audience.

TEAR RY AOA 场地 容纳 大批 观众。

OR AH

Ya,

A A a)

=> The new Convention Centre will be the venue for the World Bank Conference.

新 的 会 议 展览 中 心 将 成 为世界 银行大 会 举办 的 场地 。

165

The police RAZ):

BF

policeman / woman : 警察 La Aen oaA AE

ap aNA CAs atop

nua

er oaezD AAA

aA

PEA

PP

PRPAAPEX ADEA

X As soon as | heard the scream, I ran to look for a police. \W As soon as I heard the scream, I ran to look for a policeman.

RW SUPP AS,

I EARL

> I want to join the police force when I graduate.

FA

a AEA

> The public should cooperate with the police to fight crime.

TH RV ERCE a aE, i tT ALAR. > A policeman’s job is very dangerous.

警察 的工作 是 非常 危险 的。 = Two policemen were able to catch the robber when he came out from the building.

盗贼 从大厦出 来时, 两 名警察 已 足够 逮 住他。 to swim 10 pools

“i103” lap(n) : 游泳 池 或跑道 的 长度

166

X The coach makes his team swim 10 pools every day to prepare for the competition. VV The coach makes his team swim 10 laps every day to prepare for the competition.

为了 备战 ,教 练要 求队员 每天 在 游泳 池 游10个 来回。 => She swims 10 laps every morning before going to work.

每天上 班 前, 她 到 都 游泳 池 游10个 来回。 > Being the first one to cross the finishing line, she did a lap of honour( 绕 场 一周 )to show her joy.

她 第 一 个 冲过 终点 夺 告 后, 便 绕 场 一 表达 周 喜悦 。 popular disease ZA



EN

ERE

Te

SN

DE DS LEE

REN

RA

EEE

EAE NCA ANE EEE

ECS NEAT ATE NANT

“流行 性 疾病 popular(adj ): 党人 爱戴 或欢迎 的 下

面名 例 的

意思是 “widespread (普遍 ), 不

“popular music (流行

是像

音乐 ) 那样 popular( 流行 )

it SOMATOSTATIN

EE

Sw

SRR

NNNMONANNEuEMlaluDN an l

X Many people still know very little about the disease AIDS because AIDS is not popular in Hong Kong. \/ Many people still know very little about the disease AIDS because AIDS is not widespread in Hong Kong.

{RZ NT SHE TDR A, TA SCI TE RHEE = AIDS has not reached epidemic proportion in Hong Kong.

艾滋 病在香港 还未达到 流行 的地 步。

167

> Going to the movies is a popular pastime for HK people.

看电影 是 最 受 香港大 众 喜 爱 休闲 的 活动。 have a possibility A

SeA

TA

‘ 有

|

BS MAE

SNE BATA

AEA AEA SAAATP EA AEA A a AAA AAD

ALA

AADD

DDD

DIODE

ODT

DIE

OO

可能”

“possibility” 后通常 不 会有不 定式“to"”, 而 且 指人有 —#P “possibility”( 可 能 性 )的 说 法 并 不 普遍 。

a

ete

Sr CS

a

I

SAPS EED a eA PIP AAPA APao APRA

PvP

PAPA

X [have a possibility to go to Beijing next week. V There is a possibility of my going to Beijing.

我 下 星期 可能 会去北京 。 => There is a possibility that he may enter politics.

他 可能 会从 政 。 possible

possible( adj) : =) a

|

probable(adj ) : 预计 可 能 发生

|

TTT RC BOC

X It is possible he will lose the election according to the latest polls.

168

V It is probable he will lose the election according to the latest polls.

根据 最 新 民意 的 调查 ,他有 可 能 会 沙败。 > Itis possible that the sun will not rise tomorrow (for anything is theoretically possible) but not probable.

明天太阳

可能 不 出 来 ,但 不 确定 。,

pour Some wine pL

A

AAA Ee ti AAAI

“ 倒

AIS RCO AINEeA CASED

EL CIEE

A ASB EE EALERTS

AACE EV CASS ADLER REETICDC

AAA TERETE ET

酒”

pour Cy, poured, poured ) : 刻意 地把液体 倒 出来

|

|

泌出 来 al(wspilt spilt),无 意 地把液体

X Last night at the dance party, I poured some wine on John’s jacket. I immediately apologized.

\/ Last night at the dance party, I spilt some wine on John’s jacket. I immediately apologized.

FEWER BESS FF, FRAN FRAAATy (TEAK

FETS ie BI 24 AP AE,

no power to lift 全

EEE AE AC EC

NCE

CEN

CAE NE

EA ENA

AAA ANT AER AEE NE

NAT

Ra



nn

| 站

|

\

| “ 没力量 举起” | strength(n): 体力

|

全maa RE

|

power(n): RA

| |

AN

169

X Ido not have the powerto lift 100 kg. W Ido not have the strength to lift 100 kg.

我 没有 力量 举 100 起 公 斤 重 的 物品。 > In my position, I have no power to help you.

以 我的职位来 说, 我 没有权力帮助 你。 > After a long illness, he lost his power of speech.

经过 长 时 间的 疾病, 他 丧失了 说 话能 preventing thing TEER

|

RR ARERR

PR RT ITS LA EGTRRA AL ES SA AAA

“预防

"cane a

ne

AEA

DAA ES AAT DEN

DI ADPAD

ADA

A AAD

DDD

DADA ADD

措施 ”

are NN

ceNN

人 人 EU

生生

和2 人生



X The Observatory has just announced that a typhoon is coming and we must do the preventing thing. V/V The Observatory has just announced that a typhoon is coming and we must take precautionary measures.

天 台 文宣 台 布 风 正 在 临近, 我 们 必须采取 预防 措施 。 principle

principal (n, adj): 2

principle(n): BRU, Avr 一一 一 一 一 一

170

soresraninaiaininoiepimusinwesiannubnliislaoauinconaitnhiniveraccumunnucaesitreounauennoneapibu

sesrenguthisAitio-umimsanepioniibsouemuisstoienib unten

nnoete hte

een orton

itt

ann

rne

ee

X The principle of a high school is the head of the school. V The principal of a high school is the head of the school.

一所 中 学 的 核心领导 着 是 校长。 > The principal (i.e. main) reason for his success in the polls is that he is a good politician.

他 民意 在 调查 中领先 , 主 要原因 是他是 一 名 出 色的 政 2S = Aman of principle does not lie or cheat.

一 个有 原则

的人 不 会说谎或欺诈 。

not printed anymore “不 再 印刷 2



X Iam unable to obtain this book which I found is not printed anymore.

我 疫能 得 到这 本书, 因 为 它 已 经 绝版。

program GEE

et Eee TO HRT.

| |

|

6



一 目 95

等 | ”program(n):节目 ,例 如 : 音乐 会、运 动 会 节目

171

X Saturday is coming. Do you have any programs? / Saturday is coming. Do you have any plans?

快 到星期 六了, 你有 什么 安排 ? X During Christmas vacation, we had many programs. “/ During Christmas vacation, we had organized many activities.

我 们在 圣诞 节假 期 安排了 很多 活动 。 => What kind of activities have you planned for the weekend?

REEF ARTTAC fiesOP ECTRoy? > We have different activities to suit the tastes of different participants.

我 有 们 不 同 的 活动 ,以 迎合 人们不同的喜好。

promise |

“ 答Ay”

promise (v, n): #ié

allow : 准许

let(v)-

permit(v) : 允许

X lasked my mother for permission to go out, and she promised. ‘/ Lasked my mother for permission to go out, and she allowed me.

妈妈 准许 我 外 出。 > My mother |ci me join the tour even though my examination was coming.

虽然 考试 在 , 即 但 是妈妈 仍 让 我 参加 旅行 。 2

宁 As atyphoon was approaching, my father did not permil me to go camping.

HI a ul,

SORA RRA EE

=> My parents haveee examination

to take me to Japan if I pass my

爸妈 答应 如 条 我考试合格 就 带 我 到 日 本 旅行。 => I promised my teacher that I would not make the same mistake again.

我答应老师 不 会 再 同样 犯 的错。 Start propaganda I= LAA

Re AA

ARSE A AAI CENA SAD

TAD LIDCAC

ADEAEEE ENS NEEL

CAN NAAR

EA CEE RATE EBERT CATERED EE AERO CCEA

EA

AE

“STS”

propaganda(n ) : 散播

消息、 资 料 ( 通 Bem eae )

publicizekv) : 告知 大 众 advertise( v) : [email protected]%

ce通常 跟 货 品和 服务

the advertiseImnent: 广告 ( 通

联系 起 来)

第 指投入 大 量 金 钱 推广 )

\

X We are holding a charity walk next month and we should start our propaganda now. V/ We are holding a charity walk next month and we should publicize it now.

FAT PARED

EEA,

FUE TIZA ARAB I

X To introduce a new product to the local market, we need to use propaganda.

173

V To introduce this new product, the first step is to advertize it in the media.

要 推广这 一 新 产品, 我 们第 一 要 步 在 传媒上 作 宣传。 X Coca Cola is known worldwide because of its active propaganda. \W Coca Cola is known worldwide because of its active

advertisement.

可 口可 乐能够 举世 闻名 , 因 为 它有 大 量 的 广告。 => We should be wary of government propaganda, especially during wartime.

FIA aBOR Te,

TCA EAT]

=> What we have heard is not information; it is (merely) government propaganda.

我 们听 到 的 不 是 资讯 ,只 不过 是政府 的宣传 。 > We need to publicize our efforts In saving the tropical rain forests.

FN AA EZ ARET

ABA

PTH

37

> If we want to increase our donation, we ought to publicize our charity drive.

如采 我 们 想 收 到 更 多捐款 ,就 应 该 把 慈善 活动公之于众 。

protest somebody

“ik (HEA) protest Cv, protested, protested ) : 对 某 事 抗议 、 对 某 事极 力 反对

X I protested him saying I am selfish. VV I protest at his saying I am selfish.

我 他 对 说 我 目 表示 私 抗议 。 > I will protest if 1 am transferred to South America.

WARK PIKE PSE,

KAT.

=> [am against / object to his saying that I am selfish.

我 反对/不赞同他 说 我 目私。 > Demonstrators are protesting against the passage of the new law.

WEA a TARAS IL AY BI EEA TL proudful AEE DEDEDE DED

ic

-一 一

i)

OPS ED

ADDED ‘ DD DEREDO

IAT

AED

DBER

BDO DEDEDE

ER NAN NALD

{ ERR 3

ETT

|| |

x”

proud( adj): B2IB F(R);

MR.

AA CHR)

X After winning the championship, the team members became very proudful. “/ After winning the championship, the team members became very proud.

4,

DOTTIE AY A

> After winning the championship, the team members were full of pride (n).

硅 得 冠军 , 后 队 员们 都 充满 目 。紧

175

=» He knows he is wrong, yet he is too proud to admit it.

他 知道自己错了, 但 他过 于 目 负,,不 认肯 错 。

push down people Re

A

A

GE

AA

IS

EAA

ALA A I AAA

AAD DLA

AI ITA DDD

DIDI

III

人 后" “把 |

push(v ): 4 推(通 第 指 主动 地 推 )

|

knock down( v ) : 撞 倒 bump(v ) : 碰撞 (没有 "push, knock down ”那样 猛烈 ) BS

ce

I

A

es

eA

a AAA

ao aA

APPAPA

a AAPAPPP PARADA

DD

X In the confusion, I pushed down a lot of people to escape. VV In the confusion, I knocked down a lot of people to escape.

在混乱 ,中 我 撞 倒了 很 多人 以 逃 出困境。 X laccidentally pushed him in the back and made him spill his drink. V Laccidentally bumped into a chair and made John spill his drink.

RA alEa,

EASA ST ATT

put on seatbelt A |

|

|

1

RS

een ee

eee

系 上 安 安 全 二审 HL 99

fasten(v): Mae | No

176

ADL

Mne SSL Lael sbeeline Wanelvermsnn NC eeiii We oes

iiiil lies

epic

eesins cme

eae”

X When an airplane is about to land or take off, passengers must put on the seat belt. V/V When an airplane is about to land or take off, passengers must fasten their seatbelts.

当 飞 机 着 陆 或 起 飞, 时 乘 必 客 须 系 紧全 安 带。 > A typhoon is coming, so we must fasten the windows to prevent any danger. —

台风 临近, 我们 必须关 紧 窗 门 以 免 发生危 险。



raw steak ALDEN ER

IRATE BA

DAA

NE

NS A

AEBENE

ABAAAD

ADEA

AE AAA

EEA

IAD

TI

“EEARHEY “raw”( #44 ) 指 未 前 过的 ; “rare”( 近 生的 ) 指 Ait, AXRWHEZ26, AA ; “medium +H “well done” 79 #434 , NS

Ns eh

WS iS

NS

A

a

SS LI

I BS

A DD

I

HI 和

稍微 ;

ALLE

DDI

X When I eat a beef steak, I always like it raw.

\W When | eat a beef steak, I always like it rare.

我 吃 牛排 , 时 总 喜欢 轻微 前 过的 。

“读书 学习” |

read( v ): 阅读

|

study(v): #4,

#9

X Ifyou want to pass the examination, you must reac very hard. VV If you want to pass the examination, you must study very hard.

WRI

SIN aH, IE BEALE

> She reacs everything, from comic books to novels.

Wb heise) WZ, HABE) TSE

178

ay 8« «(| receive his advice

X I do not respect him and I am not prepared to receive his advice. “/ I do not respect him and I am not prepared to accept his advice.

我 敬重 不 , 他 所 以 不 接受 会 他的 建议 。 X I went to the airport to receive my friend. / I went to the airport to pick up my friend.

我 机 去 场 接 我 朋友 的 。 => When he offered me his advice, I accepted it with gratitude.

当 他 给 我 忠告 ,时 我 欣然 接受。 > | went to the airport to meet/pick up my friend who was

flying from Paris.

/

我 朋友 的 从巴黎飞 来, 我 到机 场 接 他。 = I went to the airport to see my friend off.|

我 到机 场 为 我 朋友 的

送行。

Teo

recognize many friends

X After three weeks at the summer camp, I recognized many friends. V I made many new friends at the summer camp.

我 夏令 在 营 中结交 了 很多 新朋友 。 字 As Soon as [ saw the plicture, I recosnized him for we used to be classmates.

FK— LEAR AH

AA ATTA eeTa

> After having been away for two years, I could hardly recognize Beying for so much has been changed.

阔别 两 年,北 京 变化 巨大, 让 我几乎 认不出 来。 > Itis hard for him to make fiends with others since he is so shy.

他这 样 害羞 ,很 难结交 到 朋友 。 record film

180

os ~~: X When I watch TV, I only watch record films since they can teach me a lot about the world. V/V When I watch TV, I only watch documentaries since they can teach me a lot about the world.

RAH ALT Rates, ALAR ATURE > It takes a lot of time and effort to produce a documentary.

制作纪录 片要 花费 大 量 的 时间和 精力 。 recover illness

X He is in hospital recovering his illness. V He is slowly recovering from his illness in hospital.

他正在医院 慢 地 慢 康复 。 > Under the care of a good doctor, he recovered very Soon.

经过 一 位 医生 好 的 治疗, 他 很 快 就 康复了 。 his face turned to red

181

X When the girl looked directly at him, his face turned to red /his face blushed. / When the girl looked directly at him, he blushed.

SARA In

AT, (AZTT

=> When! mentioned his past, his face reddened.

我 提 到 他 的 过 去 ,时 他 的 脸 变红了 。 red pocket

X At Lunar New Year of China, it is customary for adults to give children red pockets for luck. WE Neh Lunar New Year of China, it is customary for adults to

give children red packets for luck.

MABE F RETze PARTE

: ”.

Ko

8

S,

ae “

oS adj),ee iecA 用Aan BA, RR a oe 事件 或 情形 等) | reeretful( adj) ):ema Bei(a 通常i ere )

182

X He felt very regrettable after he had made those awful mistakes. V He felt very regretful after he had made those awful mistakes.

{BAR RiBEATER,

ERI PRE

> Itis regrettable to see two good friends quarreling over money matters.

看 到两 个 好 友 为金钱 而 反目, 真 是 令人遗憾 。 > | feel very regretful for having hurt her.

BOA Pa SW TTRETR > He was very regretful after making a wrong decision which caused his business’s collapse.

{BAY

eR TE SPBUE AI,

AE oT

> It is normal to have differences in politics, but it is regrettable that members of the two opposing parties are not talking to one another.

FEB ELANTRA IEAY, (EP oeWX A nt A ANBEEK, 真是 一件 令人遗憾 的事。 remain

es one:

留 下 、停留

“remained me”(BFR )中,

不 会 这样用。

RON

\v

183

X After I had bought a pair of shoes, I put the remaining money (remainder money) in the bank. V/ After I had bought a pair of shoes, I put the rest of the

money in the bank.

ASK TOUGH, ae BER EAR X My parents emigrated to Australia and remained me inland. “/ My parents emigrated to Australia and left me behind.

我父母 移民到 澳大利亚 , 把 我 留 在国内 。 > My parents emigrated to Australia and I remain in Beijing to study.

我 的 父母 移民到 澳大利亚 , 我 则留 在 北京上 和学。 =» They left and I remained behind.

ADA ESIF, FRANRARSE. => Every soldier had deserted in the face of certain defeat, but a lone soldier remained.

Wome, aTAMAGR YS, RA—4 TT remember

ee

Rs

| 这 去 式 用 过 去 式记述 往事 是 正确 的 , , | HEEB ee

184

通常 用

X [remembered when I was young, Beijing was not such a crowded city.

V/ I remember when I was young, Beijing was not such a crowded city.

回想 我 年 轻 ,时 北 京 还 没有 这 般 拥挤。 > Last night, when I was watching a movie, I suddenly remembered that I had not done my homework.

WENGER A HESEY , ZR AEERIA I-A BEL

remember a

2

(people & event) sien

bo < 得 (RK ee.

|

Le commemonte (9) eo HA, AE)

|

|L

j|

X We have a public holiday to remember those who died in the war. V/ We have a public holiday to commemorate those who died in the war.

我 有 们 一天 公共 假期 纪念 来 在 战争 阵亡 中 的人 。 > To commemorate this great event, the post office will issue a new set of stamps.

YT 2A

X— REE,

BB C1

SBT BA

185

a respectable student

X He is a respectable student. V He isa respectful student.

{th — “AS HE => On the first day of school, after the roll-call was made, the students went to their respective classrooms.

WERK,

NL Za

AES

> Teaching is a respectable profession.

教书 育人是一个 值得草敬 的 职业。 response to

. , wo 186

([ oSne (adj) 0 反应 ok

BADER

X In this camping trip, John response to bring water, Tom response to buy food, and Dick response to bring the tent. VV In this camping trip, John is responsible for bringing water, Tom responsible for buying provisions and Dick responsible for bringing the tent.

这 次 露营, 约 负责 其 珊 , 水 汤 姆 负责准备 食物, 迪 殉 负责 带 帐篷。 X While the teachers response to teach many subjects, the principal response the whole school. V/V While the teachers are responsible for teaching many subjects, the principal is responsible for the whole school.

老师 负责 教授 多 种 科目 ,校长 则 要 负责 整所 学 校 的 运作 。 > | have written a letter to the estate management, but so far,

I have received no response.

a YN Fh SF — Ea, (A— BARES > | have written a letter to the estate management but so far, they have not responded.

我 给物业 管理 处写了 一 封 ,信 但他 们 一 直 没有 回应 。 > | have written a letter to the estate management but so far, they have been unresponsive.

我 给物业 管理 处写了 一 封 ,信 但 们 他 一 直 反 应 冷淡。 > There is no fun teaching these students because they seldom respond.

教这些 生 学 真是 乏味, 因 为 们 他 很 少 回应。 他 There ls no fun teaching these students because they are unresponsive.

教 这 些生 学 真 是 乏味, 因 为 们 他 反应 冷淡。

187

> Our new teacher carries a heavy work load; besides teaching, he is also responsible for our discipline (n) and regular attendance (n).

FATT A Br I TE, 和 和学生 出勤。

BRE LER,



负要 A oe20 FE

> He isa very responsible employee, much respected by his boss.

{thst— PhPor oe oT,

Abtbae Wa.

rise

X The employees are demanding a rise for they feel they have not been able to cope with the inflation. / The employees are demanding a raise for they feel they have not been able to cope with the inflation.

Fre BES MB,

ACA HT

DC TI i Be MK

> The rise of the cost of living has made many people look for ways to cut down on their expenditure.

ART MAS Ftik, FRA ART BOE TAFT SX©

188

=> The sun rises every morning.

太阳

每 天早上 都 会 升起。

> The student raised his hand (obj) to show that he knew the answer.

学生举 手回答问题 。 宁 We mustiaise the Students`” Engllish standard.

我们 一 定 要提高 生 学 的 英语 水平。 the house had been robbed

X When we returned home, we found our house had been

robbed.

\W When we arrived home, we found our house had been burgled (or burglarized)

我们 回到 家 ,时 发 现有 人 人和人室

盗禄。

189

X When the woman was walking in Central, a thief robbed her of her handbag. V A thief snatched her handbag as she was walking in Central.

当 她 在 中 环步 行, 时 一名 盗贼 抢 了 走 她 手提 的 包。 > We at once called the police to report the burglary (n).

RANA AAS,

SLA

> This jewellery shop has been robbed three times in recent months.

这 珠宝 家 店几 近 个 月 已 经 被 抢劫 了 三 次。 > The robbery was committed in broad daylight.

这 起 抢劫 案 是 光天化日 在 之下 发生 的。

190

{PEPE ee

pRB RE A

ANE

IN CRE EC

ON

ENO

DRLI CR

NEO

EAE

A

AEE

cache

Re ec

EE

eR

On

es

DM

&

:

|

i

665rh

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me)

/

“Sacred, holy 〈adj ) 的

意思 跟 宗 教和 上 帝 有 关 ,

语 中 没有 词汇 表达 “和 神圣 一 票 ”的 意思。 |

entreat(v): BR earnestly appeal (v) : =F Every month I put $1000 in the bank.

我 每 月 把 一 千 元 仔人 银行 。 > | have saved up enough for my trip in the summer.

KOAA RANE ce STLMI BF save fire

|

>

| extinguish (v): ahR

| neht(v) :搏斗 、对 抗(例 如 :BB ) X It took the firemen two hours to save the fire. / It took firemen two hours to extinguish / put out the fire.

消防 员用 了 两 个 小 时 才 把 火 扑灭。 X A fireman’s job is to save fires. VV A fireman’s job is to fight fires and save people and property from destruction.

TAB RAS eA,

192

PEROT RRAIRS eA

Saveguards La

BRE

I

IN EIT EE EA

AREA SEO I

EE

NAA

PBA

ERA EEATEI EEE

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AE BREH NCAR I EBA

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ss 全

66 救 生 m7

ta

i i|

,

lifeguard ; BER

.

|

X In the summer, many saveguards are stationed at beaches ready to help swimmers who may be in difficulty. “/ In the summer, many |iicguards are stationed at beaches

ready to help swimmers who may be in difficulty.

BRAIN, VDE F AMABE 的 诉客 。

SESE, DAREN AEBDA i 2S

saw her cried GPE

0D AAA

TE AEA EER RAD AERA EBA AIANEN EASIER TM ENT TOT

LPR

ERT ET RCA

AE TERT ES OLEATE ER CTS AREER EERE

CAE EON

CRG

see (v, Saw, sawn)

: is i

“see” 表 示 看 见 的动作 已 经 发 ,生 但 不 用 应 在 一 个人 的 正在 生 发 或 在 某 一 间时 发生 时 。 见 到 事情 ar

i

RDS

ENSGIES ESSE

RE RESHAADI SRNR

alien Simei

himNNe wiohoa asso

lSemanorisiesciNMtie aN

Ni ks asirales iain yeianonaeshhaneshodsyARessinisalNalgie

Ree

X I knew she was very heart-broken when I saw her cried. “/ I knew she was very heart-broken when I saw her cry

crying.

当 我 看 到 她哭泣 ,时 我 知拓 她 很 伤心。 X Iwas walking by when your desk.

[Isaw him took the watch from

193

W ITIwas walking by when I saw him take/taking the watch from your desk.

我 路 过时 看 到 他 从 桌子上 拿 走了 你 的手表 。 the scenes are beautiful EG

bs x 景

PBA

EAS RG SAS

eS AER AEA SLEDSA A

ALAAEBA OI LE AE

BAAD SE

DED

AAD

SA ASOD DAD

SADIE ADDED

很 美?

scenery( coll.n): 风景 (集合 名词 是 没有 复数 的)

scene (n): HY,

FAWA,

HR CD"

X Of all European countries, I like Switzerland best. The scenes are so beautiful. VV Of all European countries, I like Switzerland best. The

scenery 1s so beautiful.

在 欧洲 各 国 ,我 中 最 喜欢 瑞士 ,那儿 的风景 实在 太美了 ! X There are many beautiful sceneries in China.

VV There are many beautiful scenic spots in China.

中 国有 很多优美 的 风景。 = As soon as the fire started, the fireman reached the scene.

KIRA

AAE , TARRHIT AVE BIG,

> When the firemen cleared the rubbles, they found many bodies. It was a heart-breaking scene.

消防 员清 理 瓦 砾 , 时 发 现多 具 尸 , 体 这 真是 一 个令人 伤心 的 情景。

194

send letters i

EEE

EEE

EEE

EES

Ca ec

PC NT

EOE

SSS

长 攻 区

区 区

区区



i



i

| “这 信

;

66%

—— 19

|

tosend letters : 448

deliver(v ): 投递

X Every afternoon, the postman sends many letters to my housing estate.

/ Every afternoon, the postman delivers many letters to my housing estate.

每 天 下, 午 邮 员 递 都到 我届 住 的 区 小 送信 。 > A postman’s job is to ccliver (v) letters, parcels, etc, to the

places or people they are addressed to.

邮递 员 的工作 是 信件 把 和 邮包 投递到 收 件人 处 。 sensible

|

sensitive (adj ): 有 三 个

意 忠, 视 上 下

文 而 是 :41) 敏 感、

|| ”容易 受伤害 (DESYBra, SARE; (3) RRM, SSN

lle eesacenurs-aobanNnannisn\iuNluianbNs SiBsdiesen sewn nai NAAN

| |

sensible(adj ): 明 每 的、 理性 的 “Sains amisiduesests tonshnInANoman AMMEN

|

bath LLANE NAAM NNN

sina AANA

X Don’t joke with him for he is a sensible person. / Don’t joke with him for he is a sensitive person.

AN BRUT UR, ET oMBUE

195

=» A government which Is sensitive to the hardship of the populace is a good government.

能 够 敏锐体察 民 市 困 难 的 政府 , 就 好 是 政府 。 > Asensitive artist (or actor) is a good artist because he/she can play and interpret a role accurately and feelingly.

一 个有 灵性 的艺人 能 够 角色 把 情感 的 真实细腻地 表达 出 来,这 才 样 是好 演员 。 宁 Ahi-tech electronlc microscope 1$ Very SensIUVe.

高科技 电子 的 显微镜 是十 分灵敏 的。 > In the face of economic hardship, we all should be sensible and not over-pessimistic.

在 经 困难 济 时 期, 我们 应 保持 该

理性, 不 要 过 分 悲观。

serious winter

“严冬



| serious (adj): ABW,

~ Ba

| severe (adj): @ a4

X Many wild animals have been killed because of the serious winter.

V/V Many wild animals have been killed because of the severe winter.

很多 野生 动物 严冬 在 里丧生 。

196

字 Aserious person does not make promlses lightly.

一 认真 个 的人 不 轻易 会 作出 承诺。 => Running a big company is a serious business.

LR

BAKE A Eh

HS

> You said you are leaving the job if I don’t give you a raise. Are you serious? :

你 说如朱 不 给 你 加 薪 你 就 会 离职, 你 认真 是 的吗? = He is seriously ill.

他 病 得 很重。 > Litter bugs should be severe!y punished.

BLED

AY A DIAZ BllBT

set down / take down er

ff

a

a

ee

|

| |

| \

|

SN

g

dismantic( v )- ae

i

|

|

X After the ceremony, workers set / take down the viewing stand. V/V After the ceremony, workers dismantled the viewing stand.

典礼结束 , 后 工人 把 看 台拆 印掉。

197

sexy / yellow topics HE

“性

感 题 目 a9

sexy Cadj ) : HER pornographic (adj): a.

表示 films ( 三

ARH

内 容 淫 秽 的 影片 , 较适当 的 词语 是“X-rated 级 片), erotic films( 色情 片), Sexually-explicit

films( 公开淫秽 的 电影) eS

ce

Se

rte

ee

A

Ar

tae

eV DPS

X Nowadays the movies are not suitable for young people. They always deal with sexy topics. / The movies nowadays are pornographic. They are not suitable for young people.

现在 的 电影 大 都 适合 不 年 轻人观看 ,因为 影片内容 淫秘。

very shameful igRE A SRE

ff

RET

EP

RET

ESS

PE

A

A

SAE

“很 可耻” |

shameful (adj): J BE

| ashamed(adj): #43at |

shy(adj): $4

X He was very shameful after he was found out to have lied.

198

SN

|

VV He was very ashamed of his conduct after he was found out to have lied.

(hte

B48 2,

{TA CYT A 2) eH

X She is very ashamed to go out with boys.

V/ She is too shy to go out with boys.

WEXTESFSZAC EIRENE A. => [am ashamed to say that I have not been to church for 3 years.

Fe

aH eh

KR Ze APIA AT ACE

> Itis shameful for the government to ignore the appeals of the old people.

政府 漠视 老年人 的要 求,真 是 可下 ! take a ship LLL

||

DPE

LD DDR EDDA DALE

ALLE ALLEL DER DCR ERED ALCDAD

ALLE

RETR AAD DELLE

RAED LEAST EAT TT

“sept(an)? ship : 船只 ( 指 体 积 较 大 的 船, 运 送 乘客和 货物 ) ferry(n): 瀑 轮(体积较 小, 只运载 乘客 )

X Every morning, when I cross the harbour, I always take a ship. “/ Every morning, when I cross the harbour, I always take the ferry.

我 每 天 早上 乘渡轮 过 海。

199

shouting/sayings words 全 46

喊 口

co

A

3

|

|

SR

X On the street almost every day, one can see demonstrators marching and shouting things/words. V/V On the street almost every day, one can see demonstrators

marching and shouting slogans.

街上几乎 每 天 都有示威 者 喊口号 游行。 show out pg

AE AEEEASTDETA

“ie

EBA

EAD BDO

AIA DAVES OCDE EOD

EEN

OOOO

BAITIDA PIAA

AOE EWSODA OL

IEEE IE ADAP DODD

ee?

|

| show-off (v) : B#e

|

| show(v): 显示 、 证 明 ( 后 面 不 用 加 副词 或介词 )

| | 1

“Penance

ascot

mtiiononcntirinmneoniiso

bei

eine

neato

alent

Sh

NCB

HSN

RNAEE

X To show out his wealth, he always drives the most expensive car in town.

V To show-ol! his wealth, he always drives the most expensive car in town.

FISWE es, (Ze as

200

al Pe ot AE

X If you keep on talking about things you don’t understand, you will show out your ignorance. / If you keep on talking about things you don’t understand, you will show your ignorance.

假如 你 继续 谈论 目 己 明白 不 的 事, 就 会显示出 无 知。 => When you have learned the basic steps, I will show you how to improve your style.

等 你 学 基本 会 的 舞步后, 我 就 会 教 你如 何 改善 风格 。 ask forSsignature pA

A

AAAI

“要 明星

DP

DD ADEE

SN

签名 ”

名 通 aulograph(n ) : 革 人 的 等 ,

常 留 作纪念

X The fans surrounded the tennis champion and asked him for his signature.

“/ The fans surrounded the tennis champion and asked him for his autograph.

PAK GlAilPERE,

irA EIB

EH

> The pop singer autographed (v) every one of his photos before handing them out.

ASAE AT RP otACHE

ETA

EE

201

silent night ge NR Ce

ARCEG EE ER TE NTR EA EN

ASAE

EAERGPvt

AAS

A ADA IAA AAAAS ASA

DD

DADA DAA AAA

DEA

DBA ODDIE

| “平安 夜" 英语中 不 会 把"Christmas Eve ”写成 ”Silent night , |

著名 圣 跟 这 样 误 写 容 易 世界

消 所 以 诗 “Silent night”混 ,

| BAA. Sc

is ac

Ss

SS As

pA Es

aA

ezva revere

cee

X On silent night, I went to a pub with my friends. The next morning, Christmas day, I attended mass. V/ On Christmas Eve, I went to a pub with my friends. The next morning, Christmas day, I attended mass.

AP RRR AKA

IE, BAKKE

A LE,

我 参加 了 集会 。 SINgQ SONG

| “08 (a )” | |

“to sing’("S ) "SM —< eK, Lite Be,

Meee

KARE IHN

sone (es).

Ne

X At night time, we sat around the camp fire and sang songs.

VV At night time, we sat around the camp fire and sang.

Ma

202

FCATeA eK.

=> We chatted and sang all night.

我 们整 夜 聊天和 唱歌 。 situate en

“地

处”

关于 地 点 , 通 常用 被 动式。

X Hong Kong situates at the mouth of the Pearl River. VV Hong Kong ‘s situated at the mouth of the Pearl River.

香港 位于珠江 口。 Skin colour

“肤色



tan(vn): 十 铜肤 双

X After spending a day on the beach, I had a beautiful skin colour. VV After spending a day on the beach, I had a beautiful tan.

在 沙滩上 度 过了 一 天 , 后 我 男了 一 身美丽 的肤色 。 > After spending a holiday in Hawaii, she became tanned.

在夏威夷

度假 后,她 皮肤 的 变了古铜色 。 203

sky Is raining nn

UP

| | “下 十 天)

一 般 表达 的 Tc

a A

ie

方式 是 “itis raining , “it 代表 “天 “。 a

I

BS

ES

i

BA DAO

AAD

ADHD

DADE

X When I came out of the theatre, the sy was raining.

\W When I came out of the theatre, if was raining.

我 走出电影 院 , 时 天 正在 下 两。 small thing

“小

事”

favour(n): #vte BP

ee

Cre

X Could you help me do a sma!! thing? Please buy me a softdrink. VV Could you do me a {2vour? Please buy me a soft-drink.

你 可以 帮有我 一 个 小 心吗? TERE => Could you do me a favour, please?

IKE FBIK— FILA? > I want to ask a small {avour of you.

我 对你有 一 个 小 小 的 请求。

204

PPB

ee

“交往



SA

socialize(v ): 4

| |

X As the general manager, I often socia! with my workers.

/ As the general manager, I often socialize with my workers.

作为 总 经 , 理 我 经 常员 跟 工 打 交道 。 > Being a busy person, I seldom have time to socialize (with others).

RARE SSE.R >Eptt AACE. sociable | AIEEE GE

|

RE AREAL ETE

DCAAENEAA

EAS ERE NENCA CNR IEELLER AEDERENCE AE NEAR EREDAAC ER IREEN ERE REL ENERASE TEER AT ERE REET

NE ERN

T ANS

social (adj ) : 社会 的

的 于 | soelable( adj ) : 友 差 的、善 交际 onameiane eee a sae NI Spree Smeets ese

Re

BSA

AE TEE AOR NA

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ES NESNNSA

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X In most countries, drug addiction 1s a sociable problem.

“/ In most countries, drug addiction is a social problem.

在 多 很 国家 , 吸 毒 社会 是 问题。 > He isa very sociable person. After work, he usually drinks at the local pub with his friends.

{hee PACA,

TE PEDERI ACBUGcK.

205

national song |

kc

歌”

X Whenever a head of state visits another country, the host country always plays its national song to welcome the guest.

\W Whenever a head of state visits another country, the host country always plays its national anthem to welcome the guest.

当 一 国家 位 首脑 到另 一 国家 个 访问 , 时 东 道 国家 主 都 会 演来 秀 访国家 的 国歌 , 以示 欢 迎。 space time

“时

空”

spare time : 业余 SD

shone

aeesina SANS ahaeshesianlcsemcnttn hase

时间 ybale tsisteibla losssteeneDulonnsamblani Sse rains

X In my space time, I go hiking. V/ In my spare time, I go hiking.

在业余 时 ,间 我 会 去 远足。

206

pie Saat

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speak for the truth a ,

全 | 1e

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of mt yoni

ILM IY RikFAKX “frankly” “to be frank”, RFI

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soe

X I speak for the truth, you are the worst student in the class. / Let me be frank, you are the worst student in the class.

LEA Heh, ie BE

PE

=> Frankly , you are the worst student in the class.

坦白地 说, 你 是 班上 最 差 的 笠生 。 Speech

“说话 speech: 演说 , 指 公开 发 表讲 话

| NI

X After listening to my girl friend’s speech, I was very moved. / After listening to what my girl friend said, I was very moved.

听 了 女友 的 , 话 我 深 受 感动。

207

Spiritual support

“精神 上的 支持” spirtual(adj ) : 心灵 、 的 精神上 的 moral support : 道义 上的 支持 、 精 神 上 的 支持 英语 中 没有 表示 “精神 食粮 ”的 词汇。 ac cece

NS

SN

a RN

A RR

RN

SS

ES SEE SEE SS eS

SE

SES EE

全全

全全 下

X [am unable to help you financially, but I will give you spiritual support. / 1am unable to help you financially, but I will give you moral support

我 无 法 给 你 经 济 援助 ,但 我 在 精神上 文 持你。 X We did not lose by such a wide margin. In fact, I think we have won a spiritual victory. W We did not lose by such a wide margin. In fact, I think we have won a moral victory.

我们 不 算 大 , 败 事 实上 我认为 我们虽 败 犹 来。 X The daily newspapers and weekly magazines are my spiritual food. “/ The daily newspapers and weekly magazines are my intellectual sustenance.

报纸 和周刊 是我的精神食粮。 => I will offer you my moral support.

我 对 你 的追寻 给 予 精神上 的 文持。 > [can’t do without my daily newspaper and weekly magazines. It is my addiction.

我 天 一都 能 不 缺少 报纸和 周刊 ,这 是 我 的 嗜好。 208

| sportsmanship) 体育 精神

EAMES 2 i 4 3 |

3)

X When they lost the match, they behaved poorly, showing their lack of sport spirit. \W When they lost the match, they behaved poorly, showing their lack of sportsmanship.

他们 在 比赛 落 败 表现 后 低沉, 看 来 们 他 缺乏体育 精神。 => Their lack of sportsmanship after losing the match has brought shame to the coach.

比赛 失败 后, 他 们 没有 表现 体育 出 精神, LER

Ar.

> In any competition, sportsmanship is more important than winning or losing.

在 任何 赛事 ,中 体 育 精 神 比 输赢 更重要 。 step into society (GE

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LP BREA PELE PELIE

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“进入

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set out into society, set out on your own : 踏足 1

a

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社会、 Aa)

Ni

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209

X When we step into the society, we will learn that people are not like the ones you meet daily, such as your parents and school mates. V/ When we set out into society, we will learn that people are not like the ones you meet daily, such as your parents and school mates.

当 我们 进入 社会 , 时 就 会 发 现 周 围 的人 跟 我们 平时 接 FARA) SOEEAM [= AS[a X When we step into the society, you will meet people who are not what they seem.

\/ When we set out on our own, we will learn that people are not what they seem.

当 我们 目 立 许 生时, 便 会 知道 人 是有多 面 性的 。 stop the habit

“Wh

SB”

kick the hapit : 戒

卸 坏 习 惯

X If you want to improve your health, you must stop the habit of smoking. ‘V If you want to improve your health, you must kick the habit of smoking.

如 东你 想 改 健康 善 状况 , 必 须 戒掉吸烟的 坏 习 惯 。

210

| “停止 做( 某 事)”

|

“stopto” 的意思 是正在 做 某 事 时 下 停 来 另外 做 一件

事,如 下 面 第 一 个 例句:“由 于 吸烟有 害 健 , 康 所 必须 以 戒 这 掉 个 习惯 坏 保持身体 健康。” 来 要 停止 做 某 事,,”stop ”后 一 定要有 动 名 词 。 ESE SNEED SSS ESSSASSO SSS LEASES SSSAEDES

LOSS SEAN

ASS

SSS

TT

AA

X You must siop to smoke if you want to improve your health. VW You must siop smoking if you want to improve your health.

如 条 你 想 改 健康 善 状况 , 必 须 戒烟。 => After walking for a long time, you must stop to rest (or you will get tired).

步行 了一 段 时 ,间 你必须 停下来休息 。

> After studying for several hours, you must stop to relax.

FT SILA), Pea Zee FBO F > You must stop smoking (ger) if you want to cure your cough.

BRUTAK, TRL ABI > You should stop driving so carelessly.

你 能 不 这 再 样 马 马 席地 席 开车了。 > | will stop complaining if you improve your service.

如 果 改善 你 服务 , 我 就 停止 投诉。

211

1和

(| | aE | ooo fcc Cm) + sR fei i 4916 |

oe Sk,

X Recruiting more policemen will have a stopping effect on crime.

V/ Recruiting more policemen will have a deterrent effect on crime.

多 招募 些 警 察对犯罪 有 威慑作用 。 street walkers

X I never go out on Sundays, especially in the Mongkok area, where it is crowded with sireetwalkers. VV I never go out on Sundays, especially in the Mongkok area, where it is crowded with pedestrians.

FREAA fie

212

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V ). eh

7 succeed (v ) 继任 、继承

success (1 noun ofsucceed ): 成 功 i

succession 0n): 继任 、 继承

successful ad wo successive’adja 接二连三 -的, fal继 的 2G #¥Z ee

X In 1969, the American successed in landing a man on the moon. / In 1969, the American succeeded in landing a man on the moon.

美国 太空 人 在 1969 年 成 功 登陆 月球 。 > King George the 6th was succeedec by his daughter Elizabeth II.

ABA aS A TSR KMART RA ZNTELAYE17. => Success (n) does not come by without hard work.

BERG MIO —Ee

et LAE

=> In modern monarchies, succession to the throne is usually peaceful and orderly.

的 在 现代君主 制 国家, 继 承人 往往 是 在和 和 平有 序 情况 下继承 王位 的。

213

宁 In 1969, the Americans made a successful landing on the moon.

美国 太空人 在1969 年 成 地 功 登陆 月球。 > To be success/ul in business, we need both money and connections.

想 在 商业上 取得 成 功, 我们 需要

金钱和 人 脉关系。

> Because of factions and power struggles, successive dynasties in ancient China were never truly able to govern the nation well.

ESA rs IRA, TAACHP SIAE 1K20 FY EAB HE 好国家 。 >

a

Successive typhoons have caused immense damage to this city.

接二连三 的人台风给城市造成 巨大的损害 。

before somebody success To succeed, there is no substitute for hard work.

要 想 成 功,努 力 是 唯一要 素 。 => To attain success, we must work hard.

想要 获得 成 功, 我们 一 要 定 努力 。 > To be asuccessiul person, one must know how to handle people.

作为 成 功人 士,一 定有要 羽 得 如 何 处 理人 际关 系 。 > In 1969, the Americans successfully landed a man on the moon.

美国 在1969 年 成 地 功 小中 太空 人 登陆 月球。

suicided scorer

| “自杀 "

|

| suicide(n): Ba

|

|

| sommit(v ):做错 事 ,犯 罪,保 证 做 某事 Go

|

| }

X After her boy friend left her, she suicided.

/ After her boy friend left her, she committed suicide.

男友 离开 她 后,她 就自杀 。了 =» She took her own life.

她 目杀 了 。 =» She killed herself.

她 杀 目 了。

215

talk about

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X The story talks about a prince and a princess. V/ The story is about a prince and a princess.

XE —PKFEFACEDKS. X This book ta!ks about adventure stories. V/ This book is about adventure stories.

这本 书 关于 是 冒险 的 故事。 talk love 60s ae

五?

|

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eP |oSR

ab

e nne

X Secondary students should not talk love. “/ Secondary students should not siari dating.

中 学生 不 应 该 谈恋爱 。 +> Students should concentrate on their studies instead of being interested in video games.

学生应 该专注 于 学 ,业 不 应 该 电子 对 游戏 着迷。

216

tl > Students should not start dating before they have the proper understanding of human relationships.

学生 在 正确了 解人 际关系 之 , 前 不 宜 异性 与 约会。 chocolate taste

7,

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X Of all kinds of ice cream, I like the chocolate ‘asic best. “/ Of all kinds of ice cream, I like the chocolate favour best.

TERE ARAB PF,

RE RT ETI

tasteful

eopt er a

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en na |aoeiC

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X Chicken curry is a tasteful dish. V/ Chicken curry is a ‘asiy dish. AE

虹 咕 鸡 是 十 分 可 口 的菜。

宁 The furnishings ofthe dining room are tastelul.

这家 餐厅 的 布置很有品位 。 217

=> He made a tasicless joke in front of the hostess in the party.

聚会 上, 他 在 女主人 面前 讲了 一 个 很 粗俗 的 笑话 。

X The variety of goods available in supermarkets temptate a lot of people to steal. V/ The variety of goods available in supermarkets ‘emptied a lot of people to steal.

HBAS HARA Stn, Pine

1TH.

> In his youth, he was tempted to join the triads.

年 轻 ,时 他 被 引诱 加 入了三合 会。 => The offer of a higher pay has tempted the executive to leave his job for another.

这 名 主管因为 受到另一 份工作 的 高 薪诱 惑 而 离职。 => When you are dealing with large amounts of money daily, the temptation to steal is rather great.

Suns caneeget 相当 大 的 。

218

偷取 金 钱 的 诱惑 是

working tension

X To relax their working tension, people should spend their weekends in the countryside instead of playing cards.

/ To relax their pressure of work, people should spend their weekends in the countryside instead of playing cards.

ALS RP RLAE RA, AAD FERRARI 2 BRB Ib, AS set) Th seh 牌。

See

eRe.

summer ercamp(夏令 营,‘training das 训 ee3

X When people go camping, they live in tents. They can tent (v) (i.e. put up their tents) on a beach or bya river.

\W When people go camping, they live in tents. They can camp (v) (1.e. put up their tents) on a beach or byariver.

人 们 露营 去 ,时 会 在 河 边或 沙滩 上 搭起帐篷 。 249

terrific \ \

ae

ae i| : \ | = | \

\\ 7) \\ \ \\

\\

|



X The terr fic train accident, which k llled and 1njure dmany

people, was caused bya brake failure.

dent, which killed and injured many people, was caused bya brake failure.

“V/ The terrible tra In

jkit BYTAY 起

kKA

accl

i

Be APT,

AEA AER |

的。

> He ran ata terrific speed to catch the thief.

他 以ifCAH

EIBBE ek, Tete

> My wife isa terrific ball-room dancer.

我 妻子 是 一 精通 个 舞步的人。 testbook

X Every summe r, before school beg ins , thep Trices te stbooks always go up .

220

Of

W Every summer before school begins, the prices of textbooks always go up.

每 年 夏天, 在开学 前, 教科 书 价格 的 都 会上 涨 。 => There are workbooks and textbooks, but no such thing as a testbook.

有 练习本 和 教科 书这 些 说 , 法 但 没有 测验 书”。

X These apples are rotten, but that are not. / These apples are rotten, but those are not.

EER ADE 1, (AARHEAIA > | hat person is trustworthy.

那个 人值得信赖 。 > (hai car is the newest model.

那 汽车 辆 是最新款 的。 > This person is trustworthy, but thai one is not.

这 个人 值得 信赖 , 但 那个人 不 值得。

221

there are somebody wait...

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1

X There are 50 students wait at the bus stop. V There are 50 students waiting at the bus stop.

50 个 生 学 正在公交 后站 候车 。 X There was a man wait for you. V/ There was a man waiting for you.

一 男子 名 正在 等你。 X There is a girl eat at the canteen. VV There isa girl eating at the canteen.

—PEBIEER BIZ.

222

WIN , there have

X There have 40 students in our class. “/ There are 40 students in our class.

我 们 班有 40 个 学生 。 X There has a lab on the second floor.

“/ There is a lab on the second floor.

二 楼有 一 个实验 室。 X There is a frog hide in my pocket.

V/ There is a frog hiding in my pocket.



的 口袋 里藏着 一只

青蛙。

=> Our school has a swimming pool (means our school possesses a Swimming pool).

FUN ABA

iF

> [have a frog in my pocket. 我 的 443

A A

A IEE

= There has been some rain recently.

最 近 下过几 场 雨。 => There has been arumour about his lllegal business deals.

曾经 有 传闻 说 他 从 非 事 法 贸易。 宁 There have not been too on applicants.

从 来 没 出过 现 这 人 么 多 申请

dies

thin body

X She is a very active and beautiful girl with a thin body. V She is an active and beautiful girl with a slim figure.

她 是 一 个 号 材 酝 、条 充 满 活 力 的美丽 女孩。

X When my future father-in-law looked at me in a strange way, I was thinking what he thought of me.

VV When my future father-in-law looked at me in a strange way, I was wondering what he thought of me.

RAE HY)EAC WAat eA) EG aeRY, FARA A 他眼中 的 我 什么 是 样子 。 X When the manager said he would hire me, I thought what was the salary.

224

V I was wondering what my salary would be when the manager said he would hire me.

经 表示 理 想聘用 我 ,时 我 知道 想 能有 多 少 薪金。 > He looked at me strangely which made me wonder what was in his mind.

他奇怪 地 望 者 我,令 我 很 想 知 他 道 心里究竟 在 想 什么。 > The manager said he would hire me without disclosing the terms which kept mé wondering.

ZeSEAS TN RAS SK, ANA HE RARE, {RIE

ABEEER I

=> This meal is delicious and the service has been good. | wonder how they can make a profit by charging so low.

XTRA, ATMS MF, (AMER, FRA 好 奇 他 们 怎么 能 赚 到 钱 。 > He is about 70 years old. I wonder how he is able to keep himself so young.

HRC PS TS, FR ALE

A a RT AY

> This student always finds excuses for his being late. I wonder what his excuse is this time.

XP AE IB BY AE FeBS AG,

FARA fax

ABUT Ate o | can’t think

“很 难想" |

think(v): 起

nace

2

|

Ge Beg ie

|

225

X I can’t think how he will react to this piece of bad news.

V/ I can’t imagine how he will react to the bad news. 我

不能

想象

他对 这 文

个坏 消 息

会 有 怎样

反应 的



X Can you think how people survive on a piece of bread a day and without a roof over their heads? “V/V Can you imagine how people survive on a piece of bread a day and without a roof over their heads?

你 能 想象 无 可 家 归 的 穷人 每天 只 吃 一 点面包 是 怎样生

存 的吗? > I could not think of anything to say to her after an absence of ten years.

我 跟 她十年 没有 见 过面 想 , 不到有 什么 话要对她 说。 this / these | “bao, she, 这 个人 吉事 白天

EH)

_ theseGpro, plu): Re ” essuinmsnaisinonniinumnnasininaisinninamansinilinit

X This two boys are the best in the class. / These two boys are the best in the class.

这 两 名 男生

是全 班 优秀 最 的 学生 。

> | his person is trustworthy.

这 个人 值得信赖 。 > [his car is the newest model.

这 汽车 辆 是最新款 的。

226

人 ER 他 jnhese plans need further examination.

EE

is BRAT

this day morning

X This day morning, I saw an accident on my way to school. V/V This morning, I saw an accident on my way to school.

今天 早上 , 我 在上学途中 目睹了 一 场意外 事故 。 thorough

X We were not allowed to get thorough until we showed our I.D. cards. V/ We were not allowed to get through until we showed our I.D. cards.

我 们要 先 出示 身 份 , 证 才 能获准 通行。

227

> This train goes through to Shanghai.

这 列车 辆 途经上 海 。 => This river flows through the village.

这 条河 穿 过 乡间 。 > The firemen came through the window to save the child.

消防员 从窗口 进入 屋内 , 救 出 小 孩。 > After a thorough examination, the doctor found the patient had recovered.

经 过彻底 的检查 , 医生 确 定病人 已 经 康复。 > The police gave the room a thorough search but found no evidence of crime.

Ti Xt alee SPUR AIR A, ALE A AME eyAE FEUEDE

.

will touch somebody

>get in touch :BR X I will touch you when I reach Japan.

V Iwill get in touch with you when I reach Japan.

我 一 到达 日 本 就 会 联系 你。 X A social worker touches many people every day. V A social worker comes into contact with all kinds of people.

社会 工作 者 每 天 都 会 接触 到 很多人 。

228

Sot > Having been away for so long, I have completely |osi touch (n) with my friends.

KOBAA, PRS eRE KA. tour group

X Last summer, I visited Europe by joining a tour group and found the service satisfactory. V/ Last summer, I visited Europe by joining a guided tour and found the service satisfactory. “a ;

去 年 夏天, 我 参加 了 一 个 欧洲 旅行 , 团 我 对行程 非常 => I joined a guided tour.

我 参加 了 一 个 旅行 团。 transport tools

X There are many transport tools in Beijing such as trams, buses, taxis and the subways.

229

VV There are many means of transport in Beijing such as trams, buses, taxis and the subways.

TERA IRA ACH TA, PMN: HAL AC. 车和 地 铁 。

A

traveling places

X China is famous for its many traveling places and all of them are beautiful.

V/ China is famous for its many scenic spots and all of them are beautiful.

中 国 以众多风景 名 胜 闻名 而 于世 。 X There are many tourist spots in Europe and they are very scenic.

VV There are many scenic spots in Europe and they are very beautiful.

欧洲 有 很 多景色 秀丽 的 旅游 名胜。 > There are many beautiful and historical places in China worth visiting.

中 国有 很多美丽 和 有 历史意义 地 的 方 值得 一 游。

230

Unbalanced ne

A

ie e

.

unbalanced (past part ) : 心理

不 平衡

| lost balanee : 失去 平 街, 指 动作、 状 态

X While riding his bicycle, he unbalanced and fell to the ground.

V/ While riding his bicycle, he !osi his balance and fell to the ground.

feSetATARIIOP, BITES > A person with an unbalanced mind needs treatment.

— PD BAA ETH A DARA o | feel uncomfortable

BRA

PAR”

comfortable( adj): @#A4PR,

Pleo

A. IT.

:

unwell( adj): Ax RAHN RT RAT EERE ER NATROL Ne CASSIE MALES

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X Ihave a headache and am feeling uncomfortable, I must see a doctor at once. ~/ lam unwell and I must see a doctor at once.

FEB

RANE, AEA BBE 231

Undoublly, ... =

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|

ADA AP

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“SCRE a)”

| undoubted (past part): 不

用怀疑

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een

AN

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AEDST

BAW

A A-SI

AS A

APRA

DEAS ADEIGADAD”DDAD AAD_DADDADDID_DDD_ DEAD”

X Undoubtly, she is the best teacher in the school.

/ Undoubtedly (adv), she is the best teacher in the school.

她 坚 无 疑问 是 全 校 最 好的 老师。 > There is no doubt (n) that she is the best teacher in the school.

她 全 是 校 最 好的 老师, 这 是 没有 疑问 的。 宁 Doubtiessly (adv) she is the best teacher in the school.

她 坚 无 疑问 是 全 校 最 好的 老师。 > Without a doubt, this is the best picture I have ever seen.

TXAS eeERLEY SF

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232

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>

HAC not wv

| I

| |

V It’s not casy to solve this problem.

这 问题 个 不容易解决 。 > | felt uncasy after having accepted his gift; such a large gift may be misunderstood as a bribe.

我 接党了 他 礼物 的 后感到 不 安, 因 为这 样 大 的 礼可 能 被 视 为 受贿。 => After the police had restored order, there was an Uneasy calm in the town centre.

警方恢复秩序 ,市 后 中心 出 了 现 令人 感到 不 安 的 平静。

| am very unforgettable gana AA AAR oA

nA AA PDB

DID

EAA

APACER DEADESA VE

TAEDA DDL EAB AICI

RAL IE

"我 很 难忘" |

|

“unforgettable” (#£% ) 很 用 少 来 形容人人, 一般用 来

| 描述 经 验 或 事件。 Ee

EE

aN

Nt

生生

和 和 相生 和和 生生

生生 下 生生

X My girlfriend and I had a wonderful time traveling in Europe during the vacation. I was very unforgettable (adj). V/ My girlfriend and I had a wonderful and un{orgctiable time in Europe.

RAN

AA EWE at TPS

TES AB

=> The fireworks display at the opening of the Bridge was both spectacular and unforgettable.

1X ARIAT IN ARE Rev

TO,

AES

230

union dinner {QED

LASS

DLA

“联合

TAD ADD

ERD PIED DID DDD DPI

晚宴 ”

| 和 抽和 和 2 这全

X It is a Chinese tradition for family members to have a union dinner on the eve of the Lunar New Year. “J It is a Chinese tradition for family members to have a reunion dinner on the eve of the Lunar New Year.

在农历 新 年的除夕 夜, 全 家 一 起 吃 团圆 饭 是中国的 传 BI WF the air is untidy {EER f ERE

66

ERE ELDER

LEER ARRCEPR

ALAA L PELE E DDP PEP ESSE

ALEADDED EDD ADDS PEDDLE DEDEDE DEDEDE DADEADDED

空 气 ie S 33

ontidy +RAL CHEBABER EM). RRAGAEH BAKE )

X The air inside a pool hall is usually very untidy since most players smoke.

V/ The air inside a pool hall is usually foul (adj) (or stuffy) since most players smoke.

台球 室内有 很 多人吸烟 , 所 以室内 的空气 很 混浊 。

234

DEDEDE

Updated a ZB

ee

update(v ): 使 现代 、 化 更新

X My friend Janet is very updated; she always follows the trend in fashion.

/ My friend Janet is a very fashionable girl.

FRA AB

ET TT te I EK

=> The information in this file is 10 years old (or dated). It must be updated.

这 档案 个

内的 质料 还 10 是 年 前 的,必 须 更新。

ZOD

| very love ...

X I very love her. “V/ I love her very much

我 十 分 爱她。 X I very want to travel

V/ I want to travel very much

very sad that

X She is very sad that she wept. / She was so sad that she wept

她 rs 伤 地 器起来

Oo

X It was v ery cold that

1ce

had formed on the mountai in top.

V It was so cold that ice had formed on the mountain top.

236

vocabularies

X He knows many vocabularies. V/ He knows many difficult (or big) words.

也认识 很多生字 。 X This book contains many vocabularies. V/ This book contains many difficult words.

XA PAE FIRS => He has a wide vocabulary.

他 懂得 很多词汇 。 > [am unable to understand this book on computers. I just don’t have the vocabulary.

CASTE ASF HA 词汇 。

5, BAR ASAM

RT TTY

voice out

NY\\ NY\

i

TNS A Vi A

iy

:

237

X Whenever I feel being unfairly treated, I always voice out my dissatisfaction. \/ Whenever I feel being unfairly treated, I always voice my dissatisfaction.

每当 我 觉得受到 公平 不 的 对待 时 , 总 表达 会 我 的 不满。 => When the manager meets the company staff this afternoon, they will voice their dissatisfaction.

公司 经 理今天下 午 将 会 抑 员工 , 介 时 员工 们将表达 他

们 的 不满。

238

waste money “浪费 钱 ”

waste , Ri

X Every year, I waste a great deal of money on stamps (or books).

V/ Every year, I spend (v) a great deal of money on stamps (or books).

BEER IME — KE BK HBS ( BR) watch the TV EZ

EI OEE

EDDIE ALE

EL

ERODE

TIAA

AT

ES

i “看 电视



4o Re “watch” 后加定 冠 词(the ), 意 思 就 是 在 一 看 ||

的 机。 台 特 别 电视

播放 的 看 看电视 一 定 是 在 电视 “

programs

?9》

节目, 所 以 无 需 重复 |



|

X My favourite pastime is watching the TV.

/ My favourite pastime is watching TV. Fe Ke ef EH

A

239

X My favourite pastime is watching TV programs. V/V My favourite pastime is watching TV.

我 喜爱 最 的 消 中活动 就 是 看 电视 。

waves are high “TAR ies” | wave(n): Fuk

wave(v): Hq,

AK

roucn( adj ) : 粗糙

的,狂 暴 的, 油

涌的

choppy(Cadj ) :〈 指 海洋 ) 波 浪 起 伏的 heavy(adj ) : 沉重 的, 激 烈 的, 密 集的 OC

X After the No. 3 signal was hoisted, the waves were very high. / After the No. 3 signal was hoisted, the sea became very rough (opposite: calm).

三 台风 级 信号 被 发 出 , 后 海上 变 得波涛测 涌。 X The sea became very wavy.

“/ The sea became very choppy.

YetLARNER => The sea was heavy.

ETAT YRARK

240

the most welcomed singer DEAE DCR EDD IDE CARLES RTE RARE

LE TTS ALR EER EN ASR EALERTS BRE RT

IES SACRE

TA

te

A

t,

最 受 欢 迎 的 歌手 ” weleomelv ): 在门口 欢迎

或 次 接他人

popular(adj ) : 受 欢迎



|

X Andy Lau is the most welcomed singer in Hong Kong. V Andy Lau is the most popular singer in Hong Kong.

刘德华 是香港最受欢 迎的 歌手。 > Pop music is more popular than classical music with the young people in Hong Kong.

DieTa AB EG ryBt ORBESS REE A

ED

welfares EEL 和 é

| g

€ ©

ADELE DEDONDE EARLE EEE EE EENOE ENDL

E

BELLE RAC NCC ERR ELL ALAR AARNE

ACTER

NCC CRC RATT

Les, Zz

A

ae

wellare(n):

个人 的 健康、 幸 、 福 福利

fringe benefits : A),

Stevo

Fl B

X My job pays $20000 monthly, with 3 weeks of annual vacation. The weliares are very good which include medical insurance, club membership and year-end bonus.

241

W My job pays $20000 monthly, with 3 weeks of annual vacation. The fringe benefits are very good which include medical insurance, club membership and year-end bonus.

我 的工作 月 20000 新 美 元,有 3 个星期 的 假期 , 还有 优 厚 的 福利 , 例 如 : 医疗 保险、人俱乐部 会员 号份和 年 终 peel => My only concern is the welfare of my patients.

我 唯一 关心 的 是 我病人 的 健康。

win some body %

eg

ECE EEE REE AER ERES ERE A EASE ASELA TEE EE

“We

EAE EP EAEA

A ARTE

PEIIAT AED DAPODEAB EAE

CAA

DADA DDD

DAT DATPDDADDDDDTDDDDD

A”

«oo Cv,won,won): PR.

赢取 奖 、 项 在 选举 中 取胜、 mM

CRTC ERS RR ARERR ERICA

|

在 赛事 ,中 我

们 “beat”“defeat”( 去 败 ) 对 手 。

X On Saturday’s match, we won the other team with a score of 4-2. V/ On Saturday’s match, we beat the other team with a score of 4-2.

在 星期 六的赛事 , 中 我 们4 以 比 2 击 败 对 手。

242

,他 很 明智

\

|

wise (adj) : 有 判断 力、 明 每

|

“wise”一般 用 于 长 者, 例 如 “a wise old man”( 智慧 老人 ); 更常见 用 的 法 是 “a wise decision”( 明 每 的 决定入 “a wise move( 明 每 的 举动 ) “a wise choice”"(明 每 的 抉 4# )& “a wise saying’( R47 WKS ),

|

Te SH=A “wise beyond his years” —A& # aRHL AER, Rh, Ream 3 FAA “bright” “intelligent” (聪明 、 伶 利、有 智慧 )等 来形容青年 人。 DN Se SeSIE NSS SIS DNC DTS SSNS

EDD

NEN NSESHE ncn

SNES SN

SMEAR

sem

auDnteS Siena aA

ISaEbiaa bianca uaenSnnlianirnebnansatenseninsnie sa

X It is a joy to teach this student because he is so wise. V/ It is a joy to teach this student because he is so bright.

APT, ACME EER > He isa very bright student and is bound to succeed in his studies.

fhe TES

ARAL, EPA 成。

> He is such an intelligent student because not too many people of his age can understand this theory so thoroughly.

他 真是 一 个有 智慧 的 学 ,生 因 为 他 在 的 同龄人 中, 没 ALA BEAVIS AAAk —FE

243

| wish | will ... wish (vV) : 愿望 假设

性 的 想法, 一 般 要配合 to be、to do、to have 来 使用。



X I wish I will pass the examination.

V/V I hope I will pass the examination.

Ain ASINGH > I wish Iwere taller. (I am not tall.)

但 愿 我 能 长 得 高 一 些 。(我 不 够高) > [ wishI were a millionaire. (I am not a millionaire.)

(Dye A ea. (KA ) > | wish I didn’t have to go to school tomorrow. (In fact, I have to.)

但 愿 明天 我 不 用上 学 。(〈其 实 明天 我 要上 学 ) => | wish I had a million dollars. (I don’t have.)

但 愿 我有一 百 万 美元 。(但 我没有 ) > | wish I had not done that. (In fact, I had.)

但 愿 我没有 做 过 那 件 。( 事 事实 上 我已经 做了 )

244

a Work

“Work 是

不 本数 名 词, 即 使 是 指 一 项 工作, 用 “one

|

work’ %5¢ 447% 19).

|

X This is a difficult work.

V/ This isa difficult task (project, job). 这 是 一 艰巨 项 的 任务(计划

或 工作 )

WoOrsSsen Your memory

|

“TAS WIC” worsen (v) : 使 变 、 坏 使 恶化 |



如 果 某 事物 本 身 已 经 很 差, 则 可 以 使 用"worsen。 第 一 个负 例 中, 假如 记忆 力本 来就很 差, 用 “worsen”

|

| 才 算恰当 ; 否则 写成 应 喝酒 会“damage”"( 损害 ) 记 民力。 第二 个

例句 可 以 使 用 “worsen”,



|

为 咳嗽本 身 已

经 是好 不 的 情况了 。 we

X Drinking wine can worsen your memory. V/ Drinking wine can damage your memory.

喝酒 损害 会 你 的记忆 力 。

245

> Smoking will worsen your cough.

抽烟 会加剧你的咳嗽。

worship our ancestors

“SN FE40SE” |

worshnin (V) : 表达

数、 意 到教堂 做 礼拜

pay homage : 致敬

X On Qing Ming festival, we go to the cemetery to worship our ancestors.

V/V On Qing Ming festival, we burn incense to pay homage to our ancestors at the cemetery.

在清明 ,节 我 们 到 祖先 的 墓地烧香祭 拜,表 达对 先人 HY ae AN => On Qing Ming festival, we sweep our ancestors’ tombstones (graves).

iesA FAA > Inacivilized society, people are allowed to worship different gods.

在 文明 社会 ,人 民有 权 信 和仰自由 。

246

this car worths ... f

ZF

ee

ie

| “这 辆 车 值 .…., “worth (adj) 之 通常 后 是 名 词 或 动 名 词。 worthy (adj) : 有 价值 的

le ckel ies

a

eh

che

ON

nin eros

tn

oer

ermesis

X This car worths one million dollars. “/ This car is worth one million dollars (n).

这 汽车 辆 值一百万美元 。 X I cannot worth spend my time in this business.

V/ It is not worth spending (ger) any money on this project.

这 是 一 个 不值得 花 钱 计划 的 。 > His suggestion is worth our consideration (n)/considering (eI):

他 的建议值得 们 我 考虑 。 > Walking for charity is a worthy cause.

步行 筹款是非常 值得 的。 > His conduct is worthy of our contempt.

他 行为 的 被人邵 视 是理所当然的。 > It is unworthy of you to associate with such people.

你 不 宜 与 这类人 交往。

247

write letters



|

写 信 ?

当 我们

|

“write”,

42722448542,

Ath “letters”

Fe. 多 余 的 oO

cs

SB

Si cs

ss

ss

Ssts A

gore ropecoaecoacearaceceoroeceoeerereeecaecraoraaecaaaee

X When you are finally settled in your new house, don’t forget to write letters to me. / When you are finally settled in your new house, don’t forget to write to me.

当 你 在届 新安 顿下来以 后, 记 得 给 我 写信 。 => When you reach Canada, don’t forget to write.

你 到了 加 拿大以 后, 别 忘了 写信给 我。

my wrong 1

'

;

“我 的错”

|

;



?

A NMEA

SANDRA ESN GME SISA

nchecoiesbertbe Degenerate

eet ATUNAANA ND VE Wing er ny WAN PAAR

Sn he

ws SMA AAS

X Iam sorry. This is my wrong.

V/V lam sorry. This is my fault.

对 不 起 这, 是 我 过 的 失。

248

he tS

Me oe I VC

rename

Ararrenreerp

oare

TreeTrprrDr

ae

f

X Ihave wrong many times.

V/ Ihave been wrong (adj) many times.

我多 次 出错。 > I have made many mistakes.

我 犯了 很多错误 。

wrong Way LEE

“歧途

EDI

AAAI DDO

REIE TEARESEDA. SALT CAA TGADRS SORE

LORS SAAS

ISTE,

\



go astray : RABE will be led astray : # ir AGRE

X If you mix with bad elements, you will take the wrong way.

VV If you mix with bad elements, you will go astray/be led astray.

ys

如果 你 跟 坏人 交往 , 就 会 误入歧途 。 => Ifyou keep on seeing him, sooner or later, he will lead you astray.

OER RARE

ORE, USF eeie Aba.

249

Bi

wey

weir...

Were 1h.

date

铺Pers yer

Pe oe

ee dt) e ee

2

6

eb

Ses

a

Beyepee3 Dharag 这 就 够了 看 本

办3 谷歌 炙译 不了的英语 怎么 这 就 够了! 看 本

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= rae

Elbe at

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