2D Materials for Nanophotonics 9780128186589, 0128186585

2D Materials for Nanophotonics presents a detailed overview of the applications of 2D materials for nanophotonics, cover

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English Pages 412 [403] Year 2020

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2D Materials for Nanophotonics
 9780128186589, 0128186585

Table of contents :
2D Materials for Nanophotonics
List of contributors
1 Synthesis of graphene and other two-dimensional materials
1.1 Introduction
1.2 Synthesis of graphene
1.2.1 Top-down synthesis
1.2.2 Bottom-up synthesis
1.2.3 Structural Raman characterization after the synthesis
1.3 Synthesis of other two-dimensional materials
1.3.1 Micromechanical exfoliation
1.3.2 Ultrasonic exfoliation
1.3.3 Lithium intercalated and exfoliation
1.3.4 Hydro/solvothermal synthesis
1.3.5 Template synthesis
1.3.6 Microwave-assisted method
1.3.7 Topochemical transformation
1.3.8 Pulsed laser deposition
1.3.9 Chemical vapor deposition Chemical vapor deposition growth of two-dimensional transition metal dichalcogenides Chemical vapor deposition growth of graphene Chemical vapor deposition growth of two-dimensional hexagonal boron nitride
1.4 van der Waals heterostructures
1.4.1 Heterostructures by mechanical stacking
1.4.2 Direct synthesis of two-dimensional heterostructures Vertically stacked two-dimensional heterojunctions Laterally stitched two-dimensional heterojunctions Lateral semiconductor–semiconductor heterostructures Lateral conductor–insulator heterostructures Lateral conductor–semiconductor heterostructures
1.5 Conclusion
2 Topological insulators and applications
2.1 Introduction
2.1.1 Topological insulators
2.2 Material structures and properties of topological insulators
2.2.1 Theoretical approach to the electronic and optical properties of topological insulators Bi2Se3 and Bi2Te3
2.2.2 The optical property of topological insulators Linear optical properties Optical transitions Absorption Nonlinear optical properties Z-scan measurement Ultrafast pump–probe measurement
2.3 Applications
2.3.1 Topological insulator–based SA fabrication methods for laser application
2.3.2 Fiberized saturable absorbers based on bulk-structured Bi2Te3 topological insulators Fabrication and characterization of bulk-structured Bi2Te3 topological insulators Nonlinear transmission curve of the bulk-structured Bi2Te3 topological insulator–based saturable absorbers Passively Q-switched fiber lasers Passively Q-switched ytterbium-doped fiber laser Passively Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser Passively Q-switched thulium–holmium codoped fiber laser Passively mode-locked fiber lasers 1µm dissipative soliton fiber laser using bulk-structured Bi2Te3 topological insulator 1.5µm femtosecond soliton fiber laser using bulk-structured Bi2Te3 topological insulator 2µm femtosecond soliton fiber laser using bulk-structured Bi2Te3 topological insulator
2.3.3 Pulsed solid-state lasers based on bulk-structured topological insulators Design of passive Q-switching and mode-locking lasers Pulsed lasers based on topological insulator-SAs
2.4 Conclusion
Further reading
3 Black phosphorus: device and application
3.1 Introduction
3.2 Black phosphorus properties
3.2.1 Structure and narrow bandgap
3.2.2 Physical property Mechanical properties Anisotropy of electricity Anisotropy optical properties Anisotropy thermal properties
3.3 Black phosphorus synthesis methods
3.3.1 Typical top-down method Top-down approaches (exfoliation from bulk) Liquid-phase exfoliation technique
3.3.2 The bottom-up method
3.4 Nonlinear effects of two-dimensional materials
3.5 All-optical device and application
3.5.1 The physical mechanism
3.5.2 All-optical devices and application Thermo-optical modulators All-optical switching All-optical wavelength converter All-optical thresholding
3.6 Conclusion and perspective
4 Optical properties of two-dimensional materials
4.1 Introduction
4.2 Raman spectrum and 2D structures
4.2.1 Bismuth telluride, Bi2Te3 (topological insulator)
4.2.2 Tungsten telluride, WTe2 (transition-metal dichalcogenide)
Preparation of mono- and few-layer WTe2 samples
Layer-dependent Raman spectra of WTe2 films
Density functional theory calculations
Preparation of WTe2/PVA and measurement of Raman and absorption spectra
4.2.3 Tin selenide, SnSe (transition-metal monochalcogenide)
4.3 Electronic and optical bandgap
4.3.1 Bismuth selenide and bismuth telluride, Bi2Se3 and Bi2Te3 (topological insulator)
4.3.2 Tungsten telluride, WTe2 (transition-metal dichalcogenide)
4.3.3 Tin selenide, SnSe (transition-metal monochalcogenide)
Theoretical calculation of absorption bandwidth
Density functional theory calculations
4.3.4 Titanium carbo-nitride Ti3CN (metallic MXene)
4.4 Saturable absorption and laser mode locking
4.4.1 Bismuth selenide and bismuth telluride, Bi2Te3 (topological insulator)
4.4.2 Tungsten telluride, WTe2 (transition-metal dichalcogenide)
Saturable-absorption characterization
Mode-locked laser characterization
4.4.3 Tin selenide, SnSe (transition-metal monochalcogenide)
Saturable-absorption characterization
Mode-locked laser setup
Mode-locked laser characterization
4.4.4 Titanium carbo-nitride Ti3CN (metallic MXene)
Saturable-absorption characterization
Mode-locked laser setup
Mode-locked laser characterization
5 Signal processing based on two-dimensional materials
5.1 Introduction
5.2 Quasiautocorrelation with saturable absorption
5.2.1 Principle
5.2.2 Saturable absorption material choice and preparation
5.2.3 Simulation and experiments
5.2.4 Discussion
5.3 All-optical devices with thermo-optic effect
5.3.1 Typical structures of thermo-optic all-optical devices with low-dimensional materials
5.3.2 All-optical devices with Mach–Zehnder interferometer
5.3.3 All-optical devices with Michelson interferometer
5.3.4 All-optical devices with polarization interferometer
5.4 Future prospects
5.5 Conclusion
6 Terahertz photonic applications of two-dimensional materials
6.1 Terahertz time domain spectroscopy
6.2 Terahertz photonic applications in two-dimensional semiconductors
6.2.1 Terahertz applications in graphene
6.2.2 Terahertz applications in MXene
7 Biosensors based on two-dimensional materials
7.1 Introduction
7.2 Bioreceptors for two-dimensional-based nano-biosensors
7.2.1 Antigen–antibody bioreceptors
7.2.2 Deoxyribonucleic acid bioreceptors
7.2.3 Enzyme catalytic bioreceptors
7.3 Two-dimensional nanomaterials as transductors: sensing mechanisms
7.3.1 Two-dimensional biosensors based on optical detection methods
7.3.2 Biosensors based on field-effect transistors
7.3.3 Biosensors based on electrochemical methods
7.4 Surface functionalization strategies for two-dimensional materials
7.4.1 Covalent functionalization strategies Addition of free radicals to sp2 carbon atoms of graphene Addition of dienophiles to carbon–carbon bonds Covalent attachment of functionalities to graphene oxides Other strategies for the covalent functionalization of graphene
7.4.2 Noncovalent functionalization strategies π–π Interactions van der Waals, ionic interactions, and hydrogen bonding Functionalizing moieties for noncovalent modification of graphene and graphene oxide
7.4.3 Nongraphene two-dimensional materials functionalization Functionalization strategies of molybdenum disulfide Functionalization strategies of antimonene Functionalization strategies of black phosphorous
7.5 Clinical/preclinical applications of two-dimensional material–based biosensors
7.5.1 Applications of two-dimensional material–based biosensors: general overview Exosomes Antibodies Enzymes Deoxyribonucleic acid MicroRNA
7.5.2 Applications of two-dimensional material–based biosensors: cancer biomarker detection
8 Computational simulations of 2D materials
8.1 Charge and thermal transport in 2D materials
8.1.1 Charge transport: deformation potential
8.1.2 Thermal conductivity: phonon Boltzmann transport equation
8.1.3 Case studies for application Carrier mobilities in MoS2 monolayer and nanotube Thermoelectrics of Sc2CTx and Ti3C2Tx MXenes
8.2 Lattice vibrations and Raman spectra of 2D materials
8.2.1 Lattice vibrational modes and Raman scattering
8.2.2 Case studies for application Anomalous lattice dynamics in mono- and few-layer WTe2 Raman fingerprint of MoS2, WS2, and their heterostructures
8.3 Optical and excitonic properties of 2D materials
8.3.1 Kubo–Greenwood formulation for linear optical responses
8.3.2 Bethe–Salpeter equation for excitonic bound states
8.3.3 Case studies for application Optical absorption properties of Ti3CNTx MXenes Exitonic absorption in monolayer MoS2
9 2D materials in nonlinear optics
9.1 Overview
9.2 Nonlinear optical phenomena and techniques used
9.3 Graphene
9.4 Topological insulators
9.5 Black phosphorus
9.6 Transition metal dichalcogenides
9.7 Hexagonal boron nitride
9.8 Summary

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