Гражданско-правовое и договорное регулирование имущественных отношений религиозных организаций в зарубежных государствах

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Гражданско-правовое и договорное регулирование имущественных отношений религиозных организаций в зарубежных государствах

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ɂɧɫɬɢɬɭɬɝɨɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɤɨɧɮɟɫɫɢɨɧɚɥɶɧɵɯɨɬɧɨɲɟɧɢɣɢɩɪɚɜɚ

       

ɊȼɌɭɩɢɤɢɧ    

Ƚɪɚɠɞɚɧɫɤɨɩɪɚɜɨɜɨɟɢɞɨɝɨɜɨɪɧɨɟ ɪɟɝɭɥɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɟɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɵɯ ɨɬɧɨɲɟɧɢɣ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɯɨɪɝɚɧɢɡɚɰɢɣ ɜɡɚɪɭɛɟɠɧɵɯɝɨɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜɚɯ               Ɇɨɫɤɜɚ  



 

 ɍȾɄ ȻȻɄ   ɇɚɭɱɧɵɟ ɪɟɰɟɧɡɟɧɬɵ: ɞɨɤɬɨɪ ɸɪɢɞɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɧɚɭɤ, ɩɪɨɮɟɫɫɨɪ ɂɧɫɬɢɬɭɬɚ ɝɨɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɣ ɫɥɭɠɛɵ ɢ ɭɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɹ Ɋɨɫɫɢɣɫɤɨɣ ɚɤɚɞɟɦɢɢ ɧɚɪɨɞɧɨɝɨ ɯɨɡɹɣɫɬɜɚ ɢ ɝɨɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɣ ɫɥɭɠɛɵ ɩɪɢ ɉɪɟɡɢɞɟɧɬɟ ɊɎ, ɩɪɨɮɟɫɫɨɪ Ɇɨɫɤɨɜɫɤɨɝɨ ɝɨɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɝɨ ɸɪɢɞɢɱɟɫɤɨɝɨ ɭɧɢɜɟɪɫɢɬɟɬɚ ɢɦ. Ɉ.ȿ. Ʉɭɬɚɮɢɧɚ (ɆȽɘȺ), ɩɪɟɞɫɟɞɚɬɟɥɶ ɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɹ ɂɧɫɬɢɬɭɬɚ ɝɨɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɤɨɧɮɟɫɫɢɨɧɚɥɶɧɵɯ ɨɬɧɨɲɟɧɢɣ ɢ ɩɪɚɜɚ, ɩɪɨɮɟɫɫɨɪ ɉɨɧɤɢɧ ɂɝɨɪɶ ȼɥɚɞɢɫɥɚɜɨɜɢɱ ɞɨɤɬɨɪ ɸɪɢɞɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɧɚɭɤ, ɩɪɨɮɟɫɫɨɪ Ɇɨɫɤɨɜɫɤɨɝɨ ɝɨɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɝɨ ɸɪɢɞɢɱɟɫɤɨɝɨ ɭɧɢɜɟɪɫɢɬɟɬɚ ɢɦ. Ɉ.ȿ. Ʉɭɬɚɮɢɧɚ (ɆȽɘȺ) ɋɨɥɨɜɶɺɜ Ⱥɧɞɪɟɣ Ⱥɥɟɤɫɚɧɞɪɨɜɢɱ

    Ɍɭɩɢɤɢɧ Ɋ.ȼ. Ƚɪɚɠɞɚɧɫɤɨɩɪɚɜɨɜɨɟ ɢ ɞɨɝɨɜɨɪɧɨɟ ɪɟɝɭɥɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɟ ɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɵɯ ɨɬɧɨɲɟɧɢɣ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɯ ɨɪɝɚɧɢɡɚɰɢɣ ɜ ɡɚɪɭɛɟɠɧɵɯ ɝɨɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜɚɯ  ɉɨɞ ɪɟɞ ɞɸɧ ɩɪɨɮ ɆɇɄɭɡɧɟɰɨɜɚ  ɊɈɈ ©ɂɧɫɬɢɬɭɬ ɝɨɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜɟɧɧɨ ɤɨɧɮɟɫɫɢɨɧɚɥɶɧɵɯ ɨɬɧɨɲɟɧɢɣ ɢ ɩɪɚɜɚª ± Ɇ Ȼɭɤɢȼɟɞɢ ±ɫ  ,6%1  ɇɚɫɬɨɹɳɟɟ ɧɚɭɱɧɨɟ ɢɡɞɚɧɢɟ ɩɨɫɜɹɳɟɧɨ ɢɫɫɥɟɞɨɜɚɧɢɸ ɡɚɪɭɛɟɠɧɨɝɨ ɨɩɵɬɚ ɧɨɪɦɚɬɢɜɧɨɝɨ ɝɪɚɠɞɚɧɫɤɨɩɪɚɜɨɜɨɝɨ ɢ ɞɨɝɨɜɨɪɧɨɝɨ ɪɟɝɭɥɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɩɪɚɜɨɜɨɝɨ ɩɨɥɨɠɟɧɢɹ ɧɟɞɜɢɠɢɦɵɯ ɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɵɯɨɛɴɟɤɬɨɜɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɨɝɨɧɚɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɹɨɫɨɛɟɧɧɨɫɬɟɣ ɩɪɚɜɨɜɨɣ ɩɪɢɪɨɞɵ ɬɚɤɢɯ ɨɛɴɟɤɬɨɜ ɦɟɫɬɚ ɢ ɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɹ ɬɚɤɨɝɨ ɪɨɞɚ ɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɵɯ ɨɬɧɨɲɟɧɢɣ ɜ ɨɛɳɟɦ ɨɛɴɟɦɟ ɨɬɧɨɲɟɧɢɣ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɯɨɪɝɚɧɢɡɚɰɢɣɫɝɨɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜɨɦɢɫɢɧɵɦɢɥɢɰɚɦɢ  ,6%1      ‹ɌɭɩɢɤɢɧɊȼ   

 

   ɋɨɞɟɪɠɚɧɢɟ  ȼɜɟɞɟɧɢɟ«««««««««««««««««««««««««« ȽɅȺȼȺɉɨɧɹɬɢɟ ɩɪɢɪɨɞɚ ɢ ɨɫɨɛɟɧɧɨɫɬɢ ɩɪɚɜɨɜɨɝɨ ɪɟɠɢɦɚ ɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɚɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɨɝɨɧɚɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɹ««««««««««««« †Ɍɟɨɪɟɬɢɱɟɫɤɢɟ ɨɫɧɨɜɵ ɪɟɝɭɥɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɚ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɨɝɨ ɧɚɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɹ ɢ ɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɵɯ ɨɬɧɨɲɟɧɢɣ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɯɨɪɝɚɧɢɡɚɰɢɣ«««««««««««««««««« †Ƚɟɧɟɡɢɫ ɞɨɝɨɜɨɪɧɨɝɨ ɪɟɝɭɥɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɵɯ ɨɬɧɨɲɟɧɢɣɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɯɨɪɝɚɧɢɡɚɰɢɣ«««««««««««« ȽɅȺȼȺɉɨɥɨɠɟɧɢɹ ɤɨɧɤɨɪɞɚɬɨɜ  ɨ ɩɪɚɜɨɜɨɦ ɩɨɥɨɠɟɧɢɢ ɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɵɯ ɨɛɴɟɤɬɨɜ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɨɝɨ ɧɚɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɹ ɢ ɨɛ ɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɵɯ ɨɬɧɨɲɟɧɢɹɯ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɯ ɨɪɝɚɧɢɡɚɰɢɣ«««««««««««««««««««««««« †Ɏɨɪɦɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɟ ɢ ɢɫɫɥɟɞɨɜɚɧɢɟ ɜɵɛɨɪɤɢ ɪɟɮɟɪɟɧɬɧɵɯ ɩɨɥɨɠɟɧɢɣɡɚɪɭɛɟɠɧɵɯɤɨɧɤɨɪɞɚɬɨɜ««««««««««««« †ɇɚɭɱɧɵɟ ɪɟɡɭɥɶɬɚɬɵ ɢɫɫɥɟɞɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɜɵɛɨɪɤɢ ɩɨɥɨɠɟɧɢɣ ɡɚɪɭɛɟɠɧɵɯɤɨɧɤɨɪɞɚɬɨɜ«««««««««««««««««« ȽɅȺȼȺɁɚɪɭɛɟɠɧɨɟ ɡɚɤɨɧɨɞɚɬɟɥɶɫɬɜɨ ɨ ɩɪɚɜɨɜɨɦ ɩɨɥɨɠɟɧɢɢ ɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɵɯ ɨɛɴɟɤɬɨɜ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɨɝɨ ɧɚɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɹ ɢ ɨɛ ɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɵɯɨɬɧɨɲɟɧɢɹɯɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɯɨɪɝɚɧɢɡɚɰɢɣ«««« †Ɏɨɪɦɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɟɢɢɫɫɥɟɞɨɜɚɧɢɟɜɵɛɨɪɤɢɪɟɮɟɪɟɧɬɧɵɯɧɨɪɦ ɡɚɪɭɛɟɠɧɵɯɧɨɪɦɚɬɢɜɧɵɯɩɪɚɜɨɜɵɯɚɤɬɨɜ««««««««««« †ɇɚɭɱɧɵɟ ɪɟɡɭɥɶɬɚɬɵ ɢɫɫɥɟɞɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɜɵɛɨɪɤɢ ɧɨɪɦ ɡɚɪɭɛɟɠɧɵɯɧɨɪɦɚɬɢɜɧɵɯɩɪɚɜɨɜɵɯɚɤɬɨɜ««««««««««« Ɂɚɤɥɸɱɟɧɢɟ«««««««««««««««««««««««««     

                      

 

 

ȼɜɟɞɟɧɢɟ   ȼɨɩɪɨɫɵ ɨ ɫɬɚɬɭɫɟ ɧɟɞɜɢɠɢɦɵɯ ɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɵɯ ɨɛɴɟɤɬɨɜ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɨɝɨ ɧɚɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɹ ɢ ɨ ɩɪɚɜɨɜɨɣ ɩɪɢɪɨɞɟ ɬɚɤɢɯ ɨɛɴɟɤɬɨɜ ɨɛ ɨɫɨɛɟɧɧɨɫɬɹɯɩɪɚɜɨɜɨɝɨɪɟɠɢɦɚɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɚɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɨɝɨɧɚɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɹɨ ɦɟɫɬɟ ɢ ɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɢ ɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɵɯ ɨɬɧɨɲɟɧɢɣ ɜ ɨɛɳɟɦ ɨɛɴɺɦɟ ɨɬɧɨɲɟɧɢɣɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɯɨɪɝɚɧɢɡɚɰɢɣɫɝɨɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜɨɦɫɩɪɨɱɢɦɢɥɢɰɚɦɢ ɨ ɫɨɞɟɪɠɚɧɢɢ ɬɚɤɢɯ ɨɬɧɨɲɟɧɢɣ ɹɜɥɹɸɬɫɹ ɨɞɧɢɦ ɢɡ ɫɥɨɠɧɵɯ ɜ ɝɪɚɠɞɚɧɫɤɨɩɪɚɜɨɜɨɣ ɧɚɭɤɟ ɚ ɬɚɤɠɟ ɜ ɫɮɟɪɟ ɪɟɚɥɢɡɚɰɢɢ ɫɜɨɛɨɞɵ ɜɟɪɨɢɫɩɨɜɟɞɚɧɢɹɢɝɨɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɤɨɧɮɟɫɫɢɨɧɚɥɶɧɵɯɨɬɧɨɲɟɧɢɣ ɒɟɫɬɢɥɟɬɧɢɣ ɭɠɟ ɫɪɨɤ ɞɟɣɫɬɜɢɹ Ɏɟɞɟɪɚɥɶɧɨɝɨ ɡɚɤɨɧɚ ɨɬ  ʋɎɁ ɪɟɞ ɨɬ   ©Ɉ ɩɟɪɟɞɚɱɟ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɦ ɨɪɝɚɧɢɡɚɰɢɹɦ ɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɚ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɨɝɨ ɧɚɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɹ ɧɚɯɨɞɹɳɟɝɨɫɹ ɜ ɝɨɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɣɢɥɢɦɭɧɢɰɢɩɚɥɶɧɨɣɫɨɛɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɫɬɢª±ɷɬɨɞɨɫɬɚɬɨɱɧɵɣ ɫɪɨɤ ɢ ɜɩɨɥɧɟ ɰɟɥɟɫɨɨɛɪɚɡɧɵɣ ɩɨɜɨɞ ɞɥɹ ɩɨɞɜɟɞɟɧɢɹ ɬɟɤɭɳɢɯ ɢɬɨɝɨɜ ɪɟɚɥɢɡɚɰɢɢɢɨɰɟɧɤɢɤɚɱɟɫɬɜɚɧɚɡɜɚɧɧɨɝɨɎɟɞɟɪɚɥɶɧɨɝɨɡɚɤɨɧɚɚɪɚɜɧɨ ɞɥɹ ɨɫɦɵɫɥɟɧɢɹ ɤɚɱɟɫɬɜɚ ɧɨɪɦɚɬɢɜɧɨɝɨ ɩɪɚɜɨɜɨɝɨ ɨɛɟɫɩɟɱɟɧɢɹ ɜ ɢɫɫɥɟɞɭɟɦɨɣ ɫɮɟɪɟ ɜ ɰɟɥɨɦ ɂɦɟɟɬ ɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɟ ɜ ɤɨɧɬɟɤɫɬɟ ɪɚɫɫɦɚɬɪɢɜɚɟɦɵɯ ɜɨɩɪɨɫɨɜ ɢ ɬɟɤɭɳɚɹ ɪɟɮɨɪɦɚ ɝɪɚɠɞɚɧɫɤɨɝɨ ɡɚɤɨɧɨɞɚɬɟɥɶɫɬɜɚ Ɋɨɫɫɢɣɫɤɨɣ Ɏɟɞɟɪɚɰɢɢ Ɍɚɤ ɫɬɚɬɶɹ  ɪɟɞɚɤɰɢɢ ɨɬ  Ɏɟɞɟɪɚɥɶɧɨɝɨ ɡɚɤɨɧɚ ɨɬ  ʋɎɁ ©Ɉ ɜɜɟɞɟɧɢɢ ɜ ɞɟɣɫɬɜɢɟ ɱɚɫɬɢ ɩɟɪɜɨɣ Ƚɪɚɠɞɚɧɫɤɨɝɨ ɤɨɞɟɤɫɚ Ɋɨɫɫɢɣɫɤɨɣ Ɏɟɞɟɪɚɰɢɢª ɜɵɜɟɥɚ ɢɡ ɩɨɞ ɞɟɣɫɬɜɢɹ ɩɭɧɤɬɚ  ɫɬɚɬɶɢ  Ƚɪɚɠɞɚɧɫɤɨɝɨ ɤɨɞɟɤɫɚ Ɋɨɫɫɢɣɫɤɨɣ Ɏɟɞɟɪɚɰɢɢ ©ɫɚɦɨɜɨɥɶɧɵɟ ɩɨɫɬɪɨɣɤɢ ɨɬɧɨɫɹɳɢɟɫɹ ɜ ɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɢɢ ɫ ɮɟɞɟɪɚɥɶɧɵɦ ɡɚɤɨɧɨɦ ɤ ɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɭ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɨɝɨ ɧɚɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɹ ɚ ɬɚɤɠɟ ɩɪɟɞɧɚɡɧɚɱɟɧɧɵɟ ɞɥɹ ɨɛɫɥɭɠɢɜɚɧɢɹ ɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɚ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɨɝɨ ɧɚɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɹ ɢ ɢɥɢ  ɨɛɪɚɡɭɸɳɢɟ ɫ ɧɢɦ ɟɞɢɧɵɣ ɦɨɧɚɫɬɵɪɫɤɢɣɯɪɚɦɨɜɵɣɢɥɢɢɧɨɣɤɭɥɶɬɨɜɵɣɤɨɦɩɥɟɤɫª

 Ɏɟɞɟɪɚɥɶɧɵɣ

ɡɚɤɨɧ ɨɬ  ʋɎɁ ©Ɉ ɩɟɪɟɞɚɱɟ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɦ ɨɪɝɚɧɢɡɚɰɢɹɦɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɚɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɨɝɨɧɚɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɹɧɚɯɨɞɹɳɟɝɨɫɹɜɝɨɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɣ ɢɥɢ ɦɭɧɢɰɢɩɚɥɶɧɨɣ ɫɨɛɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɫɬɢª  ɋɨɛɪɚɧɢɟ ɡɚɤɨɧɨɞɚɬɟɥɶɫɬɜɚ Ɋɨɫɫɢɣɫɤɨɣ Ɏɟɞɟɪɚɰɢɢ±±ʋ±ɋɬȼɪɟɞɨɬ±ɋɉɋ©Ƚɚɪɚɧɬª Ɏɟɞɟɪɚɥɶɧɵɣ ɡɚɤɨɧ ɨɬ  ʋɎɁ ©Ɉ ɜɜɟɞɟɧɢɢ ɜ ɞɟɣɫɬɜɢɟ ɱɚɫɬɢ ɩɟɪɜɨɣ Ƚɪɚɠɞɚɧɫɤɨɝɨ ɤɨɞɟɤɫɚ Ɋɨɫɫɢɣɫɤɨɣ Ɏɟɞɟɪɚɰɢɢª  ɋɨɛɪɚɧɢɟ ɡɚɤɨɧɨɞɚɬɟɥɶɫɬɜɚ ɊɨɫɫɢɣɫɤɨɣɎɟɞɟɪɚɰɢɢ±±ʋ±ɋɬȼɪɟɞɨɬ±ɋɉɋ ©Ƚɚɪɚɧɬª

 

 ȿɳɟ ɨɞɧɢɦ ɞɟɬɟɪɦɢɧɚɧɬɨɦ ɚɤɬɭɚɥɶɧɨɫɬɢ ɧɚɫɬɨɹɳɟɣ ɬɟɦɵ ɹɜɥɹɟɬɫɹ ɧɚɛɢɪɚɸɳɢɣ ɫɢɥɭ ɬɪɟɧɞ ɡɚɤɥɸɱɟɧɢɹ ɫɨɝɥɚɲɟɧɢɣ ɦɟɠɞɭ ɨɪɝɚɧɚɦɢ ɝɨɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɣ ɜɥɚɫɬɢ Ɋɨɫɫɢɣɫɤɨɣ Ɏɟɞɟɪɚɰɢɢ ɢ ɫɭɛɴɟɤɬɨɜ Ɋɨɫɫɢɣɫɤɨɣ Ɏɟɞɟɪɚɰɢɢ ɢ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɦɢ ɨɪɝɚɧɢɡɚɰɢɹɦɢ ɫɨɜɪɟɦɟɧɧɚɹ ɩɪɚɤɬɢɤɚɡɧɚɟɬɡɚɤɥɸɱɟɧɢɟɞɨɝɨɜɨɪɨɜɧɟɬɨɥɶɤɨɫɊɭɫɫɤɨɣɉɪɚɜɨɫɥɚɜɧɨɣ ɐɟɪɤɨɜɶɸɧɨɢɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɯɨɪɝɚɧɢɡɚɰɢɣɰɟɥɨɝɨɪɹɞɚɞɪɭɝɢɯɤɨɧɮɟɫɫɢɣ ɇɟɪɟɞɤɨɢɦɟɧɧɨɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɵɟɨɬɧɨɲɟɧɢɹɫɬɚɧɨɜɹɬɫɹɜɨɩɪɟɞɟɥɺɧɧɨɣ ɫɬɟɩɟɧɢ ɩɪɟɞɦɟɬɨɦ ɬɚɤɢɯ ɫɨɝɥɚɲɟɧɢɣ ɉɪɢ ɷɬɨɦ ɩɪɚɜɨɜɨɟ ɨɛɟɫɩɟɱɟɧɢɟ ɜɨɡɦɨɠɧɨɫɬɟɣɡɚɤɥɸɱɟɧɢɹɬɚɤɢɯɫɨɝɥɚɲɟɧɢɣɨɫɬɚɜɥɹɟɬɠɟɥɚɬɶɥɭɱɲɟɝɨ ɪɚɜɧɨ ɤɚɤ ɢ ɬɟɤɫɬɵ ɫɚɦɢɯ ɬɚɤɢɯ ɫɨɝɥɚɲɟɧɢɣ ɧɟɪɟɞɤɨ ɨɛɥɚɞɚɸɬ ɫɭɳɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɵɦɢ ɧɟɞɨɫɬɚɬɤɚɦɢ Ɉɩɢɫɵɜɚɟɦɚɹ ɩɪɚɤɬɢɤɚ ɧɭɠɞɚɟɬɫɹ ɜ ɫɨɜɟɪɲɟɧɫɬɜɨɜɚɧɢɢ Ɉɞɧɢɦ ɢɡ ɪɟɥɟɜɚɧɬɧɵɯ ɦɟɬɨɞɨɥɨɝɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɩɭɬɟɣ ɞɥɹ ɪɟɲɟɧɢɹ ɡɚɞɚɱɢ ɨɰɟɧɤɢ ɤɚɱɟɫɬɜɚ ɩɪɚɜɨɜɨɝɨ ɪɟɝɭɥɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɜ ɪɚɫɫɦɚɬɪɢɜɚɟɦɨɣ ɫɮɟɪɟ ɹɜɥɹɟɬɫɹ ɫɪɚɜɧɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɩɪɚɜɨɜɨɟ ɢɫɫɥɟɞɨɜɚɧɢɟ ɫɮɨɤɭɫɢɪɨɜɚɧɧɨɟɧɚɡɚɪɭɛɟɠɧɨɦɨɩɵɬɟɢɫɨɨɬɧɟɫɟɧɧɨɟɜɩɨɫɥɟɞɭɸɳɟɦ ɫ ɨɩɵɬɨɦ ɪɨɫɫɢɣɫɤɢɦ Ɇɧɨɝɨɱɢɫɥɟɧɧɵɟ ɩɪɨɛɥɟɦɵ ɜ ɩɪɚɜɨɩɪɢɦɟɧɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɣ ɩɪɚɤɬɢɤɟ ɩɪɟɞɨɩɪɟɞɟɥɹɸɬ ɧɟɨɛɯɨɞɢɦɨɫɬɶ ɨɛɪɚɳɟɧɢɹ ɤ ɩɨɥɨɠɟɧɢɹɦ ɡɚɪɭɛɟɠɧɵɯ ɧɨɪɦɚɬɢɜɧɵɯ ɩɪɚɜɨɜɵɯ ɚɤɬɨɜ ɩɪɟɠɞɟ ɜɫɟɝɨ ± ɡɚɤɨɧɨɜ  ɪɟɮɟɪɟɧɬɧɵɯ ɢɫɫɥɟɞɭɟɦɨɣ ɬɟɦɟ Ⱥɧɚɥɢɡ ɡɚɪɭɛɟɠɧɨɝɨɨɩɵɬɚɧɨɪɦɚɬɢɜɧɨɝɨɝɪɚɠɞɚɧɫɤɨɩɪɚɜɨɜɨɝɨɢɤɨɧɤɨɪɞɚɬɧɨɝɨ ɪɟɝɭɥɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɵɯ ɨɬɧɨɲɟɧɢɣ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɯ ɨɪɝɚɧɢɡɚɰɢɣ ɦɨɠɟɬ ɹɜɢɬɶɫɹ ɬɟɦ ɬɟɨɪɟɬɢɱɟɫɤɢɦ ɢ ɦɟɬɨɞɨɥɨɝɢɱɟɫɤɢɦ ɫɭɛɫɬɪɚɬɨɦ ɧɚ ɨɫɧɨɜɚɧɢɢ ɤɨɬɨɪɨɝɨ ɜɨɡɦɨɠɧɨ ɜɵɤɪɢɫɬɚɥɥɢɡɨɜɚɬɶ ɟɞɢɧɵɟ ɮɭɧɞɚɦɟɧɬɚɥɶɧɵɟ ɩɨɞɯɨɞɵ ɤ ɩɨɧɢɦɚɧɢɸ ɩɪɢɪɨɞɵ ɢ ɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɹ ɧɟɞɜɢɠɢɦɨɝɨ ɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɚ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɨɝɨ ɧɚɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɹ ɩɪɟɠɞɟ ɜɫɟɝɨ ± ɜɵɤɪɢɫɬɚɥɥɢɡɨɜɚɬɶ ɫɬɨɱɤɢ ɡɪɟɧɢɹ ɫɜɟɬɫɤɨɝɨ ɝɨɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜɚ  ɪɟɮɟɪɟɧɬɧɵɣɩɨɧɹɬɢɣɧɨɤɚɬɟɝɨɪɢɚɥɶɧɵɣɚɩɩɚɪɚɬɩɨɫɬɪɨɢɬɶɫɬɪɨɣɧɭɸɢ

 ɉɨɧɤɢɧ ɂ.ȼ. ɋɜɟɬɫɤɨɫɬɶ ɤɨɧɫɬɢɬɭɰɢɨɧɧɨɩɪɚɜɨɜɨɟ ɢɫɫɥɟɞɨɜɚɧɢɟ ± Ɇ Ɉɛɳɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɵɟɨɛɴɟɞɢɧɟɧɢɹ±ɫɉɨɧɤɢɧ ɂ.ȼ. ɉɪɚɜɨɜɵɟɨɫɧɨɜɵɫɜɟɬɫɤɨɫɬɢ ɝɨɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜɚ ɢ ɨɛɪɚɡɨɜɚɧɢɹ ± Ɇ ɉɪɨɉɪɟɫɫ  ± ɫ ɉɨɧɤɢɧ ɂ.ȼ. ɋɜɟɬɫɤɨɫɬɶ ɝɨɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜɚ ± Ɇ ɍɇɐ ȾɈ  ± ɫ ɉɨɧɤɢɧ ɂ.ȼ. Ɉ ɬɢɩɨɥɨɝɢɢ ɫɜɟɬɫɤɢɯ ɝɨɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜ Ƚɨɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜɟɧɧɚɹ ɫɥɭɠɛɚ ±  ± ʋ  ± ɋ ± ɉɨɧɤɢɧ ɂ.ȼ. Ʉ ɜɨɩɪɨɫɭ ɨ ɫɨɞɟɪɠɚɧɢɢ ɩɨɧɹɬɢɹ ɭɜɚɠɟɧɢɹ ɝɨɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜɨɦ ɜɧɭɬɪɟɧɧɢɯ ɭɫɬɚɧɨɜɥɟɧɢɣ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɯ ɨɪɝɚɧɢɡɚɰɢɣ  Ɋɟɥɢɝɢɹ ɢ ɩɪɚɜɨ ±  ± ʋ ± ɋ± ɉɨɧɤɢɧ ɂ.ȼ. Ɉɫɨɛɵɟ ɫɬɚɬɭɫɵ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɯ ɨɛɴɟɞɢɧɟɧɢɣ ɜ ɡɚɪɭɛɟɠɧɨɦ ɡɚɤɨɧɨɞɚɬɟɥɶɫɬɜɟ  Ɋɟɥɢɝɢɹ ɢ ɩɪɚɜɨ ±  ± ʋ ± ɋ± Ⱥɤɱɭɪɢɧ Ɍ.Ɏ. Ɋɨɫɫɢɣɫɤɨɟɝɨɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜɨɢɩɪɢɧɰɢɩɫɜɟɬɫɤɨɫɬɢɉɪɨɫɬɪɚɧɫɬɜɨɢɜɪɟɦɹ± ±ʋ±ɋ± 

 

 ɰɟɥɨɫɬɧɭɸ ɬɳɚɬɟɥɶɧɨ ɨɛɨɫɧɨɜɚɧɧɭɸ ɩɪɟɠɞɟ ɜɫɟɝɨ ± ɢɫɯɨɞɹ ɢɡ ɷɦɩɢɪɢɤɢ ɦɟɬɨɞɨɥɨɝɢɱɟɫɤɢɢɥɨɝɢɱɟɫɤɢɜɵɜɟɪɟɧɧɭɸɧɚɭɱɧɭɸɞɨɤɬɪɢɧɭ ɩɨɡɜɨɥɹɸɳɭɸ ɩɪɢɪɚɫɬɢɬɶ ɢ ɨɛɨɛɳɢɬɶ ɧɚɭɱɧɨɟ ɡɧɚɧɢɟ ɨ ɡɚɹɜɥɟɧɧɨɦ ɧɚɭɱɧɨɬɟɨɪɟɬɢɱɟɫɤɨɦɢɧɚɭɱɧɨɩɪɚɤɬɢɱɟɫɤɨɦɬɟɦɚɬɢɱɟɫɤɨɦɝɨɪɢɡɨɧɬɟ Ɋɨɫɫɢɣɫɤɢɣ ɨɩɵɬ ɜ ɢɫɫɥɟɞɭɟɦɨɣ ɫɮɟɪɟ ɛɵɥ ɱɚɫɬɢɱɧɨ ɨɯɜɚɱɟɧ ɜ ɧɟɤɨɬɨɪɵɯ ɢɫɫɥɟɞɨɜɚɧɢɹɯ Ɍɚɤ ɨɫɨɛɟɧɧɨɫɬɢ ɩɪɢɪɨɞɵ ɢ ɩɪɚɜɨɜɨɝɨ ɪɟɠɢɦɚ ɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɚ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɨɝɨ ɧɚɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɹ ɜ ɨɩɪɟɞɟɥɺɧɧɨɣ ɦɟɪɟ ɡɚɬɪɚɝɢɜɚɥɢɫɶ ɧɚ ɫɟɪɶɟɡɧɨɦ ɧɚɭɱɧɨɦ ɭɪɨɜɧɟ ɜ ɪɚɛɨɬɚɯ ɇɂȺɥɟɤɫɟɟɜɨɣ ɂɁȺɸɲɟɟɜɨɣ ȺȺȼɢɲɧɟɜɫɤɨɝɨ Ⱥȼɂɫɚɟɜɚ ɆȺɄɭɥɚɝɢɧɚ ɂȺɄɭɧɢɰɵɧɚ ɘɋɈɜɱɢɧɧɢɤɨɜɨɣ Ɇȼɏɥɵɫɬɨɜɚ ɢɞɪ ɂɫɬɨɪɢɱɟɫɤɢɟ ɚɫɩɟɤɬɵ ɬɟɦɵ ɧɚɲɥɢ ɨɬɪɚɠɟɧɢɟ ɜ ɪɚɛɨɬɚɯ Ʉȼɵɫɨɰɤɨɝɨ ɈȺȽɪɟɜɰɨɜɨɣ ȼɄɨɜɚɥɟɜɫɤɨɝɨ ɇȾɄɭɡɧɟɰɨɜɚ

 Ⱥɥɟɤɫɟɟɜɚ ɇ.ɂ. ɉɪɚɜɨɜɨɣɪɟɠɢɦɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɚɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɨɝɨɧɚɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɹɤɚɧɨɧɢɱɟɫɤɢɣ ɚɫɩɟɤɬ  ȼɟɫɬɧɢɤ Ȼɚɥɬɢɣɫɤɨɝɨ ɮɟɞɟɪɚɥɶɧɨɝɨ ɭɧɢɜɟɪɫɢɬɟɬɚ ɢɦ ɂɄɚɧɬɚ ±  ± ʋ±ɋ±  Ⱥɸɲɟɟɜɚ ɂ.Ɂ. ȽɪɚɠɞɚɧɫɤɨɩɪɚɜɨɜɨɟɩɨɥɨɠɟɧɢɟɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɯɨɪɝɚɧɢɡɚɰɢɣȺɜɬɨɪɟɮ ɞɢɫɤɚɧɞɸɪɢɞɢɱɧɚɭɤ±ȿɤɚɬɟɪɢɧɛɭɪɝ±ɫ ȼɢɲɧɟɜɫɤɢɣ Ⱥ.Ⱥ. ɉɪɚɜɨɜɨɣ ɪɟɠɢɦ ɰɟɪɤɨɜɧɨɝɨ ɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɚ ɩɨ ɤɚɧɨɧɢɱɟɫɤɨɦɭ ɩɪɚɜɭ Ɋɢɦɫɤɨɤɚɬɨɥɢɱɟɫɤɨɣɰɟɪɤɜɢɂɡɜɟɫɬɢɹɜɵɫɲɢɯɭɱɟɛɧɵɯɡɚɜɟɞɟɧɢɣɉɪɚɜɨɜɟɞɟɧɢɟ± ±ʋ  ɂɫɚɟɜ Ⱥ.ȼ. ɉɪɚɜɨɜɨɣ ɚɫɩɟɤɬ ɩɟɪɟɞɚɱɢ ɝɨɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɝɨ ɢ ɦɭɧɢɰɢɩɚɥɶɧɨɝɨ ɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɚ Ʉɚɥɢɧɢɧɝɪɚɞɫɤɨɣ ɨɛɥɚɫɬɢ ɜ ɫɨɛɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɫɬɶ Ɋɭɫɫɤɨɣ ɉɪɚɜɨɫɥɚɜɧɨɣ ɐɟɪɤɜɢ Ɉɛɳɟɝɨɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜɟɧɧɚɹ ɢ ɪɟɝɢɨɧɚɥɶɧɚɹ ɬɟɦɚɬɢɤɚ ɜ ɫɨɜɪɟɦɟɧɧɵɯ ɢɫɬɨɪɢɤɨ ɩɪɚɜɨɜɵɯ ɢɫɫɥɟɞɨɜɚɧɢɹɯ ɋɛ ɧɚɭɱ ɫɬɚɬɟɣ  ɋɨɫɬ ȺȺ Ⱦɨɪɫɤɚɹ ± ɋɉɛ Ⱥɫɬɟɪɢɨɧ ±ɋ±  Ʉɭɥɚɝɢɧ Ɇ.Ⱥ. ȼɟɳɧɵɟɩɪɚɜɚɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɯɨɪɝɚɧɢɡɚɰɢɣȺɜɬɨɪɟɮɞɢɫɤɚɧɞɸɪɢɞɢɱ ɧɚɭɤɆȽɘȺ±Ɇ±ɫɄɭɥɚɝɢɧ Ɇ.Ⱥ. ɂɡɦɟɧɟɧɢɹɜɡɚɤɨɧɨɞɚɬɟɥɶɫɬɜɟ ɨ ɩɟɪɟɞɚɱɟ ɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɚ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɦ ɨɪɝɚɧɢɡɚɰɢɹɦ  Ⱥɤɬɭɚɥɶɧɵɟ ɩɪɨɛɥɟɦɵ ɪɨɫɫɢɣɫɤɨɝɨ ɩɪɚɜɚ ±  ± ʋ ± ɋ± Ʉɭɥɚɝɢɧ Ɇ.Ⱥ. Ⱥɧɚɥɢɡ ɧɟɞɨɫɬɚɬɤɨɜ Ɏɟɞɟɪɚɥɶɧɨɝɨɡɚɤɨɧɚ©Ɉɩɟɪɟɞɚɱɟɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɦɨɪɝɚɧɢɡɚɰɢɹɦɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɚɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɨɝɨ ɧɚɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɹ ɧɚɯɨɞɹɳɟɝɨɫɹ ɜ ɝɨɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɣ ɢɥɢ ɦɭɧɢɰɢɩɚɥɶɧɨɣ ɫɨɛɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɫɬɢª ɋɛ ɬɟɡɢɫɨɜ ;, Ɇɟɠɞɭɧɚɪ ɧɚɭɱɩɪɚɤɬɢɱ ɤɨɧɮ ɦɨɥɨɞɵɯ ɭɱɟɧɵɯ ©Ɍɪɚɞɢɰɢɢ ɢ ɧɨɜɚɰɢɢ ɜ ɫɢɫɬɟɦɟ ɫɨɜɪɟɦɟɧɧɨɝɨ ɪɨɫɫɢɣɫɤɨɝɨ ɩɪɚɜɚª ± Ɇ ɆȽɘȺ ɢɦɈȿ Ʉɭɬɚɮɢɧɚ  ± ɋ±  Ʉɭɧɢɰɵɧ ɂ.Ⱥ. ɉɪɚɜɨɜɨɣ ɫɬɚɬɭɫ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɯ ɨɛɴɟɞɢɧɟɧɢɣ ɜ Ɋɨɫɫɢɢ ɢɫɬɨɪɢɱɟɫɤɢɣ ɨɩɵɬɨɫɨɛɟɧɧɨɫɬɢɢɚɤɬɭɚɥɶɧɵɟɩɪɨɛɥɟɦɵ±Ɇɉɪɚɜɨɫɥɚɜɧɨɟɞɟɥɨ±ɫ  Ɉɜɱɢɧɧɢɤɨɜɚ ɘ.ɋ. ȼɟɳɧɵɟɩɪɚɜɚɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɯɨɪɝɚɧɢɡɚɰɢɣɊɭɫɫɤɨɣɉɪɚɜɨɫɥɚɜɧɨɣ ɐɟɪɤɜɢ ɜ Ɋɨɫɫɢɣɫɤɨɣ Ɏɟɞɟɪɚɰɢɢ Ⱥɜɬɨɪɟɮ ɞɢɫ ɤɚɧɞ ɸɪɢɞɢɱ ɧɚɭɤ  ɂɧɫɬɢɬɭɬɝɨɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜɚɢɩɪɚɜɚɊȺɇ±Ɇ±ɫ ɏɥɵɫɬɨɜ Ɇ.ȼ. ɉɪɚɜɨ ɫɨɛɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɫɬɢ ɪɭɫɫɤɨɣ ɩɪɚɜɨɫɥɚɜɧɨɣ ɰɟɪɤɜɢ ɢ ɟɺ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɯ ɨɪɝɚɧɢɡɚɰɢɣ Ⱥɜɬɨɪɟɮ ɞɢɫ ɤɚɧɞ ɸɪɢɞɢɱ ɧɚɭɤ  ± Ɇ  ± ɫɏɥɵɫɬɨɜ Ɇ.ȼ. ɋɭɛɴɟɤɬɵɩɪɚɜɚɫɨɛɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɫɬɢɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɯɨɪɝɚɧɢɡɚɰɢɣɊɭɫɫɤɨɣ ɉɪɚɜɨɫɥɚɜɧɨɣɐɟɪɤɜɢɇɨɬɚɪɢɭɫ±±ʋ ȼɵɫɨɰɤɢɣ Ʉ. ɐɟɪɤɨɜɧɨɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɟ ɩɪɚɜɨ ɩɨ ɪɭɫɫɤɨɦɭ ɡɚɤɨɧɨɞɚɬɟɥɶɫɬɜɭ ɀɭɪɧɚɥɝɪɚɠɞɚɧɫɤɨɝɨɢɭɝɨɥɨɜɧɨɝɨɩɪɚɜɚ±Ƚɨɞ;9,,Ʉɧɢɝɚ,əɧɜɚɪɶ±ɋ±  

 

 ȼɆɢɥɸɬɢɧɚ ɇɋɋɭɜɨɪɨɜɚ ȼȺɌɨɦɫɢɧɨɜɚ ɂȺɒɟɪɲɧɺɜɨɣ ɐɢɬɭɥɶɫɤɨɣ ɂɡɚɜɬɨɪɨɜɪɚɫɤɪɵɜɚɜɲɢɯɜɫɜɨɢɯɪɚɛɨɬɚɯɩɪɨɛɥɟɦɵɩɟɪɟɞɚɱɢɜ Ɋɨɫɫɢɢ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɦ ɨɪɝɚɧɢɡɚɰɢɹɦ ɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɚ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɨɝɨ ɧɚɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɹ ɧɚɯɨɞɹɳɟɝɨɫɹ ɜ ɝɨɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɣ ɢɥɢ ɦɭɧɢɰɢɩɚɥɶɧɨɣ ɫɨɛɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɫɬɢ ɫɥɟɞɭɟɬ ɜɵɞɟɥɢɬɶ ɫɥɟɞɭɸɳɢɯ ȼȼȻɚɝɚɧ    ȺȺȾɨɪɫɤɚɹ ɂȺɄɭɧɢɰɵɧ ɂȿɆɚɧɵɥɨɜ Ⱥȼɋɬɚɞɧɢɤɨɜ Ɂɚɪɭɛɟɠɧɵɣɨɩɵɬɜɢɫɫɥɟɞɭɟɦɨɣɫɮɟɪɟɜɩɨɥɟɪɨɫɫɢɣɫɤɨɣɧɚɭɤɢ ɩɪɚɤɬɢɱɟɫɤɢɧɟɩɪɟɞɫɬɚɜɥɟɧȼɱɚɫɬɧɨɫɬɢɬɟɦɚɡɚɪɭɛɟɠɧɵɯɤɨɧɤɨɪɞɚɬɨɜ ɫɨɝɥɚɲɟɧɢɣ ɦɟɠɞɭ ɝɨɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜɨɦ ɢ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɦɢ ɨɪɝɚɧɢɡɚɰɢɹɦɢ 

 Ƚɪɟɜɰɨɜɚ Ɉ.Ⱥ. Ʉɨɧɫɬɢɬɭɰɢɨɧɧɵɟ ɩɪɢɧɰɢɩɵ ɢ ɩɪɚɜɨɜɨɟ ɪɟɝɭɥɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɟ ɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɵɯ ɨɬɧɨɲɟɧɢɣ ɝɨɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜɚ ɢ Ɋɭɫɫɤɨɣ ɉɪɚɜɨɫɥɚɜɧɨɣ ɐɟɪɤɜɢ ± Ɇ ɋɩɭɬɧɢɤ±ɫ  Ʉɨɜɚɥɟɜɫɤɢɣ ȼ.ɂɦɟɸɬ ɥɢ ɤɚɧɨɧɢɱɟɫɤɢɟ ɢ ɨɛɳɟɩɪɚɜɨɜɵɟ ɨɫɧɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɩɪɢɬɹɡɚɧɢɹ ɦɢɪɹɧɧɚɭɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɟɰɟɪɤɨɜɧɵɦɢɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɚɦɢ"ȼɟɪɚɢɊɚɡɭɦ±±,,,  Ʉɭɡɧɟɰɨɜ ɇ.Ⱦ. Ʉ ɜɨɩɪɨɫɭ ɨ ɰɟɪɤɨɜɧɨɦ ɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɟ ɢ ɨɬɧɨɲɟɧɢɢ ɝɨɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜɚ ɤ ɰɟɪɤɨɜɧɵɦ ɧɟɞɜɢɠɢɦɵɦ ɢɦɟɧɢɹɦ ɜ Ɋɨɫɫɢɢ Ⱦɨɤɥɚɞ ,9ɦɭ ɨɬɞɟɥɭ ɉɪɟɞɫɨɛɨɪɧɨɝɨ ɉɪɢɫɭɬɫɬɜɢɹȻɨɝɨɫɥɨɜɫɤɢɣɜɟɫɬɧɢɤ±>Ȼɦ@>ɛɢ@±ɫ Ɇɢɥɸɬɢɧ ȼ. ɈɧɟɞɜɢɠɢɦɵɯɴɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɚɯɴɞɭɯɨɜɟɧɫɬɜɚɜɴɊɨɫɫɢɢ±Ɇ ɋɭɜɨɪɨɜ ɇ.ɋ. ɍɱɟɛɧɢɤɰɟɪɤɨɜɧɨɝɨɩɪɚɜɚ±Ɇ ɗɤɫɩɟɪɬɧɨɟ ɡɚɤɥɸɱɟɧɢɟ ɡɚɜɟɞɭɸɳɟɝɨ ɤɚɮɟɞɪɨɣ ɢɫɬɨɪɢɢ ɝɨɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜɚ ɢ ɩɪɚɜɚ ɸɪɢɞɢɱɟɫɤɨɝɨ ɮɚɤɭɥɶɬɟɬɚ ɆȽɍ ɢɦɆȼɅɨɦɨɧɨɫɨɜɚ ɞɨɤɬ ɸɪɢɞ ɧɚɭɤ ɩɪɨɮ ȼȺɌɨɦɫɢɧɨɜɚKWWSWRPVLQRYFRP'HORQLFHBH[SBBGHFSGI!  ɒɟɪɲɧɺɜɚ-ɐɢɬɭɥɶɫɤɚɹ ɂ.Ⱥ. Ɉ ɫɩɨɫɨɛɚɯ ɩɟɪɟɯɨɞɚ ɩɪɚɜɚ ɫɨɛɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɫɬɢ ɧɚ ɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɨ Ɋɭɫɫɤɨɣ ɉɪɚɜɨɫɥɚɜɧɨɣ ɐɟɪɤɜɢ ɜ ±ɝɝ  Ƚɨɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜɨ ɢ ɩɪɚɜɨ ±  ± ʋ ± ɋ± ɒɟɪɲɧɺɜɚ-ɐɢɬɭɥɶɫɤɚɹ ɂ.Ⱥ. Ƚɪɚɠɞɚɧɫɤɚɹ ɩɪɚɜɨɫɩɨɫɨɛɧɨɫɬɶ Ɋɭɫɫɤɨɣ ɉɪɚɜɨɫɥɚɜɧɨɣ ɐɟɪɤɜɢ ɧɚɤɚɧɭɧɟ Ɉɤɬɹɛɪɹ  ɝ  Ƚɨɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜɨ ɢ ɩɪɚɜɨ ± ±ʋ±ɋ±  Ȼɚɝɚɧ ȼ.ȼ. ɉɪɨɛɥɟɦɵ ɪɟɚɥɢɡɚɰɢɢ ɡɚɤɨɧɨɞɚɬɟɥɶɫɬɜɚ ɨ ɩɟɪɟɞɚɱɟ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɦ ɨɪɝɚɧɢɡɚɰɢɹɦɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɚɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɨɝɨɧɚɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɹɧɚɯɨɞɹɳɟɝɨɫɹɜɝɨɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɣ ɢɥɢ ɦɭɧɢɰɢɩɚɥɶɧɨɣ ɫɨɛɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɫɬɢ  ɉɪɚɜɨ ɢ ɝɨɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜɨ ɬɟɨɪɢɹ ɢ ɩɪɚɤɬɢɤɚ ± ± ʋ Ȼɚɝɚɧ ȼ.ȼ. Ɉ ɧɟɤɨɬɨɪɵɯ ɪɟɡɭɥɶɬɚɬɚɯ ɧɚɭɱɧɨɝɨ ɝɪɚɠɞɚɧɫɤɨɩɪɚɜɨɜɨɝɨ ɚɧɚɥɢɡɚ ɩɪɚɜɨɩɪɢɦɟɧɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɣ ɩɪɚɤɬɢɤɢ ɩɨ Ɏɟɞɟɪɚɥɶɧɨɦɭ ɡɚɤɨɧɭ ɨɬ  ʋɎɁɉɪɚɜɨɢɨɛɪɚɡɨɜɚɧɢɟ±±ʋ  Ⱦɨɪɫɤɚɹ Ⱥ.Ⱥ.ɉɟɪɟɞɚɱɚ ɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɚ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɨɝɨ ɧɚɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɹ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɦ ɨɪɝɚɧɢɡɚɰɢɹɦ ɩɪɨɛɥɟɦɚ ɸɪɢɞɢɱɟɫɤɨɣ ɤɜɚɥɢɮɢɤɚɰɢɢ  Ɉɛɳɟɫɬɜɨ ɋɪɟɞɚ Ɋɚɡɜɢɬɢɟ 7HUUD +XPDQD  ±  ± ʋ ± ɋ± Ⱦɨɪɫɤɚɹ Ⱥ.Ⱥ. ɉɪɚɜɨɜɨɣ ɪɟɠɢɦ ɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɚ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɨɝɨ ɧɚɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɹ ɦɟɬɨɞɨɥɨɝɢɱɟɫɤɢɟ ɨɫɨɛɟɧɧɨɫɬɢ ɢɡɭɱɟɧɢɹ  ɉɪɚɜɨɜɚɹɢɧɢɰɢɚɬɢɜɚ±±ʋ  Ʉɭɧɢɰɵɧ ɂ.Ⱥ. ɉɪɚɜɨɜɨɣ ɫɬɚɬɭɫ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɯ ɨɛɴɟɞɢɧɟɧɢɣ ɜ Ɋɨɫɫɢɢ ɢɫɬɨɪɢɱɟɫɤɢɣ ɨɩɵɬɨɫɨɛɟɧɧɨɫɬɢɢɚɤɬɭɚɥɶɧɵɟɩɪɨɛɥɟɦɵ ±Ɇɉɪɚɜɨɫɥɚɜɧɨɟɞɟɥɨ ±ɫ Ʉɭɧɢɰɵɧ ɂ.Ⱥ. ȼɨɡɜɪɚɬ ©ɧɚɰɢɨɧɚɥɢɡɢɪɨɜɚɧɧɨɝɨª ɰɟɪɤɨɜɧɨɝɨ ɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɚ ɦɢɥɨɫɬɵɧɹ ɢɥɢ ɨɛɹɡɚɧɧɨɫɬɶ ɝɨɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜɚ"  ɀɭɪɧɚɥ Ɇɨɫɤɨɜɫɤɨɣ ɉɚɬɪɢɚɪɯɢɢ ±  ± ʋ Ʉɭɧɢɰɵɧ ɂ.Ⱥ. ȼɨɡɜɪɚɬ ©ɧɚɰɢɨɧɚɥɢɡɢɪɨɜɚɧɧɨɝɨª ɰɟɪɤɨɜɧɨɝɨ ɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɚ ɦɢɥɨɫɬɵɧɹ ɢɥɢɨɛɹɡɚɧɧɨɫɬɶɝɨɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜɚ"ɉɪɚɜɨɫɥɚɜɧɚɹɆɨɫɤɜɚ±±ʋ±  Ɇɚɧɵɥɨɜ ɂ.ȿ. ȼɨɡɜɪɚɬ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɦ ɨɪɝɚɧɢɡɚɰɢɹɦ ɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɚ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɨɝɨ ɧɚɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɹɜɨɩɪɨɫɨɤɭɥɶɬɭɪɧɵɯɰɟɧɧɨɫɬɹɯɁɚɤɨɧ±±ʋ±ɋ±  ɋɬɚɞɧɢɤɨɜ Ⱥ.ȼ. Ⱥɤɬɭɚɥɶɧɵɟ ɜɨɩɪɨɫɵ ɩɟɪɟɞɚɱɢ ɮɟɞɟɪɚɥɶɧɨɝɨ ɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɚ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɦɨɪɝɚɧɢɡɚɰɢɹɦɉɪɚɜɨɢɷɤɨɧɨɦɢɤɚ±±ʋ 

 

 ɞɟɬɚɥɢɡɢɪɨɜɚɧɧɨ ɩɪɚɤɬɢɱɟɫɤɢ ɧɟ ɡɚɬɪɨɧɭɬɚ ɨɬɟɱɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɵɦɢ ɢɫɫɥɟɞɨɜɚɬɟɥɹɦɢ Ʉɚɤ ɢɫɤɥɸɱɟɧɢɟ ɦɨɠɧɨ ɭɤɚɡɚɬɶ ɪɚɛɨɬɵɄɆȺɧɞɪɟɟɜɚ ɝɞɟ ɛɵɥɨ ɢɫɫɥɟɞɨɜɚɧɨ ɧɟɫɤɨɥɶɤɨ ɫɨɝɥɚɲɟɧɢɣ ɜ ɱɚɫɬɢɪɟɝɭɥɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɹɜɨɩɪɨɫɨɜɨɬɧɨɫɢɦɵɯɭɤɚɡɚɧɧɵɦɚɜɬɨɪɨɦɤɬɟɦɢɥɢ ɢɧɵɦ ɜɢɞɚɦ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɨɣ ɬɚɣɧɵ ɚ ɬɚɤɠɟ ɢɫɫɥɟɞɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɂȼɉɨɧɤɢɧɚ ɝɞɟɡɚɬɪɚɝɢɜɚɥɢɫɶɥɢɲɶɪɟɮɟɪɟɧɬɧɵɟɫɨɝɥɚɲɟɧɢɹɎɪɚɧɰɢɢ ɇɟɤɨɬɨɪɵɟ ɪɚɡɦɵɲɥɟɧɢɹ ɨ ɤɨɧɤɨɪɞɚɬɚɯ ɜ ɨɩɪɟɞɟɥɺɧɧɨɣ ɦɟɪɟ ɧɚɲɥɢ ɨɬɪɚɠɟɧɢɟ ɜ ɪɚɛɨɬɚɯ ɋȼȾɶɹɱɟɧɤɨ ȿȺɅɚɝɨɞɚ Ⱥȼɉɱɟɥɢɧɰɟɜɚ ɇɘɒɥɸɧɞɬ Ɂɚɪɭɛɟɠɧɵɣ ɨɩɵɬ ɪɟɝɭɥɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɵɯ ɨɬɧɨɲɟɧɢɣ ɜ ɄɇɊ  ɩɨɥɭɱɢɥ ɨɬɪɚɠɟɧɢɟ ɜ ɪɚɛɨɬɚɯ ɅȺɮɨɧɢɧɨɣ ɇɚɡɜɚɧɧɨɣ ɬɟɦɵ ɜɟɫɶɦɚ ɧɟɦɧɨɝɨ ɤɚɫɚɥɢɫɶ ɜ ɫɜɨɢɯ ɪɚɛɨɬɚɯ ɢɧɨɫɬɪɚɧɧɵɟ ɚɜɬɨɪɵ Ʉɚɤ ɢɫɤɥɸɱɟɧɢɟ ɢɡ ɩɟɪɟɜɨɞɧɵɯ ɪɚɛɨɬ ɦɨɠɧɨ ɩɪɢɜɟɫɬɢ ɪɚɛɨɬɭ Ɏɪɚɧɱɟɫɤɨ Ɇɚɪɞɠɨɬɬɚ Ȼɪɨɥɶɨ ɑɟɡɚɪɟ Ɇɢɪɚɛɟɥɥɢ Ɏɪɚɧɱɟɫɤɨ Ɉɧɢɞɵ  ©Ɋɟɥɢɝɢɢ ɢ ɸɪɢɞɢɱɟɫɤɢɟ ɫɢɫɬɟɦɵ ȼɜɟɞɟɧɢɟ ɜ ɫɪɚɜɧɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɟɰɟɪɤɨɜɧɨɟɩɪɚɜɨªɢɬɪɭɞɗɪɧɟɫɬɚɋɚɬɨɭ

 Ⱥɧɞɪɟɟɜ Ʉ.Ɇ. ɉɨɧɹɬɢɟ ɢ ɨɫɨɛɟɧɧɨɫɬɢ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɨɣ ɬɚɣɧɵ ɜ ɪɚɦɤɚɯ ɪɟɚɥɢɡɚɰɢɢ ɤɨɧɫɬɢɬɭɰɢɨɧɧɨɣɫɜɨɛɨɞɵɜɟɪɨɢɫɩɨɜɟɞɚɧɢɹ±Ɇɘɪɢɫɩɪɭɞɟɧɰɢɹ±ɫ  ɉɨɧɤɢɧ ɂ.ȼ. ɋɨɜɪɟɦɟɧɧɨɟ ɫɜɟɬɫɤɨɟ ɝɨɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜɨ ɤɨɧɫɬɪɭɤɬɢɜɧɚɹ ɫɜɟɬɫɤɨɫɬɶ Ʉɨɧɫɬɢɬɭɰɢɨɧɧɨɩɪɚɜɨɜɨɟ ɢɫɫɥɟɞɨɜɚɧɢɟ ± Ɇ  ± ɫ ɉɨɧɤɢɧ ɂ.ȼ. ɋɜɟɬɫɤɨɫɬɶ ɝɨɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜɚ ɢ ɨɛɪɚɡɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɜɨ Ɏɪɚɧɰɢɢ ɜɡɝɥɹɞ ɧɚ ± ɝɝ ± Ɇ  ± ɫ ɉɨɧɤɢɧ ɂ.ȼ. ɂɫɥɚɦ ɜɨ Ɏɪɚɧɰɢɢ ± Ɇ ɍɇɐ ȾɈ  ± ɫ ɉɨɧɤɢɧ ɂ.ȼ. ɋɨɜɪɟɦɟɧɧɨɟ ɫɜɟɬɫɤɨɟ ɝɨɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜɨ ɤɨɧɫɬɢɬɭɰɢɨɧɧɨɩɪɚɜɨɜɨɟ ɢɫɫɥɟɞɨɜɚɧɢɟȾɢɫɞɨɤɬɸɪɢɞɢɱɧɚɭɤɊȺȽɋ±Ɇ±ɫ  Ⱦɶɹɱɟɧɤɨ ɋ.ȼ. Ɇɟɠɞɭɧɚɪɨɞɧɨɩɪɚɜɨɜɚɹ ɩɪɢɪɨɞɚ ɤɨɧɤɨɪɞɚɬɨɜ Ɇɨɫɤɨɜɫɤɢɣ ɠɭɪɧɚɥ ɦɟɠɞɭɧɚɪɨɞɧɨɝɨɩɪɚɜɚ±±ʋ  ±ɋ±  Ʌɚɝɨɞɚ ȿ.Ⱥ. Ʉɨɧɤɨɪɞɚɬɧɚɹ ɫɢɫɬɟɦɚ ɤɚɤ ɦɨɞɟɥɶ ɩɪɚɜɨɜɨɝɨ ɪɟɝɭɥɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɝɨɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɰɟɪɤɨɜɧɵɯ ɨɬɧɨɲɟɧɢɣ  Ɉɛɳɟɫɬɜɨ ɩɨɥɢɬɢɤɚ ɷɤɨɧɨɦɢɤɚ ɩɪɚɜɨ ± ±ʋ±ɋ±  ɉɱɟɥɢɧɰɟɜ Ⱥ.ȼ.ɋɜɨɛɨɞɚ ɜɟɪɨɢɫɩɨɜɟɞɚɧɢɹ ɢ ɞɟɹɬɟɥɶɧɨɫɬɶ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɯ ɨɛɴɟɞɢɧɟɧɢɣɜɊɨɫɫɢɣɫɤɨɣɎɟɞɟɪɚɰɢɢɤɨɧɫɬɢɬɭɰɢɨɧɧɨɩɪɚɜɨɜɵɟɨɫɧɨɜɵ±Ɇ  ɒɥɸɧɞɬ ɇ.ɘ. Ʉɨɧɤɨɪɞɚɬ ɜ ɦɟɯɚɧɢɡɦɟ ɦɟɠɞɭɧɚɪɨɞɧɨɩɪɚɜɨɜɨɝɨ ɪɟɝɭɥɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɉɪɚɜɨɜɚɹ ɩɨɥɢɬɢɤɚ ɢ ɩɪɚɜɨɜɚɹ ɠɢɡɧɶ ±  ± ʋ ± ɋ± ɒɥɸɧɞɬ ɇ.ɘ. Ɇɟɠɞɭɧɚɪɨɞɧɵɣ ɯɚɪɚɤɬɟɪ ɤɨɧɤɨɪɞɚɬɨɜ Ɏɭɧɞɚɦɟɧɬɚɥɶɧɵɟ ɢɫɫɥɟɞɨɜɚɧɢɹ±±ʋɑ±ɋ± Ⱥɮɨɧɢɧɚ Ʌ. ɇɟɞɜɢɠɢɦɨɟ ɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɨ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɯ ɨɪɝɚɧɢɡɚɰɢɣ ɜ ɄɇɊ  Ⱥɡɢɹ ɢ Ⱥɮɪɢɤɚɫɟɝɨɞɧɹ±±ʋ±ɋ±  Ɇɚɪɞɠɨɬɬɚ Ȼɪɨɥɶɨ Ɏ., Ɇɢɪɚɛɟɥɥɢ ɑ., Ɉɧɢɞɚ Ɏ. Ɋɟɥɢɝɢɢ ɢ ɸɪɢɞɢɱɟɫɤɢɟ ɫɢɫɬɟɦɵ ȼɜɟɞɟɧɢɟɜɫɪɚɜɧɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɟɰɟɪɤɨɜɧɨɟɩɪɚɜɨɉɟɪɫɢɬɚɥ±Ɇ±ɫ  ɋɚɬɨɭ ɗ.Ɋɭɤɨɜɨɞɫɬɜɨ ɩɨ ɞɢɩɥɨɦɚɬɢɱɟɫɤɨɣ ɩɪɚɤɬɢɤɟ ɉɟɪ ɫ ɚɧɝɥ ɉɨɞ ɨɛɳɟɣ ɪɟɞɚɤɰɢɟɣɎɎɆɨɥɨɱɤɨɜɚ±Ɇɂɡɞɂɧɫɬɢɬɭɬɚɦɟɠɞɭɧɚɪɨɞɧɵɯɨɬɧɨɲɟɧɢɣ± ɫ 

 

 ɂɡɡɚɪɭɛɟɠɧɵɯɚɜɬɨɪɨɜɤɚɫɚɜɲɢɯɫɹɢɫɫɥɟɞɭɟɦɨɣɬɟɦɵɜɵɞɟɥɢɦ ɫɥɟɞɭɸɳɢɯ Ʉɥɚɪɚ ɇɟɞɜɟɞɨɜɚ ɢ Ɋɟɧɚɬɚ ɒɧɟɣɞɟɪɨɜɚɏɟɪɚɥɨɜɚ ȽɟɪɛɟɪɬɌɚɪɫɬɨɧɅɭɢɫȾɠɋɢɪɢɤɨɗɞɜɚɪɞɏɚɥɥɎɢɨɧɚɆɚɤɤɷɪɬɢ Ʌɥɨɣɞ Ʌɚɧɫɮɨɪɞ Ɋɟɧɟ Ɇɟɬɰ Ⱦɠɨɧ Ⱦɠɷɣ ɏɶɸɡ ɉɢɬɟɪ ɉɟɬɤɨɮɮ ɉɨɥɶɎɨɲɢɥɶɢɞɪɂɡɱɢɫɥɚɢɡɞɚɧɢɣɧɚɢɧɨɫɬɪɚɧɧɵɯɹɡɵɤɚɯɜɵɞɟɥɢɦ ɬɚɤɠɟ ɧɟɤɨɬɨɪɵɟ ɫɛɨɪɧɢɤɢ ɧɨɪɦɚɬɢɜɧɵɯ ɚɤɬɨɜ ɢ ɞɨɤɭɦɟɧɬɨɜ ɜ ɪɚɫɫɦɚɬɪɢɜɚɟɦɨɣɨɛɥɚɫɬɢ ɍɱɢɬɵɜɚɹ ɫɤɚɡɚɧɧɨɟ ɬɟɦ ɧɟ ɦɟɧɟɟ ɜɵɧɭɠɞɟɧɵ ɡɚɤɥɸɱɢɬɶ ɱɬɨ ɜ ɪɚɦɤɚɯ ɡɚɪɭɛɟɠɧɨɣ ɢ ɬɟɦ ɛɨɥɟɟ ɨɬɟɱɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɣ ɝɪɚɠɞɚɧɫɤɨɩɪɚɜɨɜɨɣ ɧɚɭɤɢ ɡɚɹɜɥɟɧɧɵɣ ɤɨɦɩɥɟɤɫ ɜɨɩɪɨɫɨɜ ɧɟ ɩɨɥɭɱɢɥ ɧɚɞɥɟɠɚɳɟɝɨ ɢɫɫɥɟɞɨɜɚɧɢɹɢɪɚɫɤɪɵɬɢɹɬɟɦɚɩɨɩɪɟɠɧɟɦɭɹɜɥɹɟɬɫɹɧɟɢɫɱɟɪɩɚɧɧɨɣ ɧɭɠɞɚɹɫɶɜɞɚɥɶɧɟɣɲɟɦɧɚɭɱɧɨɦɨɫɦɵɫɥɟɧɢɢ ɐɟɥɶ ɪɚɛɨɬɵ ɫɨɫɬɨɢɬ ɜ ɧɚɭɱɧɨɦ ɢɫɫɥɟɞɨɜɚɧɢɢ ɫ ɩɨɡɢɰɢɣ ɝɪɚɠɞɚɧɫɤɨɩɪɚɜɨɜɨɣ ɧɚɭɤɢ ɧɚ ɨɫɧɨɜɟ ɡɚɪɭɛɟɠɧɨɝɨ ɨɩɵɬɚ  ɨɫɨɛɟɧɧɨɫɬɟɣɫɬɚɬɭɫɚɢɩɪɚɜɨɜɨɣɩɪɢɪɨɞɵɧɟɞɜɢɠɢɦɵɯɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɵɯ

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 ɞɨɫɬɨɢɧɫɬɜɨɌɚɤɢɟɦɟɫɬɚɧɟɦɨɝɭɬɛɵɬɶɫɧɟɫɟɧɵɛɟɡɩɪɟɞɜɚɪɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɝɨ ɥɢɲɟɧɢɹɷɬɢɯɦɟɫɬɢɯɫɬɚɬɭɫɚɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɨɝɨɧɚɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɹ ɂɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɧɢɟ ɦɟɫɬ ɨɬɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɹ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɨɝɨ ɤɭɥɶɬɚ ɞɥɹ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɯɰɟɥɟɣɧɚɯɨɞɢɬɫɹɜɤɨɦɩɟɬɟɧɰɢɢɰɟɪɤɨɜɧɵɯɜɥɚɫɬɟɣ ɂɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɨ ɩɪɟɞɫɬɚɜɥɹɸɳɟɟ ɤɭɥɶɬɭɪɧɵɣ ɢɧɬɟɪɟɫ ɤɚɤ ɧɟɞɜɢɠɢɦɨɟ ɬɚɤ ɢɞɜɢɠɢɦɨɟ ɩɪɟɞɧɚɡɧɚɱɟɧɧɨɟ ɞɥɹ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɯɰɟɥɟɣ ɢ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɨɝɨ ɩɨɤɥɨɧɟɧɢɹ ɡɚɳɢɳɚɟɬɫɹ ɝɨɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜɨɦ ɛɟɡ ɭɳɟɪɛɚ ɞɥɹ ɩɨɥɧɨɦɨɱɢɣ ɤɨɦɩɟɬɟɧɬɧɵɯ ɰɟɪɤɨɜɧɵɯ ɜɥɚɫɬɟɣ ɩɨ ɫɨɯɪɚɧɟɧɢɸ ɧɚɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɹ ɢ ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɬɚɤɨɝɨ ɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɚ ɜ ɰɟɥɹɯ ɨɬɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɹ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɨɝɨɤɭɥɶɬɚª Ʉɪɨɦɟɬɨɝɨɫɨɝɥɚɫɧɨɱɚɫɬɢɫɬɚɬɶɢ9ɋɨɝɥɚɲɟɧɢɹɨɬ ɦɟɠɞɭ ɋɜɹɬɵɦ ɉɪɟɫɬɨɥɨɦ ɢ Ʉɧɹɠɟɫɬɜɨɦ Ⱥɧɞɨɪɪɚ ɐɟɪɤɨɜɶ ɢ ɝɨɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜɨ ɨɫɭɳɟɫɬɜɥɹɸɬ ɫɨɬɪɭɞɧɢɱɟɫɬɜɨ ɜ ɰɟɥɹɯ ɨɛɟɫɩɟɱɟɧɢɹ ɫɨɯɪɚɧɟɧɢɹɡɚɳɢɬɵɢɢɡɭɱɟɧɢɹɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɯɨɛɴɟɤɬɨɜɤɨɬɨɪɵɟɜɯɨɞɹɬɜ ɯɭɞɨɠɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɟɢɚɪɯɢɬɟɤɬɭɪɧɨɟɧɚɫɥɟɞɢɟɄɧɹɠɟɫɬɜɚȺɧɞɨɪɪɚ  Ȼɪɚɡɢɥɢɹ Ʉɥɸɱɟɜɵɦ ɞɨɤɭɦɟɧɬɨɦ ɜ Ȼɪɚɡɢɥɢɢ ɩɨ ɪɚɫɫɦɚɬɪɢɜɚɟɦɨɦɭ ɤɪɭɝɭ ɜɨɩɪɨɫɨɜ ɹɜɥɹɟɬɫɹ ɋɨɝɥɚɲɟɧɢɟ ɨɬ  ɦɟɠɞɭ Ɏɟɞɟɪɚɬɢɜɧɨɣ Ɋɟɫɩɭɛɥɢɤɨɣ Ȼɪɚɡɢɥɢɹ ɢ ɋɜɹɬɵɦ ɉɪɟɫɬɨɥɨɦ ɨ ɩɪɚɜɨɜɨɦ ɫɬɚɬɭɫɟ Ʉɚɬɨɥɢɱɟɫɤɨɣ ɰɟɪɤɜɢ ɜ Ȼɪɚɡɢɥɢɢ ɗɬɨ ɫɨɝɥɚɲɟɧɢɟ ɛɵɥɨ ɨɞɨɛɪɟɧɨ ɇɚɰɢɨɧɚɥɶɧɵɦ ɤɨɧɝɪɟɫɫɨɦ Ɂɚɤɨɧɨɞɚɬɟɥɶɧɵɦ ɞɟɤɪɟɬɨɦ  ɨɬ  ʋ ɜɫɬɭɩɢɥɨ ɜ ɫɢɥɭ  ɢ ɛɵɥɨ ɨɛɧɚɪɨɞɨɜɚɧɨ Ⱦɟɤɪɟɬɨɦ ɉɪɟɡɢɞɟɧɬɚȻɪɚɡɢɥɢɢʋɨɬ ɋɬɚɬɶɹ  ɋɨɝɥɚɲɟɧɢɹ ɨɬ  ɦɟɠɞɭ Ɏɟɞɟɪɚɬɢɜɧɨɣ Ɋɟɫɩɭɛɥɢɤɨɣ Ȼɪɚɡɢɥɢɹ ɢ ɋɜɹɬɵɦ ɉɪɟɫɬɨɥɨɦ ɨ ɩɪɚɜɨɜɨɦ ɫɬɚɬɭɫɟ Ʉɚɬɨɥɢɱɟɫɤɨɣ ɰɟɪɤɜɢ ɜ Ȼɪɚɡɢɥɢɢ ɭɫɬɚɧɚɜɥɢɜɚɟɬ ɫɥɟɞɭɸɳɟɟ ©ȼɵɫɨɤɢɟ ɞɨɝɨɜɚɪɢɜɚɸɳɢɟɫɹ ɋɬɨɪɨɧɵ ɩɪɢɡɧɚɸɬ ɱɬɨ ɢɫɬɨɪɢɱɟɫɤɨɟ ɯɭɞɨɠɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɟ ɢ ɤɭɥɶɬɭɪɧɨɟ ɧɚɫɥɟɞɢɟ Ʉɚɬɨɥɢɱɟɫɤɨɣ ɰɟɪɤɜɢ ɚ ɬɚɤɠɟ ɞɨɤɭɦɟɧɬɵ ɯɪɚɧɹɳɢɟɫɹ ɜ ɟɺ ɚɪɯɢɜɚɯ ɢ ɛɢɛɥɢɨɬɟɤɚɯ ɩɪɟɞɫɬɚɜɥɹɸɬ ɫɨɛɨɣ ɜɚɠɧɭɸ ɱɚɫɬɶ ɛɪɚɡɢɥɶɫɤɨɝɨ ɤɭɥɶɬɭɪɧɨɝɨ ɧɚɫɥɟɞɢɹ ɢ ɛɭɞɭɬ

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 ɋɨɝɥɚɫɧɨ ɱɚɫɬɢ  ɫɬɚɬɶɢ 9, ɧɚɡɜɚɧɧɨɝɨ ɋɨɝɥɚɲɟɧɢɹ ©ɞɨɬɚɰɢɢ ɚɪɯɢɟɩɢɫɤɨɩɫɤɢɦɩɪɟɫɬɨɥɚɦɩɪɟɞɨɫɬɚɜɥɹɸɬɫɹɜɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɢɢɫɩɪɟɠɧɟɣ ɨɫɧɨɜɨɣɢɫɱɢɫɥɟɧɢɹª ɑɚɫɬɶ  ɭɤɚɡɚɧɧɨɣ ɫɬɚɬɶɢ ɩɪɟɞɭɫɦɚɬɪɢɜɚɥɚ ɫɥɟɞɭɸɳɟɟ ©ɨɛɴɺɦ ɩɪɟɞɨɫɬɚɜɥɹɟɦɵɯ ɞɨɬɚɰɢɣ ɞɥɹ ɝɥɚɜɵ ɫɨɛɨɪɚ ɢ ɫɨɛɨɪɧɵɯ ɩɪɟɛɟɧɞɨɜ ɫɪɟɞɫɬɜ ɧɟɨɛɯɨɞɢɦɵɯ ɞɥɹ ɫɬɪɨɢɬɟɥɶɫɬɜɚ ɫɨɨɪɭɠɟɧɢɣ ɫɪɟɞɫɬɜ ɧɟɨɛɯɨɞɢɦɵɯ ɧɚ ɩɨɤɪɵɬɢɟ ɪɚɫɯɨɞɨɜ ɚɪɯɢɟɩɢɫɤɨɩɫɤɨɣ ɤɚɧɰɟɥɹɪɢɢ ɚ ɬɚɤɠɟ ɫɪɟɞɫɬɜ ɧɟɨɛɯɨɞɢɦɵɯ ɧɚ ɭɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɟ ɰɟɪɤɨɜɧɵɦ ɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɨɦ ɢ ɨɫɭɳɟɫɬɜɥɟɧɢɟ ɧɚɞ ɧɢɦ ɤɨɧɬɪɨɥɹ ɛɭɞɟɬ ɜɩɪɟɞɶ ɫɨɫɬɚɜɥɹɬɶ  ɪɟɣɯɫɦɚɪɨɤɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɟɧɧɨª ȼ ɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɢɢ ɫ ɱɚɫɬɶɸ  ɫɬɚɬɶɢ ,9 ɋɨɝɥɚɲɟɧɢɹ ɨɬ  ɦɟɠɞɭ ɋɜɹɬɵɦ ɉɪɟɫɬɨɥɨɦ ɢ ɋɜɨɛɨɞɧɵɦ ɝɨɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜɨɦ Ȼɚɞɟɧ ©Ʉɚɬɨɥɢɱɟɫɤɚɹ ɰɟɪɤɨɜɶ ɜ Ȼɚɞɟɧɟ ɜɩɪɚɜɟ ɜɡɢɦɚɬɶ ɰɟɪɤɨɜɧɵɟ ɧɚɥɨɝɢ ɧɚ ɨɫɧɨɜɚɧɢɢ ɝɨɪɨɞɫɤɢɯ ɧɚɥɨɝɨɜɵɯ ɫɩɢɫɤɨɜ ɢ ɜ ɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɢɢ ɫ ɩɨɥɨɠɟɧɢɹɦɢ Ʉɨɧɫɬɢɬɭɰɢɢ Ƚɟɪɦɚɧɫɤɨɣ ɢɦɩɟɪɢɢ ɢ Ʉɨɧɫɬɢɬɭɰɢɢ ɋɜɨɛɨɞɧɨɝɨɝɨɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜɚȻɚɞɟɧɚɬɚɤɠɟɡɚɤɨɧɨɞɚɬɟɥɶɫɬɜɨɦɋɜɨɛɨɞɧɨɝɨ ɝɨɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜɚȻɚɞɟɧª ɑɚɫɬɶɫɬɚɬɶɢ,,,ɋɨɝɥɚɲɟɧɢɹɨɬɦɟɠɞɭɋɜɨɛɨɞɧɵɦ ɝɨɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜɨɦ Ȼɚɞɟɧ ɢ Ɉɛɴɟɞɢɧɟɧɧɨɣ ȿɜɚɧɝɟɥɢɱɟɫɤɨ ɩɪɨɬɟɫɬɚɧɬɫɤɨɣ ɪɟɝɢɨɧɚɥɶɧɨɣ ɰɟɪɤɨɜɶɸ Ȼɚɞɟɧɚ ɭɫɬɚɧɚɜɥɢɜɚɥɚ ɱɬɨ ©ɩɪɚɜɨ ɫɨɛɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɫɬɢ ɢ ɞɪɭɝɢɟ ɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɵɟ ɩɪɚɜɚ ȿɜɚɧɝɟɥɢɱɟɫɤɨɩɪɨɬɟɫɬɚɧɬɫɤɨɣ ɪɟɝɢɨɧɚɥɶɧɨɣ ɰɟɪɤɜɢ Ȼɚɞɟɧɚ ɟɺ ɩɭɛɥɢɱɧɨɩɪɚɜɨɜɵɯɤɨɪɩɨɪɚɰɢɣɭɱɪɟɠɞɟɧɢɣɢɮɨɧɞɨɜɚɬɚɤɠɟɨɪɞɟɧɨɜ ɢɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɯɛɪɚɬɫɬɜ«ɝɚɪɚɧɬɢɪɭɸɬɫɹɜɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɢɢɫɄɨɧɫɬɢɬɭɰɢɟɣ Ƚɟɪɦɚɧɢɢª ɋɨɝɥɚɫɧɨ ɱɚɫɬɢ  ɫɬɚɬɶɢ ,,, ɋɨɝɥɚɲɟɧɢɹ ɨɬ  ɦɟɠɞɭ ɋɜɨɛɨɞɧɵɦ ɝɨɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜɨɦ Ȼɚɞɟɧ ɢ Ɉɛɴɟɞɢɧɟɧɧɨɣ ȿɜɚɧɝɟɥɢɱɟɫɤɨ ɩɪɨɬɟɫɬɚɧɬɫɤɨɣ ɪɟɝɢɨɧɚɥɶɧɨɣ ɰɟɪɤɨɜɶɸ Ȼɚɞɟɧɚ ©ɝɨɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜɟɧɧɵɟ ɡɞɚɧɢɹ ɢɥɢ ɡɟɦɟɥɶɧɵɟ ɭɱɚɫɬɤɢ ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɭɸɳɢɟɫɹ ɞɥɹ ɰɟɥɟɣ ɐɟɪɤɜɢ

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 ɨɫɬɚɸɬɫɹ ɜ ɬɚɤɨɦ ɠɟ ɫɬɚɬɭɫɟ ɤɚɤ ɢ ɩɪɟɠɞɟ ɛɟɡ ɭɳɟɪɛɚ ɞɥɹ ɞɟɣɫɬɜɭɸɳɢɯ ɫɨɝɥɚɲɟɧɢɣ Ƚɨɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜɨ Ȼɚɞɟɧ ɜɦɟɫɬɟ ɫ ɬɟɦ ɨɫɬɚɜɥɹɟɬ ɡɚ ɫɨɛɨɣ ɢɫɤɥɸɱɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɟ ɩɪɚɜɨ ɡɚɦɟɧɹɬɶ ɬɚɤɢɟ ɡɞɚɧɢɹ ɢɥɢ ɡɟɦɟɥɶɧɵɟ ɭɱɚɫɬɤɢ ɧɚ ɞɪɭɝɢɟ ɚɧɚɥɨɝɢɱɧɵɟ ɨɛɴɟɤɬɵ ɩɨ ɫɨɝɥɚɫɨɜɚɧɢɸ ɫ ɪɭɤɨɜɨɞɫɬɜɨɦ ȿɜɚɧɝɟɥɢɱɟɫɤɨɣ ɰɟɪɤɜɢ ɉɪɚɜɚ ɧɚ ɬɚɤɢɟ ɡɟɦɟɥɶɧɵɟ ɭɱɚɫɬɤɢɧɟɩɪɢɨɛɪɟɬɚɸɬɫɹɜɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɢɢɫɧɚɫɬɨɹɳɢɦɋɨɝɥɚɲɟɧɢɟɦª ɉɪɢ ɷɬɨɦ ɱɚɫɬɶ  ɞɚɧɧɨɣ ɫɬɚɬɶɢ ɩɪɟɞɭɫɦɚɬɪɢɜɚɥɚ ɬɚɤɠɟ ɱɬɨ ɞɟɣɫɬɜɭɸɳɢɟ ɰɟɪɤɨɜɧɵɟ ɩɪɚɜɚ ɧɚ ɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɭɸɳɟɟ ɧɟɞɜɢɠɢɦɨɟ ɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɨ ɜɬɨɦɱɢɫɥɟ±ɩɪɚɜɚɧɚɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɧɢɟɢɦ ɟɫɥɢɷɬɨɝɨɟɳɟɧɟ ɫɞɟɥɚɧɨ ɞɨɥɠɧɵ ɛɵɥɢ ɛɵɬɶ ɨɛɟɫɩɟɱɟɧɵ ɩɨɫɪɟɞɫɬɜɨɦ ɡɚɧɟɫɟɧɢɹ ɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɭɸɳɟɣ ɢɧɮɨɪɦɚɰɢɢ ɜ ɡɟɦɟɥɶɧɵɟ ɤɚɞɚɫɬɪɵ ɩɨ ɡɚɩɪɨɫɭ Ɉɛɴɟɞɢɧɟɧɧɨɣ ȿɜɚɧɝɟɥɢɱɟɫɤɨɩɪɨɬɟɫɬɚɧɬɫɤɨɣ ɪɟɝɢɨɧɚɥɶɧɨɣ ɰɟɪɤɜɢ Ȼɚɞɟɧɚ ɋɬɚɬɶɹ  ɋɨɝɥɚɲɟɧɢɹ ɨɬ  ɦɟɠɞɭ ɮɟɞɟɪɚɥɶɧɨɣ ɡɟɦɥɟɣ Ȼɚɞɟɧȼɸɪɬɟɦɛɟɪɝ ɢ ȿɜɚɧɝɟɥɢɱɟɫɤɨɣ ɰɟɪɤɨɜɶɸ ɜ Ȼɚɞɟɧɟ ɢ ȿɜɚɧɝɟɥɢɱɟɫɤɨɣ ɰɟɪɤɨɜɶɸ ɜ ȼɸɪɬɟɦɛɟɪɝɟ ɭɫɬɚɧɚɜɥɢɜɚɟɬ ɫɥɟɞɭɸɳɟɟ ©ɉɪɚɜɨ ɫɨɛɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɫɬɢ ɢ ɞɪɭɝɢɟ ɩɪɚɜɚ ɰɟɪɤɜɢ ɢ ɟɺ ɩɨɞɪɚɡɞɟɥɟɧɢɣ ɝɚɪɚɧɬɢɪɭɸɬɫɹ ɜ ɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɢɢ ɫ ɚɛɡɚɰɟɦ  ɫɬɚɬɶɢ  ɄɨɧɫɬɢɬɭɰɢɢȽɟɪɦɚɧɢɢɨɬ ɂɡɴɹɬɢɟ ɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɚ ɝɨɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜɨɦ ɜ ɩɭɛɥɢɱɧɭɸ ɫɨɛɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɫɬɶ ɞɨɥɠɧɨ ɩɪɨɢɡɜɨɞɢɬɶɫɹ ɫ ɫɨɛɥɸɞɟɧɢɟɦ ɢɧɬɟɪɟɫɨɜ ɰɟɪɤɜɢ ɢ ɟɺ ɩɨɞɪɚɡɞɟɥɟɧɢɣª ɑɚɫɬɶɸ  ɫɬɚɬɶɢ  ɋɨɝɥɚɲɟɧɢɹ ɨɬ  ɦɟɠɞɭ ɮɟɞɟɪɚɥɶɧɨɣ ɡɟɦɥɟɣ Ȼɚɞɟɧȼɸɪɬɟɦɛɟɪɝ ɢ ȿɜɚɧɝɟɥɢɱɟɫɤɨɣ ɰɟɪɤɨɜɶɸ ɜ Ȼɚɞɟɧɟ ɢ ȿɜɚɧɝɟɥɢɱɟɫɤɨɣ ɰɟɪɤɨɜɶɸ ɜ ȼɸɪɬɟɦɛɟɪɝɟ ɝɚɪɚɧɬɢɪɭɟɬɫɹ

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 ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɟ ɨɪɝɚɧɢɡɚɰɢɢ ɞɨɥɠɧɵ ɩɨɡɜɨɥɹɬɶ ɨɫɭɳɟɫɬɜɥɹɬɶ ɧɚ ɫɜɨɢɯ ɤɥɚɞɛɢɳɚɯɡɚɯɨɪɨɧɟɧɢɟɥɸɛɵɯɭɦɟɪɲɢɯɜɝɨɪɨɞɟ ȼ ɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɢɢ ɫɨ ɫɬɚɬɶɟɣ  ɋɨɝɥɚɲɟɧɢɹ ɨɬ  ɦɟɠɞɭ ɮɟɞɟɪɚɥɶɧɨɣ ɡɟɦɥɟɣ Ȼɚɞɟɧȼɸɪɬɟɦɛɟɪɝ ɢ ȿɜɚɧɝɟɥɢɱɟɫɤɨɣ ɰɟɪɤɨɜɶɸ ɜ Ȼɚɞɟɧɟɢȿɜɚɧɝɟɥɢɱɟɫɤɨɣɰɟɪɤɨɜɶɸɜȼɸɪɬɟɦɛɟɪɝɟɰɟɪɤɜɢɢɢɯɩɪɢɯɨɞɵ ɢɦɟɸɬ ɩɪɚɜɨ ɫɨɛɢɪɚɬɶ ɰɟɪɤɨɜɧɵɟ ɧɚɥɨɝɢ ɫɨ ɫɜɨɢɯ ɱɥɟɧɨɜ ɞɥɹ ɨɛɟɫɩɟɱɟɧɢɹɫɜɨɢɯɩɨɬɪɟɛɧɨɫɬɟɣɉɪɢɷɬɨɦɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɭɸɳɢɟɪɟɲɟɧɢɹɨ ɜɡɢɦɚɧɢɢ ɬɚɤɢɯ ɫɛɨɪɨɜ ɬɪɟɛɭɸɬ ɨɞɨɛɪɟɧɢɹ ɫɨ ɫɬɨɪɨɧɵ ɨɪɝɚɧɨɜ ɩɭɛɥɢɱɧɨɣɜɥɚɫɬɢ ɋɨɝɥɚɫɧɨ ɫɬɚɬɶɟ  ɧɚɡɜɚɧɧɨɝɨ ɋɨɝɥɚɲɟɧɢɹ ɝɨɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜɨ ɩɪɟɞɨɫɬɚɜɥɹɟɬ ȿɜɚɧɝɟɥɢɱɟɫɤɨɣ ɰɟɪɤɜɢ ɜ Ȼɚɞɟɧɟ ɢ ȿɜɚɧɝɟɥɢɱɟɫɤɨ ɥɸɬɟɪɚɧɫɤɨɣ ɰɟɪɤɜɢ ɜ ȼɸɪɬɟɦɛɟɪɝɟ ɨɩɪɟɞɟɥɺɧɧɭɸ ɮɢɧɚɧɫɨɜɭɸ ɩɨɞɞɟɪɠɤɭɜɭɫɬɚɧɨɜɥɟɧɧɨɦɪɚɡɦɟɪɟɧɚɨɩɪɟɞɟɥɺɧɧɵɟɰɟɥɢ ɋɨɝɥɚɲɟɧɢɟɨɬɦɟɠɞɭɮɟɞɟɪɚɥɶɧɨɣɡɟɦɥɟɣȻɚɞɟɧ ȼɸɪɬɟɦɛɟɪɝ ɢ ȿɜɪɟɣɫɤɨɣ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɨɣ ɨɛɳɢɧɨɣ Ȼɚɞɟɧɚ ɢ ȿɜɪɟɣɫɤɨɣɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɨɣɨɛɳɢɧɨɣȼɸɪɬɟɦɛɟɪɝɚɧɟɫɬɨɥɶɩɨɞɪɨɛɧɨ ɭɫɬɚɧɚɜɥɢɜɚɟɬɫɬɚɬɭɫɨɛɴɟɤɬɨɜɧɟɞɜɢɠɢɦɨɫɬɢɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɨɝɨɧɚɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɹ ɢ ɫɤɨɪɟɟ ɩɪɟɞɫɬɚɜɥɹɟɬ ɢɧɬɟɪɟɫ ɜ ɩɥɚɧɟ ɭɫɬɚɧɨɜɥɟɧɢɹ ɨɛɹɡɚɧɧɨɫɬɢ ɝɨɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜɚ ɩɨ ɨɤɚɡɚɧɢɸ ɮɢɧɚɧɫɨɜɨɣ ɩɨɦɨɳɢ ɜ ɫɨɞɟɪɠɚɧɢɢ ɬɚɤɢɯ ɨɛɴɟɤɬɨɜ ɋɨɝɥɚɫɧɨ ɱɚɫɬɢ  ɫɬɚɬɶɢ  ɋɨɝɥɚɲɟɧɢɹ ɨɬ  ɦɟɠɞɭ ɮɟɞɟɪɚɥɶɧɨɣ ɡɟɦɥɟɣ Ȼɚɞɟɧȼɸɪɬɟɦɛɟɪɝ ɢ ȿɜɪɟɣɫɤɨɣ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɨɣ ɨɛɳɢɧɨɣ Ȼɚɞɟɧɚ ɢ ȿɜɪɟɣɫɤɨɣ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɨɣ ɨɛɳɢɧɨɣ ȼɸɪɬɟɦɛɟɪɝɚ ɩɪɢ ɪɟɚɥɢɡɚɰɢɢ ɩɭɛɥɢɱɧɨɝɨ ɭɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɹ ɜ ɫɮɟɪɟ ɨɯɪɚɧɵ ɩɚɦɹɬɧɢɤɨɜ ɤɭɥɶɬɭɪɵ ɜ ɨɬɧɨɲɟɧɢɢ ɬɟɯ ɟɜɪɟɣɫɤɢɯ ɩɚɦɹɬɧɢɤɨɜ ɤɭɥɶɬɭɪɵ ɤɨɬɨɪɵɟ ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɭɸɬɫɹ ɞɥɹ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɯ ɰɟɥɟɣ ȿɜɪɟɣɫɤɨɣ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɨɣ ɨɛɳɢɧɵ Ȼɚɞɟɧɚ ɢɥɢ ȿɜɪɟɣɫɤɨɣ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɨɣ ɨɛɳɢɧɵ ȼɸɪɬɟɦɛɟɪɝɚ ɭɜɚɠɚɸɬɫɹ ɢɧɬɟɪɟɫɵɞɚɧɧɵɯɨɛɳɢɧɢɬɚɤɨɜɵɟɢɦɟɸɬɩɪɢɨɪɢɬɟɬɧɨɟɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɟ

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 ȼ ɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɢɢ ɫɨ ɫɬɚɬɶɟɣ  ɧɚɡɜɚɧɧɨɝɨ ɋɨɝɥɚɲɟɧɢɹ ɝɨɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜɨɦ ɬɚɤɠɟ ɨɤɚɡɵɜɚɟɬɫɹ ɮɢɧɚɧɫɨɜɚɹ ɩɨɞɞɟɪɠɤɚ ȿɜɪɟɣɫɤɨɣ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɨɣ ɨɛɳɢɧɟ Ȼɚɞɟɧɚ ɢ ȿɜɪɟɣɫɤɨɣ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɨɣ ɨɛɳɢɧɟ ȼɸɪɬɟɦɛɟɪɝɚ ɜ ɭɫɬɚɧɨɜɥɟɧɧɨɦ ɪɚɡɦɟɪɟ ɞɥɹ ɞɨɫɬɢɠɟɧɢɹ ɨɩɪɟɞɟɥɺɧɧɵɯ ɰɟɥɟɣ ɧɚɩɪɢɦɟɪ ɞɥɹ ɪɚɡɜɢɬɢɹ ɧɟɦɟɰɤɨɟɜɪɟɣɫɤɨɝɨ ɤɭɥɶɬɭɪɧɨɝɨ ɧɚɫɥɟɞɢɹ   Ȼɚɜɚɪɢɹ ɋɥɟɞɭɸɳɟɟ ɫɨɝɥɚɲɟɧɢɟ ɩɪɟɞɫɬɚɜɥɹɟɬ ɢɧɬɟɪɟɫ ɜ ɪɚɦɤɚɯ ɧɚɫɬɨɹɳɟɝɨ ɢɫɫɥɟɞɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɥɢɲɶ ɜ ɫɢɥɭ ɬɨɝɨ ɱɬɨ ɨɧɨ ɭɫɬɚɧɚɜɥɢɜɚɟɬ ɨɫɧɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɞɥɹ ɜɨɡɦɨɠɧɨɝɨ ɨɤɚɡɚɧɢɹ ɝɨɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜɨɦ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɨɣ ɨɪɝɚɧɢɡɚɰɢɢɩɨɞɞɟɪɠɤɢɜɬɨɦɱɢɫɥɟɢɮɢɧɚɧɫɨɜɨɣ ȼ ɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɢɢ ɫ † ɫɬɚɬɶɢ  Ʉɨɧɤɨɪɞɚɬɚ ɨɬ  ɜ ɪɟɞ ɨɬ   ɦɟɠɞɭ ȿɝɨ ɋɜɹɬɟɣɲɟɫɬɜɨɦ ɉɚɩɨɣ ɉɢɟɦ ;, ɢ ɋɜɨɛɨɞɧɵɦ ɝɨɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜɨɦ Ȼɚɜɚɪɢɹ Ƚɟɪɦɚɧɢɹ  ɝɨɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜɨ ɨɛɟɫɩɟɱɢɜɚɟɬ ɮɭɧɤɰɢɨɧɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɟ ɤɚɬɨɥɢɱɟɫɤɨɝɨ ɭɧɢɜɟɪɫɢɬɟɬɚ ɮɢɧɚɧɫɢɪɭɟɦɨɝɨɰɟɪɤɨɜɶɸ ɉɪɢ ɷɬɨɦ ɫɨɝɥɚɫɧɨ †  ɫɬɚɬɶɢ  ɧɚɡɜɚɧɧɨɝɨ Ʉɨɧɤɨɪɞɚɬɚ ɝɨɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜɨ ɨɛɹɡɭɟɬɫɹ ɜɨɡɦɟɳɚɬɶ ɨɩɪɟɞɟɥɺɧɧɭɸ ɧɟɦɚɥɭɸ  ɱɚɫɬɶ ɪɚɫɯɨɞɨɜ ɤɚɬɨɥɢɱɟɫɤɨɝɨ ɭɧɢɜɟɪɫɢɬɟɬɚ ɜ ɬɨɦ ɱɢɫɥɟ ± ɜ ɜɢɞɟ ɨɩɪɟɞɟɥɺɧɧɵɯɢɧɜɟɫɬɢɰɢɣ ȼ ɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɢɢ ɫ †  ɫɬɚɬɶɢ  Ʉɨɧɤɨɪɞɚɬɚ ɨɬ  ɜ ɪɟɞ ɨɬ   ɦɟɠɞɭ ȿɝɨ ɋɜɹɬɟɣɲɟɫɬɜɨɦ ɉɚɩɨɣ ɉɢɟɦ ;, ɢ ɋɜɨɛɨɞɧɵɦ ɝɨɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜɨɦ Ȼɚɜɚɪɢɹ Ƚɟɪɦɚɧɢɹ  ɋɜɨɛɨɞɧɨɟ ɝɨɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜɨ Ȼɚɜɚɪɢɹ ɨɤɚɡɵɜɚɟɬ Ʉɚɬɨɥɢɱɟɫɤɨɣ ɰɟɪɤɜɢ ɜ Ȼɚɜɚɪɢɢ ɨɩɪɟɞɟɥɺɧɧɭɸ ɮɢɧɚɧɫɨɜɭɸ ɩɨɞɞɟɪɠɤɭ ɤɨɬɨɪɚɹ ɦɨɠɟɬ ɜɵɪɚɠɚɬɶɫɹ ɤ ɩɪɢɦɟɪɭ ɜ ɜɢɞɟ ɞɟɧɟɠɧɵɯ ɩɨɫɨɛɢɣɩɪɟɞɧɚɡɧɚɱɚɟɦɵɯɞɥɹɰɟɪɤɨɜɧɵɯɮɭɧɤɰɢɨɧɟɪɨɜ Ʉɚɤ ɭɫɬɚɧɚɜɥɢɜɚɟɬ ɫɬɚɬɶɹ  ɋɨɝɥɚɲɟɧɢɹ ɨɬ  ɦɟɠɞɭ ɋɜɨɛɨɞɧɵɦ ɝɨɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜɨɦ Ȼɚɜɚɪɢɹ Ƚɟɪɦɚɧɢɹ  ɢ Ɉɛɴɟɞɢɧɟɧɧɨɣ

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 ɂɭɞɚɢɫɬɫɤɨɣ ɨɛɳɢɧɵ ɡɟɦɥɢ Ȼɟɪɥɢɧ ɡɚɬɪɚɬɵ ɧɚ ɛɟɡɨɬɥɚɝɚɬɟɥɶɧɵɟ ɫɬɪɨɢɬɟɥɶɧɵɟ ɪɚɛɨɬɵ ɩɪɨɜɟɞɟɧɢɟ ɤɨɬɨɪɵɯ ɹɜɥɹɟɬɫɹ ɧɟɨɛɯɨɞɢɦɵɦ ɞɥɹ ɨɛɟɫɩɟɱɟɧɢɹɛɟɡɨɩɚɫɧɨɫɬɢɟɺɨɛɳɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɵɯɨɛɴɟɤɬɨɜ Ʉɪɨɦɟ ɬɨɝɨ ɫɨɝɥɚɫɧɨ ɫɬɚɬɶɟ  ɋɨɝɥɚɲɟɧɢɹ ɨɬ  ɦɟɠɞɭ ɮɟɞɟɪɚɥɶɧɨɣ ɡɟɦɥɟɣ Ȼɟɪɥɢɧ ɢ ɂɭɞɚɢɫɬɫɤɨɣ ɨɛɳɢɧɨɣ ɡɟɦɥɢ Ȼɟɪɥɢɧ ɮɟɞɟɪɚɥɶɧɚɹ ɡɟɦɥɹ Ȼɟɪɥɢɧ ɩɪɟɞɨɫɬɚɜɥɹɟɬ ɂɭɞɚɢɫɬɫɤɨɣ ɨɛɳɢɧɟ ɟɠɟɝɨɞɧɵɟɮɢɧɚɧɫɨɜɵɟɩɨɫɨɛɢɹ  Ȼɪɚɧɞɟɧɛɭɪɝ ɋɨɝɥɚɲɟɧɢɟ ɨɬ  ɦɟɠɞɭ ɋɜɹɬɵɦ ɉɪɟɫɬɨɥɨɦ ɢ ɮɟɞɟɪɚɥɶɧɨɣ ɡɟɦɥɟɣ Ȼɪɚɧɞɟɧɛɭɪɝ ɞɨɫɬɚɬɨɱɧɨ ɩɨɞɪɨɛɧɨ ɭɫɬɚɧɚɜɥɢɜɚɟɬ ɫɬɚɬɭɫ ɨɛɴɟɤɬɨɜ ɧɟɞɜɢɠɢɦɨɫɬɢ ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɭɸɳɢɯɫɹ ɞɥɹ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɯ ɰɟɥɟɣ ɚ ɬɚɤɠɟ ɪɟɝɭɥɢɪɭɟɬ ɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɵɟ ɨɬɧɨɲɟɧɢɹ ɦɟɠɞɭɝɨɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜɨɦɢɧɚɡɜɚɧɧɨɣɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɨɣɨɪɝɚɧɢɡɚɰɢɟɣ ȼ ɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɢɢ ɫ ɱɚɫɬɶɸ  ɫɬɚɬɶɢ  ɋɨɝɥɚɲɟɧɢɹ ɨɬ  ɦɟɠɞɭ ɋɜɹɬɵɦ ɉɪɟɫɬɨɥɨɦ ɢ ɮɟɞɟɪɚɥɶɧɨɣ ɡɟɦɥɟɣ Ȼɪɚɧɞɟɧɛɭɪɝ © ɚɪɯɢ ɟɩɚɪɯɢɹɦ ɚɪɯɢ ɟɩɢɫɤɨɩɫɤɢɦ ɩɪɟɫɬɨɥɚɦ ɟɩɢɫɤɨɩɫɤɢɦ  ɝɥɚɜɚɦ ɫɨɛɨɪɨɜ ɰɟɪɤɨɜɧɵɦ ɩɪɢɯɨɞɚɦ ɢ ɨɛɴɟɞɢɧɟɧɢɹɦ ɚ ɬɚɤɠɟ ɰɟɪɤɨɜɧɵɦ ɭɱɪɟɠɞɟɧɢɹɦ ɧɟɡɚɜɢɫɢɦɨ ɨɬ ɢɯ ɨɪɝɚɧɢɡɚɰɢɨɧɧɨɩɪɚɜɨɜɵɯ ɮɨɪɦ ɝɚɪɚɧɬɢɪɭɸɬɫɹ ɢɯ ɩɪɚɜɚ ɫɨɛɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɫɬɢ ɚ ɬɚɤɠɟ ɢɧɵɟ ɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɵɟ ɩɪɚɜɚª ɋɨɝɥɚɫɧɨ ɱɚɫɬɢ  ɫɬɚɬɶɢ  ɧɚɡɜɚɧɧɨɝɨ ɋɨɝɥɚɲɟɧɢɹ ɩɪɢ ɪɟɚɥɢɡɚɰɢɢ ɨɪɝɚɧɚɦɢ ɩɭɛɥɢɱɧɨɣ ɜɥɚɫɬɢ ɮɟɞɟɪɚɥɶɧɨɣ ɡɟɦɥɢ Ȼɪɚɧɞɟɧɛɭɪɝ ɩɪɨɰɟɞɭɪ ɩɨ ɢɡɴɹɬɢɸ ɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɚ ɝɨɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜɨɦ ɜ ɩɭɛɥɢɱɧɭɸɫɨɛɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɫɬɶɜɪɚɦɤɚɯɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɭɸɳɟɝɨɡɚɤɨɧɨɞɚɬɟɥɶɫɬɜɚ ɞɨɥɠɧɵɭɱɢɬɵɜɚɬɶɫɹɢɧɬɟɪɟɫɵɰɟɪɤɜɢ ɑɚɫɬɶ  ɫɬɚɬɶɢ  ɷɬɨɝɨ ɋɨɝɥɚɲɟɧɢɹ ɩɪɟɞɭɫɦɚɬɪɢɜɚɟɬ ɱɬɨ ©Ʉɚɬɨɥɢɱɟɫɤɚɹ ɰɟɪɤɨɜɶ ɞɨɥɠɧɚ ɫɬɪɟɦɢɬɶɫɹ« ɫɨɯɪɚɧɹɬɶ ɭɯɚɠɢɜɚɬɶ ɢ ɨɛɟɫɩɟɱɢɜɚɬɶ ɞɨɫɬɭɩɧɨɫɬɶ ɞɥɹ ɨɛɳɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɫɬɢ ɫɜɨɢɯ ɩɚɦɹɬɧɢɤɨɜ

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 ɤɭɥɶɬɭɪɵɜɦɟɫɬɟɫɨɫɜɹɡɚɧɧɵɦɢɫɧɢɦɢɡɟɦɟɥɶɧɵɦɢɭɱɚɫɬɤɚɦɢɚɬɚɤɠɟ ɩɪɟɞɦɟɬɚɦɢɤɭɥɶɬɭɪɵɢɢɫɤɭɫɫɬɜɚª ɋɨɝɥɚɫɧɨ ɱɚɫɬɢ  ɫɬɚɬɶɢ  ɋɨɝɥɚɲɟɧɢɹ ɨɬ  ɦɟɠɞɭ ɋɜɹɬɵɦ ɉɪɟɫɬɨɥɨɦ ɢ ɮɟɞɟɪɚɥɶɧɨɣ ɡɟɦɥɟɣ Ȼɪɚɧɞɟɧɛɭɪɝ ɩɪɢ ɩɪɢɧɹɬɢɢ ɪɟɲɟɧɢɣ ɤɚɫɚɸɳɢɯɫɹ ɰɟɪɤɨɜɧɵɯ ɩɚɦɹɬɧɢɤɨɜ ɤɨɬɨɪɵɟ ɨɞɧɨɡɧɚɱɧɨ ɩɪɟɞɧɚɡɧɚɱɟɧɵ ɞɥɹ ɩɪɨɜɟɞɟɧɢɹ ɛɨɝɨɫɥɭɠɟɧɢɣ ɢ ɢɧɵɯ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɯ ɨɛɪɹɞɨɜ ɢ ɤɨɬɨɪɵɟ ɧɚɯɨɞɹɬɫɹ ɩɨɞ ɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɭɸɳɟɣ ɩɪɚɜɨɜɨɣ ɡɚɳɢɬɨɣ ɤɨɦɩɟɬɟɧɬɧɵɟ ɨɪɝɚɧɵ ɩɭɛɥɢɱɧɨɣ ɜɥɚɫɬɢ ɨɛɹɡɚɧɵ ɭɱɢɬɵɜɚɬɶ ɢɧɬɟɪɟɫɵ ɰɟɪɤɜɢɤɚɫɚɸɳɢɟɫɹɨɬɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɹɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɯɨɛɪɹɞɨɜ ɋɨɝɥɚɫɧɨ ɫɬɚɬɶɟ  ɋɨɝɥɚɲɟɧɢɹ ɨɬ  ɦɟɠɞɭ ɋɜɹɬɵɦ ɉɪɟɫɬɨɥɨɦ ɢ ɮɟɞɟɪɚɥɶɧɨɣ ɡɟɦɥɟɣ Ȼɪɚɧɞɟɧɛɭɪɝ ɨɪɝɚɧɵ ɩɭɛɥɢɱɧɨɣ ɜɥɚɫɬɢ ɮɟɞɟɪɚɥɶɧɨɣ ɡɟɦɥɢ Ȼɟɪɥɢɧ ɩɪɟɞɨɫɬɚɜɥɹɸɬ ɮɢɧɚɧɫɨɜɵɟ ɜɵɩɥɚɬɵ Ʉɚɬɨɥɢɱɟɫɤɨɣ ɰɟɪɤɜɢ ɧɚ ɞɨɫɬɢɠɟɧɢɟ ɧɟɤɨɬɨɪɵɯ ɨɩɪɟɞɟɥɺɧɧɵɯ ɰɟɥɟɣ Ʉɪɨɦɟ ɬɨɝɨ ɤɚɤ ɭɫɬɚɧɚɜɥɢɜɚɟɬ ɱɚɫɬɶ  ɭɤɚɡɚɧɧɨɣ ɫɬɚɬɶɢ ɪɚɫɫɦɚɬɪɢɜɚɟɦɨɝɨ ɋɨɝɥɚɲɟɧɢɹ ɨɪɝɚɧɵ ɩɭɛɥɢɱɧɨɣ ɜɥɚɫɬɢ ɮɢɧɚɧɫɨɜɨ ɩɨɞɞɟɪɠɢɜɚɸɬɫɨɞɟɪɠɚɧɢɟɧɟɤɨɬɨɪɨɣɰɟɪɤɨɜɧɨɣɢɧɮɪɚɫɬɪɭɤɬɭɪɵ ɑɚɫɬɶ  ɫɬɚɬɶɢ  ɋɨɝɥɚɲɟɧɢɹ ɨɬ  ɦɟɠɞɭ ɮɟɞɟɪɚɥɶɧɨɣ ɡɟɦɥɟɣ Ȼɪɚɧɞɟɧɛɭɪɝ ɢ ɟɜɚɧɝɟɥɢɱɟɫɤɢɦɢ ɰɟɪɤɜɚɦɢ ɡɟɦɥɢ Ȼɪɚɧɞɟɧɛɭɪɝ ɡɚɤɪɟɩɥɹɟɬ ɫɥɟɞɭɸɳɟɟ ©ɐɟɪɤɜɚɦ ɢɯ ɨɪɝɚɧɚɦ ɭɱɪɟɠɞɟɧɢɹɦ ɢ ɩɨɞɪɚɡɞɟɥɟɧɢɹɦ ɧɟɡɚɜɢɫɢɦɨ ɨɬ ɢɯ ɨɪɝɚɧɢɡɚɰɢɨɧɧɨ ɩɪɚɜɨɜɵɯ ɮɨɪɦ ɝɚɪɚɧɬɢɪɭɸɬɫɹ ɢɯ ɩɪɚɜɚ ɫɨɛɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɫɬɢ ɢ ɞɪɭɝɢɟ ɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɵɟɩɪɚɜɚ«ª ɋɨɝɥɚɫɧɨ ɱɚɫɬɢ  ɫɬɚɬɶɢ  ɋɨɝɥɚɲɟɧɢɹ ɨɬ  ɦɟɠɞɭ ɮɟɞɟɪɚɥɶɧɨɣ ɡɟɦɥɟɣ Ȼɪɚɧɞɟɧɛɭɪɝ ɢ ɟɜɚɧɝɟɥɢɱɟɫɤɢɦɢ ɰɟɪɤɜɚɦɢ ɡɟɦɥɢ Ȼɪɚɧɞɟɧɛɭɪɝ ɨɪɝɚɧɵ ɩɭɛɥɢɱɧɨɣ ɜɥɚɫɬɢ ɩɪɢ ɩɪɢɦɟɧɟɧɢɢ ɡɚɤɨɧɨɞɚɬɟɥɶɫɬɜɚ ɨɛ ɢɡɴɹɬɢɢ ɝɨɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜɨɦ ɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɚ ɜ ɩɭɛɥɢɱɧɭɸ ɫɨɛɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɫɬɶ ɞɨɥɠɧɵ ɩɪɢɧɢɦɚɬɶ ɜɨ ɜɧɢɦɚɧɢɟ ɩɨɬɪɟɛɧɨɫɬɢ ɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɭɸɳɢɯ ɟɜɚɧɝɟɥɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɰɟɪɤɜɟɣ ȼ ɬɨɦ ɫɥɭɱɚɟ ɟɫɥɢ ɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɨ ɰɟɪɤɨɜɧɨɝɨ ɩɨɞɪɚɡɞɟɥɟɧɢɹ ɜ ɜɢɞɟ ɡɟɦɟɥɶɧɨɝɨ ɭɱɚɫɬɤɚ

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 ɨɪɝɚɧɨɜɝɚɪɚɧɬɢɪɭɸɬɫɹɫɬɚɬɶɟɣɈɫɧɨɜɧɨɝɨɡɚɤɨɧɚɜɨɜɡɚɢɦɨɫɜɹɡɢɫ ɚɛɡɚɰɟɦɫɬɚɬɶɢɄɨɧɫɬɢɬɭɰɢɢȽɟɪɦɚɧɢɢɨɬ ȼ ɪɚɦɤɚɯ ɨɛɳɟɝɨ ɡɚɤɨɧɨɞɚɬɟɥɶɫɬɜɚ ɋɜɨɛɨɞɧɵɣ ɝɚɧɡɟɣɫɤɢɣ ɝɨɪɨɞȻɪɟɦɟɧɩɪɢɩɪɢɦɟɧɟɧɢɢɩɨɥɨɠɟɧɢɣɨɛɨɬɱɭɠɞɟɧɢɢɫɨɛɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɫɬɢ ɞɨɥɠɟɧɩɪɢɧɢɦɚɬɶɜɨɜɧɢɦɚɧɢɟɰɟɪɤɨɜɧɵɟɢɧɬɟɪɟɫɵɞɨɥɠɧɵɦɨɛɪɚɡɨɦ ɢ ɜ ɫɥɭɱɚɟ ɢɯ ɩɪɢɦɟɧɟɧɢɹ ɨɤɚɡɵɜɚɬɶ ɩɨɞɞɟɪɠɤɭ ɜ ɩɪɢɨɛɪɟɬɟɧɢɢ ɷɤɜɢɜɚɥɟɧɬɧɵɯɭɱɚɫɬɤɨɜɡɟɦɥɢɜɡɚɦɟɧª ȼ ɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɢɢ ɫ ɱɚɫɬɶɸ  ɫɬɚɬɶɢ  ɋɨɝɥɚɲɟɧɢɹ ɨɬ  ɦɟɠɞɭ ɋɜɨɛɨɞɧɵɦ ɝɚɧɡɟɣɫɤɢɦ ɝɨɪɨɞɨɦ Ȼɪɟɦɟɧ ɢ ȿɜɚɧɝɟɥɢɱɟɫɤɨɣ ɰɟɪɤɨɜɶɸ Ȼɪɟɦɟɧɚ ȿɜɚɧɝɟɥɢɱɟɫɤɨɥɸɬɟɪɚɧɫɤɨɣ ɰɟɪɤɨɜɶɸ Ƚɚɧɧɨɜɟɪɚ ɢ ȿɜɚɧɝɟɥɢɱɟɫɤɨɣɪɟɮɨɪɦɚɬɫɤɨɣɰɟɪɤɨɜɶɸ©ɰɟɪɤɜɢɨɛɹɡɭɸɬɫɹɜɪɚɡɭɦɧɵɯ ɩɪɟɞɟɥɚɯ ɫɨɯɪɚɧɹɬɶ ɫɜɨɢ ɩɚɦɹɬɧɢɤɢ ɤɭɥɶɬɭɪɵ ɭɯɚɠɢɜɚɬɶ ɡɚ ɧɢɦɢ ɢ ɨɛɟɫɩɟɱɢɜɚɬɶ ɢɯ ɞɨɫɬɭɩɧɨɫɬɶ ɞɥɹ ɨɛɳɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɫɬɢ ɉɪɢ ɩɪɢɧɹɬɢɢ ɪɟɲɟɧɢɣ ɨ ɩɚɦɹɬɧɢɤɚɯ ɤɭɥɶɬɭɪɵ ɩɪɟɞɧɚɡɧɚɱɟɧɧɵɯ ɢ ɫɥɭɠɚɳɢɯ ɞɥɹ ɩɪɨɜɟɞɟɧɢɹ ɛɨɝɨɫɥɭɠɟɧɢɣ ɢɥɢ ɞɪɭɝɢɯ ɰɟɪɤɨɜɧɵɯ ɨɛɪɹɞɨɜ« ɨɪɝɚɧɵ ɜɥɚɫɬɢɜɪɚɦɤɚɯɛɪɟɦɟɧɫɤɨɝɨɡɚɤɨɧɨɞɚɬɟɥɶɫɬɜɚɨɛɨɯɪɚɧɟɩɚɦɹɬɧɢɤɨɜ ɩɪɢɧɢɦɚɸɬ ɜɨ ɜɧɢɦɚɧɢɟ ɢɧɬɟɪɟɫɵ ɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɭɸɳɢɯ ɰɟɪɤɜɟɣ ɢ ɢɯ ɰɟɪɤɨɜɧɵɯɩɪɢɯɨɞɨɜɜɨɬɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɢɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɯɨɛɪɹɞɨɜª ȼ ɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɢɢ ɫ ɱɚɫɬɶɸ  ɫɬɚɬɶɢ  ɋɨɝɥɚɲɟɧɢɹ ɨɬ  ɦɟɠɞɭ ɋɜɨɛɨɞɧɵɦ ɝɚɧɡɟɣɫɤɢɦ ɝɨɪɨɞɨɦ Ȼɪɟɦɟɧ ɢ ȿɜɚɧɝɟɥɢɱɟɫɤɨɣ ɰɟɪɤɨɜɶɸ Ȼɪɟɦɟɧɚ ȿɜɚɧɝɟɥɢɱɟɫɤɨɥɸɬɟɪɚɧɫɤɨɣ ɰɟɪɤɨɜɶɸ Ƚɚɧɧɨɜɟɪɚ ɢ ȿɜɚɧɝɟɥɢɱɟɫɤɨɣ ɪɟɮɨɪɦɚɬɫɤɨɣ ɰɟɪɤɨɜɶɸ ©ɰɟɪɤɜɢ ɜɩɪɚɜɟ ɫɨɡɞɚɜɚɬɶ ɧɨɜɵɟ ɤɥɚɞɛɢɳɚ ɞɥɹ ɫɜɨɢɯ ɩɪɢɯɨɠɚɧ ɜ ɪɚɦɤɚɯ ɡɚɤɨɧɨɞɚɬɟɥɶɫɬɜɚ ɢ ɪɚɫɲɢɪɹɬɶɫɭɳɟɫɬɜɭɸɳɢɟª ɋɨɝɥɚɲɟɧɢɟ ɨɬ  ɦɟɠɞɭ ɋɜɨɛɨɞɧɵɦ ɝɚɧɡɟɣɫɤɢɦ ɝɨɪɨɞɨɦ Ȼɪɟɦɟɧ ɢ ɂɭɞɚɢɫɬɫɤɨɣ ɨɛɳɢɧɨɣ Ȼɪɟɦɟɧɚ ɜ ɨɫɧɨɜɧɨɦ ɭɫɬɚɧɚɜɥɢɜɚɟɬ ɥɢɲɶ ɨɫɧɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɞɥɹ ɨɤɚɡɚɧɢɹ ɝɨɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜɨɦ ɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɭɸɳɟɣɮɢɧɚɧɫɨɜɨɣɩɨɞɞɟɪɠɤɢ ȼ ɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɢɢ ɫ ɱɚɫɬɶɸ  ɫɬɚɬɶɢ  ɋɨɝɥɚɲɟɧɢɹ ɨɬ  ɦɟɠɞɭɋɜɨɛɨɞɧɵɦɝɚɧɡɟɣɫɤɢɦɝɨɪɨɞɨɦȻɪɟɦɟɧɢɂɭɞɚɢɫɬɫɤɨɣɨɛɳɢɧɨɣ

 ɋɨɝɥɚɲɟɧɢɟ

ɨɬ  ɦɟɠɞɭ ɋɜɨɛɨɞɧɵɦ ɝɚɧɡɟɣɫɤɢɦ ɝɨɪɨɞɨɦ Ȼɪɟɦɟɧ ɢ ɂɭɞɚɢɫɬɫɤɨɣɨɛɳɢɧɨɣȻɪɟɦɟɧɚ>9HUWUDJ]ZLVFKHQGHU)UHLHQ+DQVHVWDGW%UHPHQXQGGHU -GLVFKHQ *HPHLQGH LP /DQGH %UHPHQ YRP  2NWREHU @  *HVHW] ]X GHP 9HUWUDJ ]ZLVFKHQ GHU )UHLHQ +DQVHVWDGW %UHPHQ XQG GHU -GLVFKHQ *HPHLQGH LP /DQGH %UHPHQ YRP  'H]HPEHU   *HVHW]EODWW GHU )UHLHQ +DQVHVWDGW %UHPHQ ±  ± ʋ KWWSZZZEPLEXQGGH6KDUHG'RFV'RZQORDGV'(7KHPHQ*HVHOOVFKDIW 9HUIDVVXQJ.LUFKH5HOLJLRQYHUWUDJEUHPHQMXHGLVFKH JHPHLQVFKDIWSGI"BBEORE SXEOLFDWLRQ)LOH!

 

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 ɫɥɭɱɚɟ ɢɯ ɩɪɢɦɟɧɟɧɢɹ ɨɤɚɡɵɜɚɟɬ ɩɨɞɞɟɪɠɤɭ ɜ ɩɪɢɨɛɪɟɬɟɧɢɢ ɷɤɜɢɜɚɥɟɧɬɧɵɯɭɱɚɫɬɤɨɜɡɟɦɥɢɜɡɚɦɟɧ ɋɜɨɛɨɞɧɵɣ ɢ ɝɚɧɡɟɣɫɤɢɣ ɝɨɪɨɞ Ƚɚɦɛɭɪɝ ɛɭɞɟɬ ɩɪɢɧɢɦɚɬɶ ɜɨ ɜɧɢɦɚɧɢɟ ɢɧɬɟɪɟɫɵ ȿɜɚɧɝɟɥɢɱɟɫɤɨɥɸɬɟɪɚɧɫɤɨɣ ɰɟɪɤɜɢ ɋɟɜɟɪɧɨɣ ɗɥɶɛɵ ɢ ɩɨɬɪɟɛɧɨɫɬɢ ɜ ɡɟɦɟɥɶɧɵɯ ɭɱɚɫɬɤɚɯ ɢ ɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɟɧɧɨ ɩɪɚɜɚ ɧɚ ɧɢɯɢɩɪɟɞɭɫɦɚɬɪɢɜɚɬɶɢɯɩɪɢɨɮɢɰɢɚɥɶɧɨɦɩɥɚɧɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɢɩɪɢɨɫɜɨɟɧɢɢ ɧɨɜɵɯɝɨɪɨɞɫɤɢɯɪɚɣɨɧɨɜɢɬɟɪɪɢɬɨɪɢɣ«ª ɑɚɫɬɶ  ɫɬɚɬɶɢ  ɋɨɝɥɚɲɟɧɢɹ ɨɬ  ɦɟɠɞɭ ɋɜɨɛɨɞɧɵɦ ɢ ɝɚɧɡɟɣɫɤɢɦ ɝɨɪɨɞɨɦ Ƚɚɦɛɭɪɝ ɢ ȿɜɚɧɝɟɥɢɱɟɫɤɨɥɸɬɟɪɚɧɫɤɨɣ ɰɟɪɤɨɜɶɸ ɋɟɜɟɪɧɨɣ ɗɥɶɛɵ ɩɪɟɞɭɫɦɚɬɪɢɜɚɟɬ ©ȿɜɚɧɝɟɥɢɱɟɫɤɨɥɸɬɟɪɚɧɫɤɚɹ ɰɟɪɤɨɜɶɋɟɜɟɪɧɨɣɗɥɶɛɵɝɚɪɚɧɬɢɪɭɟɬɱɬɨɟɺɩɚɦɹɬɧɢɤɢɛɭɞɭɬɜɰɟɥɨɦ ɹɜɥɹɬɶɫɹɞɨɫɬɭɩɧɵɦɢɞɥɹɨɛɳɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɫɬɢªɉɪɢɷɬɨɦɫɨɝɥɚɫɧɨɱɚɫɬɢ ɪɚɫɫɦɚɬɪɢɜɚɟɦɨɣ ɫɬɚɬɶɢ ɤɨɦɩɟɬɟɧɬɧɵɟ ɨɪɝɚɧɵ ɩɭɛɥɢɱɧɨɣ ɜɥɚɫɬɢ ɋɜɨɛɨɞɧɨɝɨ ɢ ɝɚɧɡɟɣɫɤɨɝɨ ɝɨɪɨɞɚ Ƚɚɦɛɭɪɝ ɩɪɢ ɪɟɲɟɧɢɢ ɜɨɩɪɨɫɨɜ ɫɜɹɡɚɧɧɵɯ ɫ ɩɚɦɹɬɧɢɤɚɦɢ ɤɨɬɨɪɵɟ ɧɟɩɨɫɪɟɞɫɬɜɟɧɧɨ ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɭɸɬɫɹ ɞɥɹ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɯ ɰɟɥɟɣ ȿɜɚɧɝɟɥɢɱɟɫɤɨɥɸɬɟɪɚɧɫɤɨɣ ɰɟɪɤɜɢ ɋɟɜɟɪɧɨɣ ɗɥɶɛɵ ɞɨɥɠɧɵ ɭɱɢɬɵɜɚɬɶ ɢɧɬɟɪɟɫɵ ɞɚɧɧɨɣ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɨɣ ɨɪɝɚɧɢɡɚɰɢɢ ȼɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɢɢ ɫ ɱɚɫɬɶɸ  ɫɬɚɬɶɢ  ɧɚɡɜɚɧɧɨɝɨ ɋɨɝɥɚɲɟɧɢɹ ȿɜɚɧɝɟɥɢɱɟɫɤɨɥɸɬɟɪɚɧɫɤɚɹɰɟɪɤɨɜɶɋɟɜɟɪɧɨɣɗɥɶɛɵɜɩɪɚɜɟɫɨɡɞɚɜɚɬɶ ɧɨɜɵɟɤɥɚɞɛɢɳɚɚɬɚɤɠɟɪɚɫɲɢɪɹɬɶɢɥɢɡɚɤɪɵɜɚɬɶɭɠɟɫɭɳɟɫɬɜɭɸɳɢɟ ɋɥɟɞɭɸɳɢɦ ɪɚɫɫɦɨɬɪɟɧɧɵɦ ɫɨɝɥɚɲɟɧɢɟɦ ɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɵɟ ɨɬɧɨɲɟɧɢɹ ɦɟɠɞɭ ɝɨɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜɨɦ ɢ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɨɣ ɨɪɝɚɧɢɡɚɰɢɟɣ ɭɪɟɝɭɥɢɪɨɜɚɧɵ ɜ ɝɨɪɚɡɞɨ ɦɟɧɶɲɟɣ ɫɬɟɩɟɧɢ ȿɞɢɧɫɬɜɟɧɧɨ ɫɬɚɬɶɹ  ɋɨɝɥɚɲɟɧɢɹ ɨɬ  ɦɟɠɞɭ ɋɜɨɛɨɞɧɵɦ ɝɚɧɡɟɣɫɤɢɦ ɝɨɪɨɞɨɦ Ƚɚɦɛɭɪɝ ɢ ɂɭɞɚɢɫɬɫɤɨɣ ɨɛɳɢɧɨɣ Ƚɚɦɛɭɪɝɚ ɭɫɬɚɧɚɜɥɢɜɚɟɬ ɱɬɨ ɂɭɞɚɢɫɬɫɤɚɹ ɨɛɳɢɧɚ ɜ Ƚɚɦɛɭɪɝɟ ɜɩɪɚɜɟ ɫɨɡɞɚɜɚɬɶ ɧɨɜɵɟ ɤɥɚɞɛɢɳɚ ɚ ɬɚɤɠɟ ɢɡɦɟɧɹɬɶ ɢɥɢ ɡɚɤɪɵɜɚɬɶ ɭɠɟ ɫɭɳɟɫɬɜɭɸɳɢɟ ɤɥɚɞɛɢɳɚ Ʉɪɨɦɟ ɬɨɝɨ ɫɨɝɥɚɫɧɨ ɱɚɫɬɢ  ɫɬɚɬɶɢ  ɞɚɧɧɨɝɨ ɋɨɝɥɚɲɟɧɢɹ ɋɜɨɛɨɞɧɵɣ ɢ

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 ɩɪɢɯɨɞɚɦ ɟɫɥɢ ɷɬɨ ɩɪɨɢɫɯɨɞɢɬ ɜ ɬɟɱɟɧɢɟ ɩɹɬɢ ɥɟɬ ɩɨɫɥɟ ɜɫɬɭɩɥɟɧɢɹ ɜ ɫɢɥɭɧɚɫɬɨɹɳɟɝɨȾɨɝɨɜɨɪɚª ɋɬɚɬɶɹɋɨɝɥɚɲɟɧɢɹɨɬ ɜɪɟɞɨɬ ɦɟɠɞɭ ɮɟɞɟɪɚɥɶɧɨɣ ɡɟɦɥɟɣ ɇɢɠɧɹɹ ɋɚɤɫɨɧɢɹ ɢ ɟɜɚɧɝɟɥɢɱɟɫɤɢɦɢ ɰɟɪɤɜɚɦɢ ɡɟɦɥɢɇɢɠɧɹɹɋɚɤɫɨɧɢɹɭɫɬɚɧɚɜɥɢɜɚɟɬɫɥɟɞɭɸɳɟɟ ©ɐɟɪɤɜɚɦ ɢɯ ɨɛɳɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɵɦ ɨɛɴɟɞɢɧɟɧɢɹɦ ɭɱɪɟɠɞɟɧɢɹɦ ɢ ɮɨɧɞɚɦ ɝɚɪɚɧɬɢɪɭɸɬɫɹ ɢɯ ɩɪɚɜɚ ɫɨɛɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɫɬɢ ɢ ɞɪɭɝɢɟ ɩɪɚɜɚ ɧɚ ɢɯ ɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɨ ɜ ɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɢɢ ɫɨ ɫɬɚɬɶɟɣ  Ʉɨɧɫɬɢɬɭɰɢɢ Ƚɟɪɦɚɧɢɢ ɨɬ  Ɉɪɝɚɧɵ ɩɭɛɥɢɱɧɨɣ ɜɥɚɫɬɢ ɫɬɪɚɧɵ ɩɪɢ ɩɪɢɦɟɧɟɧɢɢ ɡɚɤɨɧɨɞɚɬɟɥɶɫɬɜɚ ɨɛ ɢɡɴɹɬɢɢ ɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɚ ɝɨɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜɨɦ ɜ ɩɭɛɥɢɱɧɭɸ ɫɨɛɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɫɬɶɞɨɥɠɧɵɩɪɢɧɢɦɚɬɶɜɨɜɧɢɦɚɧɢɟɢɧɬɟɪɟɫɵɰɟɪɤɜɢ«ª ɋɨɝɥɚɫɧɨ ɱɚɫɬɢ  ɫɬɚɬɶɢ  Ⱦɨɩɨɥɧɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɝɨ ɞɨɝɨɜɨɪɚ ɨɬ  ɤ ɋɨɝɥɚɲɟɧɢɸ ɨɬ  ɦɟɠɞɭ ɮɟɞɟɪɚɥɶɧɨɣ ɡɟɦɥɟɣ ɇɢɠɧɹɹɋɚɤɫɨɧɢɹɢɟɜɚɧɝɟɥɢɱɟɫɤɢɦɢɰɟɪɤɜɚɦɢɇɢɠɧɟɣɋɚɤɫɨɧɢɢ ɧɚɯɨɞɹɳɢɟɫɹ ɜ ɫɨɛɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɫɬɢ ɢɥɢ ɜ ɭɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɢ ɰɟɪɤɨɜɧɵɯ ɩɪɢɯɨɞɨɜ ɢɥɢ ɨɛɳɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɩɪɚɜɨɜɵɯ ɰɟɪɤɨɜɧɵɯ ɨɛɴɟɞɢɧɟɧɢɣ ɫɬɚɰɢɨɧɚɪɧɵɟ ɤɥɚɞɛɢɳɚ ɩɨɥɶɡɭɸɬɫɹ ɬɚɤɨɣ ɠɟ ɝɨɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɣ ɡɚɳɢɬɨɣ ɤɚɤ ɢ ɝɨɪɨɞɫɤɢɟɤɥɚɞɛɢɳɚ ɑɚɫɬɶ  ɫɬɚɬɶɢ  Ʉɨɧɤɨɪɞɚɬɚ ɨɬ  ɦɟɠɞɭ ɋɜɹɬɵɦ ɉɪɟɫɬɨɥɨɦ ɢ ɮɟɞɟɪɚɥɶɧɨɣ ɡɟɦɥɟɣ ɇɢɠɧɹɹ ɋɚɤɫɨɧɢɹ

 Ⱦɨɩɨɥɧɢɬɟɥɶɧɵɣ

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 ɩɪɟɞɭɫɦɚɬɪɢɜɚɟɬ ɱɬɨ ©ɮɟɞɟɪɚɥɶɧɚɹ ɡɟɦɥɹ ɝɚɪɚɧɬɢɪɭɟɬ ɫɨɯɪɚɧɟɧɢɟ ɢ ɫɬɪɨɢɬɟɥɶɫɬɜɨɧɨɜɵɯɤɚɬɨɥɢɱɟɫɤɢɯɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɯɲɤɨɥª ɋɨɝɥɚɫɧɨ ɫɬɚɬɶɟ  Ʉɨɧɤɨɪɞɚɬɚ ɨɬ  ɦɟɠɞɭ ɋɜɹɬɵɦ ɉɪɟɫɬɨɥɨɦ ɢ ɮɟɞɟɪɚɥɶɧɨɣ ɡɟɦɥɟɣ ɇɢɠɧɹɹ ɋɚɤɫɨɧɢɹ ©ȿɩɢɫɤɨɩɫɤɢɣ ɩɪɟɫɬɨɥ ɜ ɏɢɥɶɞɟɫɯɚɣɦɟ ɨɬɤɚɡɵɜɚɟɬɫɹ ɨɬ ɩɪɟɬɟɧɡɢɣ ɤ ɮɟɞɟɪɚɥɶɧɨɣ ɡɟɦɥɟ ɜ ɨɬɧɨɲɟɧɢɢ ɩɪɢɯɨɞɫɤɢɯ ɡɞɚɧɢɣ ɢ ɡɟɦɟɥɶɧɵɯ ɭɱɚɫɬɤɨɜ ɢ ɨɫɜɨɛɨɠɞɚɟɬ ɮɟɞɟɪɚɥɶɧɭɸ ɡɟɦɥɸ ɨɬ ɜɫɟɯ ɨɛɹɡɚɬɟɥɶɫɬɜ ɜ ɞɟɧɟɠɧɨɣ ɢ ɧɚɬɭɪɚɥɶɧɨɣ ɮɨɪɦɟ ɩɟɪɟɞ ɰɟɪɤɨɜɧɵɦɢ ɩɪɢɯɨɞɚɦɢ ȼ ɩɨɪɹɞɤɟ ɤɨɦɩɟɧɫɚɰɢɢ ɮɟɞɟɪɚɥɶɧɚɹ ɡɟɦɥɹ ɩɟɪɟɞɚɟɬ ɜ ɫɨɛɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɫɬɶ ɡɞɚɧɢɹ ɢ ɡɟɦɟɥɶɧɵɟ ɭɱɚɫɬɤɢ ȿɩɢɫɤɨɩɫɤɨɦɭ ɩɪɟɫɬɨɥɭ Ⱦɟɬɚɥɢ ɨɩɪɟɞɟɥɹɸɬɫɹ ɩɪɢɥɨɠɟɧɢɟɦª ɋɬɚɬɶɹ Ʉɨɧɤɨɪɞɚɬɚɨɬɦɟɠɞɭɋɜɹɬɵɦɉɪɟɫɬɨɥɨɦɢ ɮɟɞɟɪɚɥɶɧɨɣɡɟɦɥɟɣɇɢɠɧɹɹɋɚɤɫɨɧɢɹɩɪɟɞɭɫɦɚɬɪɢɜɚɟɬɫɥɟɞɭɸɳɟɟ ©ɉɪɚɜɨ ɫɨɛɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɫɬɢ ɢ ɞɪɭɝɢɟ ɩɪɚɜɚ ɭɤɚɡɚɧɧɵɯ ɜ ɫɬɚɬɶɟ  ɧɚɫɬɨɹɳɟɝɨ Ʉɨɧɤɨɪɞɚɬɚ ɭɱɪɟɠɞɟɧɢɣ ɢ ɤɚɬɨɥɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɯ ɨɛɴɟɞɢɧɟɧɢɣɧɚɢɯɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɨɝɚɪɚɧɬɢɪɭɸɬɫɹɜɨɛɴɟɦɟɭɫɬɚɧɨɜɥɟɧɧɨɦ ɚɛɡɚɰɟɦɫɬɚɬɶɢɄɨɧɫɬɢɬɭɰɢɢȽɟɪɦɚɧɢɢɨɬ Ɉɪɝɚɧɵ ɜɥɚɫɬɢ ɮɟɞɟɪɚɥɶɧɨɣ ɡɟɦɥɢ ɩɪɢ ɩɪɨɜɟɞɟɧɢɢ ɩɪɨɰɟɞɭɪ ɢɡɴɹɬɢɹ ɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɚ ɝɨɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜɨɦ ɜ ɩɭɛɥɢɱɧɭɸ ɫɨɛɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɫɬɶ ɢ ɜɵɞɚɱɟ ɪɚɡɪɟɲɟɧɢɣ ɧɚ ɩɪɢɨɛɪɟɬɟɧɢɟ ɡɟɦɟɥɶɧɵɯ ɭɱɚɫɬɤɨɜ ɜɡɚɦɟɧ ɧɚɰɢɨɧɚɥɢɡɢɪɨɜɚɧɧɵɯɭɱɢɬɵɜɚɸɬɢɧɬɟɪɟɫɵɐɟɪɤɜɢª Ȼɵɥɢ ɢɫɫɥɟɞɨɜɚɧɵ ɬɚɤɠɟ Ⱦɨɩɨɥɧɢɬɟɥɶɧɵɣ ɞɨɝɨɜɨɪ ɨɬ  ɤ Ʉɨɧɤɨɪɞɚɬɭ ɦɟɠɞɭ ɋɜɹɬɵɦ ɉɪɟɫɬɨɥɨɦ ɢ ɮɟɞɟɪɚɥɶɧɨɣ ɡɟɦɥɟɣ ɇɢɠɧɹɹ ɋɚɤɫɨɧɢɹ ɜ ɤɨɬɨɪɨɦ ɜ ɱɚɫɬɧɨɫɬɢ ɜ ɪɚɦɤɚɯ ɧɚɫɬɨɹɳɟɝɨ ɢɫɫɥɟɞɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɩɪɟɞɫɬɚɜɥɹɸɬ ɢɧɬɟɪɟɫ ɩɨɥɨɠɟɧɢɹ ɤɚɫɚɸɳɢɟɫɹ ɨɛɟɫɩɟɱɟɧɢɹ ɮɟɞɟɪɚɥɶɧɨɣ ɡɟɦɥɟɣ ɝɚɪɚɧɬɢɣ ɫɨɯɪɚɧɟɧɢɹ ɞɟɣɫɬɜɭɸɳɢɯ ɢ ɫɨɡɞɚɧɢɹ ɧɨɜɵɯ ɤɚɬɨɥɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɲɤɨɥ  Ⱦɨɩɨɥɧɢɬɟɥɶɧɵɣ ɞɨɝɨɜɨɪ ɨɬ  ɤ Ʉɨɧɤɨɪɞɚɬɭ ɦɟɠɞɭ ɋɜɹɬɵɦ ɉɪɟɫɬɨɥɨɦ ɢ

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 ɫɛɨɪɨɜ ɜɤɥɸɱɚɹ ɫɛɨɪɵ ɡɚ ɧɨɬɚɪɢɚɥɶɧɨɟ ɭɞɨɫɬɨɜɟɪɟɧɢɟ ɢ ɡɚɜɟɪɟɧɢɟ ɧɚɥɨɝɧɚɩɪɨɞɚɠɭɡɟɦɥɢɢɤɚɞɚɫɬɪɨɜɵɟɢɡɞɟɪɠɤɢɜɨɡɧɢɤɚɸɳɢɟɜɫɜɹɡɢ ɫɧɢɦɢɧɟɜɡɢɦɚɸɬɫɹɌɨɠɟɫɚɦɨɟɨɬɧɨɫɢɬɫɹɢɤɞɚɥɶɧɟɣɲɟɣɩɟɪɟɞɚɱɟ ɩɪɚɜ ɧɚ ɫɨɛɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɫɬɶ ɰɟɪɤɜɟɣ ɰɟɪɤɨɜɧɵɦ ɩɪɢɯɨɞɚɦ ɢ ɤ ɧɟɨɛɯɨɞɢɦɵɦ ɞɥɹ ɷɬɨɝɨ ɫɞɟɥɤɚɦ ɟɫɥɢ ɷɬɨ ɩɪɨɢɫɯɨɞɢɬ ɜ ɬɟɱɟɧɢɟ ɩɹɬɢ ɥɟɬ ɩɨɫɥɟ ɜɫɬɭɩɥɟɧɢɹɜɫɢɥɭɧɚɫɬɨɹɳɟɝɨȾɨɝɨɜɨɪɚª ɋɬɚɬɶɹ  ɋɨɝɥɚɲɟɧɢɹ ɨɬ  ɦɟɠɞɭ ɮɟɞɟɪɚɥɶɧɨɣ ɡɟɦɥɟɣ ɊɟɣɧɥɚɧɞɉɮɚɥɶɰɢȿɜɚɧɝɟɥɢɱɟɫɤɨɣɰɟɪɤɨɜɶɸɡɟɦɥɢɊɟɣɧɥɚɧɞɉɮɚɥɶɰ ɭɫɬɚɧɚɜɥɢɜɚɟɬ ©Ɉɛɹɡɚɧɧɨɫɬɢ ɮɟɞɟɪɚɥɶɧɨɣ ɡɟɦɥɢ ɨɬɧɨɫɢɬɟɥɶɧɨ ɫɬɪɨɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɝɨ ɨɛɫɥɭɠɢɜɚɧɢɹ ɰɟɪɤɨɜɧɵɯ ɩɨɫɬɪɨɟɤ ɫɧɢɦɚɸɬɫɹ ɜ ɢɧɬɟɪɟɫɚɯ ɭɩɪɨɳɟɧɢɹ ɰɟɪɤɨɜɧɨɝɨ ɢ ɝɨɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɝɨ ɭɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɹ ɂɫɤɥɸɱɟɧɢɟɦɨɫɬɚɟɬɫɹȻɚɡɢɥɢɤɚɄɨɧɫɬɚɧɬɢɧɚɜɌɪɢɪɟ« ɐɟɪɤɨɜɶ ɡɟɦɥɢ Ɋɟɣɧɥɚɧɞɉɮɚɥɶɰ ɩɪɢɧɢɦɚɟɬ ɧɚ ɫɟɛɹ ɩɨɫɥɟ ɩɟɪɟɞɚɱɢ ɩɪɚɜɚ ɫɨɛɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɫɬɢ ɧɚ ɡɟɦɟɥɶɧɵɟ ɭɱɚɫɬɤɢ ɋɨɛɨɪɧɨɣ ɩɥɨɳɚɞɢ  ɢ  ɜ ɒɩɟɣɟɪɟ ɱɚɫɬɶ  ɫɬɚɬɶɢ  ɧɚɫɬɨɹɳɟɝɨ ɋɨɝɥɚɲɟɧɢɹ  ɨɛɟɫɩɟɱɟɧɢɟ ɫɬɪɨɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɝɨ ɨɛɫɥɭɠɢɜɚɧɢɹ ɫɜɹɡɚɧɧɵɯ ɫ ɧɢɦɢ ɡɞɚɧɢɣ Ɏɟɞɟɪɚɥɶɧɚɹ ɡɟɦɥɹ ɩɪɟɞɨɫɬɚɜɥɹɟɬ ɡɚ ɩɪɢɧɹɬɢɟ ɧɚ ɫɟɛɹ ɷɬɨɣ ɨɛɹɡɚɧɧɨɫɬɢɤɨɦɩɟɧɫɚɰɢɸɩɨɫɨɝɥɚɫɨɜɚɧɢɸɦɟɠɞɭɮɟɞɟɪɚɥɶɧɨɣɡɟɦɥɟɣ ɢɰɟɪɤɨɜɶɸª ɋɨɝɥɚɫɧɨɫɬɚɬɶɟɋɨɝɥɚɲɟɧɢɹɨɬɦɟɠɞɭɮɟɞɟɪɚɥɶɧɨɣ ɡɟɦɥɟɣɊɟɣɧɥɚɧɞɉɮɚɥɶɰɢȿɜɚɧɝɟɥɢɱɟɫɤɨɣɰɟɪɤɨɜɶɸɡɟɦɥɢɊɟɣɧɥɚɧɞ ɉɮɚɥɶɰ ©ɐɟɪɤɜɚɦ ɰɟɪɤɨɜɧɵɦ ɩɪɢɯɨɞɚɦ ɢ ɨɛɪɚɡɨɜɚɧɧɵɦ ɢɦɢ ɨɛɴɟɞɢɧɟɧɢɹɦɚɬɚɤɠɟɟɺɰɟɪɤɨɜɧɵɦɭɱɪɟɠɞɟɧɢɹɦɮɨɧɞɚɦɨɪɝɚɧɚɦɢ ɫɨɸɡɚɦ ɝɚɪɚɧɬɢɪɭɸɬɫɹ ɢɯ ɩɪɚɜɚ ɫɨɛɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɫɬɢ ɢ ɞɪɭɝɢɟ ɩɪɚɜɚ ɧɚ ɢɯ ɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɨ ɜ ɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɢɢ ɫɨ ɫɬɚɬɶɟɣ  Ɉɫɧɨɜɧɨɝɨ ɡɚɤɨɧɚ ɎɟɞɟɪɚɬɢɜɧɨɣɊɟɫɩɭɛɥɢɤɢȽɟɪɦɚɧɢɹɜɨɜɡɚɢɦɨɫɜɹɡɢɫɚɛɡɚɰɟɦɫɬɚɬɶɢ ɄɨɧɫɬɢɬɭɰɢɢȽɟɪɦɚɧɢɢɨɬ Ɉɪɝɚɧɵɩɭɛɥɢɱɧɨɣɜɥɚɫɬɢɮɟɞɟɪɚɥɶɧɨɣɡɟɦɥɢɩɪɢɩɪɢɦɟɧɟɧɢɢ ɡɚɤɨɧɨɞɚɬɟɥɶɫɬɜɚ ɨɛ ɢɡɴɹɬɢɢ ɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɚ ɝɨɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜɨɦ ɜ ɩɭɛɥɢɱɧɭɸ ɫɨɛɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɫɬɶɩɪɢɧɢɦɚɸɬɜɨɜɧɢɦɚɧɢɟɰɟɪɤɨɜɧɵɟɢɧɬɟɪɟɫɵ«ª ɋɬɚɬɶɹɋɨɝɥɚɲɟɧɢɹɨɬɦɟɠɞɭɮɟɞɟɪɚɥɶɧɨɣɡɟɦɥɟɣ ɊɟɣɧɥɚɧɞɉɮɚɥɶɰɢȿɜɚɧɝɟɥɢɱɟɫɤɨɣɰɟɪɤɨɜɶɸɡɟɦɥɢɊɟɣɧɥɚɧɞɉɮɚɥɶɰ ɭɫɬɚɧɚɜɥɢɜɚɟɬ ɱɬɨ ɧɚ ɰɟɪɤɜɚɯ ɥɟɠɢɬ ɨɛɹɡɚɧɧɨɫɬɶ ɩɨ ɨɛɟɫɩɟɱɟɧɢɸ ɫɜɨɢɦɢ ɫɢɥɚɦɢ ɫɨɯɪɚɧɟɧɢɹ ɢ ɧɚɞɥɟɠɚɳɟɝɨ ɨɛɫɥɭɠɢɜɚɧɢɹ ɫɜɨɢɯ

 

 ɩɪɟɞɫɬɚɜɥɹɸɳɢɯ ɰɟɧɧɨɫɬɶ ɤɚɤ ɢɫɬɨɪɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɩɚɦɹɬɧɢɤɨɜ ɡɞɚɧɢɣ ɢ ɫɜɹɡɚɧɧɵɯ ɫ ɧɢɦɢ ɡɟɦɟɥɶɧɵɯ ɭɱɚɫɬɤɨɜ ɚ ɬɚɤɠɟ ɢɧɵɯ ɢɫɬɨɪɢɱɟɫɤɢ ɡɧɚɱɢɦɵɯɨɛɴɟɤɬɨɜɉɪɢɷɬɨɦɰɟɪɤɜɢɦɨɝɭɬɩɪɨɢɡɜɨɞɢɬɶɨɬɱɭɠɞɟɧɢɟɢɥɢ ɢɡɦɟɧɟɧɢɟ ɨɛɥɢɤɚ ɬɚɤɢɯ ɨɛɴɟɤɬɨɜ ɬɨɥɶɤɨ ɫ ɫɨɝɥɚɫɢɹ ɤɨɦɩɟɬɟɧɬɧɵɯ ɨɪɝɚɧɨɜɩɭɛɥɢɱɧɨɣɜɥɚɫɬɢɄɪɨɦɟɬɨɝɨɰɟɪɤɜɢɬɚɤɠɟɨɛɹɡɚɧɵɫɥɟɞɢɬɶɡɚ ɬɟɦ ɱɬɨɛɵ ɰɟɪɤɨɜɧɵɟ ɩɪɢɯɨɞɵ ɢ ɧɚɯɨɞɹɳɢɟɫɹ ɩɨɞ ɤɨɧɬɪɨɥɟɦ ɰɟɪɤɜɟɣ ɨɛɴɟɞɢɧɟɧɢɹ ɞɟɣɫɬɜɨɜɚɥɢ ɬɚɤɠɟ ɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɭɸɳɢɦ ɨɛɪɚɡɨɦ ɜ ɨɬɧɨɲɟɧɢɢɬɚɤɢɯɨɛɴɟɤɬɨɜ ɋɨɝɥɚɫɧɨ ɱɚɫɬɢ  ɫɬɚɬɶɢ  ɧɚɡɜɚɧɧɨɝɨ ɋɨɝɥɚɲɟɧɢɹ ɰɟɪɤɨɜɧɵɟ ɩɪɢɯɨɞɵɢɦɟɸɬɩɪɚɜɨɫɨɡɞɚɜɚɬɶɧɨɜɵɟɤɥɚɞɛɢɳɚ Ɍɚɤɠɟ ɩɪɟɞɫɬɚɜɥɹɟɬɫɹ ɧɟɨɛɯɨɞɢɦɵɦ ɨɬɦɟɬɢɬɶ ɱɬɨ ɜ ɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɢɢɫɱɚɫɬɶɸɫɬɚɬɶɢɷɬɨɝɨɋɨɝɥɚɲɟɧɢɹɮɟɞɟɪɚɥɶɧɚɹɡɟɦɥɹ ɨɤɚɡɵɜɚɟɬ ɰɟɪɤɜɚɦ ɨɩɪɟɞɟɥɺɧɧɭɸ ɮɢɧɚɧɫɨɜɭɸ ɩɨɞɞɟɪɠɤɭ ɞɥɹ ɞɨɫɬɢɠɟɧɢɹɪɚɡɥɢɱɧɵɯɰɟɥɟɣ ȼ ɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɢɢ ɫɨ ɫɬɚɬɶɟɣ  ɋɨɝɥɚɲɟɧɢɹ ɨɬ  ɦɟɠɞɭ ɋɜɹɬɵɦ ɉɪɟɫɬɨɥɨɦ ɢ ɮɟɞɟɪɚɥɶɧɨɣ ɡɟɦɥɟɣ Ɋɟɣɧɥɚɧɞɉɮɚɥɶɰ ɩɨ ɜɨɩɪɨɫɚɦ ɜɨɫɩɢɬɚɧɢɹ ɢ ɩɨɞɝɨɬɨɜɤɢ ɤɚɞɪɨɜ ɢ ɩɨɜɵɲɟɧɢɹ ɤɜɚɥɢɮɢɤɚɰɢɢ ɩɪɟɩɨɞɚɜɚɬɟɥɟɣ ɮɟɞɟɪɚɥɶɧɚɹ ɡɟɦɥɹ Ɋɟɣɧɥɚɧɞ ɉɮɚɥɶɰ ɩɪɟɞɨɫɬɚɜɥɹɟɬ ɨɩɪɟɞɟɥɺɧɧɵɟ ɮɢɧɚɧɫɨɜɵɟ ɫɪɟɞɫɬɜɚ ɩɨɤɪɵɜɚɸɳɢɟ ɧɟɤɨɬɨɪɵɟ ɪɚɫɯɨɞɵ ɤɚɬɨɥɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɲɤɨɥ ɫɨɡɞɚɜɚɟɦɵɯ Ʉɚɬɨɥɢɱɟɫɤɨɣɰɟɪɤɨɜɶɸɧɚɩɪɢɦɟɪɪɚɫɯɨɞɵɧɚɩɟɪɫɨɧɚɥɬɚɤɢɯɲɤɨɥ ɑɚɫɬɶ  ɫɬɚɬɶɢ  ɋɨɝɥɚɲɟɧɢɹ ɨɬ  ɦɟɠɞɭ ɮɟɞɟɪɚɥɶɧɨɣ ɡɟɦɥɟɣ Ɋɟɣɧɥɚɧɞɉɮɚɥɶɰ ɢ Ɂɟɦɟɥɶɧɵɦ ɨɛɴɟɞɢɧɟɧɢɟɦ ɢɭɞɚɢɫɬɫɤɢɯ ɨɛɳɢɧ ɡɟɦɥɢ Ɋɟɣɧɥɚɧɞɉɮɚɥɶɰ

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 ɟɞɢɧɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɝɨ ɨɫɬɚɜɲɟɝɨɫɹ ɜ Ƚɟɪɦɚɧɢɢ ɡɞɚɧɢɹ ɫɢɧɚɝɨɝɢ ɬɚɤɨɝɨ ɜɢɞɚ ɜ Ƚɪɺɛɰɢɝɟ ɢ ɫɞɟɥɚɬɶ ɟɝɨ ɞɨɫɬɭɩɧɵɦ ɞɥɹ ɲɢɪɨɤɨɣ ɨɛɳɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɫɬɢ ɧɚ ɞɥɢɬɟɥɶɧɵɣɫɪɨɤª  ɒɥɟɡɜɢɝȽɨɥɶɲɬɟɣɧ ɋɨɝɥɚɲɟɧɢɟ ɨɬ  ɦɟɠɞɭ ɮɟɞɟɪɚɥɶɧɨɣ ɡɟɦɥɟɣ ɒɥɟɡɜɢɝȽɨɥɶɲɬɟɣɧ ɢ ɟɜɚɧɝɟɥɢɱɟɫɤɢɦɢ ɰɟɪɤɜɚɦɢ ɡɟɦɥɢ ɒɥɟɡɜɢɝ Ƚɨɥɶɲɬɟɣɧɩɪɟɞɫɬɚɜɥɹɟɬɢɧɬɟɪɟɫɜɪɚɦɤɚɯɧɚɫɬɨɹɳɟɝɨɢɫɫɥɟɞɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɜɜɢɞɭ ɬɨɝɨ ɱɬɨ ɞɚɧɧɵɦ ɞɨɤɭɦɟɧɬɨɦ ɜɟɫɶɦɚ ɩɨɞɪɨɛɧɨ ɪɟɝɭɥɢɪɭɸɬɫɹ ɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɵɟ ɨɬɧɨɲɟɧɢɹ ɦɟɠɞɭ ɝɨɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜɨɦ ɢ ɭɤɚɡɚɧɧɵɦɢ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɦɢ ɨɪɝɚɧɢɡɚɰɢɹɦɢ ɚ ɬɚɤɠɟ ɭɫɬɚɧɚɜɥɢɜɚɟɬɫɹ ɫɬɚɬɭɫ ɨɬɞɟɥɶɧɵɯ ɤɨɧɤɪɟɬɧɵɯ ɨɛɴɟɤɬɨɜ ɧɟɞɜɢɠɢɦɨɫɬɢ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɨɝɨ ɧɚɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɹ Ɉɬɦɟɬɢɦ ɱɬɨ ɞɚɧɧɨɟ ɫɨɝɥɚɲɟɧɢɟ ɫɨɞɟɪɠɢɬ ɜ ɩɪɢɧɰɢɩɟ ɫɬɚɧɞɚɪɬɧɵɟɞɥɹɩɨɞɨɛɧɨɝɨɪɨɞɚɞɨɝɨɜɨɪɨɜɡɚɤɥɸɱɚɟɦɵɯɜȽɟɪɦɚɧɢɢɜ ɰɟɥɨɦ ɝɚɪɚɧɬɢɢ ɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɵɯ ɩɪɚɜ ɧɚ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɟ ɨɛɴɟɤɬɵ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɯɨɪɝɚɧɢɡɚɰɢɣ Ɍɚɤ ɋɬɚɬɶɹ  ɋɨɝɥɚɲɟɧɢɹ ɨɬ  ɦɟɠɞɭ ɮɟɞɟɪɚɥɶɧɨɣ ɡɟɦɥɟɣ ɒɥɟɡɜɢɝȽɨɥɶɲɬɟɣɧ ɢ ɟɜɚɧɝɟɥɢɱɟɫɤɢɦɢ ɰɟɪɤɜɚɦɢ ɡɟɦɥɢ ɒɥɟɡɜɢɝȽɨɥɶɲɬɟɣɧɭɫɬɚɧɚɜɥɢɜɚɟɬɫɥɟɞɭɸɳɟɟ ©Ɏɟɞɟɪɚɥɶɧɚɹ ɡɟɦɥɹ ɝɚɪɚɧɬɢɪɭɟɬ ɰɟɪɤɜɚɦ ɩɪɨɛɫɬɜɚɦ ɰɟɪɤɨɜɧɵɦ ɩɪɢɯɨɞɚɦ ɢ ɫɨɡɞɚɜɚɟɦɵɦ ɢɦɢ ɚɫɫɨɰɢɚɰɢɹɦ ɚ ɬɚɤɠɟ ɭɱɪɟɠɞɟɧɢɹɦ ɢ ɮɨɧɞɚɦ ɩɪɚɜɨ ɫɨɛɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɫɬɢ ɢ ɞɪɭɝɢɟ ɩɪɚɜɚ ɧɚ ɢɯ ɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɨ ɫɨɝɥɚɫɧɨ ɫɬɚɬɶɟ  Ɉɫɧɨɜɧɨɝɨ ɡɚɤɨɧɚ Ɏɟɞɟɪɚɬɢɜɧɨɣ Ɋɟɫɩɭɛɥɢɤɢ Ƚɟɪɦɚɧɢɹ ɜɨ ɜɡɚɢɦɨɫɜɹɡɢ ɫ ɚɛɡɚɰɟɦ  ɫɬɚɬɶɢ  ɄɨɧɫɬɢɬɭɰɢɢȽɟɪɦɚɧɢɢɨɬ Ɉɪɝɚɧɵ ɜɥɚɫɬɢ ɮɟɞɟɪɚɥɶɧɨɣ ɡɟɦɥɢ ɩɪɢɧɢɦɚɸɬ ɜɨ ɜɧɢɦɚɧɢɟ ɰɟɪɤɨɜɧɵɟ ɢɧɬɟɪɟɫɵ ɩɪɢ ɩɪɢɦɟɧɟɧɢɢ ɩɨɥɨɠɟɧɢɣ ɡɚɤɨɧɨɞɚɬɟɥɶɫɬɜɚ ɨɛ ɢɡɴɹɬɢɢɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɚɝɨɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜɨɦɜɩɭɛɥɢɱɧɭɸɫɨɛɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɫɬɶ«ª

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 ɂɭɞɚɢɫɬɫɤɨɦɭɡɟɦɟɥɶɧɨɦɭɫɨɨɛɳɟɫɬɜɭɡɟɦɥɢɌɸɪɢɧɝɢɹɞɥɹɞɨɫɬɢɠɟɧɢɹ ɪɚɡɥɢɱɧɵɯɰɟɥɟɣ   ȾɨɦɢɧɢɤɚɧɫɤɚɹɊɟɫɩɭɛɥɢɤɚ ɋɬɚɬɶɹ ;;,,, ɋɨɝɥɚɲɟɧɢɹ ɨɬ  ɦɟɠɞɭ ɋɜɹɬɵɦ ɉɪɟɫɬɨɥɨɦɢȾɨɦɢɧɢɤɚɧɫɤɨɣɊɟɫɩɭɛɥɢɤɨɣɨɩɪɟɞɟɥɹɟɬɫɥɟɞɭɸɳɟɟ ©Ⱦɨɦɢɧɢɤɚɧɫɤɨɟ ɝɨɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜɨ ɩɪɢɡɧɚɺɬ ɩɨɥɧɭɸ ɩɪɚɜɨɫɩɨɫɨɛɧɨɫɬɶ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɯ ɭɱɪɟɠɞɟɧɢɣ ɢ ɚɫɫɨɰɢɚɰɢɣ ɭɤɚɡɚɧɧɵɯ ɜ ɫɬɚɬɶɟ,9ɩɪɢɨɛɪɟɬɚɬɶɜɥɚɞɟɬɶɢɭɩɪɚɜɥɹɬɶɜɫɟɦɢɜɢɞɚɦɢɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɚ ɋɬɚɧɞɚɪɬɧɨɟ ɢ ɨɫɨɛɨɟ ɭɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɟ ɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɨɦ ɩɪɢɧɚɞɥɟɠɚɳɢɦ ɰɟɪɤɨɜɧɵɦ ɨɪɝɚɧɢɡɚɰɢɹɦ ɢɥɢ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɦ ɨɛɴɟɞɢɧɟɧɢɹɦ ɚ ɬɚɤɠɟ ɨɫɭɳɟɫɬɜɥɟɧɢɟ ɤɨɧɬɪɨɥɹ ɢ ɧɚɞɡɨɪɚ ɡɚ ɬɚɤɢɦ ɭɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɟɦ ɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɨɦ ɪɟɚɥɢɡɭɸɬɫɹ ɤɨɦɩɟɬɟɧɬɧɵɦɢ ɨɪɝɚɧɚɦɢ ɐɟɪɤɜɢ Ⱦɨɦɢɧɢɤɚɧɫɤɚɹ Ɋɟɫɩɭɛɥɢɤɚ ɩɪɢɡɧɚɺɬ ɢ ɝɚɪɚɧɬɢɪɭɟɬ ɩɪɚɜɨ ɫɨɛɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɫɬɢ ɐɟɪɤɜɢ ɧɚ ɞɜɢɠɢɦɨɟ ɢ ɧɟɞɜɢɠɢɦɨɟ ɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɨ ɤɨɬɨɪɨɟ ɝɨɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜɨ ɩɪɢɡɧɚɺɬ ɤɚɤ ɩɪɢɧɚɞɥɟɠɚɳɟɟ ɟɣ ɜ ɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɢɢ ɫ Ɂɚɤɨɧɨɦ ɨɬʋɭɬɨɱɧɺɧɧɵɦɁɚɤɨɧɨɦɨɬʋɚɬɚɤɠɟ ɧɚ ɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɨ ɤɨɬɨɪɨɟ ɡɚɤɨɧɧɵɦ ɨɛɪɚɡɨɦ ɩɪɢɨɛɪɟɬɟɧɨ ɢɥɢ ɩɨɥɭɱɟɧɨ ɐɟɪɤɨɜɶɸ ɩɨɫɥɟ ɷɬɨɣ ɞɚɬɵ ɜɤɥɸɱɚɹ ɬɨ ɤɨɬɨɪɨɟ ɩɪɢɡɧɚɧɨ ɜ ɤɚɱɟɫɬɜɟ ɧɚɰɢɨɧɚɥɶɧɵɯɩɚɦɹɬɧɢɤɨɜ Ⱦɨɦɢɧɢɤɚɧɫɤɚɹ Ɋɟɫɩɭɛɥɢɤɚ ɨɛɴɹɜɥɹɟɬ ɫɨɛɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɫɬɶɸ ɐɟɪɤɜɢ ɜɫɟ ɯɪɚɦɵ ɢ ɞɪɭɝɢɟ ɡɞɚɧɢɹ ɩɪɟɞɧɚɡɧɚɱɟɧɧɵɟ ɞɥɹ ɰɟɪɤɨɜɧɵɯ ɰɟɥɟɣ ɤɨɬɨɪɵɟɝɨɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜɨɩɨɫɬɪɨɢɥɨɜɩɟɪɢɨɞɫɝɨɝɨɞɚɢɤɨɬɨɪɵɟɛɭɞɭɬ ɩɨɫɬɪɨɟɧɵɜɞɚɥɶɧɟɣɲɟɦ«ª ɉɪɢ ɷɬɨɦ ɫɨɝɥɚɫɧɨ ɫɬɚɬɶɟ ;;9,, ɋɨɝɥɚɲɟɧɢɹ ɨɬ  ɦɟɠɞɭ ɋɜɹɬɵɦ ɉɪɟɫɬɨɥɨɦ ɢ Ⱦɨɦɢɧɢɤɚɧɫɤɨɣ Ɋɟɫɩɭɛɥɢɤɨɣ ©ɞɪɭɝɢɟ ɜɨɩɪɨɫɵ ɫɜɹɡɚɧɧɵɟ ɫ ɰɟɪɤɨɜɧɵɦɢ ɥɢɰɚɦɢ ɢɥɢ ɨɛɴɟɤɬɚɦɢ« ɛɭɞɭɬ ɭɪɟɝɭɥɢɪɨɜɚɧɵɜɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɢɢɫɞɟɣɫɬɜɭɸɳɢɦɰɟɪɤɨɜɧɵɦɩɪɚɜɨɦª  

 ɋɨɝɥɚɲɟɧɢɟ

ɨɬ  ɦɟɠɞɭ ɋɜɹɬɵɦ ɉɪɟɫɬɨɥɨɦ ɢ Ⱦɨɦɢɧɢɤɚɧɫɤɨɣ Ɋɟɫɩɭɛɥɢɤɨɣ>&RQFRUGDWRHQWUHOD6DQWD6HGH\OD5HS~EOLFD'RPLQLFDQDGHGH-XQLR GH@KWWSZZZYDWLFDQYDURPDQBFXULDVHFUHWDULDWBVWDWHDUFKLYLRGRFXPHQWVUFBVHJ VWBBFRQFRUGDWRGRPLQLFDQDBVSKWPO!

 

 ȼ ɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɢɢɫ ɱɚɫɬɶɸ  ɫɬɚɬɶɢ9,, ɋɨɝɥɚɲɟɧɢɹɨɬ ɦɟɠɞɭ ɋɜɹɬɵɦ ɉɪɟɫɬɨɥɨɦ ɢ Ⱦɨɦɢɧɢɤɚɧɫɤɨɣ Ɋɟɫɩɭɛɥɢɤɨɣ ɉɪɚɜɢɬɟɥɶɫɬɜɨ Ⱦɨɦɢɧɢɤɚɧɫɤɨɣ Ɋɟɫɩɭɛɥɢɤɢ ɨɛɹɡɭɟɬɫɹ ɨɫɭɳɟɫɬɜɢɬɶ ɫɬɪɨɢɬɟɥɶɫɬɜɨ ɫɨɛɨɪɧɨɣ ɰɟɪɤɜɢ ɢ ɧɟɤɨɬɨɪɵɯ ɡɞɚɧɢɣ ɩɪɟɞɧɚɡɧɚɱɟɧɧɵɯ ɞɥɹ ɩɪɨɠɢɜɚɧɢɹ ɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɭɸɳɢɯ ɰɟɪɤɨɜɧɵɯ ɫɥɭɠɢɬɟɥɟɣ ɫɥɭɠɟɛɧɵɯ ɩɨɦɟɳɟɧɢɣɤɭɪɢɢ  ɂɫɩɚɧɢɹ ȼ ɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɢɢ ɫ ɱɚɫɬɶɸ  ɫɬɚɬɶɢ ;, Ʉɨɧɤɨɪɞɚɬɚ ɨɬ  ɦɟɠɞɭ ɋɜɹɬɵɦ ɉɪɟɫɬɨɥɨɦ ɢ ɂɫɩɚɧɢɟɣ ɰɟɪɤɨɜɧɵɟ ɨɪɝɚɧɵ ɜɥɚɫɬɢ ɜɩɪɚɜɟɫɜɨɛɨɞɧɨɫɨɡɞɚɜɚɬɶɧɨɜɵɟɰɟɪɤɨɜɧɵɟɩɪɢɯɨɞɵɚɬɚɤɠɟɢɡɦɟɧɹɬɶ ɝɪɚɧɢɰɵɭɠɟɫɭɳɟɫɬɜɭɸɳɢɯ ɋɬɚɬɶɹ;;Ʉɨɧɤɨɪɞɚɬɚɨɬɦɟɠɞɭɋɜɹɬɵɦɉɪɟɫɬɨɥɨɦɢ ɂɫɩɚɧɢɟɣɢɡɥɨɠɟɧɚɜɫɥɟɞɭɸɳɟɦɜɢɞɟ ©Ɉɫɜɨɛɨɠɞɚɸɬɫɹ ɨɬ ɭɩɥɚɬɵ ɧɚɥɨɝɨɜ ɢ ɜɡɧɨɫɨɜ ɝɨɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɝɨɢɥɢɦɟɫɬɧɨɝɨɭɪɨɜɧɹ ɚ ɰɟɪɤɜɢ ɢ ɱɚɫɨɜɧɢ ɩɪɟɞɧɚɡɧɚɱɟɧɧɵɟ ɞɥɹ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɨɝɨ ɩɨɤɥɨɧɟɧɢɹ ɚ ɬɚɤɠɟ ɡɞɚɧɢɹ ɢ« ɩɪɢɫɬɪɨɣɤɢ ɩɪɟɞɧɚɡɧɚɱɟɧɧɵɟ ɞɥɹ ɢɯ ɨɛɫɥɭɠɢɜɚɧɢɹɢɥɢɞɥɹɩɪɟɛɵɜɚɧɢɹɤɚɬɨɥɢɱɟɫɤɢɯɨɪɝɚɧɢɡɚɰɢɣ E ɡɞɚɧɢɹɟɩɢɫɤɨɩɨɜɤɚɧɨɧɢɤɨɜɢɫɜɹɳɟɧɧɢɤɨɜɩɪɟɞɧɚɡɧɚɱɟɧɧɵɟ ɞɥɹ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɨɝɨ ɨɤɨɪɦɥɟɧɢɹ ɩɪɢ ɭɫɥɨɜɢɢ ɱɬɨ ɬɚɤɨɟ ɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɨ ɩɪɢɧɚɞɥɟɠɢɬɐɟɪɤɜɢ ɫ ɫɥɭɠɟɛɧɵɟ ɩɨɦɟɳɟɧɢɹ ɩɪɟɞɧɚɡɧɚɱɟɧɧɵɟ ɞɥɹ ɟɩɚɪɯɢɚɥɶɧɨɣ ɤɭɪɢɢɢɩɪɢɯɨɞɨɜ G ɰɟɪɤɨɜɧɵɟ ɭɧɢɜɟɪɫɢɬɟɬɵ ɢ ɫɟɦɢɧɚɪɢɢ ɩɪɟɞɧɚɡɧɚɱɟɧɧɵɟ ɞɥɹ ɩɨɞɝɨɬɨɜɤɢɞɭɯɨɜɟɧɫɬɜɚ ɟ ɡɞɚɧɢɹɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɯɨɪɞɟɧɨɜɨɛɳɢɧɢɭɱɪɟɠɞɟɧɢɣ« I ɭɱɢɥɢɳɚɢɞɪɭɝɢɟɰɟɧɬɪɵɨɛɪɚɡɨɜɚɧɢɹ«ɤɨɬɨɪɵɟɢɦɟɸɬɫɬɚɬɭɫ ɛɥɚɝɨɬɜɨɪɢɬɟɥɶɧɵɯ Ɍɚɤɠɟ ɩɨɥɧɨɫɬɶɸ ɨɫɜɨɛɨɠɞɚɸɬɫɹ ɨɬ ɧɚɥɨɝɨɜ ɨɛɴɟɤɬɵ ɩɪɟɞɧɚɡɧɚɱɟɧɧɵɟ ɞɥɹ ɨɬɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɹ ɤɚɬɨɥɢɱɟɫɤɨɝɨ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɨɝɨ ɤɭɥɶɬɚ«ª

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  ɂɬɚɥɢɹ ȼ ɂɬɚɥɢɢ ɜ ɧɟɦɚɥɨɣ ɫɬɟɩɟɧɢ ɪɚɡɥɢɱɧɵɟ ɚɫɩɟɤɬɵ ɨɬɧɨɲɟɧɢɣ ɫ ɬɚɤɨɣ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɨɣ ɨɪɝɚɧɢɡɚɰɢɟɣ ɤɚɤ Ʉɚɬɨɥɢɱɟɫɤɚɹ ɰɟɪɤɨɜɶ ɩɪɟɞɫɬɚɜɥɹɸɳɢɟ ɢɧɬɟɪɟɫ ɜ ɪɚɦɤɚɯ ɧɚɫɬɨɹɳɟɝɨ ɢɫɫɥɟɞɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɪɟɝɭɥɢɪɭɸɬɫɹɅɚɬɟɪɚɧɫɤɢɦɢɫɨɝɥɚɲɟɧɢɹɦɢɨɬɝɨɞɚ Ⱦɚɧɧɵɟ ɞɨɤɭɦɟɧɬɵ ɜ ɞɚɥɶɧɟɣɲɟɦ ɛɵɥɢ ɜɟɫɶɦɚ ɫɭɳɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɨ ɢɡɦɟɧɟɧɵ ɩɨɫɥɟɞɭɸɳɢɦɢ ɫɨɝɥɚɲɟɧɢɹɦɢ ɂɬɚɥɢɢ ɢ ɋɜɹɬɨɝɨ ɉɪɟɫɬɨɥɚ Ⱦɚɥɟɟɛɭɞɭɬɩɪɢɜɟɞɟɧɵɧɟɤɨɬɨɪɵɟɜɵɞɟɪɠɤɢɤɚɤɢɡɧɢɯɬɚɤɢɢɡɞɪɭɝɢɯ ɬɚɤɢɯɫɨɝɥɚɲɟɧɢɣ ɋɨɝɥɚɫɧɨ ɫɬɚɬɶɟ  Ɍɪɚɤɬɚɬɚ ɨɬ  ɦɟɠɞɭ ɋɜɹɬɵɦ ɉɪɟɫɬɨɥɨɦ ɢ ɂɬɚɥɢɟɣ ɂɬɚɥɢɹ ɩɪɢɡɧɚɜɚɥɚ ɢɫɤɥɸɱɢɬɟɥɶɧɭɸ ɢ ɚɛɫɨɥɸɬɧɭɸɜɥɚɫɬɶɚɬɚɤɠɟɫɭɜɟɪɟɧɧɭɸɸɪɢɫɞɢɤɰɢɸɋɜɹɬɨɝɨɉɪɟɫɬɨɥɚ ɧɚɞ ɬɟɪɪɢɬɨɪɢɟɣ ȼɚɬɢɤɚɧɚ ɉɪɢ ɷɬɨɦ ɩɥɨɳɚɞɶ ɋɜɹɬɨɝɨ ɉɟɬɪɚ ɹɜɥɹɸɳɚɹɫɹ ɱɚɫɬɶɸ ȼɚɬɢɤɚɧɚ ɩɨɩɪɟɠɧɟɦɭ ɞɨɥɠɧɚ ɛɵɥɚ ɨɫɬɚɜɚɬɶɫɹ ɨɬɤɪɵɬɨɣ ɞɥɹ ɨɛɳɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɫɬɢ ɢ ɧɚ ɧɟɟ ɪɚɫɩɪɨɫɬɪɚɧɹɥɢɫɶ ɧɟɤɨɬɨɪɵɟ ɩɨɥɧɨɦɨɱɢɹɢɬɚɥɶɹɧɫɤɨɣɩɨɥɢɰɢɢ ɋɬɚɬɶɹ  Ɍɪɚɤɬɚɬɚ ɨɬ  ɦɟɠɞɭ ɋɜɹɬɵɦ ɉɪɟɫɬɨɥɨɦ ɢ ɂɬɚɥɢɟɣ ɩɪɟɞɭɫɦɚɬɪɢɜɚɥɚ ɨɛɹɡɚɧɧɨɫɬɶ ɨɪɝɚɧɨɜ ɩɭɛɥɢɱɧɨɣ ɜɥɚɫɬɢ ɂɬɚɥɢɢ ɧɟ ɞɨɩɭɫɤɚɬɶ ɫɬɪɨɢɬɟɥɶɫɬɜɚ ɜ ɨɤɪɟɫɬɧɨɫɬɹɯ ȼɚɬɢɤɚɧɚ ɧɨɜɵɯ ɡɞɚɧɢɣ ɤɨɬɨɪɵɟ ɩɨɡɜɨɥɢɥɢ ɛɵ ɡɚɝɥɹɞɵɜɚɬɶ ɜɧɭɬɪɶ ɬɟɪɪɢɬɨɪɢɢ ȼɚɬɢɤɚɧɚ ɚ ɬɚɤɠɟ ɱɚɫɬɢɱɧɨ ɫɧɟɫɬɢ ɧɟɤɨɬɨɪɵɟ ɭɠɟ ɫɭɳɟɫɬɜɨɜɚɜɲɢɟ ɫɨɨɪɭɠɟɧɢɹ ɋɨɝɥɚɫɧɨ ɫɬɚɬɶɟ  Ɍɪɚɤɬɚɬɚ ɨɬ  ɦɟɠɞɭ ɋɜɹɬɵɦ ɉɪɟɫɬɨɥɨɦ ɢ ɂɬɚɥɢɟɣ ɂɬɚɥɢɹ ɩɪɢɡɧɚɜɚɥɚ ɩɪɚɜɨ ɫɨɛɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɫɬɢ ɋɜɹɬɨɝɨ ɉɪɟɫɬɨɥɚ ɜ ɩɨɥɧɨɦ ɨɛɴɟɦɟ ɧɚ Ȼɚɡɢɥɢɤɭ ɋɚɧȾɠɨɜɚɧɧɢ ɜ ɅɚɬɟɪɚɧɨȻɚɡɢɥɢɤɭɋɚɧɬɚɆɚɪɢɹɆɚɞɠɨɪɟɢȻɚɡɢɥɢɤɭɋɜɹɬɨɝɨɉɚɜɥɚɚ ɬɚɤɠɟ ɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɭɸɳɢɟ ɯɨɡɹɣɫɬɜɟɧɧɵɟ ɩɪɢɫɬɪɨɣɤɢ ɉɪɢ ɷɬɨɦ ɝɨɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜɨ ɬɚɤɠɟ ɩɟɪɟɞɚɜɚɥɨ ɋɜɹɬɨɦɭ ɉɪɟɫɬɨɥɭ ɜ ɫɜɨɛɨɞɧɨɟ ɭɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɟ ɭɤɚɡɚɧɧɭɸ Ȼɚɡɢɥɢɤɭ ɋɜɹɬɨɝɨ ɉɚɜɥɚ ɢ ɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɭɸɳɢɣ ɦɨɧɚɫɬɵɪɶ ɜɵɞɟɥɹɹ ɋɜɹɬɨɦɭ ɉɪɟɫɬɨɥɭ ɧɟɤɨɬɨɪɵɟ ɫɭɦɦɵ ɟɠɟɝɨɞɧɨ ɧɚ ɫɨɞɟɪɠɚɧɢɟɷɬɨɣɛɚɡɢɥɢɤɢ

 Ɍɪɚɤɬɚɬ ɨɬ  ɦɟɠɞɭ ɋɜɹɬɵɦ ɉɪɟɫɬɨɥɨɦ ɢ ɂɬɚɥɢɟɣ >7UDWWDWR IUD OD 6DQWD

6HGHH/¶,WDOLDIHEUXDULL@KWWSZZZYDWLFDQYDURPDQBFXULDVHFUHWDULDWBVWDWHDU FKLYLRGRFXPHQWVUFBVHJVWBBSDWWLODWHUDQHQVLBLWKWPO!

 

 Ʉɚɤ ɭɫɬɚɧɚɜɥɢɜɚɟɬ ɫɬɚɬɶɹ  Ɍɪɚɤɬɚɬɚ ɨɬ  ɦɟɠɞɭ ɋɜɹɬɵɦ ɉɪɟɫɬɨɥɨɦ ɢ ɂɬɚɥɢɟɣ ɂɬɚɥɢɹ ɩɪɢɡɧɚɜɚɥɚ ɩɪɚɜɨ ɫɨɛɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɫɬɢ ɋɜɹɬɨɝɨ ɉɪɟɫɬɨɥɚ ɜ ɩɨɥɧɨɦ ɨɛɴɟɦɟ ɧɚ ɉɚɩɫɤɢɣ ɞɜɨɪɟɰ ɄɚɫɬɟɥɶȽɚɧɞɨɥɶɮɨɜɦɟɫɬɟɫɨɜɫɟɦɨɛɨɪɭɞɨɜɚɧɢɟɦɢɨɬɞɟɥɟɧɢɹɦɢ Ʉɪɨɦɟ ɬɨɝɨ ɫɨɝɥɚɫɧɨ ɭɤɚɡɚɧɧɨɣ ɫɬɚɬɶɟ ɪɚɫɫɦɚɬɪɢɜɚɟɦɨɝɨ ɋɨɝɥɚɲɟɧɢɹ ɂɬɚɥɢɹ ɩɟɪɟɞɚɜɚɥɚ ɋɜɹɬɨɦɭ ɉɪɟɫɬɨɥɭ ɜ ɩɨɥɧɨɟ ɢ ɫɜɨɛɨɞɧɨɟ ɜɥɚɞɟɧɢɟ ɧɟɤɨɬɨɪɵɟ ɛɵɜɲɢɟ ɦɨɧɚɫɬɵɪɫɤɢɟ ɩɨɫɬɪɨɣɤɢ ɜ Ɋɢɦɟ ɋɬɚɬɶɹ  Ʉɨɧɤɨɪɞɚɬɚ ɨɬ  ɦɟɠɞɭ ɋɜɹɬɵɦ ɉɪɟɫɬɨɥɨɦ ɢ ɂɬɚɥɢɟɣ ɭɫɬɚɧɚɜɥɢɜɚɥɚ ɫɥɟɞɭɸɳɟɟ ©Ʉɚɤ ɩɪɚɜɢɥɨ ɡɞɚɧɢɹ ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɭɸɳɢɟɫɹ ɞɥɹ ɰɟɥɟɣ ɨɬɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɹ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɨɝɨ ɤɭɥɶɬɚ ɨɫɜɨɛɨɠɞɚɸɬɫɹ ɨɬ ɪɟɤɜɢɡɢɰɢɢ ɢɥɢ ɡɚɧɹɬɢɹ ȼ ɫɥɭɱɚɟ ɡɧɚɱɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɣ ɨɛɳɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɣ ɩɨɬɪɟɛɧɨɫɬɢ ɜ ɬɨɦ ɱɬɨɛɵ ɡɚɧɹɬɶ ɡɞɚɧɢɟ ɨɬɤɪɵɬɨɟ ɞɥɹ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɨɝɨɩɨɤɥɨɧɟɧɢɹɨɪɝɚɧɜɥɚɫɬɢɨɫɭɳɟɫɬɜɥɹɸɳɢɣɬɚɤɨɟɡɚɧɹɬɢɟ ɡɞɚɧɢɹ ɨɛɹɡɚɧ ɩɪɟɞɜɚɪɢɬɟɥɶɧɨ ɩɨɥɭɱɢɬɶ ɫɨɝɥɚɫɢɟ ɫɨ ɫɬɨɪɨɧɵ ɨɪɞɢɧɚɪɢɹ« Ɂɚ ɢɫɤɥɸɱɟɧɢɟɦ ɫɢɬɭɚɰɢɣ ɤɪɚɣɧɟɣ ɧɟɨɛɯɨɞɢɦɨɫɬɢ ɩɨɥɢɰɢɹ ɧɟ ɜɯɨɞɢɬ ɞɥɹ ɨɫɭɳɟɫɬɜɥɟɧɢɹ ɫɜɨɢɯ ɮɭɧɤɰɢɣ ɜ ɡɞɚɧɢɹ ɨɬɤɪɵɬɵɟ ɞɥɹ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɨɝɨ ɩɨɤɥɨɧɟɧɢɹ ɛɟɡ ɩɪɟɞɜɚɪɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɝɨ ɭɜɟɞɨɦɥɟɧɢɹɰɟɪɤɨɜɧɵɯɜɥɚɫɬɟɣª ɋɨɝɥɚɫɧɨ ɫɬɚɬɶɟ  Ʉɨɧɤɨɪɞɚɬɚ ɨɬ  ɦɟɠɞɭ ɋɜɹɬɵɦ ɉɪɟɫɬɨɥɨɦɢɂɬɚɥɢɟɣɫɧɨɫɡɞɚɧɢɣɩɪɟɞɧɚɡɧɚɱɟɧɧɵɯɞɥɹɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɨɝɨ ɩɨɤɥɨɧɟɧɢɹ ɛɵɥ ɧɟɜɨɡɦɨɠɟɧ ɛɟɡ ɩɨɥɭɱɟɧɢɹ ɩɪɟɞɜɚɪɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɝɨ ɧɚ ɬɨ ɫɨɝɥɚɫɢɹɫɨɫɬɨɪɨɧɵɰɟɪɤɨɜɧɵɯɜɥɚɫɬɟɣ ɋɬɚɬɶɹɋɨɝɥɚɲɟɧɢɹɨɬɦɟɠɞɭɋɜɹɬɵɦɉɪɟɫɬɨɥɨɦ ɢ ɂɬɚɥɶɹɧɫɤɨɣ Ɋɟɫɩɭɛɥɢɤɨɣ ɨɛ ɢɡɦɟɧɟɧɢɢ Ʌɚɬɟɪɚɧɫɤɨɝɨ ɫɨɝɥɚɲɟɧɢɹɩɪɟɞɭɫɦɚɬɪɢɜɚɟɬɫɥɟɞɭɸɳɟɟ ©Ɂɞɚɧɢɹ ɩɪɟɞɧɚɡɧɚɱɟɧɧɵɟ ɞɥɹ ɰɟɥɟɣ ɨɬɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɹ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɨɝɨ ɤɭɥɶɬɚ ɧɟ ɦɨɝɭɬ ɛɵɬɶ ɢɡɴɹɬɵ ɡɚɧɹɬɵ ɷɤɫɩɪɨɩɪɢɢɪɨɜɚɧɵ ɢɥɢ ɫɧɟɫɟɧɵ ɛɟɡ ɫɟɪɶɟɡɧɵɯ ɧɚ ɬɨ ɩɪɢɱɢɧ ɚ ɬɚɤɠɟ ɛɟɡ ɫɨɝɥɚɫɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɫ ɤɨɦɩɟɬɟɧɬɧɵɦɢɰɟɪɤɨɜɧɵɦɢɨɪɝɚɧɚɦɢ

  Ʉɨɧɤɨɪɞɚɬ ɨɬ  ɦɟɠɞɭ ɋɜɹɬɵɦ ɉɪɟɫɬɨɥɨɦ ɢ ɂɬɚɥɢɟɣ >&RQFRUGDWR IUD OD

6DQWD6HGHH/ ,WDOLDIHEUXDULL@KWWSZZZYDWLFDQYDURPDQBFXULDVHFUHWDULDWBV WDWHDUFKLYLRGRFXPHQWVUFBVHJVWBBSDWWLODWHUDQHQVLBLWKWPO! ɋɨɝɥɚɲɟɧɢɟ ɨɬ  ɦɟɠɞɭ ɋɜɹɬɵɦ ɉɪɟɫɬɨɥɨɦ ɢ ɂɬɚɥɶɹɧɫɤɨɣ Ɋɟɫɩɭɛɥɢɤɨɣ ɨɛ ɢɡɦɟɧɟɧɢɢ Ʌɚɬɟɪɚɧɫɤɨɝɨ ɫɨɝɥɚɲɟɧɢɹ >$FFRUGR WUD OD 6DQWD 6HGH H OD 5HSXEEOLFD ,WDOLDQD FKH DSSRUWD PRGLILFD]LRQL DO &RQFRUGDWR /DWHUDQHQVH @ KWWSZZZYDWLFDQYDURPDQBFXULDVHFUHWDULDWBVWDWHDUFKLYLRGRFXPHQWVUFBVHJ VWBBVDQWDVHGHLWDOLDBLWKWPO!

 

 Ɂɚ ɢɫɤɥɸɱɟɧɢɟɦ ɫɢɬɭɚɰɢɣ ɜɨɡɧɢɤɧɨɜɟɧɢɹ ɛɟɡɨɬɥɚɝɚɬɟɥɶɧɨɣ ɧɟɨɛɯɨɞɢɦɨɫɬɢɩɨɥɢɰɢɹɧɟɜɩɪɚɜɟɩɪɨɧɢɤɚɬɶɞɥɹɨɫɭɳɟɫɬɜɥɟɧɢɹɫɜɨɢɯ ɮɭɧɤɰɢɣ ɜ ɡɞɚɧɢɹ ɩɪɟɞɧɚɡɧɚɱɟɧɧɵɟ ɞɥɹ ɰɟɥɟɣ ɨɬɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɹ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɨɝɨ ɤɭɥɶɬɚ ɛɟɡ ɩɪɟɞɜɚɪɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɝɨ ɭɜɟɞɨɦɥɟɧɢɹ ɰɟɪɤɨɜɧɵɯ ɜɥɚɫɬɟɣ Ɉɪɝɚɧɵɝɨɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɣɜɥɚɫɬɢɛɭɞɭɬɩɪɢɧɢɦɚɬɶɜɨɜɧɢɦɚɧɢɟ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɟ ɩɨɬɪɟɛɧɨɫɬɢ ɧɚɫɟɥɟɧɢɹ ɩɪɟɞɫɬɚɜɥɹɟɦɨɝɨ ɤɨɦɩɟɬɟɧɬɧɵɦ ɰɟɪɤɨɜɧɵɦ ɨɪɝɚɧɨɦ ɨɬɧɨɫɢɬɟɥɶɧɨ ɫɬɪɨɢɬɟɥɶɫɬɜɚ ɧɨɜɵɯ ɡɞɚɧɢɣ ɞɥɹ ɨɬɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɹ ɤɚɬɨɥɢɱɟɫɤɨɝɨ ɤɭɥɶɬɚ ɢ ɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɭɸɳɢɯ ɩɪɢɯɨɞɫɤɢɯ ɫɨɨɪɭɠɟɧɢɣª ɋɨɝɥɚɫɧɨ ɱɚɫɬɢ  ɫɬɚɬɶɢ  ɋɨɝɥɚɲɟɧɢɹ ɨɬ  ɦɟɠɞɭ ɋɜɹɬɵɦ ɉɪɟɫɬɨɥɨɦ ɢ ɂɬɚɥɶɹɧɫɤɨɣ Ɋɟɫɩɭɛɥɢɤɨɣ ɨɛ ɢɡɦɟɧɟɧɢɢ Ʌɚɬɟɪɚɧɫɤɨɝɨ ɫɨɝɥɚɲɟɧɢɹ ɡɞɚɧɢɹ ɨɬɤɪɵɬɵɟ ɞɥɹ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɨɝɨ ɩɨɤɥɨɧɟɧɢɹ« ɩɨɩɪɟɠɧɟɦɭ ɪɟɝɭɥɢɪɭɸɬɫɹ ɞɟɣɫɬɜɭɸɳɢɦ ɡɚɤɨɧɨɞɚɬɟɥɶɫɬɜɨɦ ɋɨɝɥɚɫɧɨ ɱɚɫɬɢ  ɫɬɚɬɶɢ  ɋɨɝɥɚɲɟɧɢɹ ɨɬ  ɦɟɠɞɭ ɋɜɹɬɵɦ ɉɪɟɫɬɨɥɨɦ ɢ ɂɬɚɥɶɹɧɫɤɨɣ Ɋɟɫɩɭɛɥɢɤɨɣ ɨɛ ɢɡɦɟɧɟɧɢɢ Ʌɚɬɟɪɚɧɫɤɨɝɨ ɫɨɝɥɚɲɟɧɢɹ ɋɜɹɬɨɣ ɉɪɟɫɬɨɥ ɢ ɂɬɚɥɶɹɧɫɤɚɹ Ɋɟɫɩɭɛɥɢɤɚ ɨɫɭɳɟɫɬɜɥɹɸɬɫɨɬɪɭɞɧɢɱɟɫɬɜɨɞɥɹɨɛɟɫɩɟɱɟɧɢɹɡɚɳɢɬɵɢɫɬɨɪɢɱɟɫɤɨɝɨɢ ɯɭɞɨɠɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɝɨɧɚɫɥɟɞɢɹɉɪɢɷɬɨɦɜɰɟɥɹɯɝɚɪɦɨɧɢɡɚɰɢɢɩɪɢɦɟɧɟɧɢɹ ɢɬɚɥɶɹɧɫɤɨɝɨ ɡɚɤɨɧɨɞɚɬɟɥɶɫɬɜɚ ɫ ɧɨɪɦɚɬɢɜɧɵɦɢ ɭɫɬɚɧɨɜɥɟɧɢɹɦɢ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɨɝɨ ɯɚɪɚɤɬɟɪɚ ɤɨɦɩɟɬɟɧɬɧɵɟ ɨɪɝɚɧɵ ɨɛɟɢɯ ɭɤɚɡɚɧɧɵɯ ɫɬɨɪɨɧ ɫɨɝɥɚɫɨɜɵɜɚɸɬ ɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɭɸɳɢɟ ɧɟɨɛɯɨɞɢɦɵɟ ɦɟɪɵ ɞɥɹ ɨɛɟɫɩɟɱɟɧɢɹ ɡɚɳɢɬɵ ɫɨɯɪɚɧɟɧɢɹ ɢ ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɚ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɨɝɨ ɯɚɪɚɤɬɟɪɚ ɤɨɬɨɪɨɟ ɜɯɨɞɢɬ ɜ ɤɭɥɶɬɭɪɧɨɟ ɧɚɫɥɟɞɢɟ ɢ ɩɪɢɧɚɞɥɟɠɢɬ ɰɟɪɤɨɜɧɵɦɨɪɝɚɧɢɡɚɰɢɹɦɢɭɱɪɟɠɞɟɧɢɹɦ ȼ ɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɢɢ ɫ ɱɚɫɬɶɸ  ɫɬɚɬɶɢ  ɋɨɝɥɚɲɟɧɢɹ ɨɬ  ɦɟɠɞɭ ɋɜɹɬɵɦ ɉɪɟɫɬɨɥɨɦ ɢ ɂɬɚɥɶɹɧɫɤɨɣ Ɋɟɫɩɭɛɥɢɤɨɣ ɨɛ ɢɡɦɟɧɟɧɢɢ Ʌɚɬɟɪɚɧɫɤɨɝɨ ɫɨɝɥɚɲɟɧɢɹ ɋɜɹɬɨɣ ɉɪɟɫɬɨɥ ɫɨɯɪɚɧɹɟɬ ɡɚ ɫɨɛɨɣ ɯɪɢɫɬɢɚɧɫɤɢɟ ɤɚɬɚɤɨɦɛɵ ɜ ɩɨɞɡɟɦɧɨɣ ɱɚɫɬɢ Ɋɢɦɚ ɢ ɜ ɞɪɭɝɢɯ ɱɚɫɬɹɯ ɢɬɚɥɶɹɧɫɤɨɣ ɬɟɪɪɢɬɨɪɢɢ ɜɦɟɫɬɟ ɫ ɨɛɹɡɚɧɧɨɫɬɹɦɢ ɩɨ ɢɯ ɡɚɳɢɬɟ ɩɨɞɞɟɪɠɚɧɢɸ ɢ ɫɨɯɪɚɧɟɧɢɸ ɉɪɢ ɷɬɨɦ ɜ ɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɢɢ ɫ ɡɚɤɨɧɨɞɚɬɟɥɶɫɬɜɨɦ ɂɬɚɥɢɢ ɢ ɛɟɡ ɭɳɟɪɛɚ ɞɥɹ ɥɸɛɵɯ ɩɪɚɜ ɬɪɟɬɶɢɯ ɥɢɰ ɋɜɹɬɨɣ ɉɪɟɫɬɨɥ ɜɩɪɚɜɟ ɨɫɭɳɟɫɬɜɥɹɬɶ ɧɟɨɛɯɨɞɢɦɵɟ ɪɚɫɤɨɩɤɢ ɢ ɩɟɪɟɦɟɳɟɧɢɟɫɜɹɳɟɧɧɵɯɪɟɥɢɤɜɢɣ

 

 ɉɭɧɤɬ  Ⱦɨɩɨɥɧɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɝɨ ɩɪɨɬɨɤɨɥɚ ɤ ɋɨɝɥɚɲɟɧɢɸ ɨɬ  ɦɟɠɞɭ ɋɜɹɬɵɦ ɉɪɟɫɬɨɥɨɦ ɢ ɂɬɚɥɶɹɧɫɤɨɣ Ɋɟɫɩɭɛɥɢɤɨɣ ɨɛ ɢɡɦɟɧɟɧɢɢ Ʌɚɬɟɪɚɧɫɤɨɝɨ ɫɨɝɥɚɲɟɧɢɹ ɩɪɢɧɹɬɵɣ ɤɚɫɚɬɟɥɶɧɨ ɫɬɚɬɶɢ  ɋɨɝɥɚɲɟɧɢɹ ɨɬ  ɦɟɠɞɭ ɋɜɹɬɵɦ ɉɪɟɫɬɨɥɨɦ ɢ ɂɬɚɥɶɹɧɫɤɨɣɊɟɫɩɭɛɥɢɤɨɣɨɛɢɡɦɟɧɟɧɢɢɅɚɬɟɪɚɧɫɤɨɝɨɫɨɝɥɚɲɟɧɢɹ ɭɫɬɚɧɚɜɥɢɜɚɟɬ ɱɬɨ ©ɂɬɚɥɶɹɧɫɤɚɹ Ɋɟɫɩɭɛɥɢɤɚ ɝɚɪɚɧɬɢɪɭɟɬ ɱɬɨ ɛɭɞɟɬ ɢɫɤɥɸɱɟɧɚ ɨɛɹɡɚɧɧɨɫɬɶ ɰɟɪɤɨɜɧɵɯ ɨɪɝɚɧɢɡɚɰɢɣ ɩɨ ɨɫɭɳɟɫɬɜɥɟɧɢɸ ɢɡɦɟɧɟɧɢɹɧɟɞɜɢɠɢɦɨɝɨɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɚª  Ʉɨɥɭɦɛɢɹ ɋɨɝɥɚɫɧɨ ɫɬɚɬɶɟ ;;9, Ʉɨɧɤɨɪɞɚɬɚ ɨɬ  ɦɟɠɞɭ Ɋɟɫɩɭɛɥɢɤɨɣ Ʉɨɥɭɦɛɢɹ ɢ ɋɜɹɬɵɦ ɉɪɟɫɬɨɥɨɦ ©ȼɵɫɨɤɢɟ ɞɨɝɨɜɚɪɢɜɚɸɳɢɟɫɹ ɫɬɨɪɨɧɵ ɨɛɴɟɞɢɧɹɸɬ ɮɢɧɚɧɫɨɜɵɟ ɨɛɹɡɚɬɟɥɶɫɬɜɚ ɩɪɢɨɛɪɟɬɟɧɧɵɟ ɜ ɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɢɢ ɫ Ʉɨɧɤɨɪɞɚɬɨɦ ɨɬ  ɝɨɞɚ ɢ ɋɨɝɥɚɲɟɧɢɟɦ ɨ ɦɢɫɫɢɹɯ ɨɬ  ɝɨɞɚ ȼ ɪɟɡɭɥɶɬɚɬɟ ɪɚɡɦɟɪ ɫɭɦɦɵ ɭɫɬɚɧɚɜɥɢɜɚɟɬɫɹ ɬɚɤɢɦ ɨɛɪɚɡɨɦ ɱɬɨɛɵ ɩɨɡɜɨɥɢɬɶ ɞɨɥɠɧɵɦ ɨɛɪɚɡɨɦ ɢɫɩɨɥɧɢɬɶ ɭɤɚɡɚɧɧɵɟ ɨɛɹɡɚɬɟɥɶɫɬɜɚ Ɍɚɤɠɟ ɛɭɞɟɬ ɭɪɟɝɭɥɢɪɨɜɚɧ ɜɤɥɚɞ ɝɨɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜɚɜɫɨɡɞɚɧɢɟɧɨɜɵɯɟɩɚɪɯɢɣɢɩɨɞɞɟɪɠɤɭɞɟɣɫɬɜɭɸɳɢɯ«ª Ʉɪɨɦɟ ɬɨɝɨ ɜ ɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɢɢ ɫɨ ɫɬɚɬɶɟɣ ;;9,, Ʉɨɧɤɨɪɞɚɬɚ ɨɬ  ɦɟɠɞɭ Ɋɟɫɩɭɛɥɢɤɨɣ Ʉɨɥɭɦɛɢɹ ɢ ɋɜɹɬɵɦ ɉɪɟɫɬɨɥɨɦ ɝɨɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜɨ ɝɚɪɚɧɬɢɪɭɟɬ ɐɟɪɤɜɢ ɩɪɚɜɨ ɜɥɚɞɟɬɶ ɢ ɭɩɪɚɜɥɹɬɶ ɫɜɨɢɦɢ ɫɨɛɫɬɜɟɧɧɵɦɢ ɤɥɚɞɛɢɳɚɦɢ ɧɚ ɤɨɬɨɪɵɟ ɩɪɢ ɷɬɨɦ ɪɚɫɩɪɨɫɬɪɚɧɹɸɬɫɹ ɩɨɥɨɠɟɧɢɹ ɤɚɫɚɸɳɢɟɫɹ ɫɚɧɢɬɚɪɧɵɯ ɬɪɟɛɨɜɚɧɢɣ ɢ ɬɪɟɛɨɜɚɧɢɣ ɨɛɳɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɝɨɩɨɪɹɞɤɚ Ʉɚɤɭɫɬɚɧɚɜɥɢɜɚɟɬɫɬɚɬɶɹ;;9,,,Ʉɨɧɤɨɪɞɚɬɚɨɬɦɟɠɞɭ Ɋɟɫɩɭɛɥɢɤɨɣ Ʉɨɥɭɦɛɢɹ ɢ ɋɜɹɬɵɦ ɉɪɟɫɬɨɥɨɦ ɝɨɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜɨ ɢ ɐɟɪɤɨɜɶ ɨɫɭɳɟɫɬɜɥɹɸɬ ɫɨɬɪɭɞɧɢɱɟɫɬɜɨ ɜ ɰɟɥɹɯ ɡɚɳɢɬɵ ɢ ɩɪɨɞɜɢɠɟɧɢɹ ɤɨɥɭɦɛɢɣɫɤɨɝɨ ɤɭɥɶɬɭɪɧɨɝɨ ɧɚɫɥɟɞɢɹ ɜ ɨɛɥɚɫɬɢ ɢɧɜɟɧɬɚɪɢɡɚɰɢɢ

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 Ⱦɨɝɨɜɨɪ

ɨɬ  ɦɟɠɞɭ ɋɥɨɜɚɰɤɨɣ Ɋɟɫɩɭɛɥɢɤɨɣ ɢ ɡɚɪɟɝɢɫɬɪɢɪɨɜɚɧɧɵɦɢ ɰɟɪɤɜɚɦɢ ɢ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɦɢ ɨɛɳɢɧɚɦɢ >=POXYD PHG]L 6ORYHQVNRX UHSXEOLNRX D UHJLVWURYDQêPL FLUNYDPL D QiERåHQVNêPL VSRORþQRVĢDPL  DSUtOD @ KWWSROGFXOWXUHJRYVNFLUNHYQDER]HQVNHVSRORFQRVWLOHJLVODWYD]NRQ\]POXYDPHG]L VORYHQVNRXUHSXEOLNRXDUHJLVWURYDQ\PLFLUNYDPLDQDER]HQVN\PLVSRORFQRVWDPL!

 

 ɰɟɪɤɜɢ ɢ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɟ ɨɛɳɢɧɵ ɡɚɤɥɸɱɚɸɬ ɫɩɟɰɢɚɥɶɧɵɟ ɫɨɝɥɚɲɟɧɢɹ ɨ ɮɢɧɚɧɫɨɜɨɣ ɩɨɞɞɟɪɠɤɟ ɡɚɪɟɝɢɫɬɪɢɪɨɜɚɧɧɵɯ ɰɟɪɤɜɟɣ ɢ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɯ ɨɛɳɢɧ ȼɫɥɟɞɭɸɳɟɦɪɚɫɫɦɨɬɪɟɧɧɨɦɧɚɦɢɞɨɝɨɜɨɪɟɦɟɠɞɭɋɥɨɜɚɤɢɟɣɢ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɦɢ ɨɪɝɚɧɢɡɚɰɢɹɦɢ ɜɨɩɪɨɫɵ ɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɵɯ ɨɬɧɨɲɟɧɢɣ ɦɟɠɞɭ ɭɤɚɡɚɧɧɵɦɢ ɫɭɛɴɟɤɬɚɦɢ ɡɚɬɪɚɝɢɜɚɸɬɫɹ ɥɢɲɶ ɩɨɜɟɪɯɧɨɫɬɧɨ ɢ ɤɨɫɜɟɧɧɨ ɜ ɜɢɞɟ ɭɫɬɚɧɨɜɥɟɧɢɹ ɝɚɪɚɧɬɢɣ ɩɪɟɞɨɫɬɚɜɥɟɧɢɹ ɮɢɧɚɧɫɨɜɨɣ ɩɨɞɞɟɪɠɤɢ ɫɨ ɫɬɨɪɨɧɵ ɝɨɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜɚ ɜ ɫɬɪɨɝɨ ɨɩɪɟɞɟɥɺɧɧɵɯ ɤɨɧɤɪɟɬɧɵɯ ɫɥɭɱɚɹɯ ɋɨɝɥɚɫɧɨ ɱɚɫɬɢ  ɫɬɚɬɶɢ  ɋɨɝɥɚɲɟɧɢɹ ɨɬ  ɦɟɠɞɭ ɋɥɨɜɚɰɤɨɣ Ɋɟɫɩɭɛɥɢɤɨɣ ɢ ɡɚɪɟɝɢɫɬɪɢɪɨɜɚɧɧɵɦɢ ɰɟɪɤɜɚɦɢ ɢ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɦɢ ɨɛɳɢɧɚɦɢ ɨ ɩɚɫɬɵɪɫɤɨɦ ɩɨɩɟɱɟɧɢɢ ɨ ɜɟɪɭɸɳɢɯ ɜ ȼɨɨɪɭɠɟɧɧɵɯ ɫɢɥɚɯ ɢ ɜɨɨɪɭɠɟɧɧɵɯ ɮɨɪɦɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɹɯ ɋɥɨɜɚɰɤɨɣ Ɋɟɫɩɭɛɥɢɤɢ ©ɋɥɨɜɚɰɤɚɹ Ɋɟɫɩɭɛɥɢɤɚ ɛɭɞɟɬ ɨɫɭɳɟɫɬɜɥɹɬɶ ɮɢɧɚɧɫɨɜɨɟ ɢ ɦɚɬɟɪɢɚɥɶɧɨɟ ɨɛɟɫɩɟɱɟɧɢɟ ɮɭɧɤɰɢɨɧɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɰɟɪɤɜɢ ɜ ɜɨɨɪɭɠɟɧɧɵɯ ɫɢɥɚɯ« ɮɭɧɤɰɢɨɧɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɪɟɡɢɞɟɧɰɢɢ ɝɥɚɜɧɨɝɨ ɞɭɯɨɜɟɧɫɬɜɚɢ«ɦɟɫɬɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɨɝɨɩɨɤɥɨɧɟɧɢɹª   

 ɋɨɝɥɚɲɟɧɢɟɨɬɦɟɠɞɭɋɥɨɜɚɰɤɨɣɊɟɫɩɭɛɥɢɤɨɣɢɡɚɪɟɝɢɫɬɪɢɪɨɜɚɧɧɵɦɢ

ɰɟɪɤɜɚɦɢ ɢ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɦɢ ɨɛɳɢɧɚɦɢ ɨ ɩɚɫɬɵɪɫɤɨɦ ɩɨɩɟɱɟɧɢɢ ɨ ɜɟɪɭɸɳɢɯ ɜ ȼɨɨɪɭɠɟɧɧɵɯ ɫɢɥɚɯ ɢ ɜɨɨɪɭɠɟɧɧɵɯ ɮɨɪɦɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɹɯ ɋɥɨɜɚɰɤɨɣ Ɋɟɫɩɭɛɥɢɤɢ >'RKRGD PHG]L 6ORYHQVNRX UHSXEOLNRX D UHJLVWURYDQêPL FLUNYDPL D QiERåHQVNêPL VSRORþQRVĢDPL R YêNRQH SDVWRUDþQHM VOXåE\ LFK YHULDFLP Y R]EURMHQêFK VLOiFK D R]EURMHQêFK ]ERURFK 6ORYHQVNHM UHSXEOLN\  DSUtOD @ KWWSROGFXOWXUHJRYVNFLUNHYQDER]HQVNH VSRORFQRVWLOHJLVODWYD]NRQ\GRKRGDPHG]LVUDUHJFLUNYDPLRY\NRQHSDVWRUDFQHMVOX]E\ LFKYHULDFLPYR]EURMHQ\FKVLODFK!

 

 ɋɒȺ ɋɨɝɥɚɲɟɧɢɟ ɦɟɠɞɭ ɋɨɟɞɢɧɟɧɧɵɦɢ ɒɬɚɬɚɦɢ Ⱥɦɟɪɢɤɢ ɢ ɋɜɹɬɵɦ ɉɪɟɫɬɨɥɨɦ ɞɟɣɫɬɜɭɸɳɢɦ ɨɬ ɢɦɟɧɢ ɢ ɩɨ ɩɨɪɭɱɟɧɢɸ ɝɨɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜɚȼɚɬɢɤɚɧɧɚɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɧɨɟɧɚɦɟɠɞɭɧɚɪɨɞɧɨɟɫɨɛɥɸɞɟɧɢɟ ɧɚɥɨɝɨɜɨɝɨ ɡɚɤɨɧɨɞɚɬɟɥɶɫɬɜɚ ɢ ɢɫɩɨɥɧɟɧɢɟ ɩɨɥɨɠɟɧɢɣ ɡɚɤɨɧɚ ɋɨɟɞɢɧɟɧɧɵɯ ɲɬɚɬɨɜ Ⱥɦɟɪɢɤɢ ©Ɉ ɜɵɩɨɥɧɟɧɢɢ ɧɚɥɨɝɨɜɵɯ ɬɪɟɛɨɜɚɧɢɣ ɩɨ ɡɚɪɭɛɟɠɧɵɦ ɫɱɟɬɚɦª ɩɪɟɞɫɬɚɜɥɹɟɬ ɨɩɪɟɞɟɥɺɧɧɵɣ ɢɧɬɟɪɟɫ ɜ ɪɚɦɤɚɯ ɧɚɫɬɨɹɳɟɝɨ ɢɫɫɥɟɞɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɜɜɢɞɭ ɬɨɝɨ ɱɬɨ ɢɦ ɬɚɤɠɟ ɪɟɝɭɥɢɪɭɸɬɫɹ ɧɟɤɨɬɨɪɵɟ ɨɬɞɟɥɶɧɵɟ ɚɫɩɟɤɬɵ ɷɤɨɧɨɦɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɨɬɧɨɲɟɧɢɣ ɦɟɠɞɭɞɜɭɦɹɭɤɚɡɚɧɧɵɦɢɫɭɛɴɟɤɬɚɦɢ  Ɏɪɚɧɰɢɹ Ɏɪɚɧɰɢɟɣ ɛɵɥ ɩɨɞɩɢɫɚɧ ɪɹɞ ɫɨɝɥɚɲɟɧɢɣ ɫɨ ɋɜɹɬɵɦ ɉɪɟɫɬɨɥɨɦ ɪɟɝɭɥɢɪɭɸɳɢɯ ɧɟɤɨɬɨɪɵɟ ɚɫɩɟɤɬɵ ɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɵɯ ɨɬɧɨɲɟɧɢɣ ɦɟɠɞɭ ɧɢɦɢ ȼ ɨɫɧɨɜɧɨɦ ɧɚɦɢ ɜ ɪɚɦɤɚɯ ɞɚɧɧɨɝɨ ɢɫɫɥɟɞɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɛɵɥɢ ɪɚɫɫɦɨɬɪɟɧɵ ɞɨɩɨɥɧɢɬɟɥɶɧɵɟ ɫɨɝɥɚɲɟɧɢɹ ɤ ɞɢɩɥɨɦɚɬɢɱɟɫɤɢɦ ɤɨɧɜɟɧɰɢɹɦ ɨɬ  ɢ  ɤɨɬɨɪɵɟ ɭɫɬɚɧɚɜɥɢɜɚɥɢ ɪɟɠɢɦ ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɰɟɪɤɜɢ ɌɪɢɧɢɬɚɞɟɢɆɨɧɬɢ ɤɨɬɨɪɚɹ ɪɚɫɩɨɥɚɝɚɟɬɫɹ ɜ ɂɬɚɥɢɢ ɗɬɢ ɞɨɤɭɦɟɧɬɵ ɩɪɟɞɫɬɚɜɥɹɸɬ ɧɟ ɬɨɥɶɤɨɢɫɬɨɪɢɱɟɫɤɢɣɢɧɬɟɪɟɫɢɜɤɪɚɬɰɟɦɵɧɚɧɢɯɨɫɬɚɧɨɜɢɦɫɹ Ɍɚɤ ɧɚɩɪɢɦɟɪ ɫɨɝɥɚɫɧɨ ɱɚɫɬɢ  ɫɬɚɬɶɢ  Ⱦɨɩɨɥɧɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɝɨ ɫɨɝɥɚɲɟɧɢɹ ɤ ɞɢɩɥɨɦɚɬɢɱɟɫɤɢɦ ɤɨɧɜɟɧɰɢɹɦ ɨɬ  ɢ  ɚ ɬɚɤɠɟ Ⱦɨɩɨɥɧɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɦɭ ɫɨɝɥɚɲɟɧɢɸ ɨɬ  ɦɟɠɞɭ Ɏɪɚɧɰɢɟɣ ɢ ɋɜɹɬɵɦ ɉɪɟɫɬɨɥɨɦ ɨɬɧɨɫɢɬɟɥɶɧɨ ɰɟɪɤɜɢ ɢ

 ɋɨɝɥɚɲɟɧɢɟ

ɦɟɠɞɭ ɋɨɟɞɢɧɟɧɧɵɦɢ ɒɬɚɬɚɦɢ Ⱥɦɟɪɢɤɢ ɢ ɋɜɹɬɵɦ ɉɪɟɫɬɨɥɨɦ ɞɟɣɫɬɜɭɸɳɢɦ ɨɬ ɢɦɟɧɢ ɢ ɩɨ ɩɨɪɭɱɟɧɢɸ ɝɨɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜɚ ȼɚɬɢɤɚɧ ɧɚɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɧɨɟ ɧɚ ɦɟɠɞɭɧɚɪɨɞɧɨɟ ɫɨɛɥɸɞɟɧɢɟ ɧɚɥɨɝɨɜɨɝɨ ɡɚɤɨɧɨɞɚɬɟɥɶɫɬɜɚ ɢ ɢɫɩɨɥɧɟɧɢɟ ɩɨɥɨɠɟɧɢɣ ɡɚɤɨɧɚ ɋɨɟɞɢɧɟɧɧɵɯ ɲɬɚɬɨɜ Ⱥɦɟɪɢɤɢ ©Ɉ ɜɵɩɨɥɧɟɧɢɢ ɧɚɥɨɝɨɜɵɯ ɬɪɟɛɨɜɚɧɢɣ ɩɨ ɡɚɪɭɛɟɠɧɵɦɫɱɟɬɚɦª>$JUHHPHQWEHWZHHQWKH8QLWHG6WDWHVRI$PHULFDDQGWKH+RO\6HH $FWLQJ $OVRLQ WKH 1DPH DQG RQ %HKDOI RI WKH9DWLFDQ &LW\ 6WDWH WR ,PSURYH ,QWHUQDWLRQDO 7D[ &RPSOLDQFH DQG WR ,PSOHPHQW )[email protected] KWWSVZZZWUHDVXU\JRYUHVRXUFH FHQWHUWD[SROLF\WUHDWLHV'RFXPHQWV)$7&$$JUHHPHQW+RO\6HHSGI! ɋɦɧɚɩɪɢɦɟɪɉɨɧɤɢɧ ɂ.ȼ. ɋɬɨɥɟɬɢɟɮɪɚɧɰɭɡɫɤɨɝɨɡɚɤɨɧɚɨɪɚɡɞɟɥɟɧɢɢɰɟɪɤɜɟɣɢ ɝɨɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜɚ ± Ɇ ɍɇɐ ȾɈ  ± ɫ ɉɨɧɤɢɧ ɂ.ȼ. ɋɨɜɪɟɦɟɧɧɨɟ ɫɜɟɬɫɤɨɟ ɝɨɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜɨ ɤɨɧɫɬɪɭɤɬɢɜɧɚɹ ɫɜɟɬɫɤɨɫɬɶ Ʉɨɧɫɬɢɬɭɰɢɨɧɧɨɩɪɚɜɨɜɨɟ ɢɫɫɥɟɞɨɜɚɧɢɟ ± Ɇ±ɫ ɌɪɢɧɢɬɚɞɟɢɆɨɧɬɢɬɚɤɠɟ6DQWLVVLPD7ULQLWjDO0RQWH3LQFLR²ɬɢɬɭɥɹɪɧɚɹɰɟɪɤɨɜɶ ɫ  ɚɩɪɟɥɹ  ɝ  ɜ Ɋɢɦɟ ɜ ɜɟɪɯɧɟɣ ɱɚɫɬɢ ɂɫɩɚɧɫɤɨɣ ɥɟɫɬɧɢɰɵ  ɫɬɪɨɢɜɲɚɹɫɹ ɫ  ɝɨɞɚ ɩɨ ɡɚɤɚɡɭ ɢ ɧɚ ɫɪɟɞɫɬɜɚ ɤɨɪɨɥɹ Ɏɪɚɧɰɢɢ Ʌɸɞɨɜɢɤɚ ;,, ɨɬɫɸɞɚ ± ɨɫɨɛɵɣ ɫɬɚɬɭɫɷɬɨɝɨɨɛɴɟɤɬɚɧɚɬɨɬɩɟɪɢɨɞ±ɉɪɢɦ. ɚɜɬ.

 

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 ɋɬɚɬɶɹ  ɋɨɝɥɚɲɟɧɢɹ ɨɬ  ɦɟɠɞɭ ɋɜɹɬɵɦ ɉɪɟɫɬɨɥɨɦ ɢ Ɋɟɫɩɭɛɥɢɤɨɣ ɏɨɪɜɚɬɢɹ ɩɨ ɷɤɨɧɨɦɢɱɟɫɤɢɦ ɜɨɩɪɨɫɚɦ ɫɮɨɪɦɭɥɢɪɨɜɚɧɚ ɫɥɟɞɭɸɳɢɦɨɛɪɚɡɨɦ ©ȼ ɰɟɥɹɯ ɮɢɧɚɧɫɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɹ Ʉɚɬɨɥɢɱɟɫɤɨɣ ɰɟɪɤɜɢ ɫɨɜɪɟɦɟɧɧɵɦ ɢ ɷɮɮɟɤɬɢɜɧɵɦ ɫɩɨɫɨɛɨɦ ɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɢɢ ɫ ɞɟɦɨɤɪɚɬɢɱɟɫɤɢɦ ɫɨɰɢɚɥɶɧɵɦ ɭɫɬɪɨɣɫɬɜɨɦɊɟɫɩɭɛɥɢɤɚɏɨɪɜɚɬɢɹɨɛɹɡɭɟɬɫɹ ɚ ɜɟɪɧɭɬɶ Ʉɚɬɨɥɢɱɟɫɤɨɣ ɰɟɪɤɜɢ ɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɨ ɤɨɬɨɪɨɟ ɛɵɥɨ ɤɨɧɮɢɫɤɨɜɚɧɨ ɜ ɩɟɪɢɨɞ ɸɝɨɫɥɚɜɫɤɨɝɨ ɤɨɦɦɭɧɢɫɬɢɱɟɫɤɨɝɨ ɪɟɠɢɦɚ ɢ ɤɨɬɨɪɨɟ ɦɨɠɟɬ ɛɵɬɶ ɜɨɡɜɪɚɳɟɧɨ ɜ ɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɢɢ ɫ ɩɨɥɨɠɟɧɢɹɦɢ ɡɚɤɨɧɨɞɚɬɟɥɶɫɬɜɚ E ɧɚɣɬɢ ɩɨɞɯɨɞɹɳɭɸ ɡɚɦɟɧɭ ɬɨɦɭ ɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɭ ɤɨɬɨɪɨɟ ɧɟ ɦɨɠɟɬ ɛɵɬɶɜɨɡɜɪɚɳɟɧɨ ɫ ɜɵɩɥɚɬɢɬɶ ɸɪɢɞɢɱɟɫɤɢɦ ɥɢɰɚɦ Ʉɚɬɨɥɢɱɟɫɤɨɣ ɰɟɪɤɜɢ ɤɨɦɩɟɧɫɚɰɢɸɡɚɢɧɨɟɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɨɤɨɬɨɪɨɟɧɟɦɨɠɟɬɛɵɬɶɜɨɡɜɪɚɳɟɧɨ ɋ ɭɱɟɬɨɦ ɫɨɰɢɚɥɶɧɨɣ ɡɧɚɱɢɦɨɫɬɢ ɞɟɹɬɟɥɶɧɨɫɬɢ Ʉɚɬɨɥɢɱɟɫɤɨɣ ɰɟɪɤɜɢ ɜ ɤɭɥɶɬɭɪɧɨɣ ɨɛɪɚɡɨɜɚɬɟɥɶɧɨɣ ɫɨɰɢɚɥɶɧɨɣ ɢ ɧɪɚɜɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɣ ɨɛɥɚɫɬɹɯ Ʉɚɬɨɥɢɱɟɫɤɨɣ ɰɟɪɤɜɢ ɧɚɡɧɚɱɚɟɬɫɹ ɩɪɟɞɨɫɬɚɜɥɟɧɢɟ ɨɩɪɟɞɟɥɺɧɧɨɣ«ɮɢɧɚɧɫɨɜɨɣɩɨɞɞɟɪɠɤɢª ɋɨɝɥɚɫɧɨ ɫɬɚɬɶɟ  ɋɨɝɥɚɲɟɧɢɹ ɨɬ  ɦɟɠɞɭ ɋɜɹɬɵɦ ɉɪɟɫɬɨɥɨɦ ɢ Ɋɟɫɩɭɛɥɢɤɨɣ ɏɨɪɜɚɬɢɹ ɩɨ ɷɤɨɧɨɦɢɱɟɫɤɢɦ ɜɨɩɪɨɫɚɦ Ɋɟɫɩɭɛɥɢɤɚ ɏɨɪɜɚɬɢɹ ɩɨ ɫɨɝɥɚɫɨɜɚɧɢɸ ɫ ɤɨɦɩɟɬɟɧɬɧɵɦɢ ɨɪɝɚɧɚɦɢ Ʉɚɬɨɥɢɱɟɫɤɨɣɰɟɪɤɜɢɞɨɥɠɧɚɩɪɟɞɨɫɬɚɜɢɬɶɚɞɟɤɜɚɬɧɭɸɡɚɦɟɧɭɞɥɹɬɨɣ ɱɚɫɬɢ ɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɚ ɤɨɬɨɪɨɟ ɧɟ ɦɨɠɟɬ ɛɵɬɶ ɜɨɡɜɪɚɳɟɧɨ Ʉɚɬɨɥɢɱɟɫɤɨɣ ɰɟɪɤɜɢ ɉɪɢ ɷɬɨɦ ɡɚɦɟɧɚ ɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɚ ɢ ɫɪɨɤɢ ɫɨɝɥɚɫɨɜɵɜɚɸɬɫɹ ɫɦɟɲɚɧɧɨɣ ɤɨɦɢɫɫɢɟɣ ɢɡ ɩɪɟɞɫɬɚɜɢɬɟɥɟɣ ɫɬɨɪɨɧ ɫɨɡɞɚɜɚɟɦɨɣ ɜ ɬɟɱɟɧɢɟɨɞɧɨɝɨɝɨɞɚɩɨɫɥɟɜɫɬɭɩɥɟɧɢɹɜɫɢɥɭɧɚɫɬɨɹɳɟɝɨɋɨɝɥɚɲɟɧɢɹ ɑɚɫɬɶɸ  ɫɬɚɬɶɢ  ɋɨɝɥɚɲɟɧɢɹ ɨɬ  ɦɟɠɞɭ ɋɜɹɬɵɦ ɉɪɟɫɬɨɥɨɦ ɢ Ɋɟɫɩɭɛɥɢɤɨɣ ɏɨɪɜɚɬɢɹ ɩɨ ɷɤɨɧɨɦɢɱɟɫɤɢɦ ɜɨɩɪɨɫɚɦ ɩɪɟɞɭɫɦɚɬɪɢɜɚɟɬɫɹ ɱɬɨ ɤɨɦɩɟɧɫɚɰɢɹ ɩɪɟɞɨɫɬɚɜɥɹɟɦɚɹ ɸɪɢɞɢɱɟɫɤɢɦ ɥɢɰɚɦ Ʉɚɬɨɥɢɱɟɫɤɨɣ ɰɟɪɤɜɢ ɡɚ ɬɨ ɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɨ ɤɨɬɨɪɨɟ ɧɟ ɦɨɠɟɬ ɛɵɬɶ ɜɨɡɜɪɚɳɟɧɨ ɜɵɩɥɚɱɢɜɚɟɬɫɹ ɜ ɜɢɞɟ ɱɟɬɵɪɟɯ ɝɨɞɨɜɵɯ ɜɵɩɥɚɬ ɉɪɢ ɷɬɨɦ ɨɛɳɚɹ ɫɭɦɦɚ ɬɚɤɨɣ ɤɨɦɩɟɧɫɚɰɢɢ ɨɩɪɟɞɟɥɹɟɬɫɹ ɷɤɫɩɟɪɬɧɵɦ ɤɨɦɢɬɟɬɨɦ ɫɨɫɬɨɹɳɢɦ ɢɡ ɩɪɟɞɫɬɚɜɢɬɟɥɟɣ ɤɚɤ Ʉɚɬɨɥɢɱɟɫɤɨɣ ɰɟɪɤɜɢ ɬɚɤ ɢ Ɋɟɫɩɭɛɥɢɤɢɏɨɪɜɚɬɢɹɧɚɨɫɧɨɜɟɨɰɟɧɤɢɭɤɚɡɚɧɧɨɝɨɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɚɚɬɚɤɠɟ ɜɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɢɢɫɩɨɥɨɠɟɧɢɹɦɢɯɨɪɜɚɬɫɤɨɝɨɡɚɤɨɧɨɞɚɬɟɥɶɫɬɜɚ

 

 ɑɚɫɬɶ  ɫɬɚɬɶɢ  ɋɨɝɥɚɲɟɧɢɹ ɨɬ  ɦɟɠɞɭ ɋɜɹɬɵɦ ɉɪɟɫɬɨɥɨɦ ɢ Ɋɟɫɩɭɛɥɢɤɨɣ ɏɨɪɜɚɬɢɹ ɩɨ ɷɤɨɧɨɦɢɱɟɫɤɢɦ ɜɨɩɪɨɫɚɦ ɩɪɟɞɭɫɦɚɬɪɢɜɚɟɬ ɱɬɨ ɩɨ ɩɪɟɞɥɨɠɟɧɢɸ ɟɩɚɪɯɢɚɥɶɧɵɯ ɟɩɢɫɤɨɩɨɜ ɜ ɩɥɚɧɚɯɪɚɡɜɢɬɢɹɝɨɪɨɞɨɜɢɬɟɪɪɢɬɨɪɢɣɩɪɟɞɭɫɦɚɬɪɢɜɚɸɬɫɹɩɨɞɯɨɞɹɳɢɟ ɞɥɹ ɫɬɪɨɢɬɟɥɶɫɬɜɚ ɰɟɪɤɜɟɣ ɢ ɡɞɚɧɢɣ ɧɟɨɛɯɨɞɢɦɵɯ ɞɥɹ ɩɪɨɜɟɞɟɧɢɹ ɛɨɝɨɫɥɭɠɟɧɢɣɢɨɫɭɳɟɫɬɜɥɟɧɢɹɩɚɫɬɵɪɫɤɨɣɞɟɹɬɟɥɶɧɨɫɬɢɦɟɫɬɚ ɑɚɫɬɶ  ɫɬɚɬɶɢ  ɋɨɝɥɚɲɟɧɢɹ ɨɬ  ɦɟɠɞɭ ɋɜɹɬɵɦ ɉɪɟɫɬɨɥɨɦ ɢ Ɋɟɫɩɭɛɥɢɤɨɣ ɏɨɪɜɚɬɢɹ ɩɨ ɷɤɨɧɨɦɢɱɟɫɤɢɦ ɜɨɩɪɨɫɚɦ ɡɚɤɪɟɩɥɹɟɬ ɜɨɡɦɨɠɧɨɫɬɢ ɨɤɚɡɚɧɢɹ ɫɨɞɟɣɫɬɜɢɹ ɫɬɪɨɢɬɟɥɶɫɬɜɭ ɢ ɪɟɤɨɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɢɰɟɪɤɨɜɧɵɯ ɡɞɚɧɢɣɫɨɫɬɨɪɨɧɵ ɨɪɝɚɧɨɜɩɭɛɥɢɱɧɨɣɜɥɚɫɬɢ ɜɫɥɭɱɚɟɫɨɛɥɸɞɟɧɢɹɨɩɪɟɞɟɥɺɧɧɵɯɭɫɥɨɜɢɣɞɥɹɷɬɨɝɨ ɋɨɝɥɚɫɧɨ ɱɚɫɬɢ  ɫɬɚɬɶɢ  ɋɨɝɥɚɲɟɧɢɹ ɨɬ  ɦɟɠɞɭ ɋɜɹɬɵɦɉɪɟɫɬɨɥɨɦɢɊɟɫɩɭɛɥɢɤɨɣɏɨɪɜɚɬɢɹɨɫɨɬɪɭɞɧɢɱɟɫɬɜɟɜɨɛɥɚɫɬɢ ɨɛɪɚɡɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɢ ɤɭɥɶɬɭɪɵ ©Ɋɟɫɩɭɛɥɢɤɚ ɏɨɪɜɚɬɢɹ ɧɟɫɟɬ ɪɚɫɯɨɞɵ ɩɨ ɩɨɞɝɨɬɨɜɤɟɢɩɟɱɚɬɢɭɱɟɛɧɢɤɨɜɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɨɝɨɨɛɪɚɡɨɜɚɧɢɹɢɨɪɝɚɧɢɡɚɰɢɢ ɢɯ ɩɭɛɥɢɤɚɰɢɢ ɜ ɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɢɢ ɫ ɞɟɣɫɬɜɭɸɳɢɦɢ ɨɛɳɢɦɢ ɩɨɥɨɠɟɧɢɹɦɢ ɤɚɫɚɸɳɢɦɢɫɹɭɱɟɛɧɢɤɨɜª ɋɬɚɬɶɹɋɨɝɥɚɲɟɧɢɹɨɬɦɟɠɞɭɋɜɹɬɵɦɉɪɟɫɬɨɥɨɦɢ Ɋɟɫɩɭɛɥɢɤɨɣ ɏɨɪɜɚɬɢɹ ɨ ɫɨɬɪɭɞɧɢɱɟɫɬɜɟ ɜ ɨɛɥɚɫɬɢ ɨɛɪɚɡɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɢ ɤɭɥɶɬɭɪɵɭɫɬɚɧɚɜɥɢɜɚɟɬɫɥɟɞɭɸɳɟɟ ©ɄɭɥɶɬɭɪɧɨɟɢɯɭɞɨɠɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɟɧɚɫɥɟɞɢɟɄɚɬɨɥɢɱɟɫɤɨɣɰɟɪɤɜɢ ɚɬɚɤɠɟɦɧɨɝɨɱɢɫɥɟɧɧɵɟɞɨɤɭɦɟɧɬɵɯɪɚɧɹɳɢɟɫɹɜɰɟɪɤɨɜɧɵɯɚɪɯɢɜɚɯɢ ɛɢɛɥɢɨɬɟɤɚɯ ɫɨɫɬɚɜɥɹɸɬ ɱɚɫɬɶ ɨɛɳɟɝɨ ɤɭɥɶɬɭɪɧɨɝɨ ɧɚɫɥɟɞɢɹ ɏɨɪɜɚɬɢɢ« Ɍɪɟɛɭɟɬɫɹ ɫɨɬɪɭɞɧɢɱɟɫɬɜɨ ɐɟɪɤɜɢ ɢ ɝɨɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜɚ ɜ ɬɨɦ ɱɬɨɛɵ ɫɨɯɪɚɧɢɬɶ ɷɬɨ ɧɚɫɥɟɞɢɟ ɨɛɟɫɩɟɱɢɬɶ ɟɝɨ ɡɚɳɢɬɭ ɢ ɫɩɨɫɨɛɫɬɜɨɜɚɬɶ ɟɝɨ ɞɚɥɶɧɟɣɲɟɦɭɭɜɟɥɢɱɟɧɢɸɚɬɚɤɠɟɫɞɟɥɚɬɶɟɝɨɞɨɫɬɭɩɧɵɦɞɥɹɝɪɚɠɞɚɧ ɜɩɪɟɞɟɥɚɯɧɟɨɛɯɨɞɢɦɵɯɞɥɹɡɚɳɢɬɵɧɚɫɥɟɞɢɹɢɭɯɨɞɚɡɚɚɪɯɢɜɚɦɢ Ȼɭɞɟɬ ɫɨɡɞɚɧɚ ɫɦɟɲɚɧɧɚɹ ɤɨɦɢɫɫɢɹ ɢɡ ɩɪɟɞɫɬɚɜɢɬɟɥɟɣ Ʉɚɬɨɥɢɱɟɫɤɨɣ ɰɟɪɤɜɢ ɢ Ɋɟɫɩɭɛɥɢɤɢ ɏɨɪɜɚɬɢɹ ɞɥɹ ɬɨɝɨ ɱɬɨɛɵ ɞɨɛɢɬɶɫɹ ɭɤɚɡɚɧɧɨɝɨɤɚɤɦɨɠɧɨɫɤɨɪɟɟ Ɋɟɫɩɭɛɥɢɤɚ ɏɨɪɜɚɬɢɹ ɨɛɹɡɭɟɬɫɹ ɫɢɫɬɟɦɚɬɢɱɟɫɤɢ ɫɭɳɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɨ ɫɩɨɫɨɛɫɬɜɨɜɚɬɶɜɨɫɫɬɚɧɨɜɥɟɧɢɸɢɫɨɯɪɚɧɟɧɢɸɩɚɦɹɬɧɢɤɨɜɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɨɝɨ ɤɭɥɶɬɭɪɧɨɝɨ ɧɚɫɥɟɞɢɹ ɢ ɩɪɨɢɡɜɟɞɟɧɢɣ ɢɫɤɭɫɫɬɜɚ ɧɚɯɨɞɹɳɢɯɫɹ ɜ ɫɨɛɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɫɬɢɐɟɪɤɜɢ

 

 Ɋɟɫɩɭɛɥɢɤɚɏɨɪɜɚɬɢɹɨɛɹɡɭɟɬɫɹɜɨɡɜɪɚɬɢɬɶɰɟɪɤɨɜɧɵɟɤɧɢɝɢ« ɥɟɬɨɩɢɫɢ ɢ ɞɪɭɝɢɟ ɤɧɢɝɢ ɤɨɬɨɪɵɟ ɜɨ ɜɪɟɦɹ ɤɨɦɦɭɧɢɫɬɢɱɟɫɤɨɝɨ ɪɟɠɢɦɚ ɛɵɥɢɧɟɡɚɤɨɧɧɨɡɚɯɜɚɱɟɧɵɭɄɚɬɨɥɢɱɟɫɤɨɣɰɟɪɤɜɢɢɤɨɬɨɪɵɟɧɚɯɨɞɹɬɫɹ ɜɪɚɫɩɨɪɹɠɟɧɢɢɊɟɫɩɭɛɥɢɤɢɏɨɪɜɚɬɢɹª  ɑɟɪɧɨɝɨɪɢɹ Ɉɫɧɨɜɧɵɦ ɫɨɝɥɚɲɟɧɢɟɦ ɨɬ  ɦɟɠɞɭ ɋɜɹɬɵɦ ɉɪɟɫɬɨɥɨɦ ɢ ɑɟɪɧɨɝɨɪɢɟɣ ɭɪɟɝɭɥɢɪɨɜɚɧɵ ɬɚɤɢɟ ɡɧɚɱɢɦɵɟ ɚɫɩɟɤɬɵ ɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɵɯ ɨɬɧɨɲɟɧɢɣ ɦɟɠɞɭ ɝɨɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜɨɦ ɢ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɨɣ ɨɪɝɚɧɢɡɚɰɢɟɣ ɚ ɬɚɤɠɟ ɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɵɯ ɩɪɚɜ ɧɚ ɨɛɴɟɤɬɵ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɨɝɨ ɧɚɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɹ ɤɚɤ ɝɚɪɚɧɬɢɢ ɧɟɩɪɢɤɨɫɧɨɜɟɧɧɨɫɬɢ ɦɟɫɬ ɨɬɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɹ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɨɝɨ ɤɭɥɶɬɚ ɩɪɚɜɨ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɨɣ ɨɪɝɚɧɢɡɚɰɢɢ ɨɫɭɳɟɫɬɜɥɹɬɶ ɫɬɪɨɢɬɟɥɶɫɬɜɨ ɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɭɸɳɢɯ ɡɞɚɧɢɣ ɚ ɬɚɤɠɟ ɪɟɲɟɧɢɟ ɜɨɩɪɨɫɚ ɫɜɹɡɚɧɧɨɝɨɫɨɫɭɳɟɫɬɜɥɟɧɧɨɣɪɚɧɟɟɧɚɰɢɨɧɚɥɢɡɚɰɢɟɣɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɚɬɚɤɨɣ ɨɪɝɚɧɢɡɚɰɢɢɝɨɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜɨɦɛɟɡɞɨɥɠɧɨɣɤɨɦɩɟɧɫɚɰɢɢ ɋɬɚɬɶɹ  Ɉɫɧɨɜɧɨɝɨ ɫɨɝɥɚɲɟɧɢɹ ɨɬ  ɦɟɠɞɭ ɋɜɹɬɵɦ ɉɪɟɫɬɨɥɨɦɢɑɟɪɧɨɝɨɪɢɟɣɡɚɤɪɟɩɥɹɟɬɫɥɟɞɭɸɳɟɟ ©ɑɟɪɧɨɝɨɪɢɹ ɝɚɪɚɧɬɢɪɭɟɬ Ʉɚɬɨɥɢɱɟɫɤɨɣ ɰɟɪɤɜɢ ɫɜɨɛɨɞɭ ɨɬɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɹɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɨɝɨɤɭɥɶɬɚ ɑɟɪɧɨɝɨɪɢɹɝɚɪɚɧɬɢɪɭɟɬɧɟɩɪɢɤɨɫɧɨɜɟɧɧɨɫɬɶɦɟɫɬɨɬɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɹ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɨɝɨ ɤɭɥɶɬɚ ɰɟɪɤɜɟɣ ɱɚɫɨɜɟɧ ɢ ɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɭɸɳɢɯ ɜɫɩɨɦɨɝɚɬɟɥɶɧɵɯɩɨɦɟɳɟɧɢɣ Ɍɚɤɢɟ ɦɟɫɬɚ ɦɨɝɭɬ ɛɵɬɶ ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɧɵ ɞɥɹ ɢɧɵɯ ɰɟɥɟɣ ɬɨɥɶɤɨ ɜɜɢɞɭɫɟɪɶɟɡɧɵɯɩɪɢɱɢɧɢɫɩɪɹɦɨɝɨɫɨɝɥɚɫɢɹɰɟɪɤɨɜɧɵɯɜɥɚɫɬɟɣ Ʉɨɦɩɟɬɟɧɬɧɵɟɨɪɝɚɧɵɜɥɚɫɬɢɑɟɪɧɨɝɨɪɢɢɧɟɜɩɪɚɜɟɩɪɢɦɟɧɹɬɶ ɦɟɪɵ ɩɨ ɨɛɟɫɩɟɱɟɧɢɸ ɛɟɡɨɩɚɫɧɨɫɬɢ ɜ ɬɚɤɢɯ ɦɟɫɬɚɯ ɛɟɡ ɩɪɟɞɜɚɪɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɝɨ ɪɚɡɪɟɲɟɧɢɹ ɫɨ ɫɬɨɪɨɧɵ ɤɨɦɩɟɬɟɧɬɧɵɯ ɰɟɪɤɨɜɧɵɯ ɜɥɚɫɬɟɣ ɡɚ ɢɫɤɥɸɱɟɧɢɟɦ ɫɥɭɱɚɟɜ ɤɨɝɞɚ ɷɬɨ ɧɟɨɛɯɨɞɢɦɨ ɞɥɹ ɨɛɟɫɩɟɱɟɧɢɹ ɡɚɳɢɬɵ ɠɢɡɧɢ ɢ ɡɞɨɪɨɜɶɹ ɢɥɢ ɫɨɯɪɚɧɟɧɢɹ ɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɚ ɨɛɥɚɞɚɸɳɟɝɨ ɨɩɪɟɞɟɥɺɧɧɨɣ ɯɭɞɨɠɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɣ ɢɥɢ ɢɫɬɨɪɢɱɟɫɤɨɣ ɰɟɧɧɨɫɬɶɸ«ª  

 Ɉɫɧɨɜɧɨɟ

ɫɨɝɥɚɲɟɧɢɟ ɨɬ  ɦɟɠɞɭ ɋɜɹɬɵɦ ɉɪɟɫɬɨɥɨɦ ɢ ɑɟɪɧɨɝɨɪɢɟɣ >7HPHOMQL XJRYRU L]PHÿX &UQH *RUH L 6YHWH 6WROLFH @ KWWSZZZJRYPH5HVRXUFH0DQDJHU)LOH'RZQORDGDVS["U,G  U7\SH !

 

 ɋɨɝɥɚɫɧɨ ɫɬɚɬɶɟ  Ɉɫɧɨɜɧɨɝɨ ɫɨɝɥɚɲɟɧɢɹ ɨɬ  ɦɟɠɞɭ ɋɜɹɬɵɦɉɪɟɫɬɨɥɨɦɢɑɟɪɧɨɝɨɪɢɟɣ ©ɐɟɪɤɨɜɧɵɟ ɸɪɢɞɢɱɟɫɤɢɟ ɥɢɰɚ ɜɩɪɚɜɟ ɩɪɢɨɛɪɟɬɚɬɶ ɜɥɚɞɟɬɶ ɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɬɶɫɹ ɢɥɢ ɪɚɫɩɨɪɹɠɚɬɶɫɹ ɞɜɢɠɢɦɵɦ ɢ ɧɟɞɜɢɠɢɦɵɦ ɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɨɦɚɬɚɤɠɟɩɪɢɨɛɪɟɬɚɬɶɢɨɬɱɭɠɞɚɬɶɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɵɟɩɪɚɜɚɜ ɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɢɢ ɫ ɧɨɪɦɚɦɢ ɤɚɧɨɧɢɱɟɫɤɨɝɨ ɩɪɚɜɚ ɢ ɡɚɤɨɧɨɞɚɬɟɥɶɫɬɜɚ ɑɟɪɧɨɝɨɪɢɢ ɘɪɢɞɢɱɟɫɤɢɟ ɥɢɰɚ ɭɤɚɡɚɧɧɵɟ ɜ ɱɚɫɬɢ  ɜɩɪɚɜɟ ɭɱɪɟɠɞɚɬɶ ɮɨɧɞɵɂɯ ɞɟɹɬɟɥɶɧɨɫɬɶɪɟɝɭɥɢɪɭɟɬɫɹɜɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɢɢɫ ɩɨɥɨɠɟɧɢɹɦɢ ɡɚɤɨɧɨɞɚɬɟɥɶɫɬɜɚɑɟɪɧɨɝɨɪɢɢª ȼ ɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɢɢ ɫ ɱɚɫɬɶɸ  ɫɬɚɬɶɢ  Ɉɫɧɨɜɧɨɝɨ ɫɨɝɥɚɲɟɧɢɹ ɨɬ  ɦɟɠɞɭ ɋɜɹɬɵɦ ɉɪɟɫɬɨɥɨɦ ɢ ɑɟɪɧɨɝɨɪɢɟɣ ɪɟɫɬɢɬɭɰɢɹ ɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɚ ɢɡɴɹɬɨɝɨ ɢɥɢ ɧɚɰɢɨɧɚɥɢɡɢɪɨɜɚɧɧɨɝɨ ɛɟɡ ɚɞɟɤɜɚɬɧɨɣ ɤɨɦɩɟɧɫɚɰɢɢ ɛɭɞɟɬ ɩɪɨɜɨɞɢɬɶɫɹ ɜ ɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɢɢ ɫ ɡɚɤɨɧɨɦ ɪɟɝɭɥɢɪɭɸɳɢɦ ɜɨɩɪɨɫɵ ɨɫɭɳɟɫɬɜɥɟɧɢɹ ɪɟɫɬɢɬɭɰɢɢ ɜ ɑɟɪɧɨɝɨɪɢɢ ɩɨ ɩɪɟɞɜɚɪɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɦɭ ɫɨɝɥɚɫɨɜɚɧɢɸ ɫ ɤɨɦɩɟɬɟɧɬɧɵɦɢ ɰɟɪɤɨɜɧɵɦɢ ɜɥɚɫɬɹɦɢ ɉɪɢɷɬɨɦɱɚɫɬɶɫɬɚɬɶɢɈɫɧɨɜɧɨɝɨɫɨɝɥɚɲɟɧɢɹɨɬ ɦɟɠɞɭ ɋɜɹɬɵɦ ɉɪɟɫɬɨɥɨɦ ɢ ɑɟɪɧɨɝɨɪɢɟɣ ɩɪɟɞɭɫɦɚɬɪɢɜɚɟɬ ɫɨɡɞɚɧɢɟ ɫɦɟɲɚɧɧɨɣɤɨɦɢɫɫɢɢɢɡɩɪɟɞɫɬɚɜɢɬɟɥɟɣɤɚɠɞɨɣɫɬɨɪɨɧɵɞɟɹɬɟɥɶɧɨɫɬɶ ɤɨɬɨɪɨɣ ɧɚɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɚ ɧɚ ɨɩɪɟɞɟɥɟɧɢɟ ɩɨɞɥɟɠɚɳɟɝɨ ɩɟɪɟɞɚɱɟ ɜ ɰɟɪɤɨɜɧɭɸ ɫɨɛɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɫɬɶ ɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɚ ɢɥɢ ɧɚ ɨɩɪɟɞɟɥɟɧɢɟ ɪɚɡɦɟɪɨɜ ɧɚɞɥɟɠɚɳɟɣɤɨɦɩɟɧɫɚɰɢɢ ɋɬɚɬɶɟɣ  Ɉɫɧɨɜɧɨɝɨ ɫɨɝɥɚɲɟɧɢɹ ɨɬ  ɦɟɠɞɭ ɋɜɹɬɵɦ ɉɪɟɫɬɨɥɨɦɢɑɟɪɧɨɝɨɪɢɟɣɝɚɪɚɧɬɢɪɭɸɬɫɹɫɥɟɞɭɸɳɢɟɩɪɚɜɚɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɨɣ ɨɪɝɚɧɢɡɚɰɢɢ ɧɚ ɫɬɪɨɢɬɟɥɶɫɬɜɨ ɧɟɨɛɯɨɞɢɦɵɯ ɨɛɴɟɤɬɨɜ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɨɝɨ ɧɚɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɹ ©Ʉɚɬɨɥɢɱɟɫɤɚɹ ɰɟɪɤɨɜɶ ɜɩɪɚɜɟ ɫɬɪɨɢɬɶ ɰɟɪɤɜɢ ɢ ɰɟɪɤɨɜɧɵɟ ɡɞɚɧɢɹ ɪɚɫɲɢɪɹɬɶ ɢ ɢɡɦɟɧɹɬɶ ɭɠɟ ɫɭɳɟɫɬɜɭɸɳɢɟ ɜ ɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɢɢ ɫ ɡɚɤɨɧɨɞɚɬɟɥɶɫɬɜɨɦɑɟɪɧɨɝɨɪɢɢ ȿɩɚɪɯɢɚɥɶɧɵɣ ɟɩɢɫɤɨɩ ɩɪɢɧɢɦɚɟɬ ɪɟɲɟɧɢɟ ɨ ɧɟɨɛɯɨɞɢɦɨɫɬɢ ɫɬɪɨɢɬɟɥɶɫɬɜɚ ɰɟɪɤɨɜɧɨɝɨ ɡɞɚɧɢɹ ɧɚ ɬɟɪɪɢɬɨɪɢɢ ɟɝɨ ɟɩɚɪɯɢɢ ɜ ɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɢɢɫɧɨɪɦɚɦɢɤɚɧɨɧɢɱɟɫɤɨɝɨɩɪɚɜɚɚɬɚɤɠɟɩɪɟɞɥɚɝɚɟɬɦɟɫɬɨ ɟɝɨɪɚɫɩɨɥɨɠɟɧɢɹɄɨɦɩɟɬɟɧɬɧɵɟɨɪɝɚɧɵɜɥɚɫɬɢɑɟɪɧɨɝɨɪɢɢɩɪɢɧɢɦɚɸɬ ɟɝɨɩɪɟɞɥɨɠɟɧɢɟɜɫɥɭɱɚɟɨɬɫɭɬɫɬɜɢɹɨɛɴɟɤɬɢɜɧɵɯɩɪɢɱɢɧɬɨɝɨɩɨɱɟɦɭ ɬɚɤɨɟɩɪɟɞɥɨɠɟɧɢɟɦɨɝɥɨɛɵɩɪɨɬɢɜɨɪɟɱɢɬɶɨɛɳɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɦɭɩɨɪɹɞɤɭ

 

 Ʉɨɦɩɟɬɟɧɬɧɵɟ ɨɪɝɚɧɵ ɜɥɚɫɬɢ ɑɟɪɧɨɝɨɪɢɢ ɧɟ ɪɚɫɫɦɚɬɪɢɜɚɸɬ ɩɪɟɞɥɨɠɟɧɢɹɨɫɬɪɨɢɬɟɥɶɫɬɜɟɤɚɬɨɥɢɱɟɫɤɢɯɰɟɪɤɜɟɣɤɨɬɨɪɵɟɧɟɢɦɟɸɬ ɩɢɫɶɦɟɧɧɨɝɨ ɪɚɡɪɟɲɟɧɢɹ ɭɤɚɡɚɧɧɨɝɨ ɜ ɱɚɫɬɢ  ɧɚɫɬɨɹɳɟɣ ɫɬɚɬɶɢ ɟɩɚɪɯɢɚɥɶɧɨɝɨɟɩɢɫɤɨɩɚª  ɑɟɯɢɹ ȾɨɝɨɜɨɪɨɬɦɟɠɞɭɑɟɲɫɤɨɣɊɟɫɩɭɛɥɢɤɨɣɢɋɜɹɬɵɦ ɉɪɟɫɬɨɥɨɦ ɨ ɪɟɝɭɥɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɢ ɜɡɚɢɦɨɨɬɧɨɲɟɧɢɣ ɫɨɞɟɪɠɢɬ ɰɟɥɵɣ ɪɹɞ ɩɨɥɨɠɟɧɢɣ ɨɬɧɨɫɢɬɟɥɶɧɨ ɧɟɞɜɢɠɢɦɵɯ ɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɵɯ ɨɛɴɟɤɬɨɜ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɨɝɨɧɚɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɹ        

 Ⱦɨɝɨɜɨɪ

ɨɬ  ɦɟɠɞɭ ɑɟɲɫɤɨɣ Ɋɟɫɩɭɛɥɢɤɨɣ ɢ ɋɜɹɬɵɦ ɉɪɟɫɬɨɥɨɦ ɨ ɪɟɝɭɥɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɢɜɡɚɢɦɨɨɬɧɨɲɟɧɢɣ>6PORXYDPH]LýHVNRXUHSXEOLNRXD6YDWêPVWROFHPR ~SUDYČY]iMHPQêFKY]WDKĤ@KWWSVSFSSUIFXQLF]GRNXPHQWVPOFUYKWP!

 

 

†ɇɚɭɱɧɵɟ ɪɟɡɭɥɶɬɚɬɵ ɢɫɫɥɟɞɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɩɨɥɨɠɟɧɢɣɡɚɪɭɛɟɠɧɵɯɤɨɧɤɨɪɞɚɬɨɜ

ɜɵɛɨɪɤɢ

 Ɇɵ ɧɚɦɟɪɟɧɧɨ ɩɪɢɜɨɞɢɦ ɜ ɧɚɫɬɨɹɳɟɦ ɢɫɫɥɟɞɨɜɚɧɢɢ ɫɬɨɥɶ ɨɛɲɢɪɧɵɟ ɫɭɦɦɚɪɧɨ ɜɵɛɨɪɤɢɢɡɜɥɟɱɟɧɢɣɢɡɢɫɫɥɟɞɭɟɦɵɯɞɨɤɭɦɟɧɬɨɜ ɩɨɫɤɨɥɶɤɭɛɟɡɷɬɨɝɨɧɟɜɨɡɦɨɠɧɨɨɬɨɛɪɚɡɢɬɶɢɫɫɥɟɞɭɟɦɨɟɷɦɩɢɪɢɱɟɫɤɨɟ ɩɨɥɟ ɞɚɧɧɵɯ Ʉɪɨɦɟ ɬɨɝɨ ɷɬɨ ɩɨɡɜɨɥɹɟɬ ɩɨɤɚɡɚɬɶ ɞɟɣɫɬɜɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɫɬɶ ɧɚɲɢɯ ɩɪɢɬɹɡɚɧɢɣ ɧɚ ɝɥɭɛɨɤɭɸ ɢɫɫɥɟɞɨɜɚɧɧɨɫɬɶ ɪɟɮɟɪɟɧɬɧɵɯ ɡɚɪɭɛɟɠɧɵɯɤɨɧɤɨɪɞɚɬɨɜɩɪɢɱɟɦɫɚɦɨɫɬɨɹɬɟɥɶɧɨɨɬɵɫɤɚɧɧɵɯɧɚɹɡɵɤɚɯ ɩɟɪɜɨɢɫɬɨɱɧɢɤɨɜɢɫɚɦɨɫɬɨɹɬɟɥɶɧɨɨɫɦɵɫɥɟɧɧɵɯ ɉɨ ɪɟɡɭɥɶɬɚɬɚɦ ɩɪɨɜɟɞɟɧɧɨɝɨ ɧɚɦɢ ɫɨɩɨɫɬɚɜɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɝɨ ɝɪɚɠɞɚɧɫɤɨɩɪɚɜɨɜɨɝɨɢɫɫɥɟɞɨɜɚɧɢɹɦɚɫɫɢɜɚɫɨɝɥɚɲɟɧɢɣɡɚɤɥɸɱɚɟɦɵɯ ɦɟɠɞɭ ɝɨɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜɚɦɢ ɜ ɬɨɦ ɱɢɫɥɟ ɢɯ ɚɞɦɢɧɢɫɬɪɚɬɢɜɧɨ ɬɟɪɪɢɬɨɪɢɚɥɶɧɵɦɢ ɟɞɢɧɢɰɚɦɢ  ɢ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɦɢ ɨɪɝɚɧɢɡɚɰɢɹɦɢ ɧɚɩɪɢɦɟɪɟ  ɡɚɪɭɛɟɠɧɨɝɨ ɝɨɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜɚ Ⱥɜɫɬɪɢɹ Ⱥɧɞɨɪɪɚ Ȼɪɚɡɢɥɢɹ ȼɟɧɝɪɢɹ ȼɟɧɟɫɭɷɥɚ Ƚɟɪɦɚɧɢɹ Ⱦɨɦɢɧɢɤɚɧɫɤɚɹ Ɋɟɫɩɭɛɥɢɤɚ ɂɫɩɚɧɢɹ ɂɬɚɥɢɹɄɨɥɭɦɛɢɹɅɚɬɜɢɹɅɢɬɜɚɉɟɪɭɉɨɥɶɲɚɉɨɪɬɭɝɚɥɢɹɋɥɨɜɚɤɢɹ ɋɒȺ Ɏɪɚɧɰɢɹ ɏɨɪɜɚɬɢɹ ɑɟɪɧɨɝɨɪɢɹ ɑɟɯɢɹ  ɧɚ ɩɪɟɞɦɟɬ ɧɚɥɢɱɢɹ ɜ ɬɚɤɢɯ ɫɨɝɥɚɲɟɧɢɹɯ ɩɨɥɨɠɟɧɢɣ ɨ ɩɪɚɜɨɜɨɦ ɩɨɥɨɠɟɧɢɢ ɧɟɞɜɢɠɢɦɵɯ ɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɵɯ ɨɛɴɟɤɬɨɜ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɨɝɨ ɧɚɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɹ ɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɵɯ ɩɪɚɜɚɯ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɯ ɨɪɝɚɧɢɡɚɰɢɣ ɢ ɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɵɯ ɨɬɧɨɲɟɧɢɹɯ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɯ ɨɪɝɚɧɢɡɚɰɢɣ ɫ ɝɨɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜɨɦ ɢ ɢɧɵɦɢ ɥɢɰɚɦɢ ± ɜ ɨɬɧɨɲɟɧɢɢ ɧɟɞɜɢɠɢɦɵɯ ɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɵɯ ɨɛɴɟɤɬɨɜ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɨɝɨ ɧɚɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɹ ɚ ɪɚɜɧɨ ± ɧɚɫɤɨɥɶɤɨ ɬɚɤɢɟ ɩɨɥɨɠɟɧɢɹ ɹɜɥɹɸɬɫɹ ɞɟɬɚɥɢɡɢɪɨɜɚɧɧɵɦɢ ɢ ɤɚɤɨɣ ɨɛɥɚɞɚɸɬ ɫɩɟɰɢɮɢɤɨɣ ɛɵɥɢ ɫɞɟɥɚɧɵ ɫɥɟɞɭɸɳɢɟɜɵɜɨɞɵ  ɫɨɝɥɚɲɟɧɢɹ ɦɟɠɞɭ ɝɨɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜɨɦ ɢ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɦɢ ɨɪɝɚɧɢɡɚɰɢɹɦɢ ɹɜɥɹɸɬɫɹ ɜ ɝɨɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜɚɯ ɱɟɣ ɨɩɵɬ ɛɵɥ ɢɫɫɥɟɞɨɜɚɧ ɞɨɫɬɚɬɨɱɧɨ ɱɚɫɬɨ ɢ ɷɮɮɟɤɬɢɜɧɨ ɭɩɨɬɪɟɛɥɹɟɦɵɦ ɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɨɦ ɭɪɟɝɭɥɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɪɚɫɫɦɚɬɪɢɜɚɟɦɨɝɨ ɤɪɭɝɚ ɨɬɧɨɲɟɧɢɣ ɉɨɥɨɠɟɧɢɹ ɨ ɩɪɚɜɨɜɨɦ ɩɨɥɨɠɟɧɢɢ ɧɟɞɜɢɠɢɦɵɯ ɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɵɯ ɨɛɴɟɤɬɨɜ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɨɝɨ ɧɚɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɹ ɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɵɯ ɩɪɚɜɚɯ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɯ ɨɪɝɚɧɢɡɚɰɢɣ ɢ ɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɵɯ ɨɬɧɨɲɟɧɢɹɯ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɯ ɨɪɝɚɧɢɡɚɰɢɣ ɫ ɝɨɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜɨɦ ɢ ɢɧɵɦɢ ɥɢɰɚɦɢ ± ɜ ɨɬɧɨɲɟɧɢɢ ɧɟɞɜɢɠɢɦɵɯ

 

 ɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɵɯ ɨɛɴɟɤɬɨɜ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɨɝɨ ɧɚɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɹ ± ɞɨɫɬɚɬɨɱɧɨ ɱɚɫɬɨ ɜɤɥɸɱɚɸɬɫɹɜɬɚɤɨɝɨɪɨɞɚɫɨɝɥɚɲɟɧɢɹ  ɫɨɝɥɚɲɟɧɢɹ ɦɟɠɞɭ ɝɨɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜɨɦ ɢ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɦɢ ɨɪɝɚɧɢɡɚɰɢɹɦɢ ɜ ɱɚɫɬɢ ɭɪɟɝɭɥɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɷɬɢɦɢ ɞɨɤɭɦɟɧɬɚɦɢ ɭɤɚɡɚɧɧɵɯ ɜɨɩɪɨɫɨɜ ɡɚɱɚɫɬɭɸ ɫɨɞɟɪɠɚɬ ɭɤɚɡɚɧɢɹ ɧɚ ɧɟɨɛɯɨɞɢɦɨɫɬɶ ɞɥɹ ɝɨɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜɚ ɜ ɩɟɪɜɭɸ ɨɱɟɪɟɞɶ ɭɱɢɬɵɜɚɬɶ ɩɨɬɪɟɛɧɨɫɬɢ ɢ ɢɧɬɟɪɟɫɵ ɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɭɸɳɢɯ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɯ ɨɪɝɚɧɢɡɚɰɢɣ ɩɪɢ ɩɪɢɦɟɧɟɧɢɢ ɧɟɤɨɬɨɪɵɯ ɦɟɪ ɤ ɨɛɴɟɤɬɚɦ ɧɟɞɜɢɠɢɦɨɫɬɢ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɨɝɨ ɧɚɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɹ ɩɪɢ ɩɪɢɧɹɬɢɢ ɪɟɲɟɧɢɣ ɨ ɧɚɰɢɨɧɚɥɢɡɚɰɢɢ ɬɚɤɨɝɨ ɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɚ ɩɪɢ ɩɪɢɦɟɧɟɧɢɢ ɡɚɤɨɧɨɞɚɬɟɥɶɫɬɜɚ ɨɛ ɨɯɪɚɧɟ ɤɭɥɶɬɭɪɧɵɯ ɢɥɢ ɢɫɬɨɪɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɩɚɦɹɬɧɢɤɨɜ ɩɪɢ ɩɪɨɜɟɞɟɧɢɢ ɨɩɟɪɚɬɢɜɧɵɯ ɦɟɪɨɩɪɢɹɬɢɣ ɩɪɚɜɨɨɯɪɚɧɢɬɟɥɶɧɵɯ ɨɪɝɚɧɨɜ   ɪɟɮɟɪɟɧɬɧɵɟ ɩɨɥɨɠɟɧɢɹ ɡɚɪɭɛɟɠɧɵɯ ɤɨɧɤɨɪɞɚɬɨɜ ɜ ɪɚɫɫɦɚɬɪɢɜɚɟɦɨɣ ɫɮɟɪɟ ɦɨɝɭɬ ɛɵɬɶ ɤɥɚɫɫɢɮɢɰɢɪɨɜɚɧɵ ɫɥɟɞɭɸɳɢɦ ɨɛɪɚɡɨɦ ±ɩɨɥɨɠɟɧɢɹ ɤɨɬɨɪɵɟ ɫɨɞɟɪɠɚɬ ɝɚɪɚɧɬɢɢ ɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɵɯ ɩɪɚɜ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɯ ɨɪɝɚɧɢɡɚɰɢɣ ɧɚ ɢɯ ɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɨ ɜ ɬɨɦ ɱɢɫɥɟ ± ɜ ɮɨɪɦɟ ɛɥɚɧɤɟɬɧɵɯɢɢɧɵɯɨɬɫɵɥɨɱɧɵɯɧɨɪɦ  ±ɩɨɥɨɠɟɧɢɹ ɤɚɫɚɸɳɢɟɫɹ ɩɟɪɟɞɚɱɢ ɝɨɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜɨɦ ɜ ɫɨɛɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɫɬɶ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɯ ɨɪɝɚɧɢɡɚɰɢɣ ɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɵɯ ɨɛɴɟɤɬɨɜ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɨɝɨɧɚɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɹ ±ɩɨɥɨɠɟɧɢɹ ɭɫɬɚɧɚɜɥɢɜɚɸɳɢɟ ɨɩɪɟɞɟɥɺɧɧɵɣ ɪɟɠɢɦ ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɧɢɹɨɛɴɟɤɬɨɜɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɨɝɨɧɚɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɹɤɨɬɨɪɵɟɧɚɯɨɞɹɬɫɹɜ ɫɨɛɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɫɬɢ ɝɨɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜɚ ɢ ɤɨɬɨɪɵɟ ɩɪɟɞɨɫɬɚɜɥɹɸɬɫɹ ɜ ɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɧɢɟ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɦɨɪɝɚɧɢɡɚɰɢɹɦ ±ɩɨɥɨɠɟɧɢɹ ɩɪɟɞɭɫɦɚɬɪɢɜɚɸɳɢɟ ɨɩɪɟɞɟɥɺɧɧɵɟ ɨɛɹɡɚɧɧɨɫɬɢ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɯ ɨɪɝɚɧɢɡɚɰɢɣ ɜ ɨɬɧɨɲɟɧɢɢ ɩɪɢɧɚɞɥɟɠɚɳɢɯ ɢɦ ɨɛɴɟɤɬɨɜ ɧɟɞɜɢɠɢɦɨɫɬɢ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɨɝɨ ɧɚɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɹ ɜ ɱɚɫɬɧɨɫɬɢ ɜ ɨɬɧɨɲɟɧɢɢ ɨɛɟɫɩɟɱɟɧɢɹɜɨɡɦɨɠɧɨɫɬɢɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɧɢɹɰɟɪɤɨɜɧɵɯɤɥɚɞɛɢɳɞɥɹɰɟɥɟɣ ɜɫɟɝɨ ɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɭɸɳɟɝɨ ɝɨɪɨɞɚ ɚ ɬɚɤɠɟ ɨɛɟɫɩɟɱɟɧɢɹ ɨɯɪɚɧɵ ɢ ɩɨɞɞɟɪɠɚɧɢɹ ɫɨɯɪɚɧɧɨɫɬɢ ɩɚɦɹɬɧɢɤɨɜ ɢɫɬɨɪɢɢ ɢ ɤɭɥɶɬɭɪɵ ɢ ɩɪɟɞɨɫɬɚɜɥɟɧɢɹɨɛɳɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɝɨɞɨɫɬɭɩɚɤɧɢɦ  ȼ ɪɹɞɟ ɪɚɫɫɦɨɬɪɟɧɧɵɯ ɫɨɝɥɚɲɟɧɢɣ ɭɤɚɡɚɧɧɵɟ ɜɨɩɪɨɫɵ ɪɟɲɟɧɵ ɩɨɫɪɟɞɫɬɜɨɦ ɭɫɬɚɧɨɜɥɟɧɢɹ ɜɨɡɦɨɠɧɨɫɬɟɣ ɨɤɚɡɚɧɢɹ ɝɨɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜɨɦ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɨɣ ɨɪɝɚɧɢɡɚɰɢɢ ɮɢɧɚɧɫɨɜɨɣ ɩɨɦɨɳɢ ɧɚ ɞɨɫɬɢɠɟɧɢɟ ɪɚɡɥɢɱɧɵɯ ɰɟɥɟɣ ɜ ɱɢɫɥɟ ɤɨɬɨɪɵɯ ɩɨɞɞɟɪɠɤɚ ɲɤɨɥɶɧɨɝɨ ɢ ɜɵɫɲɟɝɨ

 

 ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɨɝɨ ɨɛɪɚɡɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɜ ɱɚɫɬɧɨɫɬɢ ɧɟ ɬɨɥɶɤɨ ɜ ɜɢɞɟ ɜɨɡɦɟɳɟɧɢɹ ɡɚɬɪɚɬ ɧɚ ɩɪɟɩɨɞɚɜɚɬɟɥɶɫɤɢɣ ɫɨɫɬɚɜ ɧɨ ɢ ɧɚ ɨɛɟɫɩɟɱɟɧɢɟ ɩɨɦɟɳɟɧɢɹɦɢ  ɨɛɟɫɩɟɱɟɧɢɟ ɫɨɯɪɚɧɟɧɢɹ ɧɚɰɢɨɧɚɥɶɧɨɝɨ ɢ ɤɭɥɶɬɭɪɧɨɝɨ ɧɚɫɥɟɞɢɹ ɨɤɚɡɚɧɢɟ ɩɨɦɨɳɢ ɜ ɫɨɯɪɚɧɟɧɢɢ ɧɟɤɨɬɨɪɵɯ ɷɥɟɦɟɧɬɨɜ ɰɟɪɤɨɜɧɨɣɢɧɮɪɚɫɬɪɭɤɬɭɪɵ ɡɞɚɧɢɣɢɬɞ     

 

  

ȽɅȺȼȺɁɚɪɭɛɟɠɧɨɟ ɡɚɤɨɧɨɞɚɬɟɥɶɫɬɜɨ ɨ ɩɪɚɜɨɜɨɦ ɩɨɥɨɠɟɧɢɢ ɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɵɯ ɨɛɴɟɤɬɨɜ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɨɝɨ ɧɚɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɹ ɢ ɨɛ ɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɵɯ ɨɬɧɨɲɟɧɢɹɯ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɯ ɨɪɝɚɧɢɡɚɰɢɣ  †Ɏɨɪɦɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɟ ɢ ɢɫɫɥɟɞɨɜɚɧɢɟ ɜɵɛɨɪɤɢ ɪɟɮɟɪɟɧɬɧɵɯɧɨɪɦɡɚɪɭɛɟɠɧɵɯɧɨɪɦɚɬɢɜɧɵɯɩɪɚɜɨɜɵɯɚɤɬɨɜ  Ɋɨɥɶ ɝɪɚɠɞɚɧɫɤɨɩɪɚɜɨɜɨɝɨ ɞɨɝɨɜɨɪɚ ɜ ɭɪɟɝɭɥɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɢ ɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɵɯ ɨɬɧɨɲɟɧɢɣ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɯ ɨɪɝɚɧɢɡɚɰɢɣ ɧɟɜɨɡɦɨɠɧɨ ɧɚɞɥɟɠɚɳɢɦɨɛɪɚɡɨɦɢɫɫɥɟɞɨɜɚɬɶɢɜɵɹɜɢɬɶɟɫɥɢɧɟɨɛɪɚɳɚɬɶɫɹ ɬɚɤ ɠɟ ɢ ɤ ɚɧɚɥɢɡɭ ɡɚɪɭɛɟɠɧɨɝɨ ɡɚɤɨɧɨɞɚɬɟɥɶɫɬɜɚ ɜ ɪɚɫɫɦɚɬɪɢɜɚɟɦɨɣɫɮɟɪɟ ɉɨɷɬɨɦɭ ɡɧɚɱɢɬɟɥɶɧɵɣ ɢɧɬɟɪɟɫ ɜ ɪɚɦɤɚɯ ɡɚɹɜɥɟɧɧɨɣ ɬɟɦɵ ɩɪɟɞɫɬɚɜɥɹɟɬ ɚɧɚɥɢɡ ɬɟɤɫɬɨɜ ɡɚɪɭɛɟɠɧɵɯ ɧɨɪɦɚɬɢɜɧɵɯ ɩɪɚɜɨɜɵɯ ɚɤɬɨɜ ɩɪɟɠɞɟɜɫɟɝɨ±ɡɚɤɨɧɨɜ ɪɟɮɟɪɟɧɬɧɵɯɢɫɫɥɟɞɭɟɦɨɣɬɟɦɟ Ʉɚɤɭɠɟɛɵɥɨɫɤɚɡɚɧɨɜɵɲɟɟɫɥɢɪɨɫɫɢɣɫɤɢɣɨɩɵɬɜɢɫɫɥɟɞɭɟɦɨɣ ɫɮɟɪɟɛɵɥɱɚɫɬɢɱɧɨɨɯɜɚɱɟɧɜɪɹɞɟɢɫɫɥɟɞɨɜɚɧɢɣɬɨɡɚɪɭɛɟɠɧɵɣɨɩɵɬ ɜɢɫɫɥɟɞɭɟɦɨɣɫɮɟɪɟɩɪɚɤɬɢɱɟɫɤɢɧɟɢɡɜɟɫɬɟɧɪɨɫɫɢɣɫɤɨɣɧɚɭɤɟ ȼɦɟɫɬɟ ɫ ɬɟɦ ɤɚɤ ɨɛɨɫɧɨɜɚɧɧɨ ɩɢɲɟɬ ȿȼ Ⱥɪɢɫɬɨɜ ©ɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɟ ɫɪɚɜɧɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɩɪɚɜɨɜɨɝɨ ɢɫɫɥɟɞɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɨɱɟɧɶ ɫɥɨɠɧɨ ɩɟɪɟɨɰɟɧɢɬɶ ɟɝɨ ɪɨɥɶ ɜ ɢɫɫɥɟɞɨɜɚɧɢɹɯ ɫɥɨɠɧɟɣɲɢɯ ɸɪɢɞɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɮɟɧɨɦɟɧɨɜ ɧɟɪɟɞɤɨ ɦɨɠɟɬ ɛɵɬɶ ɨɩɪɟɞɟɥɹɸɳɟɣ ɨɫɨɛɟɧɧɨ ɤɨɝɞɚ ɨɬɟɱɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɚɹ ɧɚɭɱɧɚɹ ɦɵɫɥɶɧɚɱɢɧɚɟɬ³ɩɪɨɛɭɤɫɨɜɵɜɚɬɶ´³ɬɨɩɬɚɬɶɫɹɧɚɦɟɫɬɟ´ɧɟɞɚɜɚɹɫɬɨɥɶ ɨɠɢɞɚɟɦɵɯ ɨɬɜɟɬɨɜ ɧɚ ɧɚɫɭɳɧɵɟ ɜɨɩɪɨɫɵ ɋɪɚɜɧɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɩɪɚɜɨɜɨɟ ɢɫɫɥɟɞɨɜɚɧɢɟ ɩɨɡɜɨɥɹɟɬ ɩɨɞɧɹɜɲɢɫɶ ɧɚɞ ɨɬɟɱɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɣ ɩɪɚɜɨɜɨɣ ɫɢɫɬɟɦɨɣ ɜɵɣɞɹ ɡɚ ɪɚɦɤɢ ɨɬɟɱɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɣ ɧɚɭɱɧɨɩɪɚɜɨɜɨɣ ɦɵɫɥɢ ɢ ɜɡɝɥɹɧɭɜ ɩɨɞ ɞɪɭɝɢɦ ɨɫɨɛɵɦ ɭɝɥɨɦ ɡɪɟɧɢɹ ɩɨɡɧɚɬɶ ɬɟ ɹɜɥɟɧɢɹ ɩɪɚɜɨɜɨɣ ɞɟɣɫɬɜɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɫɬɢ ɤɨɬɨɪɵɟ ɢɦɟɧɧɨ ɜ ɪɚɡɪɟɡɟ ɩɪɚɜɨɜɵɯ ɨɬɥɢɱɢɣ ɦɟɠɞɭ ɨɩɵɬɨɦ ɪɚɡɧɵɯ ɝɨɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜ  ɢ ɜ ɤɨɧɬɟɤɫɬɟ ɢ ɞɢɫɤɭɪɫɟ ɦɢɪɨɜɵɯ ɬɟɧɞɟɧɰɢɣ ɪɚɡɜɢɬɢɹ ɬɨɥɶɤɨ ɢ ɦɨɝɭɬ ɛɵɬɶ ɝɥɭɛɨɤɨ ɨɫɦɵɫɥɟɧɵ ɚɞɟɤɜɚɬɧɨ ɨɩɢɫɚɧɵ ɢɫɬɨɥɤɨɜɚɧɵ ɢ ɨɛɴɹɫɧɟɧɵ Ⱦɚɧɧɵɣ ɩɨɞɯɨɞ ɞɚɟɬ ɧɟɨɛɯɨɞɢɦɵɟ ɢ ɞɨɫɬɚɬɨɱɧɵɟ ɨɫɧɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɲɢɪɨɤɢɟ ɜɨɡɦɨɠɧɨɫɬɢ ɞɥɹ

 

 ɩɨɧɢɦɚɧɢɹ ɬɨɝɨ ɤɚɤ ɨɞɧɢ ɢ ɬɟ ɠɟ ɢɥɢ ɜɨ ɜɫɹɤɨɦ ɫɥɭɱɚɟ ɫɯɨɠɢɟ ɩɪɨɛɥɟɦɵ ɪɟɲɚɸɬɫɹ ɜ ɪɚɡɧɵɯ ɝɨɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜɚɯ ɜ ɝɨɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜɚɯ ɪɚɡɧɵɯ ɩɪɚɜɨɜɵɯ ɫɢɫɬɟɦ ɤɚɤɢɟ ɩɪɨɛɥɟɦɵ ɫɨɩɪɹɠɟɧɵ ɫ ɪɚɫɫɦɚɬɪɢɜɚɟɦɵɦ ɹɜɥɟɧɢɟɦɢɥɢɨɬɧɨɲɟɧɢɟɦɋɪɚɜɧɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɩɪɚɜɨɜɵɟɢɫɫɥɟɞɨɜɚɧɢɹ±ɷɬɨ ɥɭɱɲɢɣ ɧɚ ɫɟɝɨɞɧɹ ɜ ɸɪɢɞɢɱɟɫɤɨɣ ɧɚɭɤɟ ³ɪɚɫɲɢɪɢɬɟɥɶ´ ɝɨɪɢɡɨɧɬɨɜ ɡɧɚɧɢɣ ȼ ɤɨɧɟɱɧɨɦ ɢɬɨɝɟ ɫɪɚɜɧɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɩɪɚɜɨɜɵɟ ɢɫɫɥɟɞɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɩɨɡɜɨɥɹɸɬ ɥɭɱɲɟ ɩɨɡɧɚɬɶ ɨɬɟɱɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɭɸ ɩɪɚɜɨɜɭɸ ɞɟɣɫɬɜɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɫɬɶ ɥɭɱɲɟ ɩɨɧɹɬɶ ɫɜɨɟ ɧɚɰɢɨɧɚɥɶɧɨɟ ɩɪɚɜɨ ɢ ɝɥɚɜɧɨɟ ɫɨɜɟɪɲɟɧɫɬɜɨɜɚɬɶ ɟɝɨ ɪɚɡɭɦɟɟɬɫɹɛɟɡɧɟɨɛɞɭɦɚɧɧɵɯɡɚɢɦɫɬɜɨɜɚɧɢɣ ª  Ɉɩɢɫɚɧɢɟɧɚɭɱɧɨɢɫɫɥɟɞɨɜɚɬɟɥɶɫɤɨɣɦɟɬɨɞɨɥɨɝɢɢ ɇɚɫɬɨɹɳɚɹ ɝɥɚɜɚ ɩɨɫɜɹɳɟɧɚ ɢɫɫɥɟɞɨɜɚɧɢɸ ɬɟɤɫɬɨɜ ɡɚɪɭɛɟɠɧɵɯ ɧɨɪɦɚɬɢɜɧɵɯ ɩɪɚɜɨɜɵɯ ɚɤɬɨɜ ± ɧɚ ɩɪɟɞɦɟɬ ɧɚɥɢɱɢɹ ɜ ɬɚɤɢɯ ɧɨɪɦɚɬɢɜɧɵɯ ɩɪɚɜɨɜɵɯ ɚɤɬɚɯ ɩɨɥɨɠɟɧɢɣ ɨ ɩɪɚɜɨɜɨɦ ɩɨɥɨɠɟɧɢɢ ɧɟɞɜɢɠɢɦɵɯ ɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɵɯ ɨɛɴɟɤɬɨɜ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɨɝɨ ɧɚɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɹ ɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɵɯ ɩɪɚɜɚɯ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɯ ɨɪɝɚɧɢɡɚɰɢɣ ɢ ɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɵɯ ɨɬɧɨɲɟɧɢɹɯɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɯɨɪɝɚɧɢɡɚɰɢɣɫɝɨɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜɨɦɢɢɧɵɦɢɥɢɰɚɦɢ± ɜ ɨɬɧɨɲɟɧɢɢ ɧɟɞɜɢɠɢɦɵɯ ɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɵɯ ɨɛɴɟɤɬɨɜ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɨɝɨ ɧɚɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɹ ɚ ɪɚɜɧɨ ± ɧɚɫɤɨɥɶɤɨ ɬɚɤɢɟ ɩɨɥɨɠɟɧɢɹ ɹɜɥɹɸɬɫɹ ɞɟɬɚɥɢɡɢɪɨɜɚɧɧɵɦɢɢɤɚɤɨɣɨɛɥɚɞɚɸɬɫɩɟɰɢɮɢɤɨɣ Ɍɪɟɛɨɜɚɧɢɟ ɞɨɫɬɚɬɨɱɧɨɣ ɪɟɮɟɪɟɧɬɧɨɫɬɢ ɜɵɛɨɪɤɢ ɝɨɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜ ɨɩɵɬɤɨɬɨɪɵɯɛɵɥɢɫɫɥɟɞɨɜɚɧ ɩɨɞɥɟɠɚɥɢɫɫɥɟɞɨɜɚɧɢɸ ɜɪɟɮɟɪɟɧɬɧɨɣ ɨɛɥɚɫɬɢ ɛɵɥɨ ɜɵɩɨɥɧɟɧɨ ɩɨɫɪɟɞɫɬɜɨɦ ɨɬɪɚɛɨɬɤɢ ɜɵɛɨɪɤɢ ɩɨ ɡɚɪɭɛɟɠɧɵɦ ɝɨɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜɚɦ Ⱥɜɫɬɪɚɥɢɹ Ⱥɜɫɬɪɢɹ Ⱥɡɟɪɛɚɣɞɠɚɧ Ⱥɪɦɟɧɢɹ Ȼɨɥɝɚɪɢɹ Ȼɨɫɧɢɹ ɢ Ƚɟɪɰɟɝɨɜɢɧɚ ȼɟɥɢɤɨɛɪɢɬɚɧɢɹ ȼɟɧɝɪɢɹ ȼɶɟɬɧɚɦ Ƚɪɟɰɢɹ Ⱦɚɧɢɹ ɂɡɪɚɢɥɶ ɂɫɩɚɧɢɹ Ʉɚɧɚɞɚ Ʌɚɬɜɢɹ Ʌɢɬɜɚ Ɇɚɤɟɞɨɧɢɹ Ɇɟɤɫɢɤɚ ɉɟɪɭ ɉɨɥɶɲɚ ɉɨɪɬɭɝɚɥɢɹ Ɋɭɦɵɧɢɹ ɋɟɪɛɢɹ ɋɥɨɜɟɧɢɹ ɋɥɨɜɚɤɢɹ ɋɒȺ Ɏɢɧɥɹɧɞɢɹ Ɏɪɚɧɰɢɹ ɏɨɪɜɚɬɢɹ ɑɟɯɢɹ ɑɢɥɢɒɜɟɣɰɚɪɢɹɗɫɬɨɧɢɹəɩɨɧɢɹ  Ɉɫɧɨɜɚɧɢɹɦɢɞɥɹɜɵɛɨɪɚɝɨɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜɩɨɫɥɭɠɢɥɢɤɪɢɬɟɪɢɢɨɬɛɨɪɚ ɪɟɮɟɪɟɧɬɧɵɯ ɩɪɢɦɟɪɨɜ ɢɡ ɪɚɡɥɢɱɧɵɯ ɩɪɚɜɨɜɵɯ ɫɢɫɬɟɦ ɫ ɪɚɡɥɢɱɧɵɯ ɤɨɧɬɢɧɟɧɬɨɜ ɦɢɪɚ ɗɬɨ ɩɨɡɜɨɥɢɥɨ ɨɛɟɫɩɟɱɢɬɶ ɧɚɞɥɟɠɚɳɭɸ ɨɛɴɟɤɬɢɜɧɨɫɬɶ ɩɪɨɜɨɞɢɦɨɝɨ ɧɚɭɱɧɨɝɨ ɢɫɫɥɟɞɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɜ ɱɚɫɬɢ ɫɪɚɜɧɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɩɪɚɜɨɜɨɝɨɚɧɚɥɢɡɚɡɚɪɭɛɟɠɧɨɝɨɨɩɵɬɚ

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 ɂɡɧɚɱɚɥɶɧɨ ɩɨɢɫɤ ɪɟɮɟɪɟɧɬɧɵɯ ɞɨɤɭɦɟɧɬɨɜ ɩɨ ɪɚɡɥɢɱɧɵɦ ɝɨɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜɚɦ ɨɫɭɳɟɫɬɜɥɹɥɫɹ ɤɚɤ ɩɨ ɪɟɮɟɪɟɧɬɧɵɦ ɫɚɣɬɚɦ ɜ ɫɟɬɢ ɂɧɬɟɪɧɟɬ ɬɚɤ ɢ ɩɪɟɠɞɟ ɜɫɟɝɨ  ɩɨɫɪɟɞɫɬɜɨɦ ɨɛɳɟɝɨ ɩɨɢɫɤɚ ɩɨ ɤɥɸɱɟɜɵɦɫɥɨɜɚɦɢɩɨɧɚɭɱɧɵɦɢɫɬɨɱɧɢɤɚɦ ɚɭɠɟɡɚɬɟɦɧɚɨɮɢɰɢɚɥɶɧɵɯ ɫɚɣɬɚɯ ɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɭɸɳɢɯ ɝɨɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜ ȼ ɥɸɛɨɦ ɫɥɭɱɚɟ ɨɬɵɫɤɢɜɚɥɢɫɶ ɢ ɢɫɫɥɟɞɨɜɚɥɢɫɶɫɚɦɢɞɨɤɭɦɟɧɬɵɜɩɟɪɜɨɢɫɬɨɱɧɢɤɚɯɧɚɹɡɵɤɚɯ Ȼɵɥɨɢɫɫɥɟɞɨɜɚɧɨɧɟɫɤɨɥɶɤɨɫɨɬɟɧɡɚɪɭɛɟɠɧɵɯɧɨɪɦɚɬɢɜɧɵɯ ɩɪɚɜɨɜɵɯ ɚɤɬɨɜ ɢɡ ɧɢɯ ɞɟɬɚɥɶɧɨ ɛɵɥɨ ɩɪɨɚɧɚɥɢɡɢɪɨɜɚɧɨ ɧɨɪɦɚɬɢɜɧɵɯ ɩɪɚɜɨɜɵɯ ɚɤɬɨɜ ɗɬɢ ɞɨɤɭɦɟɧɬɵ ɭɤɚɡɚɧɵ ɜ ɧɚɫɬɨɹɳɟɣɝɥɚɜɟ Ɍɚɤɨɣɨɛɴɺɦɜɵɛɨɪɤɢɝɨɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜ ɨɩɵɬɤɨɬɨɪɵɯɢɫɫɥɟɞɨɜɚɥɫɹ ɢ ɬɚɤɨɣ ɨɛɴɺɦ ɜɵɛɨɪɤɢ ɢɫɫɥɟɞɨɜɚɧɧɵɯ ɧɨɪɦɚɬɢɜɧɵɯ ɩɪɚɜɨɜɵɯ ɚɤɬɨɜ ɨɛɟɫɩɟɱɢɥɢ ɨɛɴɟɤɬɢɜɧɨɫɬɶ ɩɪɨɢɡɜɨɞɢɦɨɝɨ ɧɚɭɱɧɨɝɨ ɢɫɫɥɟɞɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɢ ɪɟɥɟɜɚɧɬɧɨɫɬɶɩɨɥɭɱɟɧɧɵɯɩɨɟɝɨɢɬɨɝɚɦɧɚɭɱɧɵɯɪɟɡɭɥɶɬɚɬɨɜ Ɂɚɞɟɣɫɬɜɨɜɚɧɧɵɣ ɜ ɢɫɫɥɟɞɨɜɚɧɢɢ ɢ ɩɪɟɞɫɬɚɜɥɟɧɧɵɣ ɜ ɫɧɨɫɤɚɯ ɫɫɵɥɨɱɧɵɣ ɦɚɬɟɪɢɚɥ ɩɨɡɜɨɥɹɟɬ ɜɟɪɢɮɢɰɢɪɨɜɚɬɶ ɞɟɣɫɬɜɢɬɟɥɶɧɭɸ ɩɪɢɦɟɧɺɧɧɨɫɬɶ ɡɚɹɜɥɹɟɦɨɣ ɧɚɭɱɧɨɣ ɦɟɬɨɞɨɥɨɝɢɢ ɢɫɤɥɸɱɢɬɟɥɶɧɵɣ ɚɜɬɨɪɫɤɢɣ ɜɤɥɚɞ ɚɜɬɨɪɚ ɜ ɩɪɨɢɡɜɨɞɫɬɜɨ ɞɚɧɧɨɣ ɪɚɛɨɬɵ ɸɪɢɞɢɱɟɫɤɭɸ ɤɨɪɪɟɤɬɧɨɫɬɶ ɢ ɚɞɟɤɜɚɬɧɨɫɬɶ ɚɜɬɨɪɫɤɢɯ ɩɟɪɟɜɨɞɨɜ ɩɪɢɜɨɞɢɦɵɯ ɢɡɜɥɟɱɟɧɢɣ ɢɡ ɢɫɫɥɟɞɭɟɦɵɯ ɪɟɮɟɪɟɧɬɧɵɯ ɡɚɹɜɥɟɧɧɨɣ ɬɟɦɟ ɢɫɫɥɟɞɨɜɚɧɢɹɚɤɬɨɜ  Ⱥɜɫɬɪɚɥɢɹ ȼ Ⱥɜɫɬɪɚɥɢɢ ɡɚɤɨɧɨɞɚɬɟɥɶɫɬɜɨ ɪɟɝɭɥɢɪɭɸɳɟɟ ɜɨɩɪɨɫɵ ɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɵɯ ɨɬɧɨɲɟɧɢɣ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɯ ɨɪɝɚɧɢɡɚɰɢɣ ɞɟɣɫɬɜɭɟɬ ɜ ɨɫɧɨɜɧɨɦɧɚɭɪɨɜɧɟɚɞɦɢɧɢɫɬɪɚɬɢɜɧɨɬɟɪɪɢɬɨɪɢɚɥɶɧɵɯɟɞɢɧɢɰ Ɍɚɤ ɧɚɩɪɢɦɟɪ ɫɨɝɥɚɫɧɨ ɫɬɚɬɶɟ  Ɂɚɤɨɧɚ Ⱥɜɫɬɪɚɥɢɣɫɤɨɣ ɫɬɨɥɢɱɧɨɣ ɬɟɪɪɢɬɨɪɢɢ ʋ ɨɬ  ɝɨɞɚ ©Ɉ ɞɨɜɟɪɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɣ ɫɨɛɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɫɬɢ Ɋɢɦɫɤɨɤɚɬɨɥɢɱɟɫɤɨɣ ɰɟɪɤɜɢª ɩɨɞ ɰɟɪɤɨɜɧɨɣ ɞɨɜɟɪɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɣ ɫɨɛɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɫɬɶɸ ɩɨɧɢɦɚɸɬɫɹ ɡɟɦɟɥɶɧɵɟ ɭɱɚɫɬɤɢ ɪɚɫɩɨɥɨɠɟɧɧɵɟ ɜ Ⱥɜɫɬɪɚɥɢɣɫɤɨɣ ɫɬɨɥɢɱɧɨɣ ɬɟɪɪɢɬɨɪɢɢ ɤɨɬɨɪɵɟ ɹɜɥɹɸɬɫɹ ɨɛɴɟɤɬɨɦ ɤɚɤɨɝɨɥɢɛɨ ɫɨɡɞɚɧɧɨɝɨ ɞɥɹ ɰɟɪɤɜɢ ɢɥɢ ɞɥɹ

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 Ⱥɡɟɪɛɚɣɞɠɚɧ ɋɬɚɬɶɹ  Ɂɚɤɨɧɚ Ⱥɡɟɪɛɚɣɞɠɚɧɫɤɨɣ Ɋɟɫɩɭɛɥɢɤɢ ɨɬ  ʋ ɜ ɪɟɞ ɨɬ  ɝɨɞɚ  ©Ɉ ɫɜɨɛɨɞɟ ɜɟɪɨɢɫɩɨɜɟɞɚɧɢɹª ɬɚɤɠɟ ɩɪɟɞɭɫɦɚɬɪɢɜɚɟɬ ɱɬɨ ɩɪɚɜɚ ɫɨɛɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɫɬɢ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɯ ɨɪɝɚɧɢɡɚɰɢɣ ɨɯɪɚɧɹɸɬɫɹɜɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɢɢɫɡɚɤɨɧɨɞɚɬɟɥɶɫɬɜɨɦ Ʉɪɨɦɟ ɬɨɝɨ ɫɬɚɬɶɹ  ɧɚɡɜɚɧɧɨɝɨ ɚɤɬɚ ɭɫɬɚɧɚɜɥɢɜɚɟɬ ɜɨɡɦɨɠɧɨɫɬɢ ɨɤɚɡɚɧɢɹ ɨɩɪɟɞɟɥɺɧɧɨɣ ɮɢɧɚɧɫɨɜɨɣ ɩɨɞɞɟɪɠɤɢ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɦɨɪɝɚɧɢɡɚɰɢɹɦɫɨɫɬɨɪɨɧɵɨɪɝɚɧɨɜɩɭɛɥɢɱɧɨɣɜɥɚɫɬɢ Ɍɚɤɠɟ ɞɚɧɧɵɦ ɧɨɪɦɚɬɢɜɧɨɩɪɚɜɨɜɵɦ ɚɤɬɨɦ ɭɫɬɚɧɚɜɥɢɜɚɸɬɫɹ ɜɨɡɦɨɠɧɨɫɬɢ ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɦɢ ɨɪɝɚɧɢɡɚɰɢɹɦɢ ɜ ɫɜɨɢɯ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɯɰɟɥɹɯɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɚɧɟɧɚɯɨɞɹɳɟɝɨɫɹɭɧɢɯɜɫɨɛɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɫɬɢ ɋɨɝɥɚɫɧɨ ɫɬɚɬɶɟ  Ɂɚɤɨɧɚ Ⱥɡɟɪɛɚɣɞɠɚɧɫɤɨɣ Ɋɟɫɩɭɛɥɢɤɢ ɨɬ  ʋ ɜ ɪɟɞ ɨɬ  ɝɨɞɚ  ©Ɉ ɫɜɨɛɨɞɟ ɜɟɪɨɢɫɩɨɜɟɞɚɧɢɹª ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɟ ɨɪɝɚɧɢɡɚɰɢɢ ɜɩɪɚɜɟ ɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɬɶɫɹ ɞɥɹ ɫɜɨɢɯ ɧɭɠɞ ɩɪɟɞɨɫɬɚɜɥɹɟɦɵɦ ɢɦ ɝɨɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜɨɦ ɝɪɚɠɞɚɧɚɦɢ ɢɥɢ ɨɛɳɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɵɦɢ ɨɪɝɚɧɢɡɚɰɢɹɦɢ ɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɨɦ ɉɪɢ ɷɬɨɦ ɧɟɤɨɬɨɪɵɟ ɨɩɪɟɞɟɥɟɧɧɵɟ ɝɨɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜɟɧɧɵɟ ɨɛɴɟɤɬɵ ɦɨɝɭɬ ɩɟɪɟɞɚɜɚɬɶɫɹ ɜ ɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɧɢɟ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɦ ɨɪɝɚɧɢɡɚɰɢɹɦ ɧɚ ɛɟɡɜɨɡɦɟɡɞɧɨɣ ɨɫɧɨɜɟ Ʉɪɨɦɟ ɬɨɝɨ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɟɨɪɝɚɧɢɡɚɰɢɢɢɦɟɸɬɩɪɟɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɟɩɪɚɜɨɧɚɩɨɥɭɱɟɧɢɟ ɜ ɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɧɢɟ ɡɞɚɧɢɣ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɨɝɨ ɧɚɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɹ ɫ ɩɪɢɥɟɝɚɸɳɟɣ ɬɟɪɪɢɬɨɪɢɟɣ Ɋɟɲɟɧɢɹ ɨ ɩɟɪɟɞɚɱɟ ɬɚɤɨɝɨ ɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɚ ɜ ɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɧɢɟ ɩɪɢɧɢɦɚɸɬɫɹ ɩɨ ɡɚɹɜɤɚɦ ɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɭɸɳɢɯ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɯ ɨɪɝɚɧɢɡɚɰɢɣ ɤɨɦɩɟɬɟɧɬɧɵɦɢɨɪɝɚɧɚɦɢɩɭɛɥɢɱɧɨɣɜɥɚɫɬɢ ɋɬɚɬɶɹ  ɜɵɲɟɭɤɚɡɚɧɧɨɝɨ Ɂɚɤɨɧɚ Ⱥɡɟɪɛɚɣɞɠɚɧɫɤɨɣ Ɋɟɫɩɭɛɥɢɤɢ ɩɪɟɞɭɫɦɚɬɪɢɜɚɟɬ ɩɪɚɜɨ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɯ ɨɪɝɚɧɢɡɚɰɢɣ ɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɬɶɫɹ ɨɛɴɟɤɬɚɦɢ ɢ ɩɪɟɞɦɟɬɚɦɢ ɤɨɬɨɪɵɟ ɹɜɥɹɸɬɫɹ ɩɚɦɹɬɧɢɤɚɦɢ ɢɫɬɨɪɢɢ ɢ ɤɭɥɶɬɭɪɵ ȼ ɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɢɢ ɫɨ ɫɬɚɬɶɟɣ  Ɂɚɤɨɧɚ Ⱥɡɟɪɛɚɣɞɠɚɧɫɤɨɣ Ɋɟɫɩɭɛɥɢɤɢ ɨɬ  ʋ ɜ ɪɟɞ ɨɬ  ɝɨɞɚ  ©Ɉ ɫɜɨɛɨɞɟ ɜɟɪɨɢɫɩɨɜɟɞɚɧɢɹª ɜ ɫɨɛɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɫɬɢ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɯ ɨɪɝɚɧɢɡɚɰɢɣ ɦɨɝɭɬ ɧɚɯɨɞɢɬɶɫɹ ɡɞɚɧɢɹ ɩɪɟɞɦɟɬɵ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɨɝɨ ɧɚɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɹ ɩɪɨɢɡɜɨɞɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɝɨ ɫɨɰɢɚɥɶɧɨɝɨ ɢ ɛɥɚɝɨɬɜɨɪɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɝɨ ɧɚɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɹ ɞɟɧɟɠɧɵɟ ɫɪɟɞɫɬɜɚ ɚ ɬɚɤɠɟ ɢɧɨɟ ɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɨ ɧɟɨɛɯɨɞɢɦɨɟ ɞɥɹ

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Ɋɟɫɩɭɛɥɢɤɢ Ⱥɪɦɟɧɢɹ ɨɬ  ©Ɉ ɫɜɨɛɨɞɟ ɫɨɜɟɫɬɢ ɢ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɯ ɨɪɝɚɧɢɡɚɰɢɹɯª >གའུའོཾའཱུཪ གའཱུཿའཹཤཾཷཱྀཨུའཱུ བྷཿཤཱུྃཧ ༿ཱིཪ ༳ཥའཾཷཱྀཨུའཱུ ཽ༷ ཁཿཷཱུའ཮འཱུ ཁའཥཱིའ཮ཤཿཹཷཱྀཨུཷཱཱཱྀུུཤཿཪ ཆའོཪཱུ @KWWSZZZSDUOLDPHQWDPOHJLVODWLRQSKS"VHO VKRZ ,'  ODQJ DUP H QF XWI!

 

 ɬɚɤɠɟ ɨɛɟɫɩɟɱɢɜɚɬɶ ɨɯɪɚɧɭ ɢɫɬɨɪɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɩɚɦɹɬɧɢɤɨɜ ɤɨɬɨɪɵɟ ɧɚɯɨɞɹɬɫɹɭɧɢɯɜɫɨɛɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɫɬɢ Ʉɚɤ ɭɫɬɚɧɚɜɥɢɜɚɟɬ ɫɬɚɬɶɹ  Ɂɚɤɨɧɚ Ɋɟɫɩɭɛɥɢɤɢ Ⱥɪɦɟɧɢɹ ɨɬ  ©Ɉ ɫɜɨɛɨɞɟ ɫɨɜɟɫɬɢ ɢ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɯ ɨɪɝɚɧɢɡɚɰɢɹɯª ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɟ ɨɪɝɚɧɢɡɚɰɢɢ ɜɩɪɚɜɟ ɨɛɪɚɳɚɬɶɫɹ ɤ ɜɟɪɭɸɳɢɦ ɫ ɩɪɨɫɶɛɚɦɢ ɨɩɪɟɞɨɫɬɚɜɥɟɧɢɢɢɦɞɨɛɪɨɜɨɥɶɧɵɯɩɨɠɟɪɬɜɨɜɚɧɢɣɚɬɚɤɠɟɩɨɥɭɱɚɬɶɢ ɪɚɫɩɨɪɹɠɚɬɶɫɹɬɚɤɢɦɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɨɦɫɜɨɛɨɞɧɨɨɬɧɚɥɨɝɨɜ  Ȼɨɥɝɚɪɢɹ Ɂɚɤɨɧɨɞɚɬɟɥɶɫɬɜɨɦ Ȼɨɥɝɚɪɢɢ ɜ ɪɚɫɫɦɚɬɪɢɜɚɟɦɨɣ ɫɮɟɪɟ ɭɤɚɡɚɧɧɵɟɜɨɩɪɨɫɵɪɟɝɭɥɢɪɭɸɬɫɹɞɨɫɬɚɬɨɱɧɨɩɨɞɪɨɛɧɨ ɋɬɚɬɶɹɁɚɤɨɧɚȻɨɥɝɚɪɢɢɨɬ ɜɪɟɞɨɬ  ©Ɉɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɯɨɛɴɟɞɢɧɟɧɢɹɯªɭɫɬɚɧɚɜɥɢɜɚɟɬɫɥɟɞɭɸɳɟɟ ©Ɋɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɟ ɨɛɴɟɞɢɧɟɧɢɹ ɢ ɢɯ ɩɨɞɪɚɡɞɟɥɟɧɢɹ ɤɨɬɨɪɵɟ ɩɪɢɨɛɪɟɥɢ ɫɬɚɬɭɫ ɸɪɢɞɢɱɟɫɤɨɝɨ ɥɢɰɚ ɜ ɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɢɢ ɫ ɧɚɫɬɨɹɳɢɦ Ɂɚɤɨɧɨɦɢɦɟɸɬɩɪɚɜɨɧɚɜɥɚɞɟɧɢɟɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɨɦ ɂɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɨ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɨɝɨ ɨɛɴɟɞɢɧɟɧɢɹ ɦɨɠɟɬ ɜɤɥɸɱɚɬɶ ɜ ɫɟɛɹ ɩɪɚɜɨ ɫɨɛɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɫɬɢ ɢ ɨɝɪɚɧɢɱɟɧɧɵɟ ɜɟɳɧɵɟ ɩɪɚɜɚ ɧɚ ɧɟɞɜɢɠɢɦɨɟ ɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɨɞɨɯɨɞɵɨɬɭɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɹɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɨɦɜɬɨɦɱɢɫɥɟ±ɚɪɟɧɞɧɭɸ ɩɥɚɬɭ ɩɪɢɛɵɥɶ ɢɥɢ ɞɢɜɢɞɟɧɞɵ ɨɬ ɭɱɚɫɬɢɹ ɜ ɬɨɪɝɨɜɵɯ ɤɨɦɩɚɧɢɹɯ ɢɥɢ ɨɛɴɟɞɢɧɟɧɢɹ ɫ ɬɨɪɝɨɜɵɦɢ ɤɨɦɩɚɧɢɹɦɢ ɩɪɚɜɨ ɫɨɛɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɫɬɢ ɧɚ ɞɜɢɠɢɦɨɟ ɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɨ ɜ ɬɨɦ ɱɢɫɥɟ ± ɧɚ ɰɟɧɧɵɟ ɤɧɢɝɢ ɩɪɚɜɚ ɜ ɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɢɢɫɁɚɤɨɧɨɦɨɛɚɜɬɨɪɫɤɨɦɩɪɚɜɟɢɫɦɟɠɧɵɯɩɪɚɜɚɯɞɨɯɨɞɵ ɨɬɝɨɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜɟɧɧɵɯɫɭɛɫɢɞɢɣɩɨɠɟɪɬɜɨɜɚɧɢɣɧɚɫɥɟɞɫɬɜɚɢɞɪɭɝɢɟ Ƚɨɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜɨ ɢ ɦɭɧɢɰɢɩɚɥɢɬɟɬɵ ɜɩɪɚɜɟ ɩɪɟɞɨɫɬɚɜɥɹɬɶ ɧɚ ɛɟɡɜɨɡɦɟɡɞɧɨɣ ɨɫɧɨɜɟ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɦ ɨɪɝɚɧɢɡɚɰɢɹɦ ɢ ɢɯ ɦɟɫɬɧɵɦ ɩɨɞɪɚɡɞɟɥɟɧɢɹɦ ɩɪɚɜɨ ɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɧɢɸ ɝɨɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɣ ɢɥɢ ɦɭɧɢɰɢɩɚɥɶɧɨɣɫɨɛɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɫɬɶɸɚɬɚɤɠɟɩɪɟɞɨɫɬɚɜɥɹɬɶɢɦɩɨɞɞɟɪɠɤɭɜ ɜɢɞɟɫɭɛɫɢɞɢɣɢɡɝɨɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɝɨɢɥɢɦɭɧɢɰɢɩɚɥɶɧɨɝɨɛɸɞɠɟɬɚª ȼ ɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɢɢ ɫɨ ɫɬɚɬɶɟɣ  Ɂɚɤɨɧɚ Ȼɨɥɝɚɪɢɢ ɨɬ  ɜɪɟɞ ɨɬ   ©Ɉ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɯ ɨɛɴɟɞɢɧɟɧɢɹɯª ɨɫɨɛɟɧɧɨɫɬɢ ɢ ɩɪɚɜɢɥɚɪɚɫɩɨɪɹɠɟɧɢɹɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɦɢɨɪɝɚɧɢɡɚɰɢɹɦɢɫɜɨɢɦɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɨɦ ɭɫɬɚɧɚɜɥɢɜɚɸɬɫɹɧɟɩɨɫɪɟɞɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɭɫɬɚɜɚɦɢɬɚɤɢɯɨɪɝɚɧɢɡɚɰɢɣ

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Ȼɨɥɝɚɪɢɢ ɨɬ  ɜ ɪɟɞ ɨɬ   ©Ɉɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɯ ɨɛɴɟɞɢɧɟɧɢɹɯª>Ɂɚɤɨɧɡɚɜɟɪɨɢɡɩɨɜɟɞɚɧɢɹɬɚ@KWWSOH[EJODZVOGRF!

 

 Ʉɪɨɦɟ ɬɨɝɨ ɫɬɚɬɶɟɣɁɚɤɨɧɚ Ȼɨɥɝɚɪɢɢɨɬ ɜɪɟɞɨɬ   ©Ɉ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɯ ɨɛɴɟɞɢɧɟɧɢɹɯª ɩɪɟɞɭɫɦɚɬɪɢɜɚɟɬɫɹ ɫɥɟɞɭɸɳɟɟ ©Ɂɚɪɟɝɢɫɬɪɢɪɨɜɚɧɧɵɟ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɟ ɨɛɴɟɞɢɧɟɧɢɹ ɜɩɪɚɜɟ ɞɥɹ ɨɛɟɫɩɟɱɟɧɢɹɫɜɨɢɯɧɭɠɞɩɪɨɢɡɜɨɞɢɬɶɢɩɪɨɞɚɜɚɬɶɩɪɟɞɦɟɬɵɫɜɹɡɚɧɧɵɟ ɫ ɢɯ ɞɟɹɬɟɥɶɧɨɫɬɶɸ ɧɚɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɧɨɣ ɧɚ ɩɪɨɜɟɞɟɧɢɟ ɛɨɝɨɫɥɭɠɟɧɢɣ ɪɢɬɭɚɥɨɜɢɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɯɨɛɪɹɞɨɜ Ⱦɟɹɬɟɥɶɧɨɫɬɶ ɩɪɟɞɭɫɦɨɬɪɟɧɧɚɹ ɱɚɫɬɶɸ  ɧɟ ɹɜɥɹɟɬɫɹ ɤɨɦɦɟɪɱɟɫɤɨɣɩɨɫɦɵɫɥɭɁɚɤɨɧɚɨɬɨɪɝɨɜɥɟ Ɇɨɥɢɬɜɟɧɧɵɟ ɞɨɦɚ ɯɪɚɦɵ ɦɨɧɚɫɬɵɪɢ ɩɪɟɞɦɟɬɵ ɢ ɥɢɰɚ ɫɜɹɡɚɧɧɵɟɫɩɪɨɜɟɞɟɧɢɟɦɛɨɝɨɫɥɭɠɟɧɢɣɧɟɦɨɝɭɬɛɵɬɶɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɧɵɜ ɪɟɤɥɚɦɧɵɯ ɰɟɥɹɯ ɛɟɡ ɜɵɪɚɠɟɧɧɨɝɨ ɫɨɝɥɚɫɢɹ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɨɣ ɨɪɝɚɧɢɡɚɰɢɢª Ʉɚɤ ɭɫɬɚɧɚɜɥɢɜɚɟɬ ɫɬɚɬɶɹ  Ɂɚɤɨɧɚ Ȼɨɥɝɚɪɢɢ ɨɬ  ɜɪɟɞ ɨɬ   ©Ɉ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɯ ɨɛɴɟɞɢɧɟɧɢɹɯª ɡɚɪɟɝɢɫɬɪɢɪɨɜɚɧɧɵɟ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɟ ɨɛɴɟɞɢɧɟɧɢɹ ɜɩɪɚɜɟ ɜɥɚɞɟɬɶ ɤɥɚɞɛɢɳɚɦɢɢɩɨɞɞɟɪɠɢɜɚɬɶɢɯɡɚɫɱɺɬɫɨɛɫɬɜɟɧɧɵɯɫɪɟɞɫɬɜ  ȻɨɫɧɢɹɢȽɟɪɰɟɝɨɜɢɧɚ ɋɬɚɬɶɹ  Ɂɚɤɨɧɚ Ȼɨɫɧɢɢ ɢ Ƚɟɪɰɟɝɨɜɢɧɵ ©Ɉ ɫɜɨɛɨɞɟ ɜɟɪɨɢɫɩɨɜɟɞɚɧɢɹɢɫɬɚɬɭɫɟɰɟɪɤɜɟɣɢɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɯɨɛɳɢɧȻɨɫɧɢɢɢ Ƚɟɪɰɟɝɨɜɢɧɵªɭɫɬɚɧɚɜɥɢɜɚɟɬɫɥɟɞɭɸɳɟɟ ©ɐɟɪɤɜɢɢɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɟɨɛɴɟɞɢɧɟɧɢɹɜɩɪɚɜɟ ɋɨɡɞɚɜɚɬɶ ɭɱɪɟɠɞɟɧɢɹ ɩɪɟɞɩɪɢɹɬɢɹ ɢ ɨɪɝɚɧɢɡɚɰɢɢ ɩɪɢɨɛɪɟɬɚɬɶ ɪɚɫɩɨɪɹɠɚɬɶɫɹ ɢ ɭɩɪɚɜɥɹɬɶ ɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɨɦ ɚ ɬɚɤɠɟ ɨɫɭɳɟɫɬɜɥɹɬɶ ɞɪɭɝɢɟ ɜɢɞɵ ɞɟɹɬɟɥɶɧɨɫɬɢ ɧɚ ɨɫɧɨɜɚɧɢɢ ɪɟɲɟɧɢɣ ɢɯ ɨɪɝɚɧɨɜɢɱɥɟɧɨɜɜɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɢɢɫɡɚɤɨɧɨɞɚɬɟɥɶɫɬɜɨɦ Ɉɫɭɳɟɫɬɜɥɹɬɶ ɩɪɨɢɡɜɨɞɫɬɜɨ ɡɚɤɭɩɤɭ ɢɦɩɨɪɬ ɢ ɷɤɫɩɨɪɬ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɨɣ ɥɢɬɟɪɚɬɭɪɵ ɩɟɱɚɬɧɵɯ ɢ ɚɭɞɢɨɜɢɡɭɚɥɶɧɵɯ ɦɚɬɟɪɢɚɥɨɜ ɢɥɢ ɩɪɟɞɦɟɬɨɜ ɢ ɞɪɭɝɢɯ ɫɪɟɞɫɬɜ ɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɧɧɨɣ ɢɧɮɨɪɦɚɰɢɢ ɤɨɬɨɪɵɟ ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɭɸɬɫɹ ɜ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɨɣ ɞɟɹɬɟɥɶɧɨɫɬɢ ɜ ɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɢɢ ɫ ɡɚɤɨɧɨɞɚɬɟɥɶɫɬɜɨɦª

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Ȼɨɫɧɢɢ ɢ Ƚɟɪɰɟɝɨɜɢɧɵ ©Ɉ ɫɜɨɛɨɞɟ ɜɟɪɨɢɫɩɨɜɟɞɚɧɢɹ ɢ ɫɬɚɬɭɫɟ ɰɟɪɤɜɟɣ ɢ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɯ ɨɛɳɢɧ Ȼɨɫɧɢɢ ɢ Ƚɟɪɰɟɝɨɜɢɧɵª >=DNRQ R VORERGL YMHUH L SUDYQRP SRORåDMXFUNDYD L YMHUVNLK ]DMHGQLFD X %RVQL L [email protected] KWWSZZZPSUJRYEDELEOLRWHND]DNRQLEV=$.21RVORERGLYMHUHSGI!

 

 ɋɨɝɥɚɫɧɨ ɫɬɚɬɶɟ  Ɂɚɤɨɧɚ Ȼɨɫɧɢɢ ɢ Ƚɟɪɰɟɝɨɜɢɧɵ ©Ɉ ɫɜɨɛɨɞɟ ɜɟɪɨɢɫɩɨɜɟɞɚɧɢɹ ɢ ɫɬɚɬɭɫɟ ɰɟɪɤɜɟɣ ɢ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɯ ɨɛɳɢɧ Ȼɨɫɧɢɢ ɢ Ƚɟɪɰɟɝɨɜɢɧɵª ©ɐɟɪɤɜɢ ɢ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɟ ɨɛɴɟɞɢɧɟɧɢɹ ɜɩɪɚɜɟ ɩɪɢɨɛɪɟɬɚɬɶ ɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɨɜɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɢɢɫɡɚɤɨɧɨɞɚɬɟɥɶɫɬɜɨɦ ɐɟɪɤɜɢ ɢ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɟ ɨɛɴɟɞɢɧɟɧɢɹ ɜɥɚɞɟɸɬ ɫɨɛɫɬɜɟɧɧɵɦ ɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɨɦɢɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɵɦɩɪɚɜɚɦɢɤɨɬɨɪɵɦɢɨɧɢɜɩɪɚɜɟɫɜɨɛɨɞɧɨ ɪɚɫɩɨɪɹɠɚɬɶɫɹɢɭɩɪɚɜɥɹɬɶ ɐɟɪɤɜɢ ɢ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɟ ɨɛɴɟɞɢɧɟɧɢɹ ɢɦɟɸɬ ɩɪɚɜɨ ɧɚ ɪɟɫɬɢɬɭɰɢɸ ɨɬɱɭɠɞɟɧɧɨɝɨ ɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɚ ɧɚ ɜɫɟɣ ɬɟɪɪɢɬɨɪɢɢ Ȼɨɫɧɢɢ ɢ Ƚɟɪɰɟɝɨɜɢɧɵɛɟɡɞɢɫɤɪɢɦɢɧɚɰɢɢɜɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɢɢɫɡɚɤɨɧɨɞɚɬɟɥɶɫɬɜɨɦª  ȼɟɥɢɤɨɛɪɢɬɚɧɢɹ ɇɟɤɨɬɨɪɵɟɜɚɠɧɵɟɩɨɥɨɠɟɧɢɹɤɚɫɚɸɳɢɟɫɹɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɵɯɩɪɚɜ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɯ ɨɪɝɚɧɢɡɚɰɢɣ ɚ ɬɚɤɠɟ ɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɵɯ ɨɬɧɨɲɟɧɢɣ ɦɟɠɞɭ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɨɣ ɨɪɝɚɧɢɡɚɰɢɟɣ ɢ ɝɨɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜɨɦ ɫɨɞɟɪɠɚɬɫɹ ɜ Ⱥɤɬɟ Ƚɟɧɟɪɚɥɶɧɨɝɨ ɋɢɧɨɞɚ ɐɟɪɤɜɢ Ⱥɧɝɥɢɢ ɨɬ  ɝ ʋ ©Ɉɩɨɞɞɟɪɠɚɧɢɢɰɟɪɤɜɟɣɢɰɟɪɤɨɜɧɨɣɸɪɢɫɞɢɤɰɢɢª Ɍɚɤɨɝɨ ɪɨɞɚ ɚɤɬɵ ɢɡɞɚɜɚɟɦɵɟ ɐɟɪɤɨɜɶɸ Ⱥɧɝɥɢɢ ɤɨɬɨɪɵɟ ɩɪɢɧɢɦɚɸɬɫɹ ɨɛɟɢɦɢ ɩɚɥɚɬɚɦɢ ɉɚɪɥɚɦɟɧɬɚ ɢ ɜ ɨɬɧɨɲɟɧɢɢ ɤɨɬɨɪɵɯ ɢɡɞɚɟɬɫɹ Ʉɨɪɨɥɟɜɫɤɚɹ ɫɚɧɤɰɢɹ ɫɬɚɧɨɜɹɬɫɹ ɱɚɫɬɶɸ ɡɚɤɨɧɨɞɚɬɟɥɶɫɬɜɚ Ⱥɧɝɥɢɢ ɋɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɟɧɧɨ ɨɛɨɫɧɨɜɚɧɧɨ ɪɚɫɫɦɚɬɪɢɜɚɬɶ ɞɚɧɧɵɣ ɧɨɪɦɚɬɢɜɧɨɩɪɚɜɨɜɨɣ ɚɤɬ ɜ ɱɚɫɬɢ ɧɚɫɬɨɹɳɟɝɨ ɢɫɫɥɟɞɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɡɚɤɨɧɨɞɚɬɟɥɶɫɬɜɚ ɡɚɪɭɛɟɠɧɵɯ ɝɨɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜ ɩɨ ɨɛɨɡɧɚɱɟɧɧɨɦɭ ɤɪɭɝɭ ɜɨɩɪɨɫɨɜ ɋɬɚɬɶɹ  ɧɚɡɜɚɧɧɨɝɨ Ⱥɤɬɚ ɡɚɤɪɟɩɥɹɟɬ ɨɛɹɡɚɧɧɨɫɬɢ ɰɟɪɤɨɜɧɵɯ ɫɬɚɪɨɫɬ ɜ ɤɨɬɨɪɵɟ ɜɯɨɞɢɬ ɜ ɬɨɦ ɱɢɫɥɟ ɫɨɫɬɚɜɥɟɧɢɟ ɢ ɩɨɞɞɟɪɠɚɧɢɟ ɩɨɥɧɵɯɩɟɪɟɱɧɟɣɡɟɦɟɥɶɧɵɯɭɱɚɫɬɤɨɜɢɢɧɵɯɨɛɴɟɤɬɨɜɩɪɢɧɚɞɥɟɠɚɳɢɯ ɰɟɪɤɜɢ ɚ ɬɚɤɠɟ ɜɧɟɫɟɧɢɟ ɢɧɮɨɪɦɚɰɢɢ ɨ ɩɪɨɜɟɞɟɧɢɢ ɪɟɦɨɧɬɧɵɯ ɪɚɛɨɬ ɪɚɛɨɬɚɩɨɢɡɦɟɧɟɧɢɸɢɜɨɫɫɬɚɧɨɜɥɟɧɢɸɭɤɚɡɚɧɧɨɝɨɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɚ

 

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 ɁɚɤɨɧȽɪɟɰɢɢɨɬɝɨɞɚʋ©Ɉɩɪɚɜɨɜɨɦɫɬɚɬɭɫɟɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɯɨɛɳɢɧ

ɢ ɢɯ ɨɪɝɚɧɢɡɚɰɢɣ ɜ Ƚɪɟɰɢɢ ɢ ɞɪɭɝɢɟ ɩɨɥɨɠɟɧɢɹ ɨ ɤɨɦɩɟɬɟɧɰɢɢ Ƚɟɧɟɪɚɥɶɧɨɝɨ ɋɟɤɪɟɬɚɪɢɚɬɚɩɨɞɟɥɚɦɪɟɥɢɝɢɢª>ȃȩȝȠȢʋ©ȅȡȖȐȞȦıȘIJȘȢȞȠȝȚțȒȢȝȠȡijȒȢ IJȦȞ șȡȘıțİȣIJȚțȫȞ țȠȚȞȠIJȒIJȦȞ țĮȚ IJȦȞ İȞȫıİȫȞ IJȠȣȢ ıIJȘȞ ǼȜȜȐįĮ țĮȚ ȐȜȜİȢ įȚĮIJȐȟİȚȢ ĮȡȝȠįȚȩIJȘIJĮȢ īİȞȚțȒȢ īȡĮȝȝĮIJİȓĮȢ ĬȡȘıțİȣȝȐIJȦȞ țĮȚ ȜȠȚʌȑȢ įȚĮIJȐȟİȚȢª@  ĭǼȀ ± KWWSVZZZWD[KHDYHQJUODZVODZLQGH[ODZ!

 

 ɢɥɢ ɤɨɧɮɟɫɫɢɢ ɩɪɢ ɭɫɥɨɜɢɢ ɱɬɨ ɷɬɨ ɩɪɹɦɨ ɩɪɟɞɭɫɦɨɬɪɟɧɨ ɡɚɤɨɧɨɞɚɬɟɥɶɫɬɜɨɦ ȼ ɤɚɱɟɫɬɜɟ ɚɥɶɬɟɪɧɚɬɢɜɵ ɬɚɤɨɟ ɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɨ ɦɨɠɟɬ ɩɟɪɟɣɬɢ ɜ ɫɨɛɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɫɬɶ ɝɨɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜɚ ɢ ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɬɶɫɹ ɜ ɛɥɚɝɨɬɜɨɪɢɬɟɥɶɧɵɯɰɟɥɹɯª ɋɨɝɥɚɫɧɨ ɱɚɫɬɢ  ɫɬɚɬɶɢ  ɪɚɫɫɦɚɬɪɢɜɚɟɦɨɝɨ Ɂɚɤɨɧɚ Ƚɪɟɰɢɢ ɧɟɤɨɦɦɟɪɱɟɫɤɢɟ ɨɛɴɟɞɢɧɟɧɢɹ ɮɨɧɞɵ ɢɥɢ ɩɚɪɬɧɟɪɫɬɜɚ ɫɨɡɞɚɜɚɟɦɵɟ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɦɢ ɨɛɳɢɧɚɦɢ ɮɭɧɤɰɢɨɧɢɪɨɜɚɜɲɢɟ ɧɚ ɦɨɦɟɧɬ ɢɡɞɚɧɢɹ ɞɚɧɧɨɝɨ ɧɨɪɦɚɬɢɜɧɨɩɪɚɜɨɜɨɝɨ ɚɤɬɚ ɜɩɪɚɜɟ ɩɟɪɟɞɚɬɶ ɫɜɨɟ ɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɨ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɦ ɸɪɢɞɢɱɟɫɤɢɦ ɥɢɰɚɦ ɜ ɜɢɞɟ ɩɨɠɟɪɬɜɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɤɨɬɨɪɨɟ ɨɫɜɨɛɨɠɞɚɟɬɫɹɨɬɧɚɥɨɝɨɜɩɪɢɫɨɛɥɸɞɟɧɢɢɨɩɪɟɞɟɥɟɧɧɵɯɭɫɥɨɜɢɣ ȼɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɢɢɫɱɚɫɬɶɸɫɬɚɬɶɢɁɚɤɨɧɚȽɪɟɰɢɢɨɬɝɨɞɚ ʋ©Ɉɩɪɚɜɨɜɨɦɫɬɚɬɭɫɟɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɯɨɛɳɢɧɢɢɯɨɪɝɚɧɢɡɚɰɢɣ ɜ Ƚɪɟɰɢɢ ɢ ɞɪɭɝɢɟ ɩɨɥɨɠɟɧɢɹ ɨ ɤɨɦɩɟɬɟɧɰɢɢ Ƚɟɧɟɪɚɥɶɧɨɝɨ ɋɟɤɪɟɬɚɪɢɚɬɚ ɩɨ ɞɟɥɚɦ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɢª ɩɪɢɡɧɚɧɧɵɟ ɰɟɪɤɜɢ ɜɩɪɚɜɟ ɩɟɪɟɞɚɜɚɬɶɫɜɨɟɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɨɞɪɭɝɢɦɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɦɸɪɢɞɢɱɟɫɤɢɦɥɢɰɚɦɤ ɤɨɬɨɪɵɦ ɨɧɢ ɩɪɢɫɨɟɞɢɧɟɧɵ ɤɚɤ ɞɭɯɨɜɧɨ ɬɚɤ ɢ ɜ ɚɞɦɢɧɢɫɬɪɚɬɢɜɧɨɦ ɩɨɪɹɞɤɟɜɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɢɢɫɩɨɥɨɠɟɧɢɹɦɢɢɯɭɫɬɚɜɨɜɱɬɨɬɚɤɠɟɹɜɥɹɟɬɫɹ ɫɜɨɛɨɞɧɵɦɨɬɧɚɥɨɝɨɨɛɥɨɠɟɧɢɹɢɢɧɵɯɫɛɨɪɨɜ ɋɨɝɥɚɫɧɨ ɫɬɚɬɶɟ  ɪɚɫɫɦɚɬɪɢɜɚɟɦɨɝɨ Ɂɚɤɨɧɚ Ƚɪɟɰɢɢ ɜ ɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɢɢ ɫ ɩɨɥɨɠɟɧɢɹɦɢ ɞɟɣɫɬɜɭɸɳɟɝɨ ɡɚɤɨɧɨɞɚɬɟɥɶɫɬɜɚ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɟ ɸɪɢɞɢɱɟɫɤɢɟ ɥɢɰɚ ɜɩɪɚɜɟ ɫɨɡɞɚɜɚɬɶ ɨɪɝɚɧɢɡɨɜɵɜɚɬɶ ɢ ɷɤɫɩɥɭɚɬɢɪɨɜɚɬɶ ɧɚ ɜɫɟɣ ɬɟɪɪɢɬɨɪɢɢ ɝɨɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜɚ ɨɬ ɫɜɨɟɝɨ ɢɦɟɧɢ ɢ ɜ ɤɚɱɟɫɬɜɟ ɫɜɨɢɯ ɩɨɞɪɚɡɞɟɥɟɧɢɣ ɞɨɦɚ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɨɝɨ ɩɨɤɥɨɧɟɧɢɹ ɦɨɧɚɫɬɵɪɫɤɢɟ ɭɱɪɟɠɞɟɧɢɹ ɢ ɦɨɥɟɥɶɧɵɟ ɞɨɦɚ ɞɥɹ ɞɨɫɬɢɠɟɧɢɹ ɫɜɨɢɯ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɯ ɰɟɥɟɣ ɜ ɰɟɥɨɦ ɤɨɬɨɪɵɟ ɧɚɯɨɞɹɬɫɹ ɩɨɞ ɢɯ ɚɞɦɢɧɢɫɬɪɚɬɢɜɧɵɦɢɞɭɯɨɜɧɵɦɤɨɧɬɪɨɥɟɦ ɋɨɝɥɚɫɧɨ ɱɚɫɬɢ  ɫɬɚɬɶɢ  Ɂɚɤɨɧɚ Ƚɪɟɰɢɢ ɨɬ  ɝɨɞɚ ʋ©Ɉɩɪɚɜɨɜɨɦɫɬɚɬɭɫɟɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɯɨɛɳɢɧɢɢɯɨɪɝɚɧɢɡɚɰɢɣ ɜ Ƚɪɟɰɢɢ ɢ ɞɪɭɝɢɟ ɩɨɥɨɠɟɧɢɹ ɨ ɤɨɦɩɟɬɟɧɰɢɢ Ƚɟɧɟɪɚɥɶɧɨɝɨ ɋɟɤɪɟɬɚɪɢɚɬɚ ɩɨ ɞɟɥɚɦ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɢª ɩɨɞ ɧɚɡɜɚɧɢɟɦ ©ɉɪɢɡɧɚɧɢɟ ɩɪɚɜɨɫɭɛɴɟɤɬɧɨɫɬɢ Ʉɚɬɨɥɢɱɟɫɤɨɣ ɰɟɪɤɜɢ ɜ Ƚɪɟɰɢɢ ɞɪɭɝɢɯ ɫɭɳɟɫɬɜɭɸɳɢɯ ɰɟɪɤɜɟɣ ɢɯ ɸɪɢɞɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɥɢɰª ɫɭɳɟɫɬɜɭɸɳɢɟ ɯɪɚɦɵ ɞɨɦɚ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɨɝɨ ɩɨɤɥɨɧɟɧɢɹ ɦɨɧɚɫɬɵɪɢ ɱɚɫɨɜɧɢ ɢ ɜ ɰɟɥɨɦ ɦɟɫɬɚ ɨɬɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɹ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɨɝɨ ɤɭɥɶɬɚ Ʉɚɬɨɥɢɱɟɫɤɨɣ ɰɟɪɤɜɢ ɤɨɬɨɪɵɟ ɧɟ ɭɤɚɡɚɧɵ ɨɬɞɟɥɶɧɨ ɜ ɞɚɧɧɨɣ ɫɬɚɬɶɟ ɚ ɬɚɤɠɟ ɦɟɫɬɚ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɨɝɨ ɩɨɤɥɨɧɟɧɢɹ ɫɨɡɞɚɜɚɟɦɵɟ Ʉɚɬɨɥɢɱɟɫɤɨɣ ɰɟɪɤɨɜɶɸ ɜ ɛɭɞɭɳɟɦ ɦɨɝɭɬ

 

 ɪɚɫɫɦɚɬɪɢɜɚɬɶɫɹ ɤɚɤ ɩɨɞɪɚɡɞɟɥɟɧɢɹɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɭɸɳɢɯɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɯ ɢɥɢ ɰɟɪɤɨɜɧɵɯ ɸɪɢɞɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɥɢɰ ɚ ɬɚɤɠɟ ɦɨɝɭɬ ɭɩɪɚɜɥɹɬɶɫɹ ɢɦɢ ɟɫɥɢ ɢɯ ɜɧɭɬɪɟɧɧɹɹ ɨɪɝɚɧɢɡɚɰɢɹ ɢ ɮɭɧɤɰɢɨɧɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɟ ɩɨɞɩɚɞɚɸɬ ɩɨɞ ɞɟɣɫɬɜɢɟ ɤɚɧɨɧɢɱɟɫɤɨɝɨɩɪɚɜɚɄɚɬɨɥɢɱɟɫɤɨɣɰɟɪɤɜɢ  Ⱦɚɧɢɹ ɋɨɝɥɚɫɧɨ†ɁɚɤɨɧɚȾɚɧɢɢɨɬ ɜɪɟɞɨɬ  ©Ɉɛ ɭɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɢ ɢ ɮɭɧɤɰɢɨɧɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɢ ɇɚɰɢɨɧɚɥɶɧɨɣ ɰɟɪɤɜɢª ɰɟɪɤɨɜɧɵɟ ɡɞɚɧɢɹ ɦɨɝɭɬ ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɬɶɫɹ ɞɥɹ ɢɧɵɯ ɰɟɥɟɣ ɨɬɥɢɱɧɵɯ ɨɬ ɰɟɥɟɣ ɩɪɨɜɟɞɟɧɢɹ ɰɟɪɤɨɜɧɵɯ ɛɨɝɨɫɥɭɠɟɧɢɣ ɢ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɯ ɨɛɪɹɞɨɜ ɫ ɫɨɝɥɚɫɢɹɤɨɦɩɟɬɟɧɬɧɨɝɨɰɟɪɤɨɜɧɨɝɨɨɪɝɚɧɚ ɰɟɪɤɨɜɧɨɝɨɫɨɜɟɬɚ  ɉɪɢ ɷɬɨɦ ɜ ɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɢɢ ɫ ɱɚɫɬɶɸ  † Ɂɚɤɨɧɚ Ⱦɚɧɢɢ ɨɬ  ɜ ɪɟɞ ɨɬ   ©Ɉɛ ɭɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɢ ɢ ɮɭɧɤɰɢɨɧɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɢ ɇɚɰɢɨɧɚɥɶɧɨɣ ɰɟɪɤɜɢª ɞɚɧɧɵɟ ɩɨɥɨɠɟɧɢɹ ɩɪɢɦɟɧɹɸɬɫɹ ɬɚɤɠɟ ɢ ɤ ɰɟɪɤɜɹɦ ɪɚɫɩɨɥɚɝɚɸɳɢɦɫɹ ɜ ɛɨɥɶɧɢɰɚɯ ɢ ɞɪɭɝɢɯ ɨɛɴɟɤɬɚɯ ɚ ɬɚɤɠɟ ɱɚɫɨɜɧɹɦ ɪɚɫɩɨɥɨɠɟɧɧɵɦ ɜ ɠɢɥɵɯ ɞɨɦɚɯ ɧɚɯɨɞɹɳɢɯɫɹ ɜ ɱɚɫɬɧɨɣ ɫɨɛɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɫɬɢ  ɂɡɪɚɢɥɶ ɋɬɚɬɶɹ  Ɂɚɤɨɧɚ ɂɡɪɚɢɥɹ ɨɬ  ©Ɉɛ ɨɯɪɚɧɟ ɫɜɹɬɵɯ  ɦɟɫɬª  ɩɪɟɞɭɫɦɚɬɪɢɜɚɟɬ ɱɬɨ ɫɜɹɳɟɧɧɵɟ ɦɟɫɬɚ ɞɨɥɠɧɵ ɛɵɬɶ ɡɚɳɢɳɟɧɵ ɨɬ ɨɫɤɜɟɪɧɟɧɢɹ ɚ ɬɚɤɠɟ ɱɬɨ ɞɨɫɬɭɩ ɤ ɧɢɦ ɩɪɟɞɫɬɚɜɢɬɟɥɟɣ ɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɭɸɳɢɯɪɟɥɢɝɢɣɧɟɦɨɠɟɬɛɵɬɶɨɝɪɚɧɢɱɟɧ   

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 ɨɫɭɳɟɫɬɜɥɹɟɬɫɹɧɚɨɫɧɨɜɚɧɢɢɩɨɞɚɱɢɡɚɩɪɨɫɨɜɨɜɵɞɚɱɟɪɚɡɪɟɲɟɧɢɣɧɚ ɫɬɪɨɢɬɟɥɶɫɬɜɨ ɨɪɝɚɧɚɦɢɩɭɛɥɢɱɧɨɣɜɥɚɫɬɢ  ɑɚɫɬɶ  ɫɬɚɬɶɢ  ɜɵɲɟɨɡɧɚɱɟɧɧɨɝɨ Ɂɚɤɨɧɚ Ɋɟɫɩɭɛɥɢɤɢ Ɇɚɤɟɞɨɧɢɹ ɩɪɟɞɭɫɦɚɬɪɢɜɚɟɬ ɱɬɨ ɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɭɸɳɢɟ ɤɨɦɩɟɬɟɧɬɧɵɟ ɨɪɝɚɧɵ ɩɭɛɥɢɱɧɨɣ ɜɥɚɫɬɢ ɜɵɞɚɸɳɢɟ ɪɚɡɪɟɲɟɧɢɹ ɧɚ ɫɬɪɨɢɬɟɥɶɫɬɜɨ ɨɛɴɟɤɬɨɜ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɨɝɨ ɧɚɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɹ ɜɩɪɚɜɟ ɡɚɩɪɨɫɢɬɶ ɩɨ ɷɬɨɦɭ ɩɨɜɨɞɭ ɦɧɟɧɢɟ ɞɟɣɫɬɜɭɸɳɟɣ ɰɟɪɤɜɢ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɨɣ ɨɛɳɢɧɵ ɢɥɢ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɨɣ ɝɪɭɩɩɵ Ʉɪɨɦɟ ɬɨɝɨ ɫɨɝɥɚɫɧɨ ɱɚɫɬɢ  ɫɬɚɬɶɢ  Ɂɚɤɨɧɚ Ɋɟɫɩɭɛɥɢɤɢ Ɇɚɤɟɞɨɧɢɹ ɨɬ  ɝɨɞɚ ©Ɉ ɩɪɚɜɨɜɨɦ ɫɬɚɬɭɫɟ ɰɟɪɤɜɟɣ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɯ ɨɛɳɢɧ ɢ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɯ ɝɪɭɩɩª ɰɟɪɤɨɜɶ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɚɹ ɨɛɳɢɧɚ ɢɥɢ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɨɟ ɨɛɴɟɞɢɧɟɧɢɟ ɜɩɪɚɜɟ ɫɚɦɨɫɬɨɹɬɟɥɶɧɨ ɪɚɫɩɨɪɹɠɚɬɶɫɹ ɩɨɥɭɱɚɟɦɵɦɢ ɞɨɯɨɞɚɦɢ ɜ ɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɢɢ ɫ ɡɚɤɨɧɨɞɚɬɟɥɶɫɬɜɨɦ ɢ ɫɨɛɫɬɜɟɧɧɵɦɢɢɡɞɚɜɚɟɦɵɦɢɚɤɬɚɦɢ  Ɇɟɤɫɢɤɚ Ɂɚɤɨɧɨɞɚɬɟɥɶɫɬɜɨɦ Ɇɟɤɫɢɤɢ ɜ ɪɚɫɫɦɚɬɪɢɜɚɟɦɨɣ ɫɮɟɪɟ ɜɨɩɪɨɫɵ ɫɜɹɡɚɧɧɵɟ ɫ ɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɵɦ ɫɬɚɬɭɫɨɦ ɨɛɴɟɤɬɨɜ ɧɟɞɜɢɠɢɦɨɫɬɢ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɨɝɨɧɚɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɹɭɪɟɝɭɥɢɪɨɜɚɧɵɞɨɫɬɚɬɨɱɧɨɩɨɞɪɨɛɧɨ ȼɱɚɫɬɧɨɫɬɢɩɪɟɞɫɬɚɜɥɹɸɬɢɧɬɟɪɟɫɩɨɥɨɠɟɧɢɹɫɨɝɥɚɫɧɨɤɨɬɨɪɵɦ ɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɨ ɬɚɤɢɯ ɨɪɝɚɧɢɡɚɰɢɣ ɦɨɠɟɬ ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɬɶɫɹ ɢɫɤɥɸɱɢɬɟɥɶɧɨ ɜ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɯɰɟɥɹɯɢɫɨɩɪɹɠɟɧɧɵɯɫɧɢɦɢ ɋɨɝɥɚɫɧɨ ɩɭɧɤɬɭ 9, ɫɬɚɬɶɢ  Ɂɚɤɨɧɚ Ɇɟɤɫɢɤɢ ɨɬ  ɜɪɟɞ ɨɬ   ©Ɉ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɯ ɨɛɴɟɞɢɧɟɧɢɹɯ ɢ ɛɨɝɨɫɥɭɠɟɧɢɹɯªɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɟɨɛɴɟɞɢɧɟɧɢɹɜɩɪɚɜɟɜɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɢɢɫ ɩɨɥɨɠɟɧɢɹɦɢ ɞɚɧɧɨɝɨ ɧɨɪɦɚɬɢɜɧɨɩɪɚɜɨɜɨɝɨ ɚɤɬɚ ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɬɶ ɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɨ ɩɪɟɞɫɬɚɜɥɹɸɳɟɟ ɫɨɛɨɣ ɧɚɰɢɨɧɚɥɶɧɨɟ ɞɨɫɬɨɹɧɢɟ ɢɫɤɥɸɱɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɜɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɯɰɟɥɹɯ ɋɬɚɬɶɹ  Ɂɚɤɨɧɚ Ɇɟɤɫɢɤɢ ɨɬ  ɜ ɪɟɞ ɨɬ   ©Ɉɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɯ ɨɛɴɟɞɢɧɟɧɢɹɯ ɢ ɛɨɝɨɫɥɭɠɟɧɢɹɯª ɭɫɬɚɧɚɜɥɢɜɚɟɬ ɫɥɟɞɭɸɳɟɟ Ɋɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɟ ɨɛɴɟɞɢɧɟɧɢɹ ɭɱɪɟɠɞɟɧɧɵɟ ɜ ɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɢɢ ɫ

 ɜɟɪɫɤɚ ɡɚɟɞɧɢɰɚ ɢ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɚ ɝɪɭɩɚ @ KWWSZZZNRY]JRYPN:%6WRUDJH)LOHV=DNRQB]DBSUDYQDWDBSROR]EDSGI! ɁɚɤɨɧɆɟɤɫɢɤɢɨɬ ɜɪɟɞɨɬ ©Ɉɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɯɨɛɴɟɞɢɧɟɧɢɹɯ ɢ ɛɨɝɨɫɥɭɠɟɧɢɹɯª >/H\ GH DVRFLDFLRQHV UHOLJLRVDV \ FXOWR S~EOLFR GH  ÒOWLPD UHIRUPD SXEOLFDGD HO  GH GLFLHPEUH GH  @  'LDULR 2ILFLDO GH OD )HGHUDFLyQ ± KWWSZZZGLSXWDGRVJREP[/H\HV%LEOLRSGIBSGI!

 

 ɧɚɫɬɨɹɳɢɦ ɡɚɤɨɧɨɦ ɜɩɪɚɜɟ ɢɦɟɬɶ ɫɨɛɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɟ ɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɨ ɞɥɹ ɞɨɫɬɢɠɟɧɢɹɫɜɨɢɯɰɟɥɟɣɌɚɤɨɟɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɨɫɨɫɬɨɹɳɟɟɢɡɜɫɟɯɚɤɬɢɜɨɜ ɤɨɬɨɪɵɟɧɚɤɚɤɢɯɥɢɛɨɨɫɧɨɜɚɧɢɹɯɩɪɢɨɛɪɟɬɟɧɵɧɚɯɨɞɹɬɫɹɜɨɜɥɚɞɟɧɢɢ ɢɥɢ ɭɩɪɚɜɥɹɸɬɫɹ ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɭɟɬɫɹ ɢɫɤɥɸɱɢɬɟɥɶɧɨ ɢ ɧɟɩɪɟɥɨɠɧɨ ɞɥɹ ɜɵɩɨɥɧɟɧɢɹ ɰɟɥɢ ɢ ɰɟɥɟɣ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɨɝɨ ɨɛɴɟɞɢɧɟɧɢɹ « Ɋɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɟ ɨɛɴɟɞɢɧɟɧɢɹ ɢ ɫɥɭɠɢɬɟɥɢ ɤɭɥɶɬɚ ɧɟ ɜɩɪɚɜɟ ɜɥɚɞɟɬɶ ɢɥɢ ɭɩɪɚɜɥɹɬɶ ɫɚɦɨɫɬɨɹɬɟɥɶɧɨ ɢɥɢ ɱɟɪɟɡ ɩɨɫɪɟɞɧɢɤɚ ɤɨɧɰɟɫɫɢɹɦɢ ɧɚ ɷɤɫɩɥɭɚɬɚɰɢɸ ɪɚɞɢɨɫɬɚɧɰɢɣ ɬɟɥɟɜɢɞɟɧɢɹ ɢɥɢ ɢɧɨɝɨ ɜɢɞɚ ɬɟɥɟɤɨɦɦɭɧɢɤɚɰɢɢ ɚ ɬɚɤɠɟ ɩɪɢɨɛɪɟɬɚɬɶ ɜɥɚɞɟɬɶ ɢɥɢ ɭɩɪɚɜɥɹɬɶ ɥɸɛɵɦɢ ɫɪɟɞɫɬɜɚɦɢ ɦɚɫɫɨɜɨɣ ɢɧɮɨɪɦɚɰɢɢ ɂɫɤɥɸɱɟɧɢɟɦ ɢɡ ɞɚɧɧɨɝɨ ɡɚɩɪɟɬɚ ɹɜɥɹɸɬɫɹ ɩɟɱɚɬɧɵɟ ɢɡɞɚɧɢɹ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɨɝɨ ɯɚɪɚɤɬɟɪɚ ɉɪɢ ɥɢɤɜɢɞɚɰɢɢ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɟ ɨɛɴɟɞɢɧɟɧɢɹɜɩɪɚɜɟɩɟɪɟɞɚɜɚɬɶɫɜɨɟɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɨ«ɞɪɭɝɢɦɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɦ ɨɛɴɟɞɢɧɟɧɢɹɦ ȼ ɫɥɭɱɚɟ ɟɫɥɢ ɥɢɤɜɢɞɚɰɢɹ ɩɪɨɢɡɜɨɞɢɬɫɹ ɜ ɪɟɡɭɥɶɬɚɬɟ ɜɜɟɞɟɧɢɹ ɤɚɤɨɣɥɢɛɨ ɢɡ ɫɚɧɤɰɢɣ ɩɪɟɞɭɫɦɨɬɪɟɧɧɨɣ ɫɬɚɬɶɟɣ ɧɚɫɬɨɹɳɟɝɨ ɡɚɤɨɧɚ ɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɨ ɥɢɤɜɢɞɢɪɭɟɦɨɝɨ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɨɝɨ ɨɛɴɟɞɢɧɟɧɢɹ ɩɟɪɟɯɨɞɢɬ ɜ ɩɨɥɶɡɭ ɝɨɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜɚ ɉɪɚɜɨ ɫɨɛɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɫɬɢ ɧɚ ɧɚɰɢɨɧɚɥɶɧɨɟ ɞɨɫɬɨɹɧɢɟ ɧɚɯɨɞɢɜɲɟɟɫɹ ɜɨ ɜɥɚɞɟɧɢɢ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɨɝɨ ɨɛɴɟɞɢɧɟɧɢɹɜɨɡɜɪɚɳɚɸɬɫɹɝɨɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜɭɜɩɨɥɧɨɦɨɛɴɟɦɟ ɋɨɝɥɚɫɧɨ ɫɬɚɬɶɟ  Ɂɚɤɨɧɚ Ɇɟɤɫɢɤɢ ɨɬ  ɜ ɪɟɞ ɨɬ   ©Ɉ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɯ ɨɛɴɟɞɢɧɟɧɢɹɯ ɢ ɛɨɝɨɫɥɭɠɟɧɢɹɯª ɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɭɸɳɢɣ ɨɪɝɚɧ ɝɨɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɣ ɜɥɚɫɬɢ ɩɪɢɧɢɦɚɟɬ ɪɟɲɟɧɢɹ ɨɬɧɨɫɢɬɟɥɶɧɨ ɧɟɢɡɦɟɧɧɨɫɬɢ ɩɪɟɞɧɚɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɹ ɧɟɞɜɢɠɢɦɨɝɨ ɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɚ ɤɨɬɨɪɨɟ ɤɚɤɢɦɥɢɛɨ ɨɛɪɚɡɨɦ ɧɚɦɟɪɟɜɚɟɬɫɹ ɩɪɢɨɛɪɟɫɬɢ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɨɟ ɨɛɴɟɞɢɧɟɧɢɟ Ⱦɥɹ ɷɬɨɣ ɰɟɥɢ ɨɧ ɢɡɞɚɟɬ ɪɟɲɟɧɢɟ ɨ ɡɚɤɨɧɧɨɫɬɢ ɜ ɬɨɦ ɱɢɫɥɟɜɫɥɟɞɭɸɳɢɯɫɥɭɱɚɹɯ ±ɜɫɥɭɱɚɟɤɚɫɚɸɳɟɦɫɹɤɚɤɨɝɨɥɢɛɨɧɟɞɜɢɠɢɦɨɝɨɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɚ ±ɜɫɥɭɱɚɟɧɚɫɥɟɞɨɜɚɧɢɹɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɚɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɦɨɛɴɟɞɢɧɟɧɢɟɦ ±ɜ ɫɥɭɱɚɹɯ ɤɨɝɞɚ ɪɟɱɶ ɢɞɟɬ ɨ ɧɟɞɜɢɠɢɦɨɦ ɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɟ ɫɨɛɫɬɜɟɧɧɢɤɚɦɢ ɢɥɢ ɞɨɜɟɪɢɬɟɥɶɧɵɦɢ ɫɨɛɫɬɜɟɧɧɢɤɚɦɢ ɤɨɬɨɪɨɝɨ ɹɜɥɹɸɬɫɹ ɭɱɪɟɠɞɟɧɢɹ ɫɨɰɢɚɥɶɧɨɣ ɩɨɞɞɟɪɠɤɢ ɨɛɪɚɡɨɜɚɬɟɥɶɧɵɟ ɭɱɪɟɠɞɟɧɢɹ ɢ ɭɱɪɟɠɞɟɧɢɹ ɡɞɪɚɜɨɨɯɪɚɧɟɧɢɹ ɜ ɫɬɪɭɤɬɭɪɭ ɭɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɟ ɢɥɢ ɮɭɧɤɰɢɨɧɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɟ ɤɨɬɨɪɵɯ ɜɨɜɥɟɱɟɧɵ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɟ ɨɛɴɟɞɢɧɟɧɢɹ ɫɚɦɢɩɨɫɟɛɟɢɥɢɜɨɛɴɟɞɢɧɟɧɢɢɫɞɪɭɝɢɦɢɥɢɰɚɦɢ ȼɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɢɢɫɨɫɬɚɬɶɟɣɪɚɫɫɦɚɬɪɢɜɚɟɦɨɝɨɁɚɤɨɧɚɆɟɤɫɢɤɢ ɭɫɬɚɧɚɜɥɢɜɚɟɬɫɹ ɨɛɹɡɚɧɧɨɫɬɶ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɯ ɨɛɴɟɞɢɧɟɧɢɣ ɧɚɡɧɚɱɚɬɶ ɢ ɪɟɝɢɫɬɪɢɪɨɜɚɬɶ ɜ ɦɢɧɢɫɬɟɪɫɬɜɚɯ ɜɧɭɬɪɟɧɧɢɯ ɞɟɥ ɢ ɤɭɥɶɬɭɪɵ Ɇɟɤɫɢɤɢ

 

 ɫɜɨɢɯɩɪɟɞɫɬɚɜɢɬɟɥɟɣɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɟɧɧɵɯɡɚɯɪɚɦɵɢɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɨɫɨɫɬɨɹɳɟɟ ɢɡ ɚɪɯɟɨɥɨɝɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɯɭɞɨɠɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɵɯ ɢ ɢɫɬɨɪɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɩɚɦɹɬɧɢɤɨɜ ɹɜɥɹɸɳɢɯɫɹ ɞɨɫɬɨɹɧɢɟɦ ɜɫɟɣ ɧɚɰɢɢ ɉɪɢ ɷɬɨɦ ɧɚ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɯ ɨɛɴɟɞɢɧɟɧɢɹɯ ɬɚɤɠɟ ɥɟɠɢɬ ɨɛɹɡɚɧɧɨɫɬɶ ɩɨ ɫɨɯɪɚɧɟɧɢɸ ɰɟɥɨɫɬɧɨɫɬɢ ɡɚɳɢɬɟ ɢ ɜɨɫɫɬɚɧɨɜɥɟɧɢɸ ɬɚɤɨɝɨ ɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɚ ɧɚ ɭɫɥɨɜɢɹɯ ɩɪɟɞɭɫɦɨɬɪɟɧɧɵɯɡɚɤɨɧɨɞɚɬɟɥɶɫɬɜɨɦ Ʉɪɨɦɟ ɬɨɝɨ ɫɬɚɬɶɹ  ɭɤɚɡɚɧɧɨɝɨ Ɂɚɤɨɧɚ Ɇɟɤɫɢɤɢ ɩɪɟɞɭɫɦɚɬɪɢɜɚɟɬ ɱɬɨ ɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɨ ɹɜɥɹɸɳɟɟɫɹ ɧɚɰɢɨɧɚɥɶɧɵɦ ɞɨɫɬɨɹɧɢɟɦ ɢ ɤɨɬɨɪɵɦ ɜɥɚɞɟɸɬ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɟ ɨɪɝɚɧɢɡɚɰɢɢ ɹɜɥɹɟɬɫɹ ɨɛɴɟɤɬɨɦ ɪɟɝɭɥɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɬɚɤɠɟ ɪɹɞɚ ɞɪɭɝɢɯ ɧɨɪɦɚɬɢɜɧɨɩɪɚɜɨɜɵɯ ɚɤɬɨɜ Ɇɟɤɫɢɤɢ ɜɤɥɸɱɚɹ ɮɟɞɟɪɚɥɶɧɨɟ ɡɚɤɨɧɨɞɚɬɟɥɶɫɬɜɨɜɨɛɥɚɫɬɢɨɯɪɚɧɵɚɪɯɟɨɥɨɝɢɱɟɫɤɢɯɯɭɞɨɠɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɵɯɢ ɢɫɬɨɪɢɱɟɫɤɢɯɩɚɦɹɬɧɢɤɨɜɢɦɟɫɬɚɬɚɤɠɟɢɧɨɟ  ɉɟɪɭ ɋɬɚɬɶɹɁɚɤɨɧɚɉɟɪɭɨɬʋ©Ɉɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɨɣ ɫɜɨɛɨɞɟª ©ɂɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɨ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɯ ɨɪɝɚɧɢɡɚɰɢɣª ɭɫɬɚɧɚɜɥɢɜɚɟɬ ɫɥɟɞɭɸɳɟɟ ©ɂɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɨ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɯ ɨɪɝɚɧɢɡɚɰɢɣ ɫɨɫɬɨɢɬ ɢɡ ɩɪɢɨɛɪɟɬɚɟɦɵɯ ɜ ɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɢɢ ɫ ɡɚɤɨɧɨɞɚɬɟɥɶɫɬɜɨɦ ɚɤɬɢɜɨɜ Ʉɪɨɦɟ ɬɨɝɨ ɢɡ ɢɫɬɨɪɢɱɟɫɤɨɝɨ ɯɭɞɨɠɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɝɨ ɢɥɢ ɤɭɥɶɬɭɪɧɨɝɨ ɧɚɫɥɟɞɢɹ ɤɨɬɨɪɨɟ ɛɵɥɨ ɫɨɡɞɚɧɨ ɩɪɢɨɛɪɟɬɟɧɨ ɢɥɢ ɧɚɯɨɞɢɬɫɹ ɜ ɡɚɤɨɧɧɨɦ ɜɥɚɞɟɧɢɢ ɜ ɩɨɪɹɞɤɟ ɢ ɫ ɝɚɪɚɧɬɢɹɦɢ ɭɫɬɚɧɨɜɥɟɧɧɵɦɢ ɡɚɤɨɧɨɞɚɬɟɥɶɫɬɜɨɦ ȼ ɥɸɛɨɦ ɫɥɭɱɚɟ ɭɜɚɠɚɟɬɫɹ ɩɟɪɜɨɫɬɟɩɟɧɧɨɟ ɩɪɟɞɧɚɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɟ ɬɚɤɨɝɨ ɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɚ ɛɵɬɶ ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɧɧɵɦ ɞɥɹ ɨɬɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɹɫɜɹɳɟɧɧɨɝɨɤɭɥɶɬɚ Ƚɨɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜɨ ɱɟɪɟɡ ɫɜɨɢ ɤɨɦɩɟɬɟɧɬɧɵɟ ɝɨɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜɟɧɧɵɟ ɭɱɪɟɠɞɟɧɢɹ ɜɩɪɚɜɟ ɨɫɭɳɟɫɬɜɥɹɬɶ ɬɟɯɧɢɱɟɫɤɨɟ ɢɢɥɢ ɷɤɨɧɨɦɢɱɟɫɤɨɟ ɫɨɬɪɭɞɧɢɱɟɫɬɜɨ ɜ ɰɟɥɹɯ ɩɨɞɞɟɪɠɚɧɢɹ ɢ ɫɨɯɪɚɧɟɧɢɹ ɢɫɬɨɪɢɱɟɫɤɨɝɨ ɯɭɞɨɠɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɝɨɢɤɭɥɶɬɭɪɧɨɝɨɧɚɫɥɟɞɢɹɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɯɨɪɝɚɧɢɡɚɰɢɣª ɄɚɤɭɫɬɚɧɚɜɥɢɜɚɟɬɫɬɚɬɶɹɁɚɤɨɧɚɉɟɪɭɨɬʋ ©Ɉɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɨɣɫɜɨɛɨɞɟªɜɫɥɭɱɚɟɪɨɫɩɭɫɤɚɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɨɣɨɪɝɚɧɢɡɚɰɢɢɜ ɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɢɢ ɫ ɟɺ ɜɧɭɬɪɟɧɧɢɦ ɚɤɬɨɦ ɢɥɢ ɜ ɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɢɢ ɫ ɡɚɤɨɧɨɞɚɬɟɥɶɫɬɜɨɦ ɜɵɫɲɢɣ ɨɪɝɚɧ ɭɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɹ ɬɚɤɨɣ ɨɪɝɚɧɢɡɚɰɢɢ

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 ȼɵɫɨɱɚɣɲɢɣ

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 Ɂɚɤɨɧ ɉɨɪɬɭɝɚɥɢɢ ʋ ɨɬ  ɜ ɪɟɞ ɨɬ   ©Ɉ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɨɣ

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 ɩɭɛɥɢɱɧɵɯ ɧɭɠɞ ɢɥɢ ɪɟɤɜɢɡɢɰɢɢ ɜ ɫɥɭɱɚɟ ɫɪɨɱɧɨɣ ɨɛɳɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɣ ɧɟɨɛɯɨɞɢɦɨɫɬɢ ɛɟɡ ɩɪɟɞɜɚɪɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɝɨ ɫɨɝɥɚɫɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɫ ɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɭɸɳɟɣ ɰɟɪɤɨɜɶɸ ɢɥɢ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɨɣ ɨɛɳɢɧɨɣ ɡɚ ɢɫɤɥɸɱɟɧɢɟɦ ɫɢɬɭɚɰɢɣ ɤɨɝɞɚ ɹɜɥɹɟɬɫɹ ɧɟɨɛɯɨɞɢɦɵɦ ɫɧɨɫ ɤɨɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɢ ɭɝɪɨɠɚɸɳɟɣ ɨɛɜɚɥɨɦ ɢɥɢ ɩɪɟɞɫɬɚɜɥɹɸɳɟɣɨɩɚɫɧɨɫɬɶɞɥɹɡɞɨɪɨɜɶɹɧɚɫɟɥɟɧɢɹ ȼ ɫɥɭɱɚɹɯ ɷɤɫɩɪɨɩɪɢɚɰɢɢ ɪɟɤɜɢɡɢɰɢɢ ɢɥɢ ɫɧɨɫɚ ɭɤɚɡɚɧɧɵɯ ɜ ɩɪɟɞɵɞɭɳɟɦ ɩɭɧɤɬɟ ɜ ɫɥɭɱɚɹɯ ɤɨɝɞɚ ɷɬɨ ɹɜɥɹɟɬɫɹ ɜɨɡɦɨɠɧɵɦ ɩɪɟɞɜɚɪɢɬɟɥɶɧɨ ɡɚɫɥɭɲɢɜɚɟɬɫɹ ɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɭɸɳɚɹ ɰɟɪɤɨɜɶ ɢɥɢ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɚɹ ɨɛɳɢɧɚ Ɉɧɢ ɬɚɤɠɟ ɢɦɟɸɬ ɩɪɚɜɨ ɧɚ ɬɨ ɱɬɨɛɵ ɛɵɬɶ ɩɪɟɞɜɚɪɢɬɟɥɶɧɨ ɡɚɫɥɭɲɚɧɧɵɦɢ ɩɪɢ ɩɪɢɧɹɬɢɢ ɪɟɲɟɧɢɣ ɨ ɜɵɩɨɥɧɟɧɢɢ ɪɚɛɨɬ ɧɟɨɛɯɨɞɢɦɵɯ ɞɥɹ ɭɫɬɪɚɧɟɧɢɹ ɭɫɥɨɜɢɣ ɭɝɪɨɠɚɸɳɢɯ ɡɞɨɪɨɜɶɸ ɭɫɬɨɣɱɢɜɨɫɬɢ ɡɞɚɧɢɣ ɫɨɡɞɚɸɳɢɯ ɪɢɫɤɢ ɜɨɡɧɢɤɧɨɜɟɧɢɹ ɩɨɠɚɪɚ ɚ ɬɚɤɠɟ ɧɚɬɨɱɬɨɛɵɨɩɪɟɞɟɥɢɬɶɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɨɟɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɨɜɤɚɱɟɫɬɜɟɤɭɥɶɬɭɪɧɨɣ ɰɟɧɧɨɫɬɢ«ª  Ɋɭɦɵɧɢɹ ȼ ɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɢɢ ɫ ɱɚɫɬɶɸ  ɫɬɚɬɶɢ  Ɂɚɤɨɧɚ Ɋɭɦɵɧɢɢ ɨɬ  ʋ ©Ɉ ɫɜɨɛɨɞɟ ɜɟɪɨɢɫɩɨɜɟɞɚɧɢɹ ɢ ɨɛɳɟɦ ɪɟɠɢɦɟ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɯ ɨɛɴɟɞɢɧɟɧɢɣª ɩɪɢɡɧɚɧɧɵɟ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɟ ɨɛɴɟɞɢɧɟɧɢɹ ɢ ɢɯ ɩɨɞɪɚɡɞɟɥɟɧɢɹ ɨɛɥɚɞɚɸɬ ɩɪɚɜɨɦ ɩɪɢɨɛɪɟɬɟɧɢɹ ɜ ɫɨɛɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɫɬɶ ɚ ɬɚɤɠɟ ɩɪɚɜɨɦ ɭɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɹ ɧɟɞɜɢɠɢɦɵɦ ɢ ɞɜɢɠɢɦɵɦ ɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɨɦ ɉɪɢ ɷɬɨɦ ɱɚɫɬɶ  ɭɤɚɡɚɧɧɨɣ ɫɬɚɬɶɢ ɞɚɧɧɨɝɨ ɧɨɪɦɚɬɢɜɧɨ ɩɪɚɜɨɜɨɝɨ ɚɤɬɚ ɫɚɤɪɚɥɶɧɵɟ ɨɛɴɟɤɬɵ ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɭɟɦɵɟ ɧɟɩɨɫɪɟɞɫɬɜɟɧɧɨ ɞɥɹ ɨɬɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɹ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɨɝɨ ɤɭɥɶɬɚ ɦɨɝɭɬ ɨɬɱɭɠɞɚɬɶɫɹ ɥɢɲɶ ɧɚ ɨɩɪɟɞɟɥɟɧɧɵɯɭɫɥɨɜɢɹɯ ɑɚɫɬɶ  ɫɬɚɬɶɢ  Ɂɚɤɨɧɚ Ɋɭɦɵɧɢɢ ɨɬ  ʋ ©Ɉɫɜɨɛɨɞɟ ɜɟɪɨɢɫɩɨɜɟɞɚɧɢɹ ɢ ɨɛɳɟɦ ɪɟɠɢɦɟ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɯ ɨɛɴɟɞɢɧɟɧɢɣª ɡɚɤɪɟɩɥɹɟɬ ɢɫɤɥɸɱɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɟ ɩɪɚɜɨ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɯ ɨɛɴɟɞɢɧɟɧɢɣ ɧɚ ɩɪɨɢɡɜɨɞɫɬɜɨ ɢ ɩɪɨɞɚɠɭ ɩɪɟɞɦɟɬɨɜ ɧɟɨɛɯɨɞɢɦɵɯ ɞɥɹ ɨɫɭɳɟɫɬɜɥɟɧɢɹɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɨɣɞɟɹɬɟɥɶɧɨɫɬɢ ɉɪɟɞɫɬɚɜɥɹɟɬ ɬɚɤɠɟ ɫɭɳɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɵɣ ɢɧɬɟɪɟɫ ɩɨɥɨɠɟɧɢɟ ɫɥɟɞɭɸɳɟɣ ɫɬɚɬɶɢ ɭɤɚɡɚɧɧɨɝɨ ɧɨɪɦɚɬɢɜɧɨɩɪɚɜɨɜɨɝɨ ɚɤɬɚ

 Ɂɚɤɨɧ Ɋɭɦɵɧɢɢ ɨɬ  ʋ ©Ɉ ɫɜɨɛɨɞɟ ɜɟɪɨɢɫɩɨɜɟɞɚɧɢɹ ɢ ɨɛɳɟɦ

ɪɟɠɢɦɟ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɯ ɨɛɴɟɞɢɧɟɧɢɣª >/HJHD ʋ SULYLQG OLEHUWDWHD UHOLJLRDVD VL UHJLPXO JHQHUDO DO [email protected]  0RQLWRUXO 2ILFLDO 3DUWHD, ±  ± ʋ KWWSZZZGUHSWRQOLQHUROHJLVODWLHOHJHBOLEHUWDWHBUHOLJLRDVDBUHJLPXOBFXOWHORUSKS!

 

 ɝɚɪɚɧɬɢɪɭɸɳɟɟ ɡɚɳɢɬɭ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɨɣ ɩɪɢɧɚɞɥɟɠɧɨɫɬɢ ɤɥɚɞɛɢɳ ɩɨɞɞɟɪɠɢɜɚɟɦɵɯɦɟɫɬɧɵɦɢɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɦɢɨɛɴɟɞɢɧɟɧɢɹɦɢ ɋɨɝɥɚɫɧɨ ɫɬɚɬɶɟ  Ɂɚɤɨɧɚ Ɋɭɦɵɧɢɢ ʋ ɨɬ  ©Ɉɫɜɨɛɨɞɟ ɜɟɪɨɢɫɩɨɜɟɞɚɧɢɹ ɢ ɨɛɳɟɦ ɪɟɠɢɦɟ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɯ ɨɛɴɟɞɢɧɟɧɢɣª ɦɟɫɬɧɵɟ ɩɨɞɪɚɡɞɟɥɟɧɢɹ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɯ ɨɛɴɟɞɢɧɟɧɢɣ ɜɩɪɚɜɟ ɩɨɞɞɟɪɠɢɜɚɬɶ ɫɨɛɫɬɜɟɧɧɵɟ ɤɥɚɞɛɢɳɚ ɤɨɧɮɟɫɫɢɨɧɚɥɶɧɚɹ ɢɞɟɧɬɢɱɧɨɫɬɶ ɤɨɬɨɪɵɯ ɨɯɪɚɧɹɟɬɫɹ ɪɭɦɵɧɫɤɢɦ ɡɚɤɨɧɨɞɚɬɟɥɶɫɬɜɨɦ ɉɪɢ ɷɬɨɦ ɨɞɧɚɤɨ ɧɚ ɬɚɤɢɯ ɤɥɚɞɛɢɳɚɯ ɦɨɠɟɬ ɨɫɭɳɟɫɬɜɥɹɬɶɫɹ ɫ ɫɨɛɥɸɞɟɧɢɟɦ ɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɭɸɳɢɯ ɨɛɪɹɞɨɜ ɡɚɯɨɪɨɧɟɧɢɟ ɭɦɟɪɲɟɝɨ ɧɚɫɟɥɟɧɢɹ ɜ ɫɥɭɱɚɟ ɨɬɫɭɬɫɬɜɢɹ ɜ ɧɚɫɟɥɟɧɧɵɯ ɩɭɧɤɬɚɯ ɦɭɧɢɰɢɩɚɥɶɧɵɯ ɤɥɚɞɛɢɳ  ɋɟɪɛɢɹ ɋɨɝɥɚɫɧɨ ɫɬɚɬɶɟ  Ɂɚɤɨɧɚ Ɋɟɫɩɭɛɥɢɤɢ ɋɟɪɛɢɹ ɨɬ  ɝɨɞɚ ©Ɉɰɟɪɤɜɚɯ ɢ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɯ ɨɛɴɟɞɢɧɟɧɢɹɯª ɰɟɪɤɜɢ ɢ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɟ ɨɛɴɟɞɢɧɟɧɢɹ ɩɨɥɭɱɚɸɬ ɫɪɟɞɫɬɜɚ ɧɟɨɛɯɨɞɢɦɵɟ ɞɥɹ ɨɫɭɳɟɫɬɜɥɟɧɢɹ ɫɜɨɟɣ ɞɟɹɬɟɥɶɧɨɫɬɢ ɢɡ ɞɨɯɨɞɨɜ ɨɬ ɫɨɛɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɝɨ ɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɚ ɩɨɠɟɪɬɜɨɜɚɧɢɣ ɧɚɫɥɟɞɫɬɜ ɞɚɪɟɧɢɹ ɢ ɨɬ ɢɧɨɣ ɞɟɹɬɟɥɶɧɨɫɬɢ ɜ ɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɢɢ ɫ ɡɚɤɨɧɨɞɚɬɟɥɶɫɬɜɨɦ Ʉɪɨɦɟ ɬɨɝɨ ɰɟɪɤɜɢ ɢ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɟ ɨɛɴɟɞɢɧɟɧɢɹ ɜɩɪɚɜɟɪɚɫɩɨɪɹɠɚɬɶɫɹɫɜɨɢɦɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɨɦɢɫɪɟɞɫɬɜɚɦɢɜ ɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɢɢɫɫɨɛɫɬɜɟɧɧɵɦɢɢɡɞɚɜɚɟɦɵɦɢɩɪɚɜɢɥɚɦɢ ȼ ɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɢɢ ɫɨ ɫɬɚɬɶɟɣ  Ɂɚɤɨɧɚ Ɋɟɫɩɭɛɥɢɤɢ ɋɟɪɛɢɹ ɨɬ ɝɨɞɚ ©Ɉ ɰɟɪɤɜɚɯ ɢ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɯ ɨɛɴɟɞɢɧɟɧɢɹɯª ɨɛɴɟɤɬɵ ɩɪɟɞɫɬɚɜɥɹɸɳɢɟ ɫɨɛɨɣ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɨɟ ɢ ɤɭɥɶɬɭɪɧɨɟ ɧɚɫɥɟɞɢɟ ɰɟɪɤɜɟɣ ɢ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɯ ɨɛɴɟɞɢɧɟɧɢɣ ɜ ɬɨɦ ɱɢɫɥɟ ± ɧɟɞɜɢɠɢɦɨɟ ɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɨ ɧɟ ɦɨɝɭɬ ɛɵɬɶ ɨɬɱɭɠɞɟɧɵ ɩɪɢ ɛɚɧɤɪɨɬɫɬɜɟ ɚ ɬɚɤɠɟ ɜ ɪɚɦɤɚɯ ɢɧɵɯ ɨɩɪɟɞɟɥɟɧɧɵɯɩɪɨɰɟɞɭɪ ɋɬɚɬɶɹɁɚɤɨɧɚɊɟɫɩɭɛɥɢɤɢɋɟɪɛɢɹɨɬɝɨɞɚ©Ɉɰɟɪɤɜɚɯɢ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɯ ɨɛɴɟɞɢɧɟɧɢɹɯª ɩɪɟɞɭɫɦɚɬɪɢɜɚɟɬ ɬɚɤɠɟ ɱɬɨ ɞɨ ɩɪɢɧɹɬɢɹ ɪɟɲɟɧɢɹ ɨ ɜɨɡɜɪɚɳɟɧɢɢ ɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɚ ɰɟɪɤɜɢ ɢɥɢ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɨɦɭ ɨɛɴɟɞɢɧɟɧɢɸ ɤɨɦɩɟɬɟɧɬɧɵɣ ɨɪɝɚɧ ɩɭɛɥɢɱɧɨɣ ɜɥɚɫɬɢ ɜɩɪɚɜɟ ɜ

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 ɋɒȺ ȿɫɥɢ ɝɨɜɨɪɢɬɶ ɨɛ ɚɦɟɪɢɤɚɧɫɤɨɦ ɋɒȺ  ɡɚɤɨɧɨɞɚɬɟɥɶɫɬɜɟ ɜ ɪɚɫɫɦɚɬɪɢɜɚɟɦɨɣ ɫɮɟɪɟ ɞɟɣɫɬɜɭɸɳɟɦ ɧɚ ɮɟɞɟɪɚɥɶɧɨɦ ɭɪɨɜɧɟ ɬɨ ɧɟɨɛɯɨɞɢɦɨ ɨɬɦɟɬɢɬɶ ɱɬɨ ɜ ɋɜɨɞ ɡɚɤɨɧɨɜ ɋɒȺ ɜɤɥɸɱɟɧ ɪɚɡɞɟɥ ɤɨɬɨɪɵɦɪɟɝɭɥɢɪɭɸɬɫɹɧɟɤɨɬɨɪɵɟɚɫɩɟɤɬɵɨɫɭɳɟɫɬɜɥɟɧɢɹɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɦɢ ɨɪɝɚɧɢɡɚɰɢɹɦɢɫɜɨɢɯɩɪɚɜɧɚɧɟɞɜɢɠɢɦɨɟɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɨ ɉɨɞɩɭɧɤɬɩɭɧɤɬɚ©ɚª†FFȽɥɚɜɵɋ©Ɂɚɳɢɬɚɨɬɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɹ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɢ ɜ ɨɛɥɚɫɬɢ ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɡɟɦɟɥɶɧɵɯ ɭɱɚɫɬɤɨɜ ɢɧɫɬɢɬɭɰɢɨɧɚɥɢɡɢɪɨɜɚɧɧɵɦɢ ɥɢɰɚɦɢª Ɍɢɬɭɥɚ  ɋɜɨɞɚ ɡɚɤɨɧɨɜ ɋɒȺ ɭɫɬɚɧɚɜɥɢɜɚɟɬ ɱɬɨ ɨɪɝɚɧɵ ɩɭɛɥɢɱɧɨɣ ɜɥɚɫɬɢ ɧɟ ɜɩɪɚɜɟ ɨɫɭɳɟɫɬɜɥɹɬɶ ɪɟɝɭɥɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɟ ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɡɟɦɟɥɶɧɵɯ ɭɱɚɫɬɤɨɜ ɬɚɤɢɦ ɨɛɪɚɡɨɦ ɱɬɨɛɵ ɧɚɥɚɝɚɬɶ ɫɥɢɲɤɨɦ ɡɧɚɱɢɬɟɥɶɧɭɸ ɧɚɝɪɭɡɤɭ ɧɚ ɨɬɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɟ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɢ ɤɚɤɨɝɨɥɢɛɨ ɥɢɰɚ ɜɤɥɸɱɚɹ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɨɟ ɨɛɴɟɞɢɧɟɧɢɟ ɢɥɢ ɭɱɪɟɠɞɟɧɢɟ ɟɫɥɢ ɬɨɥɶɤɨ ɧɟ ɛɭɞɟɬ ɞɨɤɚɡɚɧɨ ɱɬɨ ɩɪɢɧɹɬɢɟɬɚɤɢɯɦɟɪ ±ɨɫɭɳɟɫɬɜɥɹɟɬɫɹ ɜ ɰɟɥɹɯ ɭɞɨɜɥɟɬɜɨɪɟɧɢɹ ɜɚɠɧɵɯ ɝɨɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜɟɧɧɵɯɢɧɬɟɪɟɫɨɜ ±ɹɜɥɹɟɬɫɹ ɧɚɢɦɟɧɟɟ ɨɝɪɚɧɢɱɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɣ ɦɟɪɨɣ ɜ ɷɬɨɦ ɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɭɸɳɟɦɫɥɭɱɚɟ ɉɪɢ ɷɬɨɦ ɩɨɞ ɨɬɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɟɦ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɢ ɜ ɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɢɢ ɫ ɩɨɞɩɭɧɤɬɨɦ©Eª ɩɭɧɤɬɚ †FF± Ƚɥɚɜɵ ɋ ©Ɂɚɳɢɬɚ ɨɬɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɹ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɢ ɜ ɨɛɥɚɫɬɢ ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɡɟɦɟɥɶɧɵɯ ɭɱɚɫɬɤɨɜ ɢɧɫɬɢɬɭɰɢɨɧɚɥɢɡɢɪɨɜɚɧɧɵɦɢ ɥɢɰɚɦɢª Ɍɢɬɭɥɚ  ɋɜɨɞɚ ɡɚɤɨɧɨɜ ɋɒȺ ɩɨɧɢɦɚɟɬɫɹ ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɧɢɟ ɫɬɪɨɢɬɟɥɶɫɬɜɨ ɢɥɢ ɩɪɟɨɛɪɚɡɨɜɚɧɢɟ ɧɟɞɜɢɠɢɦɨɝɨɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɚɞɥɹɰɟɥɟɣɨɬɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɹɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɯɤɭɥɶɬɨɜ ɋɨɝɥɚɫɧɨ ɩɨɞɩɭɧɤɬɭ  ɩɭɧɤɬɚ ©Eª † FF Ƚɥɚɜɵ ɋ ©Ɂɚɳɢɬɚ ɨɬɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɹ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɢ ɜ ɨɛɥɚɫɬɢ ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɡɟɦɟɥɶɧɵɯ ɭɱɚɫɬɤɨɜ ɢɧɫɬɢɬɭɰɢɨɧɚɥɢɡɢɪɨɜɚɧɧɵɦɢ ɥɢɰɚɦɢª Ɍɢɬɭɥɚ  ɋɜɨɞɚ ɡɚɤɨɧɨɜ ɋɒȺ ɨɪɝɚɧɵɩɭɛɥɢɱɧɨɣɜɥɚɫɬɢɧɟɜɩɪɚɜɟɩɪɢɧɢɦɚɬɶɦɟɪɵɢɥɢɨɫɭɳɟɫɬɜɥɹɬɶ ɩɪɚɜɨɜɨɟ ɪɟɝɭɥɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɟ ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɡɟɦɥɢ ɬɚɤɢɦ ɨɛɪɚɡɨɦ ɤɨɬɨɪɵɣ ɫɬɚɜɢɬ ɤɚɤɭɸɥɢɛɨ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɭɸ ɨɪɝɚɧɢɡɚɰɢɸ ɢɥɢ ɭɱɪɟɠɞɟɧɢɟ ɜ ɧɟɪɚɜɧɵɟ ɭɫɥɨɜɢɹ ɩɨ ɫɪɚɜɧɟɧɢɸ ɫ ɧɟɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɨɣ ɨɪɝɚɧɢɡɚɰɢɟɣ ɢɥɢ ɭɱɪɟɠɞɟɧɢɟɦ

 ɋɜɨɞ

ɡɚɤɨɧɨɜ ɋɒȺ >86 [email protected]  KWWSVZZZODZFRUQHOOHGXXVFRGHWH[W! KWWSVZZZODZFRUQHOOHGXXVFRGHWH[WFKDSWHU&!

 

 ɋɨɝɥɚɫɧɨ ɩɨɞɩɭɧɤɬɭ  ɩɭɧɤɬɚ ©Eª † FF Ƚɥɚɜɵ ɋ ©Ɂɚɳɢɬɚ ɨɬɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɹ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɢ ɜ ɨɛɥɚɫɬɢ ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɡɟɦɟɥɶɧɵɯ ɭɱɚɫɬɤɨɜ ɢɧɫɬɢɬɭɰɢɨɧɚɥɢɡɢɪɨɜɚɧɧɵɦɢ ɥɢɰɚɦɢª Ɍɢɬɭɥɚ  ɋɜɨɞɚ ɡɚɤɨɧɨɜ ɋɒȺ ɨɪɝɚɧɵ ɩɭɛɥɢɱɧɨɣ ɜɥɚɫɬɢ ɧɟ ɜɩɪɚɜɟ ɨɫɭɳɟɫɬɜɥɹɬɶ ɩɪɚɜɨɜɨɟ ɪɟɝɭɥɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɟ ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɡɟɦɥɢ ɞɢɫɤɪɢɦɢɧɚɰɢɨɧɧɵɦ ɨɛɪɚɡɨɦ ɜ ɨɬɧɨɲɟɧɢɢ ɤɚɤɨɝɨɥɢɛɨ ɭɱɪɟɠɞɟɧɢɹ ɢɥɢ ɨɛɴɟɞɢɧɟɧɢɹ ɧɚ ɨɫɧɨɜɚɧɢɢ ɟɝɨ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɨɣɩɪɢɧɚɞɥɟɠɧɨɫɬɢɢɥɢɜɟɪɨɢɫɩɨɜɟɞɚɧɢɹ Ɂɚɤɨɧɨɞɚɬɟɥɶɫɬɜɨ ɲɬɚɬɨɜ ɋɒȺ ɬɚɤɠɟ ɫɨɞɟɪɠɢɬ ɨɬɞɟɥɶɧɵɟ ɩɨɥɨɠɟɧɢɹ ɤɚɫɚɸɳɢɟɫɹ ɩɪɚɜɨɜɨɝɨ ɫɬɚɬɭɫɚ ɧɟɞɜɢɠɢɦɨɝɨ ɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɚ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɯɨɪɝɚɧɢɡɚɰɢɣ ɋɨɝɥɚɫɧɨ ɩɭɧɤɬɭ  †  ɉɟɪɟɫɦɨɬɪɟɧɧɨɝɨ ɫɜɨɞɚ ɡɚɤɨɧɨɜ ɲɬɚɬɚ Ɉɪɟɝɨɧ ɜ ɪɟɞɚɤɰɢɢ ɨɬ  ɝɨɞɚ  ɫɥɟɞɭɸɳɟɟ ɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɨ ɩɪɢɧɚɞɥɟɠɚɳɟɟ ɢɥɢ ɩɪɢɨɛɪɟɬɚɟɦɨɟ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɦɢ ɨɪɝɚɧɢɡɚɰɢɹɦɢ ɨɫɜɨɛɨɠɞɚɟɬɫɹ ɨɬ ɧɚɥɨɝɨɨɛɥɨɠɟɧɢɹ ɜɫɟ ɡɞɚɧɢɹ ɩɭɛɥɢɱɧɨ ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɭɟɦɵɟ ɞɥɹ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɨɝɨ ɩɨɤɥɨɧɟɧɢɹ ɞɨɩɨɥɧɢɬɟɥɶɧɵɟ ɡɞɚɧɢɹ ɢ ɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɨɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɭɟɦɨɟɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɦɢɨɪɝɚɧɢɡɚɰɢɹɦɢɢɫɤɥɸɱɢɬɟɥɶɧɨ ɞɥɹ ɰɟɥɟɣ ɭɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɹ ɨɛɪɚɡɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɛɥɚɝɨɬɜɨɪɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɫɬɢ ɪɚɡɜɥɟɤɚɬɟɥɶɧɵɯ ɢ ɪɟɤɪɟɚɰɢɨɧɧɵɯ ɰɟɥɟɣ ɚ ɬɚɤɠɟ ɨɛɫɬɚɧɨɜɤɚ ɷɬɢɯ ɡɞɚɧɢɣ ɋɨɝɥɚɫɧɨ ɩɭɧɤɬɭ ©ɚª ɩɚɪɚɝɪɚɮɚ  Ƚɥɚɜɵ  ɋɜɨɞɚ ɨɛɳɢɯ ɡɚɤɨɧɨɜɲɬɚɬɚɋɟɜɟɪɧɚɹɄɚɪɨɥɢɧɚɤɨɧɮɟɪɟɧɰɢɹɫɢɧɨɞɤɨɧɜɟɧɰɢɹ ɢɥɢ ɢɧɨɣ ɰɟɪɤɨɜɧɵɣ ɨɪɝɚɧ ɩɪɟɞɫɬɚɜɥɹɸɳɢɣ ɰɟɪɤɨɜɶ ɢɥɢ ɢɧɭɸ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɭɸ ɨɪɝɚɧɢɡɚɰɢɸ ɧɚ ɬɟɪɪɢɬɨɪɢɢ ɲɬɚɬɚ ɋɟɜɟɪɧɚɹ Ʉɚɪɨɥɢɧɚ ɚ ɬɚɤɠɟ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɟ ɨɛɳɟɫɬɜɚ ɢ ɩɪɢɯɨɞɵ ɧɚ ɬɟɪɪɢɬɨɪɢɢ ɷɬɨɝɨ ɲɬɚɬɚ ɜɩɪɚɜɟ ɜ ɥɸɛɨɣ ɦɨɦɟɧɬ ɧɚɡɧɚɱɢɬɶ ɞɥɹ ɫɟɛɹ ɞɨɜɟɪɟɧɧɨɟ ɥɢɰɨ ɫɨɫɬɨɹɳɟɟɢɡɤɚɤɨɝɨɥɢɛɨɩɨɞɯɨɞɹɳɟɝɨɤɨɥɢɱɟɫɬɜɚɥɢɰ  ɉɪɢ ɷɬɨɦ ɜ ɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɢɢ ɫ ɩɚɪɚɝɪɚɮɨɦ  Ƚɥɚɜɵ  ɋɜɨɞɚ ɨɛɳɢɯɡɚɤɨɧɨɜɲɬɚɬɚ ɋɟɜɟɪɧɚɹɄɚɪɨɥɢɧɚɞɨɜɟɪɟɧɧɵɟ ɥɢɰɚ ɰɟɪɤɜɟɣ ɢɥɢɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɯɨɪɝɚɧɢɡɚɰɢɣɜɩɪɚɜɟɜɥɚɞɟɬɶɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɨɦȾɨɜɟɪɟɧɧɵɟ ɥɢɰɚ ɬɚɤɠɟ ɢɦɟɸɬ ɩɪɚɜɨ ɩɨɥɭɱɚɬɶ ɩɨɠɟɪɬɜɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɩɪɢɨɛɪɟɬɚɬɶ ɢ ɜɥɚɞɟɬɶ ɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɨɦ ɧɟɞɜɢɠɢɦɵɦ ɢ ɞɜɢɠɢɦɵɦ ɨɫɭɳɟɫɬɜɥɹɹ

 ɉɟɪɟɫɦɨɬɪɟɧɧɵɣ

ɫɜɨɞ ɡɚɤɨɧɨɜ ɲɬɚɬɚ Ɉɪɟɝɨɧ ɜ ɪɟɞɚɤɰɢɢ ɨɬ  ɝɨɞɚ  > 2UHJRQ 5HYLVHG [email protected]  KWWSZZZRUHJRQODZVRUJRUHJRQBUHYLVHGBVWDWXWHV! KWWSZZZRUHJRQODZVRUJRUV! ɋɜɨɞ ɨɛɳɢɯ ɡɚɤɨɧɨɜ ɲɬɚɬɚ ɋɟɜɟɪɧɚɹ Ʉɚɪɨɥɢɧɚ >1RUWK &DUROLQD *HQHUDO [email protected] KWWSZZZQFOHJQHWJDVFULSWV6WDWXWHV6WDWXWHV72&SO!KWWSZZZQFOHJQHWJDVFULSWV 6WDWXWHV6WDWXWHV72&SO"&KDSWHU !

 

 ɞɨɜɟɪɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɟ ɭɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɟɦ ɢɦ ɞɥɹ ɭɤɚɡɚɧɧɵɯ ɰɟɪɤɜɟɣ ɤɨɧɮɟɫɫɢɣ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɯ ɨɛɴɟɞɢɧɟɧɢɣ ɢɥɢ ɨɛɳɢɧ Ⱦɨɜɟɪɟɧɧɵɟ ɥɢɰɚ ɬɚɤɠɟ ɩɨɞɨɬɱɟɬɧɵ ɭɤɚɡɚɧɧɵɦ ɨɪɝɚɧɢɡɚɰɢɹɦ ɜ ɩɥɚɧɟ ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɢ ɭɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɹ ɬɚɤɢɦ ɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɨɦ ɢ ɨɛɹɡɚɧɵ ɩɪɟɞɨɫɬɚɜɥɹɬɶ ɟɝɨ ɜɫɟɦ ɥɢɰɚɦɤɨɬɨɪɵɟɜɩɪɚɜɟɟɝɨɡɚɩɪɚɲɢɜɚɬɶ ɉɚɪɚɝɪɚɮȽɥɚɜɵɋɜɨɞɚɨɛɳɢɯɡɚɤɨɧɨɜɲɬɚɬɚɋɟɜɟɪɧɚɹ Ʉɚɪɨɥɢɧɚ ɭɫɬɚɧɚɜɥɢɜɚɟɬ ɫɥɟɞɭɸɳɟɟ ©ȼɫɟ ɩɪɢɯɨɞɫɤɢɟ ɡɟɦɥɢ ɡɟɦɟɥɶɧɵɟ ɭɱɚɫɬɤɢ ɢ ɨɛɢɬɟɥɢ ɞɨ ɧɚɫɬɨɹɳɟɝɨ ɜɪɟɦɟɧɢ ɩɪɢɨɛɪɟɬɟɧɧɵɟ ɩɪɟɞɨɫɬɚɜɥɟɧɧɵɟ ɢɥɢ ɩɪɟɞɧɚɡɧɚɱɟɧɧɵɟ ɞɥɹ ɩɨɞɞɟɪɠɤɢ ɤɚɤɨɝɨɥɢɛɨ ɤɨɧɤɪɟɬɧɨɝɨ  ɞɭɯɨɜɟɧɫɬɜɚ ɢɥɢ ɞɥɹ ɰɟɥɟɣ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɨɝɨ ɩɨɤɥɨɧɟɧɢɹ ɚ ɬɚɤɠɟ ɜɫɟ ɰɟɪɤɜɢ ɢ ɞɪɭɝɢɟ ɡɞɚɧɢɹ ɩɨɫɬɪɨɟɧɧɵɟ ɞɥɹ ɰɟɥɟɣ ɩɪɨɜɟɞɟɧɢɹ ɨɛɳɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɵɯɛɨɝɨɫɥɭɠɟɧɢɣɢɜɫɟɡɟɦɟɥɶɧɵɟɭɱɚɫɬɤɢɢɩɨɠɟɪɬɜɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɥɸɛɨɝɨɜɢɞɚɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɚɢɥɢɧɟɞɜɢɠɢɦɨɫɬɢɤɨɬɨɪɵɟɛɵɥɢɢɦɨɝɥɢɛɵɬɶ ɩɪɟɞɨɫɬɚɜɥɟɧɵ ɩɨɞɚɪɟɧɵ ɢɥɢ ɩɪɟɞɧɚɡɧɚɱɟɧɵ ɞɥɹ ɤɚɤɨɣɥɢɛɨ ɰɟɪɤɜɢ ɢɥɢ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɨɣ ɤɨɧɮɟɫɫɢɢ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɨɝɨ ɨɛɴɟɞɢɧɟɧɢɹ ɢɥɢ ɨɛɳɢɧɵ ɜ ɪɚɦɤɚɯ ɲɬɚɬɚ ɞɥɹ ɢɯ ɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɭɸɳɟɝɨ ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɞɨɥɠɧɵ ɛɵɬɶ ɢ ɨɫɬɚɜɚɬɶɫɹ ɧɚɜɫɟɝɞɚ ɩɪɟɞɧɚɡɧɚɱɟɧɧɵɦɢ ɞɥɹ ɬɨɝɨ ɱɬɨɛɵ ɛɵɬɶ ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɭɟɦɵɦɢ ɢ ɡɚɧɹɬɵɦɢ ɬɚɤɨɣ ɰɟɪɤɨɜɶɸ ɢɥɢ ɤɨɧɮɟɫɫɢɟɣ ɨɛɴɟɞɢɧɟɧɢɟɦ ɢɥɢ ɨɛɳɢɧɨɣ ɤɨɬɨɪɵɦɢ ɬɚɤɢɟ ɩɪɢɯɨɞɫɤɢɟ ɡɟɦɥɢ ɡɟɦɟɥɶɧɵɟ ɭɱɚɫɬɤɢ ɨɛɢɬɟɥɢ ɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɨ ɢ ɧɟɞɜɢɠɢɦɨɫɬɶ ɛɵɥɢ ɩɪɢɨɛɪɟɬɟɧɵ ɩɪɟɞɨɫɬɚɜɥɟɧɵ ɢɥɢ ɩɪɟɞɧɚɡɧɚɱɟɧɵ ɢɥɢ ɞɥɹ ɤɨɬɨɪɵɯ ɬɚɤɢɟ ɰɟɪɤɜɢ ɱɚɫɨɜɧɢ ɢ ɢɧɵɟ ɫɨɨɪɭɠɟɧɢɹ ɩɪɟɞɧɚɡɧɚɱɟɧɧɵɟ ɞɥɹ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɨɝɨɩɨɤɥɨɧɟɧɢɹɛɵɥɢɩɨɫɬɪɨɟɧɵ«ª Ƚɥɚɜɨɣ  ©ɐɟɪɤɨɜɧɨɟ ɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɨ Ȼɥɚɝɨɬɜɨɪɢɬɟɥɶɧɵɟ ɨɛɴɟɞɢɧɟɧɢɹ ɢ Ɉɛɴɟɤɬɵª Ɍɢɬɭɥɚ  ɋɜɨɞɚ ɡɚɤɨɧɨɜ ɲɬɚɬɚ ȼɢɪɞɠɢɧɢɹ ɬɚɤɠɟ ɞɨɫɬɚɬɨɱɧɨ ɞɟɬɚɥɶɧɨ ɭɪɟɝɭɥɢɪɨɜɚɧɵ ɧɟɤɨɬɨɪɵɟ ɚɫɩɟɤɬɵ ɨɫɭɳɟɫɬɜɥɟɧɢɹ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɦɢ ɨɪɝɚɧɢɡɚɰɢɹɦɢ ɫɜɨɢɯ ɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɵɯ ɩɪɚɜ Ɍɚɤ ɫɨɝɥɚɫɧɨ † Ɍɢɬɭɥɚ  ɋɜɨɞɚ ɡɚɤɨɧɨɜ ɲɬɚɬɚ ȼɢɪɞɠɢɧɢɹ ɩɪɢ ɪɚɡɞɟɥɟɧɢɢ ɰɟɪɤɜɢ ɢɥɢ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɨɝɨ ɨɛɴɟɞɢɧɟɧɢɹ ɱɥɟɧɵ ɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɭɸɳɟɝɨ ɤɨɦɩɟɬɟɧɬɧɨɝɨ ɨɪɝɚɧɚ ɬɚɤɨɣ ɨɪɝɚɧɢɡɚɰɢɢ ɩɪɢɧɢɦɚɸɬ ɪɟɲɟɧɢɹ ɨɬɧɨɫɢɬɟɥɶɧɨ ɬɨɝɨ ɤɚɤɨɣ ɢɦɟɧɧɨ ɢɡ

 ɋɜɨɞ

ɡɚɤɨɧɨɜ ɲɬɚɬɚ ȼɢɪɞɠɢɧɢɹ >&RGH RI [email protected] KWWSODZOLVYLUJLQLDJRYYDFRGH!KWWSODZOLVYLUJLQLDJRYYDFRGHWLWOHFKDSWHU! &RGH RI 9LUJLQLD  KWWSODZOLVYLUJLQLDJRYYDFRGH! KWWSODZOLVYLUJLQLDJRYYDFRGHWLWOHFKDSWHU!

 

 ɨɬɞɟɥɟɧɧɵɯɞɪɭɝɨɬɞɪɭɝɚɨɪɝɚɧɢɡɚɰɢɣɛɭɞɟɬɩɪɢɧɚɞɥɟɠɚɬɶɬɨɢɥɢɢɧɨɟ ɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɨ  Ɏɢɧɥɹɧɞɢɹ ɋɨɝɥɚɫɧɨ † Ƚɥɚɜɵ  Ɂɚɤɨɧɚ Ɏɢɧɥɹɧɞɢɢ ɨɬ  ʋ ɜ ɪɟɞ ɨɬ   ©Ɉ ȿɜɚɧɝɟɥɢɱɟɫɤɨɥɸɬɟɪɚɧɫɤɨɣ ɰɟɪɤɜɢª ɰɟɪɤɨɜɶ ɨɫɭɳɟɫɬɜɥɹɟɬ ɭɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɟ ɫɜɨɢɦ ɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɨɦ ɢ ɮɢɧɚɧɫɚɦɢ ɜ ɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɢɢ ɫ ɡɚɤɨɧɨɞɚɬɟɥɶɫɬɜɨɦ ɢ ɫɨɛɫɬɜɟɧɧɵɦɢ ɞɨɤɭɦɟɧɬɚɦɢ ɉɪɢ ɷɬɨɦ ɮɢɧɫɤɢɟ ɟɜɚɧɝɟɥɢɱɟɫɤɨɥɸɬɟɪɚɧɫɤɢɟ ɰɟɪɤɨɜɧɵɟ ɨɛɳɢɧɵ ɬɚɤɠɟ ɜɩɪɚɜɟɨɫɭɳɟɫɬɜɥɹɬɶɭɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɟɫɜɨɢɦɢɞɟɥɚɦɢɢɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɨɦ ȼ ɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɢɢ ɫ †  ɢ  Ƚɥɚɜɵ  Ɂɚɤɨɧɚ Ɏɢɧɥɹɧɞɢɢ ɨɬ ʋ ɜɪɟɞɨɬ ©Ɉȿɜɚɧɝɟɥɢɱɟɫɤɨɥɸɬɟɪɚɧɫɤɨɣ ɰɟɪɤɜɢª ɰɟɪɤɨɜɧɵɣ ɫɨɜɟɬ ɭɬɜɟɪɠɞɚɟɬ ɪɟɲɟɧɢɹ ɤɚɫɚɸɳɢɟɫɹ ɜ ɱɚɫɬɧɨɫɬɢ ɫɥɟɞɭɸɳɟɝɨ ɫɬɪɨɢɬɟɥɶɫɬɜɨ ɢɥɢ ɩɪɢɨɛɪɟɬɟɧɢɟ ɧɨɜɨɣ ɰɟɪɤɜɢ ɢɥɢ ɤɥɚɞɛɢɳɟɧɫɤɨɣ ɱɚɫɨɜɧɢ ɢɡɦɟɧɟɧɢɟ ɢɥɢ ɫɧɨɫ ɰɟɪɤɨɜɧɨɝɨ ɡɞɚɧɢɹ ɩɪɨɞɚɠɚɢɥɢɨɛɦɟɧɧɟɞɜɢɠɢɦɨɝɨɰɟɪɤɨɜɧɨɝɨɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɚ † ȽɥɚɜɵɁɚɤɨɧɚ Ɏɢɧɥɹɧɞɢɢɨɬʋ ɜɪɟɞɨɬ   ©Ɉ ȿɜɚɧɝɟɥɢɱɟɫɤɨɥɸɬɟɪɚɧɫɤɨɣ ɰɟɪɤɜɢª ɭɫɬɚɧɚɜɥɢɜɚɟɬ ɨɫɧɨɜɵ ɨɛɟɫɩɟɱɟɧɢɹ ɡɚɳɢɬɵ ɰɟɪɤɨɜɧɵɯ ɡɞɚɧɢɣ ɹɜɥɹɸɳɢɯɫɹ ɱɚɫɬɶɸ ɤɭɥɶɬɭɪɧɨɝɨ ɧɚɫɥɟɞɢɹ Ɍɚɤ ɧɚɩɪɢɦɟɪ ɩɪɟɞɭɫɦɚɬɪɢɜɚɟɬɫɹ ɧɟɨɛɯɨɞɢɦɨɫɬɶɨɛɟɫɩɟɱɟɧɢɹɡɚɳɢɬɵɰɟɪɤɨɜɧɵɯɡɞɚɧɢɣɩɨɫɬɪɨɟɧɧɵɯɞɨ  ɝɨɞɚ ɉɪɢ ɷɬɨɦ ɬɚɤɨɣ ɪɟɠɢɦ ɪɚɫɩɪɨɫɬɪɚɧɹɟɬɫɹ ɧɟ ɬɨɥɶɤɨ ɧɚ ɫɚɦɢ ɡɞɚɧɢɹ ɧɨ ɢ ɟɝɨ ɢɧɬɟɪɶɟɪ ɤɚɪɬɢɧɵ ɩɪɨɢɡɜɟɞɟɧɢɹ ɢɫɤɭɫɫɬɜɚ ɜ ɧɟɦ ɧɚɯɨɞɹɳɢɟɫɹɚɬɚɤɠɟɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɭɸɳɢɟɡɟɦɟɥɶɧɵɟɭɱɚɫɬɤɢ   

 Ɂɚɤɨɧ Ɏɢɧɥɹɧɞɢɢ ɨɬ  ʋ ɜ ɪɟɞ ɨɬ   ©Ɉ ȿɜɚɧɝɟɥɢɱɟɫɤɨ

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Ɏɪɚɧɰɢɢ ɨɬ  ɜ ɪɟɞ ɨɬ   ©Ɉ ɪɚɡɞɟɥɟɧɢɢ ɰɟɪɤɜɟɣ ɢ ɝɨɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜɚª>/RLGXGpFHPEUHFRQFHUQDQWODVpSDUDWLRQGHV(JOLVHVHWGHO¶([email protected] KWWSVZZZOHJLIUDQFHJRXYIU! ɉɟɪɟɜɨɞ ɧɚ ɪɭɫɫɤɢɣ ɩɪɢɜɨɞɢɬɫɹ ɩɨ ɉɨɧɤɢɧ ɂ.ȼ. ɋɨɜɪɟɦɟɧɧɨɟ ɫɜɟɬɫɤɨɟ ɝɨɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜɨ ɤɨɧɫɬɪɭɤɬɢɜɧɚɹ ɫɜɟɬɫɤɨɫɬɶ Ʉɨɧɫɬɢɬɭɰɢɨɧɧɨɩɪɚɜɨɜɨɟ ɢɫɫɥɟɞɨɜɚɧɢɟ ± Ɇ ɂɧɫɬɢɬɭɬ ɝɨɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜɟɧɧɨ ɤɨɧɮɟɫɫɢɨɧɚɥɶɧɵɯ ɨɬɧɨɲɟɧɢɣ ɢ ɩɪɚɜɚ  ±  ɫ ± ɋ± ɉɨɧɤɢɧ ɂ.ȼ. ɋɬɨɥɟɬɢɟɮɪɚɧɰɭɡɫɤɨɝɨɡɚɤɨɧɚɨɪɚɡɞɟɥɟɧɢɢɰɟɪɤɜɟɣɢɝɨɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜɚ±Ɇ ɂɡɞɜɨɍɱɟɛɧɨɧɚɭɱɧɨɝɨɰɟɧɬɪɚɞɨɜɭɡɨɜɫɤɨɝɨɨɛɪɚɡɨɜɚɧɢɹ±ɫ±ɋ±

 

 ɢɫɩɨɥɧɟɧɢɟ ɞɚɧɧɨɝɨ ɩɨɥɨɠɟɧɢɹ ɂɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɨ ɢɫɬɪɟɛɨɜɚɧɧɨɟ ɝɨɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜɨɦ ɞɟɩɚɪɬɚɦɟɧɬɚɦɢ ɢɥɢ ɤɨɦɦɭɧɚɦɢ ɧɟ ɦɨɠɟɬ ɛɵɬɶ ɨɬɱɭɠɞɟɧɨ ɩɪɟɨɛɪɚɡɨɜɚɧɨ ɢɥɢ ɢɡɦɟɧɟɧɨ ɛɟɡ ɫɩɟɰɢɚɥɶɧɨɝɨ ɩɨɫɬɚɧɨɜɥɟɧɢɹɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɭɸɳɟɣɫɭɞɟɛɧɨɣɢɧɫɬɚɧɰɢɢª  ɏɨɪɜɚɬɢɹ ɋɨɝɥɚɫɧɨ ɱɚɫɬɢ  ɫɬɚɬɶɢ  Ɂɚɤɨɧɚ ɏɨɪɜɚɬɢɢ ©Ɉ ɩɪɚɜɨɜɨɦ ɫɬɚɬɭɫɟ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɯ ɨɛɳɢɧª ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɟ ɨɛɴɟɞɢɧɟɧɢɹ ɜɩɪɚɜɟ ɫɜɨɛɨɞɧɨ ɩɪɨɜɨɞɢɬɶ ɫɜɨɢ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɟ ɨɛɪɹɞɵ ɜ ɢɯ ɫɨɛɫɬɜɟɧɧɵɯ ɢɥɢ ɚɪɟɧɞɨɜɚɧɧɵɯɡɞɚɧɢɹɯɢɥɢɩɨɦɟɳɟɧɢɹɯɜɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɢɢɫɩɨɥɨɠɟɧɢɹɦɢ ɤɚɫɚɸɳɢɦɢɫɹ ɨɪɝɚɧɢɡɚɰɢɢ ɦɟɪɨɩɪɢɹɬɢɣ ɩɪɟɞɩɨɥɚɝɚɸɳɢɯ ɩɪɢɜɥɟɱɟɧɢɟ ɛɨɥɶɲɨɝɨɤɨɥɢɱɟɫɬɜɚɩɨɫɟɬɢɬɟɥɟɣ ɋɬɚɬɶɟɣ  Ɂɚɤɨɧɚ ɏɨɪɜɚɬɢɢ ©Ɉ ɩɪɚɜɨɜɨɦ ɫɬɚɬɭɫɟ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɯ ɨɛɳɢɧª ɝɚɪɚɧɬɢɪɭɟɬɫɹ ɧɟɩɪɢɤɨɫɧɨɜɟɧɧɨɫɬɶ ɡɞɚɧɢɣ ɢ ɩɨɦɟɳɟɧɢɣ ɩɪɟɞɧɚɡɧɚɱɟɧɧɵɯ ɞɥɹ ɨɬɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɹ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɯ ɨɛɪɹɞɨɜ ɡɚ ɢɫɤɥɸɱɟɧɢɟɦ ɨɩɪɟɞɟɥɟɧɧɵɯ ɫɢɬɭɚɰɢɣ ɩɪɟɞɭɫɦɨɬɪɟɧɧɵɯ ɡɚɤɨɧɨɞɚɬɟɥɶɫɬɜɨɦ  ɑɟɯɢɹ ȼ ɡɚɤɨɧɨɞɚɬɟɥɶɫɬɜɟ ɑɟɯɢɢ ɜ ɪɚɫɫɦɚɬɪɢɜɚɟɦɨɣ ɫɮɟɪɟ ɨɬɦɟɬɢɦ ɥɢɲɶ ɩɨɥɨɠɟɧɢɹ ɤɨɬɨɪɵɟ ɤɚɫɚɸɬɫɹ ɨɩɪɟɞɟɥɟɧɢɹ ɬɨɝɨ ɱɬɨ ɢɦɟɧɧɨ ɦɨɠɟɬɜɯɨɞɢɬɶɜɞɨɯɨɞɵɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɯɨɪɝɚɧɢɡɚɰɢɣ Ɍɚɤ ɫɨɝɥɚɫɧɨ ɱɚɫɬɢ  ɫɬɚɬɶɢ  Ɂɚɤɨɧɚ ɑɟɯɢɢ ɨɬ  ɝɨɞɚ ʋ ©Ɉ ɫɜɨɛɨɞɟ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɢ ɢ ɫɬɚɬɭɫɟ ɰɟɪɤɜɟɣ ɢ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɯ ɨɛɴɟɞɢɧɟɧɢɣɢɨɜɧɟɫɟɧɢɢɢɡɦɟɧɟɧɢɣɜɧɟɤɨɬɨɪɵɟɡɚɤɨɧɵª ©Ⱦɨɯɨɞɵɰɟɪɤɜɟɣɢɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɯɨɛɴɟɞɢɧɟɧɢɣɜɤɥɸɱɚɸɬɜɫɟɛɹ D ɜɡɧɨɫɵɮɢɡɢɱɟɫɤɢɯɢɸɪɢɞɢɱɟɫɤɢɯɥɢɰ E ɞɨɯɨɞɵ ɨɬ ɩɪɨɞɚɠɢ ɢ ɚɪɟɧɞɵ ɞɜɢɠɢɦɨɝɨ ɧɟɞɜɢɠɢɦɨɝɨ ɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɚ ɢ ɧɟɦɚɬɟɪɢɚɥɶɧɵɯ ɚɤɬɢɜɨɜ ɰɟɪɤɜɟɣ ɢ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɯ ɨɛɴɟɞɢɧɟɧɢɣ F ɩɪɨɰɟɧɬɵɩɨɜɤɥɚɞɚɦ

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 ȼ ɞɚɧɧɨɦ ɧɨɪɦɚɬɢɜɧɨɩɪɚɜɨɜɨɦ ɚɤɬɟ ɞɨɫɬɚɬɨɱɧɨ ɩɨɞɪɨɛɧɨ ɡɚɬɪɚɝɢɜɚɸɬɫɹɜɨɩɪɨɫɵɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɧɢɹɪɟɝɢɫɬɪɚɰɢɢɢɩɪɚɜɨɜɨɣɡɚɳɢɬɵ ɦɟɫɬɞɥɹɨɬɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɹɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɨɝɨɤɭɥɶɬɚ ɉɨɞ ɦɟɫɬɚɦɢ ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɭɸɳɢɦɢɫɹ ɞɥɹ ɰɟɥɟɣ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɨɝɨ ɩɨɤɥɨɧɟɧɢɹ ɩɨɧɢɦɚɸɬɫɹ ɜ ɱɚɫɬɧɨɫɬɢ ɫɥɟɞɭɸɳɢɟ ɦɟɫɬɚ ɩɪɢɧɚɞɥɟɠɚɳɢɟ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɦ ɨɪɝɚɧɢɡɚɰɢɹɦ ɢ ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɭɸɳɢɟɫɹ ɞɥɹ ɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɭɸɳɢɯ ɰɟɥɟɣ ɬɚɤɢɯ ɨɪɝɚɧɢɡɚɰɢɣ ɫɨɝɥɚɫɧɨ ɫɬɚɬɶɟ  Ɂɚɤɨɧɚ əɩɨɧɢɢ ɨɬ ɚɩɪɟɥɹ  ɝɨɞɚ ʋ ©Ɉ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɯ ɸɪɢɞɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɥɢɰɚɯª  ±ɫɜɹɬɢɥɢɳɚ ɱɚɫɨɜɧɢ ɦɨɧɚɫɬɵɪɫɤɢɟ ɡɞɚɧɢɹ ɪɟɡɢɞɟɧɰɢɢ ɫɜɹɳɟɧɧɨɫɥɭɠɢɬɟɥɟɣ ɦɟɫɬɚ ɩɪɨɠɢɜɚɧɢɹ ɦɨɧɚɯɨɜ ɚ ɬɚɤɠɟ ɢɧɵɟ ɩɨɞɨɛɧɵɟɫɨɨɪɭɠɟɧɢɹɜɤɥɸɱɚɹɩɪɢɫɬɪɨɣɤɢɢɫɥɭɠɟɛɧɵɟɡɞɚɧɢɹ ±ɡɟɦɟɥɶɧɵɟ ɭɱɚɫɬɤɢ ɧɚ ɤɨɬɨɪɵɯ ɪɚɫɩɨɥɚɝɚɸɬɫɹ ɜɵɲɟɭɤɚɡɚɧɧɵɟ ɡɞɚɧɢɹɢɫɨɨɪɭɠɟɧɢɹ ɜɤɥɸɱɚɹɞɟɪɟɜɶɹɢɛɚɦɛɭɤ  ±ɡɟɦɟɥɶɧɵɟɭɱɚɫɬɤɢɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɭɟɦɵɟɞɥɹɩɪɨɜɟɞɟɧɢɹɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɯ ɰɟɪɟɦɨɧɢɣɢɨɛɪɹɞɨɜ ɜɬɨɦɱɢɫɥɟɩɪɟɞɧɚɡɧɚɱɟɧɧɵɟɞɥɹɜɵɪɚɳɢɜɚɧɢɹ ɨɩɪɟɞɟɥɟɧɧɵɯɩɪɨɞɭɤɬɨɜɩɢɬɚɧɢɹ  ±ɡɟɦɟɥɶɧɵɟ ɭɱɚɫɬɤɢ ɢɫɬɨɪɢɱɟɫɤɢ ɬɟɫɧɨ ɫɜɹɡɚɧɧɵɟ ɫ ɞɟɹɬɟɥɶɧɨɫɬɶɸɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɨɣɨɪɝɚɧɢɡɚɰɢɢ ±ɚɬɚɤɠɟɢɧɵɟɦɟɫɬɚɢɨɛɴɟɤɬɵ   

 

  

†ɇɚɭɱɧɵɟ ɪɟɡɭɥɶɬɚɬɵ ɢɫɫɥɟɞɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɜɵɛɨɪɤɢ ɧɨɪɦ ɡɚɪɭɛɟɠɧɵɯɧɨɪɦɚɬɢɜɧɵɯɩɪɚɜɨɜɵɯɚɤɬɨɜ  Ɇɵ ɧɚɦɟɪɟɧɧɨ ɩɪɢɜɨɞɢɦ ɜ ɧɚɫɬɨɹɳɟɦ ɢɫɫɥɟɞɨɜɚɧɢɢ ɫɬɨɥɶ ɨɛɲɢɪɧɵɟ ɫɭɦɦɚɪɧɨ ɜɵɛɨɪɤɢɢɡɜɥɟɱɟɧɢɣɢɡɢɫɫɥɟɞɭɟɦɵɯɞɨɤɭɦɟɧɬɨɜ ɩɨɫɤɨɥɶɤɭɛɟɡɷɬɨɝɨɧɟɜɨɡɦɨɠɧɨɨɬɨɛɪɚɡɢɬɶɢɫɫɥɟɞɭɟɦɨɟɷɦɩɢɪɢɱɟɫɤɨɟ ɩɨɥɟɞɚɧɧɵɯ Ʉɪɨɦɟ ɬɨɝɨ ɷɬɨ ɩɨɡɜɨɥɹɟɬ ɩɨɤɚɡɚɬɶ ɞɟɣɫɬɜɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɫɬɶ ɧɚɲɢɯ ɩɪɢɬɹɡɚɧɢɣ ɧɚ ɝɥɭɛɨɤɭɸ ɢɫɫɥɟɞɨɜɚɧɧɨɫɬɶ ɪɟɮɟɪɟɧɬɧɵɯ ɡɚɪɭɛɟɠɧɵɯ ɡɚɤɨɧɨɜɩɪɢɱɟɦɫɚɦɨɫɬɨɹɬɟɥɶɧɨɨɬɵɫɤɚɧɧɵɯɧɚɹɡɵɤɚɯɩɟɪɜɨɢɫɬɨɱɧɢɤɨɜ ɢɫɚɦɨɫɬɨɹɬɟɥɶɧɨɨɫɦɵɫɥɟɧɧɵɯ ɉɨ ɪɟɡɭɥɶɬɚɬɚɦ ɩɪɨɜɟɞɟɧɧɨɝɨ ɧɚɦɢ ɫɨɩɨɫɬɚɜɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɝɨ ɝɪɚɠɞɚɧɫɤɨɩɪɚɜɨɜɨɝɨ ɢɫɫɥɟɞɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɡɚɤɨɧɨɞɚɬɟɥɶɫɬɜɚ  ɡɚɪɭɛɟɠɧɵɯ ɝɨɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜ Ⱥɜɫɬɪɚɥɢɹ Ⱥɜɫɬɪɢɹ Ⱥɡɟɪɛɚɣɞɠɚɧ Ⱥɪɦɟɧɢɹ Ȼɨɥɝɚɪɢɹ Ȼɨɫɧɢɹ ɢ Ƚɟɪɰɟɝɨɜɢɧɚ ȼɟɥɢɤɨɛɪɢɬɚɧɢɹ ȼɟɧɝɪɢɹ ȼɶɟɬɧɚɦ Ƚɪɟɰɢɹ Ⱦɚɧɢɹ ɂɡɪɚɢɥɶ ɂɫɩɚɧɢɹ Ʉɚɧɚɞɚ Ʌɚɬɜɢɹ Ʌɢɬɜɚ Ɇɚɤɟɞɨɧɢɹ Ɇɟɤɫɢɤɚ ɉɟɪɭ ɉɨɥɶɲɚ ɉɨɪɬɭɝɚɥɢɹ Ɋɭɦɵɧɢɹ ɋɟɪɛɢɹ ɋɥɨɜɟɧɢɹ ɋɥɨɜɚɤɢɹ ɋɒȺ Ɏɢɧɥɹɧɞɢɹ Ɏɪɚɧɰɢɹ ɏɨɪɜɚɬɢɹ ɑɟɯɢɹ ɑɢɥɢ ɒɜɟɣɰɚɪɢɹ ɗɫɬɨɧɢɹ əɩɨɧɢɹ  ɧɚ ɩɪɟɞɦɟɬ ɧɚɥɢɱɢɹ ɜ ɬɚɤɢɯ ɧɨɪɦɚɬɢɜɧɵɯ ɩɪɚɜɨɜɵɯ ɚɤɬɚɯ ɩɨɥɨɠɟɧɢɣ ɨ ɩɪɚɜɨɜɨɦ ɩɨɥɨɠɟɧɢɢ ɧɟɞɜɢɠɢɦɵɯ ɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɵɯ ɨɛɴɟɤɬɨɜ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɨɝɨ ɧɚɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɹ ɨɛ ɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɵɯ ɩɪɚɜɚɯ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɯ ɨɪɝɚɧɢɡɚɰɢɣ ɢ ɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɵɯ ɨɬɧɨɲɟɧɢɹɯ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɯ ɨɪɝɚɧɢɡɚɰɢɣ ɫ ɝɨɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜɨɦ ɢ ɢɧɵɦɢ ɥɢɰɚɦɢ ± ɜ ɨɬɧɨɲɟɧɢɢ ɧɟɞɜɢɠɢɦɵɯ ɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɵɯ ɨɛɴɟɤɬɨɜ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɨɝɨ ɧɚɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɹ ɚ ɪɚɜɧɨ ± ɧɚɫɤɨɥɶɤɨ ɬɚɤɢɟ ɩɨɥɨɠɟɧɢɹ ɹɜɥɹɸɬɫɹ ɞɟɬɚɥɢɡɢɪɨɜɚɧɧɵɦɢ ɢ ɤɚɤɨɣɨɛɥɚɞɚɸɬɫɩɟɰɢɮɢɤɨɣɛɵɥɢɫɞɟɥɚɧɵɫɥɟɞɭɸɳɢɟɜɵɜɨɞɵ  ɜ ɝɨɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜɚɯ ɨɩɵɬ ɤɨɬɨɪɵɯ ɛɵɥ ɢɫɫɥɟɞɨɜɚɧ ɧɚ ɭɪɨɜɧɟ ɡɚɤɨɧɚ ɩɪɢɞɚɺɬɫɹ ɜɵɫɨɤɨɟ ɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɟ ɝɚɪɚɧɬɢɹɦ ɩɪɢɡɧɚɧɢɹ ɢ ɨɯɪɚɧɵ ɫɬɚɬɭɫɚɧɟɞɜɢɠɢɦɵɯɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɵɯɨɛɴɟɤɬɨɜɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɨɝɨɧɚɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɹ ɢ ɝɚɪɚɧɬɢɹɦ ɨɛɟɫɩɟɱɟɧɢɹ ɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɵɯ ɨɬɧɨɲɟɧɢɣ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɯ ɨɪɝɚɧɢɡɚɰɢɣ ɞɨғɥɠɧɨɝɨ ɦɨɞɭɫɚ ɫɜɹɡɚɧɧɨɝɨ ɫ ɨɛɟɫɩɟɱɟɧɢɟɦ ɫɜɨɛɨɞɵ ɜɟɪɨɢɫɩɨɜɟɞɚɧɢɹ ɤɭɥɶɬɨɜɨɣ ɞɟɹɬɟɥɶɧɨɫɬɢ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɯ ɨɪɝɚɧɢɡɚɰɢɣ ɤɚɤ ɨɞɧɨɣ ɢɡ ɤɥɸɱɟɜɵɯ ɮɨɪɦ ɢɯ ɞɟɹɬɟɥɶɧɨɫɬɢ  ɩɪɢɞɚɺɬɫɹ ɜɵɫɨɤɨɟ ɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɟ ɝɚɪɚɧɬɢɹɦ ɧɚɞɥɟɠɚɳɟɝɨ ɭɱɟɬɚ ɩɨɬɪɟɛɧɨɫɬɟɣ ɢ ɢɧɬɟɪɟɫɨɜ

 

 ɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɭɸɳɢɯ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɯ ɨɪɝɚɧɢɡɚɰɢɣ ɩɪɢ ɩɪɢɦɟɧɟɧɢɢ ɧɟɤɨɬɨɪɵɯ ɦɟɪ ɤ ɨɛɴɟɤɬɚɦ ɧɟɞɜɢɠɢɦɨɫɬɢ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɨɝɨ ɧɚɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɹ ɩɪɢ ɩɪɢɧɹɬɢɢ ɪɟɲɟɧɢɣɨ ɧɚɰɢɨɧɚɥɢɡɚɰɢɢ ɬɚɤɨɝɨ ɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɚ ɚ ɬɚɤɠɟɩɪɢɩɪɢɦɟɧɟɧɢɢ ɡɚɤɨɧɨɞɚɬɟɥɶɫɬɜɚ ɨɛ ɨɯɪɚɧɟ ɤɭɥɶɬɭɪɧɵɯ ɢɥɢ ɢɫɬɨɪɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɩɚɦɹɬɧɢɤɨɜ ɤɥɚɞɛɢɳ  ɜ ɬɨɦ ɱɢɫɥɟ ɝɚɪɚɧɬɢɪɭɟɬɫɹ ɩɪɚɜɨ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɯ ɨɪɝɚɧɢɡɚɰɢɣ ɫɨɡɞɚɜɚɬɶ ɧɨɜɵɟ ɦɟɫɬɚ ɩɪɨɜɟɞɟɧɢɹ ɛɨɝɨɫɥɭɠɟɧɢɣ ɧɨɜɵɟ ɧɟɞɜɢɠɢɦɵɟ ɨɛɴɟɤɬɵɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɨɝɨɧɚɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɹ  ɜɡɚɤɨɧɨɞɚɬɟɥɶɫɬɜɟɝɨɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜɨɩɵɬɤɨɬɨɪɵɯɛɵɥɢɫɫɥɟɞɨɜɚɧ ɡɚɥɨɠɟɧ ɫɩɟɰɢɮɢɱɟɫɤɢɣ ɢɦɦɚɧɟɧɬɧɵɣ ɢɦɟɧɧɨ ɞɥɹ ɪɚɫɫɦɚɬɪɢɜɚɟɦɨɣ ɫɮɟɪɵ ɨɬɧɨɲɟɧɢɣ  ɤɨɧɮɥɢɤɬ ɦɟɠɞɭ ɧɨɪɦɚɦɢ ɭɫɬɚɧɚɜɥɢɜɚɸɳɢɦɢ ɨɫɨɛɵɣ ɪɟɫɬɪɢɤɬɢɜɧɵɣ  ɩɪɚɜɨɜɨɣ ɪɟɠɢɦ ɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɧɟɞɜɢɠɢɦɵɦɢ ɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɵɦɢ ɨɛɴɟɤɬɚɦɢ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɨɝɨ ɧɚɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɹ ɨɬɧɨɫɢɦɵɦɢ ɤ ɚɪɯɟɨɥɨɝɢɱɟɫɤɢɦ ɯɭɞɨɠɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɵɦ ɢ ɢɫɬɨɪɢɱɟɫɤɢɦ ɩɚɦɹɬɧɢɤɚɦ ɢ ɧɨɪɦɚɦɢ ɨɬɪɚɠɚɸɳɢɦɢ ɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɟ ɡɚɤɨɧɧɵɯ ɢɧɬɟɪɟɫɨɜ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɯ ɨɪɝɚɧɢɡɚɰɢɣ ɩɨ ɜɵɪɚɠɟɧɢɸ ɢ ɪɟɚɥɢɡɚɰɢɢ ɮɢɞɭɰɢɚɪɧɵɯ ɩɨ ɫɜɨɟɣ ɩɪɢɪɨɞɟ  ɨɛɹɡɚɬɟɥɶɫɬɜ ɩɟɪɟɞ ɜɟɪɭɸɳɢɦɢ Ɋɟɲɟɧɢɟ ɷɬɨɝɨ ɤɨɧɮɥɢɤɬɚ ɜɫɟɝɞɚɤɚɡɭɚɥɶɧɨ ɢɫɯɨɞɹɢɡɫɢɬɭɚɰɢɢɮɚɤɬɢɱɟɫɤɢɯɨɛɫɬɨɹɬɟɥɶɫɬɜɞɟɥɚ  ɢ ɨɫɭɳɟɫɬɜɥɹɟɬɫɹ ɩɨɫɪɟɞɫɬɜɨɦ ɧɚɯɨɠɞɟɧɢɹ ɨɩɬɢɦɚɥɶɧɨɝɨ ɫɨɱɟɬɚɧɢɹ ɫ ɨɞɧɨɣ ɫɬɨɪɨɧɵ ɩɪɢɞɚɧɢɹ ɜɵɫɨɤɨɝɨ ɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɹ ɝɚɪɚɧɬɢɹɦ ɧɚɞɥɟɠɚɳɟɝɨ ɦɚɤɫɢɦɚɥɶɧɨ ɜɨɡɦɨɠɧɨ ɩɨɥɧɨɝɨ  ɭɱɟɬɚ ɩɨɬɪɟɛɧɨɫɬɟɣ ɢ ɢɧɬɟɪɟɫɨɜ ɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɭɸɳɢɯ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɯ ɨɪɝɚɧɢɡɚɰɢɣ ɩɪɢ ɩɪɢɦɟɧɟɧɢɢ ɜɵɲɟɭɤɚɡɚɧɧɵɯ ɦɟɪ ɤ ɨɛɴɟɤɬɚɦ ɧɟɞɜɢɠɢɦɨɫɬɢ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɨɝɨ ɧɚɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɹ ɚ ɫ ɞɪɭɝɨɣ ± ɧɚɥɨɠɟɧɢɹ ɨɯɪɚɧɧɵɯ ɨɛɹɡɚɬɟɥɶɫɬɜ ɢ ɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɭɸɳɢɯ ɨɝɪɚɧɢɱɟɧɢɣ ɧɚ ɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɬɟɥɟɣ ɬɚɤɨɝɨ ɪɨɞɚ ɧɟɞɜɢɠɢɦɵɯɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɵɯɨɛɴɟɤɬɨɜ  ɭɫɥɨɜɢɹɦɢ ɧɚɥɢɱɢɹ ɜɟɳɧɵɯ ɩɪɚɜ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɨɣ ɨɪɝɚɧɢɡɚɰɢɢ ɹɜɥɹɟɬɫɹ ɟɺ ɨɮɢɰɢɚɥɶɧɚɹ ɪɟɝɢɫɬɪɚɰɢɹ ɜ ɭɫɬɚɧɨɜɥɟɧɧɨɦ ɩɨɪɹɞɤɟ  ɝɨɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜɨɦ ɢ ɫɜɹɡɚɧɧɨɫɬɶ ɧɟɩɨɫɪɟɞɫɬɜɟɧɧɚɹ ɢɥɢ ɨɩɨɫɪɟɞɨɜɚɧɧɚɹ  ɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɚ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɨɝɨ ɧɚɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɹ ɪɚɦɤɚɦɢ ɭɫɬɚɜɧɨɣ ɞɟɹɬɟɥɶɧɨɫɬɢ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɨɣɨɪɝɚɧɢɡɚɰɢɢ ɧɟɬɨɥɶɤɨɤɭɥɶɬɨɜɨɣɧɨɢɢɧɨɣɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɨɣɢ ɫɨɩɪɹɠɟɧɧɨɣ ɫ ɧɟɸ  ɩɪɢ ɷɬɨɦ ɜ ɪɹɞɟ ɝɨɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜ ɝɨɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜɟɧɧɚɹ ɪɟɝɢɫɬɪɚɰɢɹɞɚɟɬɥɢɲɶɧɟɤɢɣɦɢɧɢɦɚɥɶɧɵɣɭɪɨɜɟɧɶɩɪɚɜɨɫɭɛɴɟɤɬɧɨɫɬɢ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɨɣ ɨɪɝɚɧɢɡɚɰɢɢ ɫɭɳɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɟ ɪɚɫɲɢɪɟɧɢɟ ɩɪɚɜɨɫɭɛɴɟɤɬɧɨɫɬɢ ɞɥɹ ɷɬɨɣ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɨɣ ɨɪɝɚɧɢɡɚɰɢɢ ɤɚɤ ɩɪɚɜɢɥɨ ± ɢɫɬɨɪɢɱɟɫɤɢ ɩɪɟɞɫɬɚɜɥɟɧɧɨɣ ɜ ɞɚɧɧɨɦ ɝɨɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜɟ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɢ ɤɨɧɮɟɫɫɢɢ  ɜ ɬɨɦ ɱɢɫɥɟ ɢ ɩɪɟɠɞɟ ɜɫɟɝɨ ± ɤɚɤ ɪɚɡ ɜ ɫɮɟɪɟ

 

 ɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɵɯ ɨɬɧɨɲɟɧɢɣ ɪɟɚɥɢɡɭɟɬɫɹ ɧɚ ɨɫɧɨɜɟ ɡɚɤɥɸɱɟɧɢɹ ɫɩɟɰɢɚɥɶɧɨɝɨ ɫɨɝɥɚɲɟɧɢɹ ɦɟɠɞɭ ɝɨɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜɨɦ ɢ ɷɬɨɣ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɨɣ ɨɪɝɚɧɢɡɚɰɢɟɣ     

 

  Ɂɚɤɥɸɱɟɧɢɟ  Ʉɚɤ ɩɢɫɚɥ ɜ  ɝɨɞɭ ɇȾɄɭɡɧɟɰɨɜ ©ɧɚ ɧɚɫ ɩɪɢɡɜɚɧɧɵɯ ɤ ɩɨɞɝɨɬɨɜɥɟɧɢɸ ɩɪɨɟɤɬɚ ɰɟɪɤɨɜɧɵɯ ɩɪɟɨɛɪɚɡɨɜɚɧɢɣ ɢ ɪɚɡɪɚɛɨɬɤɟ ɦɚɬɟɪɢɚɥɚɞɥɹɛɭɞɭɳɢɯɡɚɤɨɧɨɜɥɟɠɢɬɧɟɥɺɝɤɚɹɨɛɹɡɚɧɧɨɫɬɶɜɨɡɦɨɠɧɨ ɥɭɱɲɟɭɹɫɧɢɬɶɫɟɛɟɚɡɚɬɟɦɢɩɟɪɟɞɫɨɡɧɚɧɢɟɦɨɛɳɟɫɬɜɚɬɨɬɢɥɢɢɧɨɣ ɜɨɩɪɨɫ ɫɨɝɥɚɫɧɨ ɬɪɟɛɨɜɚɧɢɹɦ ɧɚɭɤɢ ɜ ɟɝɨ ɢɫɬɨɪɢɱɟɫɤɨɣ ɩɟɪɫɩɟɤɬɢɜɟ ɢ ɧɟ ɡɚɝɪɨɦɨɠɞɚɹ ɫɨɡɧɚɧɢɟ ɨɞɧɢɦɢ ɝɨɬɨɜɵɦɢ ɮɨɪɦɭɥɚɦɢ ɢ ɜɵɜɨɞɚɦɢ ɩɨɧɹɬɶ ɨɬɧɨɲɟɧɢɟ ɜɨɩɪɨɫɚ ɤ ɞɟɣɫɬɜɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɣ ɠɢɡɧɢª ɗɬɨɬ ɩɨɞɯɨɞ ɚɤɬɭɚɥɟɧɢɫɟɝɨɞɧɹɜɨɜɫɹɤɨɦɫɥɭɱɚɟ±ɞɥɹɧɚɫɬɨɹɳɟɝɨɢɫɫɥɟɞɨɜɚɧɢɹ Ɂɚɞɚɱɚ ɨɛɟɫɩɟɱɟɧɢɹ ɩɪɢɤɥɚɞɧɨɣ ɡɧɚɱɢɦɨɫɬɢ ɧɚɲɟɝɨ ɢɫɫɥɟɞɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɧɟɫɨɦɧɟɧɧɨ ɫɬɨɹɥɚ ɩɟɪɟɞ ɧɚɦɢ ɢ ɨɩɪɟɞɟɥɟɧɧɵɟ ɩɪɟɞɥɨɠɟɧɢɹ ɧɚɦɢ ɛɵɥɢ ɫɮɨɪɦɭɥɢɪɨɜɚɧɵ ɇɨ ɝɥɚɜɧɵɦ ɞɨɫɬɢɠɟɧɢɟɦ ɧɚɫɬɨɹɳɟɝɨ ɢɫɫɥɟɞɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɦɵ ɩɨɥɚɝɚɟɦ ɢ ɧɚɫɬɪɨɟɧɵ ɷɬɨɬ ɬɟɡɢɫ ɷɮɮɟɤɬɢɜɧɨ ɡɚɳɢɳɚɬɶ ɜ ɪɚɦɤɚɯ ɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɭɸɳɟɣ ɩɪɨɰɟɞɭɪɵ  ɬɨ ɱɬɨ ɧɚɦ ɭɞɚɥɨɫɶ ɨɛɨɛɳɢɬɶ ɫɢɫɬɟɦɚɬɢɡɢɪɨɜɚɬɶ ɧɚɭɱɧɵɟ ɡɧɚɧɢɹ ɩɪɟɞɫɬɚɜɥɟɧɢɹ ɜ ɪɚɦɤɚɯ ɡɚɹɜɥɟɧɧɨɣ ɩɪɟɞɦɟɬɧɨɨɛɴɟɤɬɧɨɣ ɨɛɥɚɫɬɢ ɧɚ ɨɫɧɨɜɟ ɩɪɢɜɥɟɱɟɧɧɨɣ ɢ ɡɚɞɟɣɫɬɜɨɜɚɧɧɨɣ ɨɛɲɢɪɧɨɣ ɷɦɩɢɪɢɱɟɫɤɨɣ ɢ ɢɧɨɣ ɢɫɬɨɱɧɢɤɨɜɨɣ ɢ ɢɫɬɨɱɧɢɤɨɜɟɞɱɟɫɤɨɣ ɛɚɡɵ ɩɨɤɚɡɚɬɶ ɤɚɪɬɢɧɭ ɡɚɪɭɛɟɠɧɨɝɨ ɜɟɫɶɦɚ ɦɧɨɝɨɨɛɪɚɡɧɨɝɨ  ɨɩɵɬɚ ɧɨɪɦɚɬɢɜɧɨɩɪɚɜɨɜɨɝɨ ɢ ɞɨɝɨɜɨɪɧɨɝɨ ɪɟɝɭɥɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɵɯ ɨɬɧɨɲɟɧɢɣ ɜ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɨɣ ɫɮɟɪɟ ɋɨɝɥɚɫɧɨ ɩɨɞɩɭɧɤɬɭ ;,, ɩɭɧɤɬɚ  Ɂɚɤɥɸɱɟɧɢɹ ɉɚɪɥɚɦɟɧɬɫɤɨɣ ɚɫɫɚɦɛɥɟɢɋɨɜɟɬɚȿɜɪɨɩɵʋ  ɨɬɹɧɜɚɪɹɝɩɨɡɚɹɜɤɟ Ɋɨɫɫɢɣɫɤɨɣ Ɏɟɞɟɪɚɰɢɢ ɧɚ ɜɫɬɭɩɥɟɧɢɟ ɜ ɋɨɜɟɬ ȿɜɪɨɩɵ Ɋɨɫɫɢɣɫɤɨɣ Ɏɟɞɟɪɚɰɢɢ ɛɵɥɨ ɜɵɞɜɢɧɭɬɨ ɬɪɟɛɨɜɚɧɢɟ ©ɜ ɤɪɚɬɱɚɣɲɢɟ ɫɪɨɤɢ ɜɨɡɜɪɚɬɢɬɶ ɫɨɛɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɫɬɶ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɦ ɨɪɝɚɧɢɡɚɰɢɹɦª ɗɬɨɬ ɩɪɨɰɟɫɫ ɩɨɥɭɱɢɥ ɬɨɝɞɚ ɧɨɜɵɣ ɢɦɩɭɥɶɫ ɧɨ ɨɫɧɨɜɧɚɹ ɦɚɫɫɚ ɫɨɛɵɬɢɣ ɩɨ ɬɚɤɨɣ ɩɟɪɟɞɚɱɟ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɦ ɨɪɝɚɧɢɡɚɰɢɹɦ ɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɚ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɨɝɨ ɧɚɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɹ ɧɚɯɨɞɹɳɟɝɨɫɹ ɜ ɝɨɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɣ ɢɥɢ ɦɭɧɢɰɢɩɚɥɶɧɨɣ ɫɨɛɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɫɬɢɩɪɢɯɨɞɢɬɫɹɧɚɩɟɪɢɨɞɩɨɫɥɟɝɨɞɚɤɨɝɞɚɛɵɥɩɪɢɧɹɬ Ɏɟɞɟɪɚɥɶɧɵɣ ɡɚɤɨɧ ɨɬ  ʋɎɁ ɪɟɞ ɨɬ  

 Ʉɭɡɧɟɰɨɜ ɇ.Ⱦ. Ʉ ɜɨɩɪɨɫɭ ɨ ɰɟɪɤɨɜɧɨɦ ɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɟ ɢ ɨɬɧɨɲɟɧɢɢ ɝɨɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜɚ ɤ ɰɟɪɤɨɜɧɵɦ ɧɟɞɜɢɠɢɦɵɦ ɢɦɟɧɢɹɦ ɜ Ɋɨɫɫɢɢ Ⱦɨɤɥɚɞ ,9ɦɭ ɨɬɞɟɥɭ ɉɪɟɞɫɨɛɨɪɧɨɝɨ ɉɪɢɫɭɬɫɬɜɢɹȻɨɝɨɫɥɨɜɫɤɢɣɜɟɫɬɧɢɤ±>Ȼɦ@>ɛɢ@±ɫ±ɋ 

 

 ©Ɉɩɟɪɟɞɚɱɟ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɦ ɨɪɝɚɧɢɡɚɰɢɹɦ ɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɚ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɨɝɨ ɧɚɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɹ ɧɚɯɨɞɹɳɟɝɨɫɹ ɜ ɝɨɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɣ ɢɥɢ ɦɭɧɢɰɢɩɚɥɶɧɨɣ ɫɨɛɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɫɬɢª Ɋɨɫɫɢɣɫɤɢɣ ɨɩɵɬ ɩɪɚɜɨɜɨɝɨ ɪɟɝɭɥɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɜ ɪɚɫɫɦɚɬɪɢɜɚɟɦɨɣ ɫɮɟɪɟ ɨɬɧɨɫɢɬɟɥɶɧɨ ɦɨɥɨɞ ɢ ɯɚɪɚɤɬɟɪɢɡɭɟɬɫɹ ɪɹɞɨɦ ɧɟɞɨɫɬɚɬɤɨɜ ɧɟ ɜ ɩɨɫɥɟɞɧɸɸ ɨɱɟɪɟɞɶ ± ɧɟɞɨɫɬɚɬɤɚɦɢ ɜ ɱɚɫɬɢ ɧɨɪɦɚɬɢɜɧɨɝɨ ɩɪɚɜɨɜɨɝɨ ɨɛɟɫɩɟɱɟɧɢɹ ɜɨɡɦɨɠɧɨɫɬɟɣ ɨɫɭɳɟɫɬɜɥɟɧɢɹ ɤɨɦɩɥɟɦɟɧɬɚɪɧɨɝɨ ɞɨɫɬɪɚɢɜɚɸɳɟɝɨɩɨɨɬɧɨɲɟɧɢɸɤɧɨɪɦɚɬɢɜɧɨɩɪɚɜɨɜɨɦɭɪɟɝɭɥɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɸ  ɞɨɝɨɜɨɪɧɨɝɨ ɪɟɝɭɥɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɵɯ ɨɬɧɨɲɟɧɢɣ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɯ ɨɪɝɚɧɢɡɚɰɢɣ Ⱥɧɚɥɢɡ ɩɪɚɤɬɢɤɢ ɪɟɚɥɢɡɚɰɢɢ Ɏɟɞɟɪɚɥɶɧɨɝɨ ɡɚɤɨɧɚ ɨɬ  ʋɎɁ ɪɟɞɨɬ ©Ɉɩɟɪɟɞɚɱɟɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɦɨɪɝɚɧɢɡɚɰɢɹɦ ɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɚ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɨɝɨ ɧɚɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɹ ɧɚɯɨɞɹɳɟɝɨɫɹ ɜ ɝɨɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɣ ɢɥɢ ɦɭɧɢɰɢɩɚɥɶɧɨɣ ɫɨɛɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɫɬɢª ɢ ɪɹɞɚ ɩɨɞɡɚɤɨɧɧɵɯ ɚɤɬɨɜ ɜɤɥɸɱɚɹ ɉɨɫɬɚɧɨɜɥɟɧɢɟ ɉɪɚɜɢɬɟɥɶɫɬɜɚ Ɋɨɫɫɢɣɫɤɨɣ Ɏɟɞɟɪɚɰɢɢ ɨɬ  ʋ ɪɟɞ ɨɬ   ©Ɉ ɩɟɪɟɱɧɟ ɞɨɤɭɦɟɧɬɨɜ ɨɛɨɫɧɨɜɵɜɚɸɳɢɯ ɩɪɚɜɨ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɨɣ ɨɪɝɚɧɢɡɚɰɢɢ ɧɚ ɩɨɥɭɱɟɧɢɟ ɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɚ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɨɝɨ ɧɚɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɹ ɧɚɯɨɞɹɳɟɝɨɫɹ ɜ ɝɨɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɣ ɢɥɢ ɦɭɧɢɰɢɩɚɥɶɧɨɣ ɫɨɛɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɫɬɢ ɢ ɩɨɪɹɞɤɟ ɢɯ ɜɵɞɚɱɢª ɜɵɹɜɥɹɟɬ ɦɧɨɠɟɫɬɜɨ ɧɟɞɨɫɬɚɬɤɨɜ ɩɪɚɜɨɜɨɝɨ ɪɟɝɭɥɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɜ ɪɚɫɫɦɚɬɪɢɜɚɟɦɨɣ ɫɮɟɪɟ ɤɨɬɨɪɵɟ ɭɫɬɪɚɧɟɧɵ ɩɨɫɪɟɞɫɬɜɨɦ ɡɚɤɥɸɱɟɧɢɹ ɪɟɮɟɪɟɧɬɧɵɯ ɫɨɝɥɚɲɟɧɢɣɦɟɠɞɭɝɨɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜɨɦɢɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɦɢɨɪɝɚɧɢɡɚɰɢɹɦɢ ȼ ɩɨɪɹɞɤɟ de lege ferenda ɫ ɬɨɱɤɢ ɡɪɟɧɢɹ ɡɚɤɨɧɨɞɚɬɟɥɶɧɨɝɨ ɩɪɟɞɩɨɥɨɠɟɧɢɹ  ɧɚɦɢ ɛɵɥɢ ɫɞɟɥɚɧɵ ɩɪɟɞɥɨɠɟɧɢɹ ɨ ɜɧɟɫɟɧɢɢ ɢɡɦɟɧɟɧɢɣ ɢ ɞɨɩɨɥɧɟɧɢɣ ɜ ɡɚɤɨɧɨɞɚɬɟɥɶɫɬɜɨ Ɋɨɫɫɢɣɫɤɨɣ Ɏɟɞɟɪɚɰɢɢ ɜ ɱɚɫɬɢ ɭɬɨɱɧɟɧɢɹ ɧɨɪɦ ɢɦɟɸɳɢɯ ɫɭɳɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɟ ɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɟ ɞɥɹ ɡɚɤɥɸɱɟɧɢɹ ɞɨɝɨɜɨɪɨɜ ɫ ɤɪɭɩɧɟɣɲɢɦɢ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɦɢ ɨɪɝɚɧɢɡɚɰɢɹɦɢ ɫɬɪɚɧɵɜɰɟɥɹɯɪɟɲɟɧɢɹɩɪɨɛɥɟɦɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɝɨɩɨɪɹɞɤɚ

 Ɏɟɞɟɪɚɥɶɧɵɣ

ɡɚɤɨɧ ɨɬ  ʋɎɁ ©Ɉ ɩɟɪɟɞɚɱɟ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɦ ɨɪɝɚɧɢɡɚɰɢɹɦɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɚɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɨɝɨɧɚɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɹɧɚɯɨɞɹɳɟɝɨɫɹɜɝɨɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɣ ɢɥɢ ɦɭɧɢɰɢɩɚɥɶɧɨɣ ɫɨɛɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɫɬɢª  ɋɨɛɪɚɧɢɟ ɡɚɤɨɧɨɞɚɬɟɥɶɫɬɜɚ Ɋɨɫɫɢɣɫɤɨɣ Ɏɟɞɟɪɚɰɢɢ±±ʋ±ɋɬȼɪɟɞɨɬ±ɋɉɋ©Ƚɚɪɚɧɬª ɉɨɫɬɚɧɨɜɥɟɧɢɟ ɉɪɚɜɢɬɟɥɶɫɬɜɚ Ɋɨɫɫɢɣɫɤɨɣ Ɏɟɞɟɪɚɰɢɢ ɨɬ  ʋ ©Ɉɩɟɪɟɱɧɟ ɞɨɤɭɦɟɧɬɨɜ ɨɛɨɫɧɨɜɵɜɚɸɳɢɯ ɩɪɚɜɨ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɨɣ ɨɪɝɚɧɢɡɚɰɢɢ ɧɚ ɩɨɥɭɱɟɧɢɟɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɚɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɨɝɨɧɚɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɹɧɚɯɨɞɹɳɟɝɨɫɹɜɝɨɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɣɢɥɢ ɦɭɧɢɰɢɩɚɥɶɧɨɣ ɫɨɛɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɫɬɢ ɢ ɩɨɪɹɞɤɟ ɢɯ ɜɵɞɚɱɢª  ɋɨɛɪɚɧɢɟ ɡɚɤɨɧɨɞɚɬɟɥɶɫɬɜɚ ɊɨɫɫɢɣɫɤɨɣɎɟɞɟɪɚɰɢɢ±±ʋ±ɋɬȼɪɟɞɨɬ±ɋɉɋ ©Ƚɚɪɚɧɬª

 

 ɑɬɨ ɤɚɫɚɟɬɫɹ ɬɟɨɪɟɬɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɜɵɜɨɞɨɜ ɉɨ ɢɬɨɝɚɦ ɩɪɨɜɟɞɟɧɧɨɝɨ ɢɫɫɥɟɞɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɧɚɦɢ ɛɵɥ ɜɵɞɜɢɧɭɬ ɚɜɬɨɪɫɤɢɣ ɜɵɜɨɞ ɨ ɬɨɦ ɱɬɨ ɩɪɢɪɨɞɚɨɫɨɛɨɣɫɩɟɰɢɮɢɤɢɧɟɞɜɢɠɢɦɵɯɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɵɯɨɛɴɟɤɬɨɜ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɨɝɨ ɧɚɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɹ ɡɞɚɧɢɣ ɫɨɨɪɭɠɟɧɢɣ ɡɟɦɟɥɶɧɵɯ ɭɱɚɫɬɤɨɜ  ɞɟɬɟɪɦɢɧɢɪɨɜɚɧɚ ɨɛɪɟɦɟɧɟɧɧɨɫɬɶɸ ɷɬɢɯ ɨɛɴɟɤɬɨɜ ɭɧɢɤɚɥɶɧɵɦ ɞɥɹ ɩɪɚɜɨɜɵɯɩɪɨɫɬɪɚɧɫɬɜɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɟɦɤɚɤɰɟɧɬɪɨɜɩɪɢɬɹɠɟɧɢɹɫɯɨɠɞɟɧɢɹɜ ɪɚɦɤɚɯ ɤɨɥɥɟɤɬɢɜɧɨɣ ɪɟɚɥɢɡɚɰɢɢ ɫɜɨɛɨɞɵ ɜɟɪɨɢɫɩɨɜɟɞɚɧɢɹ ɤɚɤ ɭɧɢɤɚɥɶɧɵɯ ɦɚɬɟɪɢɚɥɶɧɵɯ ɩɪɨɫɬɪɚɧɫɬɜ ɤɨɬɨɪɵɦ ɜɟɪɭɸɳɢɦɢ ɚɬɪɢɛɭɬɢɪɭɸɬɫɹɨɫɨɛɵɟ ɜɜɨɫɩɪɢɹɬɢɢɜɟɪɭɸɳɢɯ±ɞɭɯɨɜɧɵɟ ɫɜɨɣɫɬɜɚ ɱɬɨɞɟɥɚɟɬɷɬɢɩɪɨɫɬɪɚɧɫɬɜɚ ɜɧɭɬɪɢɢɢɥɢɜɧɟɩɨɫɪɟɞɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɣɛɥɢɡɨɫɬɢ ɨɬɨɛɴɟɤɬɚɧɚɩɨɜɟɪɯɧɨɫɬɢɡɟɦɟɥɶɧɨɝɨɭɱɚɫɬɤɚɢɥɢɧɚɞɧɢɦ ɨɛɴɟɤɬɚɦɢ ɨɫɨɛɨɣ ɱɭɜɫɬɜɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɫɬɢ ɞɥɹ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɯ ɱɭɜɫɬɜ ɜɟɪɭɸɳɢɯ ɢ ɜ ɫɢɥɭ ɷɬɨɝɨ ɨɛɴɟɤɬɚɦɢ ɨɫɨɛɵɯ ɢɦɟɸɳɢɯ ɮɢɞɭɰɢɚɪɧɭɸ ɩɪɢɪɨɞɭ  ɨɛɹɡɚɧɧɨɫɬɟɣɝɨɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜɚɩɨɩɨɜɵɲɟɧɧɨɣɩɪɚɜɨɜɨɣɡɚɳɢɬɟɢɩɪɚɜɨɜɨɣ ɨɯɪɚɧɟ Ɉɫɨɛɟɧɧɨɫɬɢ ɩɪɚɜɨɜɨɝɨ ɩɨɥɨɠɟɧɢɹ ɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɚ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɨɝɨ ɧɚɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɹ ɹɜɥɹɸɬɫɹ ɩɪɨɢɡɜɨɞɧɵɦ ɨɬ ɫɩɟɰɢɮɢɤɢ ɚɜɬɨɧɨɦɧɨɝɨ ɜɧɟɩɪɚɜɨɜɨɝɨɧɨɪɦɚɬɢɜɧɨɝɨɩɨɪɹɞɤɚɜɨɛɥɚɫɬɢɪɟɥɢɝɢɢ ɋɨɝɥɚɫɧɨ ɧɚɲɟɣ ɤɨɧɰɟɩɰɢɢ ɤ ɱɢɫɥɭ ɜɢɞɨɜ ɨɛɴɟɤɬɨɜ ɧɟɞɜɢɠɢɦɨɝɨ ɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɚ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɨɝɨ ɧɚɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɹ ɨɛɨɫɧɨɜɚɧɧɨ ɨɬɧɟɫɬɢɧɢɠɟɫɥɟɞɭɸɳɢɟ ±ɨɪɞɢɧɚɪɧɵɟ ɨɬɞɟɥɶɧɵɟ  ɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɵɟ ɨɛɴɟɤɬɵ ɡɞɚɧɢɹ ɢ ɫɨɨɪɭɠɟɧɢɹ  ɤɭɥɶɬɨɜɨɝɨ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɨɝɨ ɧɚɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɹ ɤɭɥɶɬɨɜɵɟ ɡɞɚɧɢɹ ± ɯɪɚɦɦɟɱɟɬɶɢɞɪɤɭɥɶɬɨɜɵɟɫɨɨɪɭɠɟɧɢɹ±ɱɚɫɨɜɧɹɭɫɬɚɧɨɜɥɟɧɧɵɣɧɚ ɡɟɦɟɥɶɧɨɦ ɭɱɚɫɬɤɟ ɩɨɤɥɨɧɧɵɣ ɤɪɟɫɬ ɢ ɞɪ  ɫɨ ɫɜɹɡɚɧɧɵɦɢ ɫ ɧɢɦɢ ɧɚɯɨɞɹɳɢɦɢɫɹɩɨɞɧɢɦɢ ɡɟɦɟɥɶɧɵɦɢɭɱɚɫɬɤɚɦɢ ɧɚɩɪɢɦɟɪɜɝɨɪɨɞɟ± ɨɬɞɟɥɶɧɨ ɫɬɨɹɳɢɟ ɯɪɚɦɨɜɵɟ ɡɞɚɧɢɹ ɨɤɪɭɠɟɧɧɵɟ ɠɢɥɵɦɢ ɤɨɦɦɟɪɱɟɫɤɢɦɢ ɢɥɢ ɩɪɨɢɡɜɨɞɫɬɜɟɧɧɵɦɢ ɩɨɫɬɪɨɣɤɚɦɢ  ɜ ɬɨɦ ɱɢɫɥɟ ɪɭɢɧɢɪɨɜɚɧɧɵɟɢɢɥɢɜɪɟɦɟɧɧɨɧɟɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɭɟɦɵɟɩɨɞɫɜɨɢɢɡɧɚɱɚɥɶɧɵɟ ɰɟɥɢ ±ɨɪɞɢɧɚɪɧɵɟ ɡɞɚɧɢɹ ɧɟ ɢɦɟɸɳɢɟ ɧɟɩɨɫɪɟɞɫɬɜɟɧɧɨ ɤɭɥɶɬɨɜɨɝɨ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɨɝɨ ɧɚɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɹɧɨ ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɭɟɦɵɟ ɜɨɛɟɫɩɟɱɟɧɢɟɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɨɣ ɢ ɫɨɩɪɹɠɟɧɧɨɣ ɞɟɹɬɟɥɶɧɨɫɬɢ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɯ ɨɪɝɚɧɢɡɚɰɢɣ ɩɨ ɫɦɵɫɥɭ ɫɬɚɬɟɣ         Ɏɟɞɟɪɚɥɶɧɨɝɨ ɡɚɤɨɧɚ ©Ɉ ɫɜɨɛɨɞɟ

 

 ɫɨɜɟɫɬɢ ɢ ɨ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɯ ɨɛɴɟɞɢɧɟɧɢɹɯª  ± ©ɨɛɴɟɤɬɵ ɩɪɨɢɡɜɨɞɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɝɨ ɫɨɰɢɚɥɶɧɨɝɨ ɛɥɚɝɨɬɜɨɪɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɝɨ ɤɭɥɶɬɭɪɧɨ ɩɪɨɫɜɟɬɢɬɟɥɶɫɤɨɝɨɢɢɧɨɝɨɧɚɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɹª ±ɤɨɦɩɥɟɤɫɧɵɟ ɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɵɟ ɨɛɴɟɤɬɵ ɟɞɢɧɵɟ ɫɥɨɠɧɵɟ ɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɵɟ ɤɨɦɩɥɟɤɫɵ  ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɨɝɨ ɧɚɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɹ ɜɤɥɸɱɚɸɳɢɟ ɧɟ ɬɨɥɶɤɨɡɞɚɧɢɹɤɭɥɶɬɨɜɨɝɨɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɨɝɨɧɚɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɹ ɤɭɥɶɬɨɜɵɟɡɞɚɧɢɹ± ɯɪɚɦɵɦɟɱɟɬɢɢɬɞ ɫɨɫɜɹɡɚɧɧɵɦɢɫɧɢɦɢɡɟɦɟɥɶɧɵɦɢɭɱɚɫɬɤɚɦɢɧɨɢ ɡɞɚɧɢɹ ɨɛɟɫɩɟɱɢɜɚɸɳɢɯ ɞɟɹɬɟɥɶɧɨɫɬɶ ɛɨɥɟɟ ɲɢɪɨɤɭɸ ɧɟɠɟɥɢ ɬɨɥɶɤɨ ɤɭɥɶɬɨɜɚɹ  ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɯ ɨɪɝɚɧɢɡɚɰɢɣ ɯɨɡɹɣɫɬɜɟɧɧɵɯ ɩɨɫɬɪɨɟɤ ɡɞɚɧɢɹ ɨɛɪɚɡɨɜɚɬɟɥɶɧɵɯ ɨɪɝɚɧɢɡɚɰɢɣ ɡɞɚɧɢɹ ɩɪɟɞɧɚɡɧɚɱɟɧɧɵɟ ɢɥɢɢ ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɭɟɦɵɟ ɩɨɞ ɨɛɪɚɡɨɜɚɬɟɥɶɧɭɸ ɢ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɨɩɪɨɫɜɟɬɢɬɟɥɶɫɤɭɸ ɞɟɹɬɟɥɶɧɨɫɬɶ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɨɣ ɨɪɝɚɧɢɡɚɰɢɢ ɢɥɢ ɫɜɹɡɚɧɧɵɯ ɫ ɧɟɸ ɨɪɝɚɧɢɡɚɰɢɣ  ɢ ɡɞɚɧɢɹ ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɭɟɦɵɟ ɩɨɞ ɨɫɭɳɟɫɬɜɥɟɧɢɟ ɫɨɰɢɚɥɶɧɨɣ ɪɚɛɨɬɵ ɫ ɧɚɯɨɞɹɳɢɦɢɫɹ ɩɨɞ ɧɢɦɢ ɡɟɦɟɥɶɧɵɦɢ ɭɱɚɫɬɤɚɦɢ ɚ ɬɚɤɠɟ ɩɪɢɥɟɠɚɳɢɟ ɡɟɦɟɥɶɧɵɟ ɭɱɚɫɬɤɢ ɦɨɧɚɫɬɵɪɫɤɢɟ ɤɨɦɩɥɟɤɫɵ ɯɪɚɦɨɜɵɟ ɤɨɦɩɥɟɤɫɵ  ±ɡɟɦɟɥɶɧɵɟ ɭɱɚɫɬɤɢ ɧɚ ɤɨɬɨɪɵɯ ɪɚɧɟɟ ɫɬɨɹɜɲɢɟ ɡɞɚɧɢɹ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɨɝɨ ɧɚɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɹ ɧɟ ɫɨɯɪɚɧɢɥɢɫɶ ɜ ɬɨɦ ɱɢɫɥɟ ± ɛɵɥɢ ɭɧɢɱɬɨɠɟɧɵ ɝɨɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜɨɦ  ɧɨ ɫɚɦɢ ɭɱɚɫɬɤɢ ɨɫɬɚɥɢɫɶ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɨ ɩɨɱɢɬɚɟɦɵɦɢ ɜɟɪɭɸɳɢɦɢ ɚ ɬɚɤɠɟ ɧɟɡɚɫɬɪɨɟɧɧɵɟ ɡɟɦɟɥɶɧɵɟ ɭɱɚɫɬɤɢ ɢɫɬɨɪɢɱɟɫɤɢɧɟɩɨɫɪɟɞɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɫɜɹɡɚɧɧɵɟɫɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɦɢɨɛɪɹɞɚɦɢɢɥɢ ɹɜɥɹɸɳɢɟɫɹɦɟɫɬɚɦɢɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɨɝɨɩɚɥɨɦɧɢɱɟɫɬɜɚ ±ɤɨɧɮɟɫɫɢɨɧɚɥɶɧɵɟ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɟ  ɤɥɚɞɛɢɳɚ ɤɨɧɮɟɫɫɢɨɧɚɥɶɧɵɟ ɭɱɚɫɬɤɢ ɨɛɳɢɯ ɤɥɚɞɛɢɳ ɫɨɨɪɭɠɟɧɢɹ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɨɝɨ ɧɚɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɹ ɧɚ ɬɚɤɢɯ ɤɥɚɞɛɢɳɚɯ ɢɥɢ ɭɱɚɫɬɤɚɯ ɤɥɚɞɛɢɳ ɦɟɫɬɚ ɡɚɯɨɪɨɧɟɧɢɹ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɨ ɩɨɱɢɬɚɟɦɵɯ ɢɥɢ ɩɨɥɶɡɭɸɳɢɯɫɹ ɨɫɨɛɵɦ ɜɵɫɨɤɢɦɭɜɚɠɟɧɢɟɦɜɟɪɭɸɳɢɯɥɢɱɧɨɫɬɟɣ ±ɢɧɵɟ ɦɚɬɟɪɢɚɥɶɧɵɟ ɨɛɴɟɤɬɵ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɨɝɨ ɧɚɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɹ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɨ ɩɨɱɢɬɚɟɦɵɟ ɜɟɪɭɸɳɢɦɢ ɢɢɥɢ ɹɜɥɹɸɳɢɟɫɹ ɦɟɫɬɚɦɢ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɨɝɨ ɩɚɥɨɦɧɢɱɟɫɬɜɚ ɥɢɛɨ ɧɟɩɨɫɪɟɞɫɬɜɟɧɧɨ ɫɜɹɡɚɧɧɵɟ ɫ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɦɢɨɛɪɹɞɚɦɢ ɋɨɝɥɚɫɧɨɧɚɲɟɣɤɨɧɰɟɩɰɢɢɜɵɪɨɫɲɟɣɢɡɢɡɧɚɱɚɥɶɧɨɜɵɞɜɢɧɭɬɨɣ ɚɜɬɨɪɫɤɨɣɝɢɩɨɬɟɡɵɨɧɟɜɟɪɧɨɫɬɢɩɪɟɞɫɬɚɜɥɟɧɢɣɨɞɢɫɫɨɰɢɢɪɨɜɚɧɧɨɫɬɢ

 ɎɟɞɟɪɚɥɶɧɵɣɡɚɤɨɧɨɬʋɎɁ©Ɉɫɜɨɛɨɞɟɫɨɜɟɫɬɢɢɨɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɯ

ɨɛɴɟɞɢɧɟɧɢɹɯªɋɨɛɪɚɧɢɟɡɚɤɨɧɨɞɚɬɟɥɶɫɬɜɚɊɨɫɫɢɣɫɤɨɣɎɟɞɟɪɚɰɢɢ±± ʋ±ɋɬȼɪɟɞɨɬ±ɋɉɋ©Ƚɚɪɚɧɬª

 

 ɪɚɡɨɛɳɟɧɧɨɫɬɢ ɜɡɚɢɦɧɨɣ ɧɟɨɛɭɫɥɨɜɥɟɧɧɨɫɬɢ  ɧɨɪɦɚɬɢɜɧɨɝɨ ɩɪɚɜɨɜɨɝɨ ɢ ɞɨɝɨɜɨɪɧɨɝɨ ɪɟɝɭɥɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɜ ɪɚɫɫɦɚɬɪɢɜɚɟɦɨɣ ɫɮɟɪɟ ɩɪɚɜɨɜɚɹ ɩɪɢɪɨɞɚ ɫɨɝɥɚɲɟɧɢɹ ɦɟɠɞɭ ɝɨɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜɨɦ ɢ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɨɣ ɨɪɝɚɧɢɡɚɰɢɟɣ ɤɨɧɤɨɪɞɚɬɚ  ɧɚɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɧɨɝɨ ɧɚ ɭɪɟɝɭɥɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɟ ɩɪɚɜɨɜɨɝɨ ɩɨɥɨɠɟɧɢɹ ɧɟɞɜɢɠɢɦɵɯ ɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɵɯ ɨɛɴɟɤɬɨɜ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɨɝɨ ɧɚɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɹ ɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɵɯ ɩɪɚɜ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɯ ɨɪɝɚɧɢɡɚɰɢɣ ɢ ɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɵɯ ɨɬɧɨɲɟɧɢɣ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɯ ɨɪɝɚɧɢɡɚɰɢɣ ɫ ɝɨɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜɨɦ ɢ ɢɧɵɦɢ ɥɢɰɚɦɢ ± ɜ ɨɬɧɨɲɟɧɢɢ ɧɟɞɜɢɠɢɦɵɯ ɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɵɯ ɨɛɴɟɤɬɨɜ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɨɝɨ ɧɚɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɹ ɨɩɪɟɞɟɥɹɟɬɫɹ ɢ ɜɵɪɚɠɚɟɬɫɹ ɫɜɨɣɫɬɜɨɦ ɤɨɦɩɥɟɦɟɧɬɚɪɧɨɫɬɢ ɜɡɚɢɦɧɨɣ ɞɨɩɨɥɧɹɟɦɨɫɬɢ ɞɨɫɬɪɚɢɜɚɟɦɨɫɬɢ  ɷɬɨɝɨ ɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɚ ɩɨ ɨɬɧɨɲɟɧɢɸ ɤ ɨɫɧɨɜɧɨɦɭ ɞɥɹ ɫɮɟɪɵ ɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɵɯ ɨɬɧɨɲɟɧɢɣ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɯ ɨɪɝɚɧɢɡɚɰɢɣ ɪɟɝɭɥɢɪɭɸɳɟɦɭ ɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɭ ± ɧɨɪɦɚɬɢɜɧɨɦɭ ɝɪɚɠɞɚɧɫɤɨɩɪɚɜɨɜɨɦɭ ɪɟɝɭɥɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɸɢɦɩɟɪɚɬɢɜɵɤɨɬɨɪɨɝɨɩɪɨɢɫɬɟɤɚɸɬɢɡɨɫɨɛɵɯ ɢɦɟɸɳɢɯ ɮɢɞɭɰɢɚɪɧɭɸ ɩɪɢɪɨɞɭ  ɨɛɹɡɚɧɧɨɫɬɟɣ ɝɨɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜɚ ɩɨ ɩɨɜɵɲɟɧɧɨɣ ɩɪɚɜɨɜɨɣ ɡɚɳɢɬɟ ɢ ɩɪɚɜɨɜɨɣ ɨɯɪɚɧɟ ɧɟɞɜɢɠɢɦɵɯ ɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɵɯ ɨɛɴɟɤɬɨɜɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɨɝɨɧɚɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɹȼɨɬɥɢɱɢɟɨɬɩɨɥɧɨɦɚɫɲɬɚɛɧɵɯ ɩɨ ɩɪɟɞɦɟɬɭ  ɤɨɧɤɨɪɞɚɬɨɜ ɜ ɱɢɫɥɟ ɤɨɬɨɪɵɯ ɦɨɝɭɬ ɛɵɬɶ ɢ ɩɭɛɥɢɱɧɨ ɩɪɚɜɨɜɵɟ ɞɨɝɨɜɨɪɵ ɨɫɨɛɟɧɧɨ ɜ ɬɟɯ ɝɨɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜɚɯ ɝɞɟ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɟ ɨɪɝɚɧɢɡɚɰɢɢ ɦɨɝɭɬ ɢɦɟɬɶ ɩɪɚɜɨɫɭɛɴɟɤɬɧɨɫɬɶ ɸɪɢɞɢɱɟɫɤɨɝɨ ɥɢɰɚ ɩɭɛɥɢɱɧɨɝɨ ɩɪɚɜɚ  ɬɚɤɨɝɨ ɪɨɞɚ ɫɨɝɥɚɲɟɧɢɹ ɧɨɫɹɬ ɢɥɢ ɩɨɥɧɨɫɬɶɸ ɢɥɢ ɩɪɟɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɨ  ɝɪɚɠɞɚɧɫɤɨɩɪɚɜɨɜɨɣ ɯɚɪɚɤɬɟɪ ɉɪɢ ɷɬɨɦ ɟɫɥɢ ɩɨɞɨɛɧɨɝɨ ɪɨɞɚ ɫɨɝɥɚɲɟɧɢɹ ɜ ɫɮɟɪɚɯ ɨɛɪɚɡɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɤɚɩɟɥɥɚɧɫɤɨɣ ɞɟɹɬɟɥɶɧɨɫɬɢɢɞɪɦɨɝɭɬɢɦɟɬɶɯɚɪɚɤɬɟɪɩɪɨɫɬɨɣɞɨɩɨɥɧɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɫɬɢɬɨ ɜ ɪɚɫɫɦɚɬɪɢɜɚɟɦɨɣ ɫɮɟɪɟ ɢɦɟɧɧɨ ɱɟɪɟɡ ɩɪɢɧɹɬɢɟ ɫɨɝɥɚɲɟɧɢɣ ɨɛɟɫɩɟɱɢɜɚɟɬɫɹ ɨɩɪɟɞɟɥɺɧɧɚɹ ɰɟɥɶɧɨɫɬɶ ɡɚɜɟɪɲɺɧɧɨɫɬɶ ɪɟɝɭɥɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɵɯ ɨɬɧɨɲɟɧɢɣ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɯ ɨɪɝɚɧɢɡɚɰɢɣ ɜɨɬɧɨɲɟɧɢɢ ɪɚɫɫɦɚɬɪɢɜɚɟɦɵɯ ɩɪɟɞɦɟɬɨɜ  ɨɫɨɛɟɧɧɨ ɜ ɬɟɯ ɝɨɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜɚɯɝɞɟɪɚɧɟɟɝɨɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜɨɪɟɩɪɟɫɫɢɜɧɵɦɢɦɟɬɨɞɚɦɢɢɡɵɦɚɥɨ ɭɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɯɨɪɝɚɧɢɡɚɰɢɣɬɚɤɨɟɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɨ    





 

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Ƚɪɚɠɞɚɧɫɤɨɩɪɚɜɨɜɨɟɢɞɨɝɨɜɨɪɧɨɟ ɪɟɝɭɥɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɟɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɵɯɨɬɧɨɲɟɧɢɣ ɪɟɥɢɝɢɨɡɧɵɯɨɪɝɚɧɢɡɚɰɢɣ ɜɡɚɪɭɛɟɠɧɵɯɝɨɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜɚɯ 

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